K-Cultural Heritage 15 Page > Little Korea


Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 2011.10.28
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    The Musudongsan Shrine is a village religion that has been handed down from the late Joseon Dynasty to the present day in Musu-dong, a community village of Andong Kwon Clan, and has been designated as an intangible cultural asset in Daejeon to preserve the tradition of folk culture in Daejeon.

    Sanshinje is recognized as a holding organization as its tradition continues to this day due to the efforts of the Musu Dongsan Shinje Preservation Association despite the rapid influx of foreign culture and culture after liberation.
  • 2006.10.30
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    The song refers to a musical style in which Sijo poem, one of the literary genres of the Joseon Dynasty, is added to the melody of five chapters.

    It is called Jeongga along with the lyric and sijo, and is also considered one of Korea's top three vocal music songs along with Beompae and Pansori.

    In the late Joseon Dynasty, it was a representative piece of music for the folk and folk, and it was also their living music.
  • 1993.10.30
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    Joseonjang refers to a craftsman who makes Hansun Hanryuk, a traditional Korean ship. In the case of Hanseon, it takes two to three people to build a large ship and one to two people to build a small ship, depending on the type of ship. The shipbuilding yard requires not only knowledge of the ship's structure but also architectural engineering skills. It also needs to be accurate and experienced as it is necessary to build a ship, a solid wooden structure, by weaving in numerous members.

    Among the ships on the Han line, the boats operating on the river are called Gangseon 江船. Unlike Byeongseon and Jounseon, which operated on the sea, Gangseon was built to suit the rivers of Korea. Typical riverboats are ferry boats and ferry boats used to cross rivers at ferry sites. The common thing between ferry and ferry is that there are no masts. On the other hand, it was said to be a night-distance boat, which was available both in the sea and on land, and entered inland through the river. The ship is characterized by its flat bottom, allowing it to sit still in the sand by the river.

    Since the most commercially developed waterway in Korea was the Han River Waterway leading to Seoul, the majority of the Hanseon engineers, especially the Gangseon engineers, lived in the Han River basin. The technology for manufacturing steel wires developed in the Han River basin, and the pulse of the technology has continued to recent years.

    Recently, however, traditional craftsmen have died of old age, and the number of skilled craftsmen is so rare that they are almost exhausted. Kim Gwi-seong, the owner of a shipbuilding yard who has been engaged in Joseon and ferry services for eight generations, continues the tradition of making traditional Korean ships.

    He lived in Baealmi-dong, Hanam, under Paldang Dam, and learned how to make strong ships from his father, Kim Yong-un. Most of the cruise and exhibition ships in Seoul and Gyeongji areas, including the Hwangpo sailboat with a head of Yangpyeong, were produced by Kim Gwi-sung.
  • 2008.10.30
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    Haman Nakhwa Nori is a unique game that has been handed down to Goehang Village in Haman-myeon, and has been held in early April every year at the entrance of the village of Pile, but it is estimated to have originated from the middle of the 17th century.

    Currently, the Haman Nakhwa Nori Preservation Committee, centered on the people of Haman-myeon, has been established since the 2000s and has been handed down so far.

    Nakhwa Nori is a representative folk game of Haman-gun, where charcoal powder produced by the village itself is rolled up into Korean paper to make Nakhwa, which is lit by hanging Nakhwa on a rope prepared by Lee Soo-jeong, and creating a spectacular view of the wind.
  • 2003.10.30
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    It is said that it was passed down from about 400 years ago as a kind of pungo festival to pray for the well-being of the village of Suryong-dong in Pangyo-ri, Seobu-myeon.

    The Odang Shrine, which is enshrined in the Suryong-dong Dangje, and the ritual for it are typical types of the West Coast islands and coastal regions.
  • 1986.11.1
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    Seokjeondaeje is a ritual held at Munmyo Shrine, which honors Confucius, and is also called Munmyo Daeje or Seokjeonje (a ritual for raising meat and playing music). There is no record of when Confucianism was introduced to Korea, but it is assumed that the ritual was conducted in accordance with the ritual customs of ancient China based on the record that Taehak (National University for Confucian Education) was established in the second year (372) of King Sosurim of Goguryeo.

