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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1978.5.9
    designated date
    This play, which has been handed down in Dongnae, Busan, is associated with the work of fishing and songs sung by fishermen while working. The lyrics of the songs are divided according to specific parts of fishing work – deploying nets in the sea, withdrawing the nets, and celebrating a good catch.

    The melody is Kwaejina chingching nane, which is frequently sung in the Gyeongsang-do area, for all. People carry flags during the festival, publicizing the festival, praying for a good catch, and displaying a phoenix. This play combines songs sung by fishermen while working or celebrating a good catch and women’s group play.

    The Fishing Village Festival of the Left Naval Headquarters of Gyeongsang-do was the country’s only fishing operation cooperative which could boast a long history and tradition.
  • 2016.5.9
    designated date
    Buddhist paintings, along with Buddhist pagodas and statues, can be classified as objects of Buddhist faith, and according to their production form, they can be classified as tanghwa, vulcanization, and mural paintings. In particular, the tanghwa is enshrined as a major object of worship after undergoing religious rituals such as costume and burial rituals. Tanghwa, which is handed down to Korean traditional temples, is the main source of Buddhist paintings, and the craftsmen in charge of Buddhist paintings were called Geum-eo, Hwaseung, Hwasa, and Hwawon.

    In the meantime, the function of making a Buddhist painting has been passed down by the owner of Dancheong, but considering the characteristics of the items, it was separated into a single item and designated as a Buddhist cremation site.

    Kim Jong-seop was born in Taean, South Chungcheong Province, but settled in Mungyeong due to the great monk of Sabulsan Mountain and Kim Ryong-sa of Undalsan Mountain. After his settlement, he established the Gwaneum Buddhist Art Institute and has been focusing on his work.
  • 2015.5.11
    designated date
    This dance is a dance style that preserves the original dance style of Jeong So-san, who played a leading role in Daegu's dance history from the late 1940s to the late 1970s, as a successor of Ha Kyu-il, Jung So-san and Baek Yeon-wook. It is a unique type of towel dance that combines royal dance and folk dance. The dance has a grandeur, elegance, and moderation, and stimulates the viewer with a bow. Baek Yeon-wook, who was recognized as the holder of the dance, began his career as a student of Jeong So-san in 1955 and has continued the tradition of Jeong So-san, a leading dancer in Daegu during the modern era.
  • 2012.5.11
    designated date
    Samhoehyang Nori is a festival called "Tangseolbeop" in Yeongsanjae, a Buddhist ritual in which the spirit of the dead is ascended to heaven. Samhoehyang, which originated from Samjong Hoehyang in "The Great Hall of the Clown," refers to the Mesozoic Hoeshyang, barley hoeshyang, and actual hoeshyeonghyeong, and is a Buddhist folk religion that adds Korean folklore to Buddhist rituals.

    It is said that the efforts of everyone who participated in Yeongsanjae are honored and the functions of the festival are used to create harmony. The improvisation and the nature of the play yard are the folklore of a strong performance.
  • 2012.5.11
    designated date
    Yi Sang-rae, the founder of Sijochang, has learned sijo from Jeong Gyeong-tae, Kim Wol-ha, Han Woo-seop, and Park In-gyu since his introduction in 1959, and has preserved Sijochang, a folk culture, in 1964 by studying with Lee Kwan-seung, and is skilled in all sijo except Yeongje, and has his own unique sijoin.

    When singing a sijochang, it expresses the beauty of slowness, which is the characteristic of sijo, by making the breath long and long, and it has the ability to use the stubbornness and spirituality method well when sung in full length in three beats.
  • 1995.5.12
    designated date
    Since ancient times, Korean people held a exorcism rite to solve the bad luck of the year, where shamans improvised a dance to relieve bad energy, called Salpul Dance, Hutton Dance, mouth Dance, towel dance, and Jeokheungmu.

    According to legend, Dosolga of the Silla Dynasty was regarded as a butchery and apricot, and Sinawe (Namdo Muak) was associated with the family of the four monks.

    The dancer wears a hairpin with fine hair and a white skirt, and holds a white towel for stylishness and emotional expansion. He plays Sinawi on the Salpuri rhythm, but dances as accompaniment to the flute, daegeum, janggu, ajaeng, and drums.

    Salpuri Dance is a dance of Namdo Dance with a long history, and Kwon Myeong-hwa continues to dance.
  • 1987.5.13
    designated date
    Gwahaju is a famous liquor from Gimcheon that has been down for hundreds of years. It is made of glutinous rice and yeast, and uses water from Gwahacheon Stream in Namsan-dong, Gimcheon-si. The name Gwahaju is said to have a good taste for alcohol and the taste of alcohol does not change even after summer. It is written in "Geumneung Seunggam" that people from other provinces come here to learn how to make overhaju, and no matter how many times they make it in the same way, they can't taste and smell it, probably because the water is different.

    It is made by mixing glutinous rice and yeast powder in the same amount to make rice cakes, and by sealing them in a jar without water and fermenting them at low temperatures for one to three months. In this way, the heavy drinks made in this way have a unique scent and taste, with alcohol levels ranging from 13 to 14 degrees.

    Gwahaju was made by the "Kangdo Island" (Kimcheon Brewery Company) until the Japanese Colonial Period, but was resumed after Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule and disappeared again into the Korean War. In 1984, Song Jae-sung began to produce it in earnest after a trial brewing and succeeded in Gimcheon Myeongju. Song Jae-sung died in 1999, and there are currently no functional holders.
  • 1987.5.13
    designated date
    Andong Soju was a distilled soju handed down from a famous house in Andong, and the general public used it as a first aid for wounds, stomachache, poor appetite, and indigestion.

    The recipe is to soak five grains, rice, barley, joe, sorghum, and beans in water, steam them in a sirloin, mix them with yeast, and ferment them for about 10 days to make a statement.

    If you put this statement in a pot and make a fire with soju on top of it, the statement is distilled and soju is made. Andong Soju, produced here, has excellent taste and aroma because of its good clean water.

    Andong Soju was passed down to Gayangju, but it was commercialized under the brand "Jebi Soju" in 1920 by establishing a factory in Andong, but production of Soongok Soju was suspended in 1962 due to the revision of the Taxation Act.

    Then in 1987, Andong Soju production and sale were resumed in 1990 after the secret recipe for making Andong Soju was designated as an intangible cultural asset and Cho Ok-hwa was recognized as a functional holder.
  • 1987.5.13
    designated date
    A folk song is a song created by itself among the people and is passed down from mouth to mouth. It is closely related to life by using functions such as occupation, wind speed, and play, and may vary according to the locality or the callers' taste or spontaneity.

    Sangminyo is a labor song called to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working. The folk song consists of the sound of rice planting, rice paddies, and threshing.

    The sound of rice planting is a song sung during the planting season, also known as Gonggalmot and Chaeryeonyo, and is a representative folk song of Gyeongsangbuk-do. The sound of non-maegi is sung while hanging steam, and threshing is sung while threshing barley.

    This folk song is widely sung, regardless of age or sex, and is widely transmitted and transmitted in the inland areas of Gyeongsangbuk-do, including the Nakdonggang River coast.

    Sangjuminyo is a labor song and is a unique folk song with an exciting and sad melody. Mr.Yook Jong-deok, who lives in Sangju City, continues his career.
  • 2013.5.13
    designated date
    He is well aware of the nature, contents and use of the Seonhwa production tools, and works on the basis of the traditional fan, including the posture of Seonseung based on Buddhist doctrines, and the preparation process of Seonhwa through the meditation and performance.

    Park Man-sik, the owner of Seonhwa, has a distinct lineage and lineage genealogy, and is a Seonhwaseung who has both systematic theory and performance.

    In particular, it is highly regarded that the quality of the Seonhwa is actively reflected in Seonhwa through meditation and performance in the process of producing Seonhwa, and it is highly qualified to designate and recognize intangible cultural assets designated by Busan Metropolitan City, including the fact that the work is not only aesthetic perfect but also the ability to write through the Seonhwa can be freely used beyond certain boundaries.
  • 1990.5.15
    designated date
    Shijochang refers to singing a song with the lyrics of Sijo poem (Korean traditional poetry), also known as Sijo song, Sijeol dan song, and Danga. The oldest record is a poem written by Sin Gwang-su, a scholar of the reign of King Yeongjo (1724-1776), in which Yi Se-chun added a rhythm to the poem. In the "Yu Yeji" and "Gura Cheolsageumjabo" published during the reign of King Sunjo (r. 1800-1834), Sijo's sheet music first appears. After that, due to the influence of the song, the composition of the sijo music was distributed and divided into local characteristics.

    Yeongje Shijo is a poem-making instrument centered on Gyeongsang-do. Pyeongsi and private sijo are the most frequent, and the unique accent of Gyeongsang-do is strongly represented, giving a vigorous and grand feel. Because they play a temporary instrument with a long or knee rhythm without an instrument, five beats are reduced in the beginning, middle, and end rhythm. The scale is composed of three-symmetric tones (a sad and mournful tone) and five-syllable tones (a clear and vigorous tone).