    Seokjeon Daeje is held every February and August in memory of the virtues of Confucius and other saints. The procedure is carried out in the order of Yeongsinrye, Jeon Lungrye, Choheonrye, Gongak, Ahheonrye, Jongheonrye, Eokbokrye, Cheolbyeon, Song Sinrye and Mangjae. Music is called Munmyo Jeryeak, which is a Daesung aak that collectively refers to instrumental music, vocal music and dance, and only eight sub-acids are used, and two bands of dungga and Hunga are played alternately according to the procedure.

    Currently, 15 palaces including Songs of Songs and Imjonggungs were adopted during the reign of King Sejong (r. 1418-1450) during the early Joseon Dynasty, including Songsingok, Hwangjonggung Palace, and Songsin Hyeopjonggung Palace.

    Seokjeon Daeje is a national event, which is held in a quiet and solemn atmosphere, and has a comprehensive artistic character where music is played and dance is accompanied.
  • 1986.11.1
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    Munbaeju is a liquor handed down from Pyeongan-do and is named after it because the scent of alcohol is the same as that of the tree.

    Munbaeju is said to have used underground water from the limestone stratum in the Daedonggang River basin in Pyongyang during the Liberation War. The raw materials are wheat, cramped rice, and sorghum, and the main ingredient of yeast is wheat.

    The color of the liquor is light yellowish brown and has a strong scent, and the alcohol level is about 40 degrees, but the distilled and matured Moonbaeju reaches 48.1 degrees, so it can be stored for a long time.

    It is usually aged for six months to one year, and it is characterized by the scent of the tree without any use of the fruit of the tree.
  • 1986.11.1
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    A fragrant liquor mixed with azalea petals, azalea flowers are also called dugyeonhwa, or dugyeonju.

    There is a legend related to Bok-gyeom, a founding contributor to Goryeo. His young daughter went up to Mount Amisan and prayed for 100 days when she could not recover from all the good medicine she had taken. A new vessel appeared and said, "It is only effective if you make alcohol with azalea flowers blooming on Amisan Mountain, but it is made of water from Ansam (now behind Myeoncheon Elementary School) and drink it 100 days later and plant two ginkgo trees in the garden." The daughter said that her father's illness was cured when she did it the same way.

    The color of the alcohol is light yellowish brown, sweet and viscous, with little sourness and noy smell, and the smell of azalea is excellent. The alcohol level is about 21 degrees. It is said to be effective in promoting blood circulation and recovering from fatigue, especially in preventing adult diseases by lowering cholesterol. However, azalea's flower wine contains toxic substances, so be careful not to mix it with the wine when you soak it.
  • 1986.11.1
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    It is a traditional liquor made from generation to generation at the richest man's house in Gyodong, Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province. Choi Guk-jun was the first person to make Gyeongju Beopju, and he was said to have served as the chief monk of Saongwon, who was in charge of royal food during King Sukjong's reign (1674-1720).

    When making Beopju, the well in the Choi family's yard is used. The amount and temperature of the water are almost constant throughout the four seasons, and it has long been known for its good taste.

    When you make alcohol, boil the water and cool it down. The main ingredient of Beopju is the native glutinous rice and pure grain made of water, yeast and rice, the color is bright and transparent, and has a distinctive fragrance, sweetness, and a slight sour taste. The alcohol level is 16-18 degrees.

    The biggest feature of the manufacturing method is that the understatement is first made, and then, based on this, the second fermentation process is carried out to ripen the original liquor. Therefore, it takes about 100 days to manufacture and can be stored for more than a year with the temperature alone.
  • 1996.11.1
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    Wooden woodblocks engraved with letters or pictures on wooden boards are called individual or calligraphy, and woodblocks are called woodblocks for printing purposes. The process of printing letters in reverse and printing them according to the printing method is also called each person, and the person with the technique is called each person's own head or head of angle.