    Yeongje Sijo was a poem that was cherished even in the royal court because it was so musical that the proverb "Yeongnam Sijo is good" came out from the word "Yeongnam Sijo is good." However, it was designated as an intangible cultural asset and protected it as it was only preserved in its reputation compared to other local Sijochang.
  • 1990.5.15
    designated date
    Nongyo is a song that is sung to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working on rice paddies and fields, also known as "deulsong" or "farming sound." As one of the local folk songs, it can be sung individually or collectively and may vary depending on the region.

    Gongsan Nongyo is a labor song, and when a singer sings first, farmers receive backstabbing and sing. The contents include a song for fishing (wooden song), mangga song, dorigae, threshing song, mochi song, rice planting song, and so on. Eosong is a song that is sung when cutting down trees or when they are in full bloom. Mochi is a song that is sung when steaming rice seedlings and planting rice seedlings. Rice harvesting is a song sung while hanging rice paddies. Women participate in mochi and rice planting songs, and although there is a clear difference in the rhythm of each type of song, the songs used for fishing and rice planting are the same. Currently, the dure and mill have disappeared and only the song is being told.

    Gongsan Nongyo was designated as an intangible cultural asset to protect and inherit it as a folk song with a young local color with the sorrow and joy of simple farmers. Song Moon-chang, an entertainment holder living in Daegu, continues his career.
  • 1997.5.15
    designated date
    Water service agents are also called incarnation agents or water supplements. Suncheon Gusan Water Service Festival has the following origins.

    Oseongsan Mountain in this neighborhood covers the rising sun, forming the direction of fire or the shape of fire, which is why fires frequently occurred. In order to suppress the energy of fire, the village held a water festival at sunset on the fifteenth of lunar January.

    The process of water-making is to first place ducks on a six-meter pole to prevent the fire from blowing in the east, lay yellow soil around the piers and priests set toward the east, and clean them with gold strings.

    At 5 p.m. on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, the memorial service will be held in a Confucian ceremony after offering pig heads, five kinds of fruits, grapes, and rice.

    What is unique is that the ritual called 'water-viewing' is performed to mark the amount of water filled in a jar buried under the ground during last year's water service. In other words, if the amount of water is reduced a lot, it will rain a lot that year, and if it is reduced a lot, there will be a drought.

    When the water supply system is over, go to the baggage counter and carry out the water service. Then, the "Moon House Burning" play, which is called the after grass, continues, and the Gusan Water Festival ends with the end of the village "Wildang Bapgi."

    Currently, the Suncheon Gusan Water Conservation Society has formed and is striving to win the victory.
  • 2014.5.15
    designated date
    Although it is difficult to find a literary record of "Samhyeon Yukgak," it is generally believed to have originated from "Samhyeon Samjuk" during the Unified Silla Period, and Samhyeon refers to string instruments and Samjuk wind instruments. However, the current term "Samhyeon Yukgak" refers to the formation of wind instruments based on the addition of a flute, haegeum, and drum, while the meaning of Samhyeon, which refers to a string instrument, disappears.

    Therefore, it is widely believed that the "Samhyeon Samjuk" of the Silla Dynasty changed to "Samhyeon Yukgak" over the years.

    On May 15, 2014, Choi Kyung-man (Piri), Kim Moo-kyung (Haegeum), and Lee Chul-joo (Daegeum) are recognized as the holders and are active.

    ※For more information on the above cultural assets, please contact the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (☎02-2133-2616).
  • 2014.5.15
    designated date
    Hanryangmu is a dance drama-style dance with a combination of acting, dance, and rhythm according to its role, which is characterized by a comprehensive artistic character.

    The story of Han-ryang and a Buddhist monk seducing a woman adds to the fun of the viewers.

    Mask dance dramas such as "Hallyangmu" have been popular throughout the country for a long time. First of all, if you look at the dance that appeared in "Gyobangga," which was performed in Jinju by Reverend Jeong Hyeon-deok in 1872, Hanryang, Gisaeng, Noseung, Sangjwa, and Sogi (Young Gisaengsaeng) appeared in the form of a dance drama.

    On May 15, 2014, Cho Hung-dong and Ko Sun-ah were recognized as the owners of the hallyang and bridegroom, respectively. The holding organization is the Hanseong Quillu Gangseonyeong Dance Preservation Society.

    ※For more information on the above cultural assets, please contact the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (☎02-2133-2616).