    Each of them had a front-line period centering on the temple, with the Silla Dynasty's "Mugujeonggwangdae dalani Sutra," known as the oldest woodblock-printed book, and the existing "Palman Tripitaka Koreana." During the Joseon Dynasty, many woodblock prints were published, including the original Hunminjeongeum. Each chapter's ability is measured by traces of dead skin cells, the balance of letters, and the absence of incorrect letters or strokes. If something is wrongly carved, only the wrong part of the letter is dug up and another tree is cut in and carved again.

    On the other hand, it is common for buildings in various palaces, temples, and temples to hang signboards on trees, and most buildings were hung with signboards. It was also the job of each leader to make an angle.

    In the late Joseon Dynasty, there was a very low level of sophistication, but there was no alternative to woodblock printing, so it was still highly dependent on woodblock printing. Later, with the introduction of Japanese colonial era photography and new printing, traditional woodblock printing quickly disappeared. In recent years, the introduction of Western printing techniques has led to rapid decline, leading to the continued existence of wooden-floored plaques carved on the signboard of the building and the inscription of a famous calligrapher.
  • 2017.11.2
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    Byeorujang refers to a craftsman who has the skill or function of making a inkstone.

    Yoo Gil-hoon (born 1949, 68 years old) began his career in March 1967 under the late Kim In-soo, the master of the Sangsan Dam in Jincheon, North Chungcheong Province. He worked at the foot of Mt. Duta in Cheongju, where the material of the inkstone was made, and came down to Gyeongju in 1993 to find a better one. In 2001, he found the best one in the Bangudae area of Eonyang-eup and settled in the current workshop and has been making the inkstone for 15 years.

    Eonyang inkstone is two types of yellowish and dark red, and is widely used as a type of inkstone, spspan class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(3733)'onmouseout='dn2()'dn2())spspspan>pan>g>g 강g 강gayobos(s 흑 흑 흑((((((((((((()))))(((())((()))))))))))))))))))))))) This compares with China's spspan class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(1057)' onmouseout='dn2()'dn2()단계단계단계단계단계단계단계단계단계단계단계단계, which is slightly lighter than the red phase and stronger than the green phase. It is said that the particles of the stone are not murky, the ground ink is not permeated by the stone, and the writing is glossy. It is often said that a stele can be eaten with breath, but this can be done with Eonyang inkstone.

    The tools for making inkstone include hammer, chisel, gumegae, furry, saw, push, carving, abrasive stone, sandpaper, lacquer, etc. The inkstone work is carried out in the stage of collecting stones →Wonseok Foundation→Sangsaing→Painting밑Painting조각Painting→Painting→Painting조각Gwangtaeking. Yoo Gil-hoon has a number of traditional tools that have been used since the late Kim In-soo's apprenticeship, and is still using traditional tools in the entire process from roughing to finishing after collecting the stone.

    Yu Gil-hoon's inkstone inherited the tradition of the Sangsan Bamboo in Jincheon, and Yeonsu ( 부분: the grinding part of the food) was dug a little deep so that if it stopped, the ink would be concentrated in the middle, and if possible, the lotus paper (where water was stored) would not contain any carving or patterns. This is because if you put a pattern here, there will be food scraps between the pieces and the patterns. Also, the surface of the surface is not angled as much as possible and is shaped like a circle or curve, which is also to prevent any ink residue from getting stuck in the corners. In addition, the pancake of the inkstone was cut in half into bamboo so that the ink could flow inside without overflowing.

    The representative patterns of Yoo Gil-hoon's inkstone are various, including the dragon, phoenix, hawk, egg, soup, porridge, Ten Jangsaeng, grape, painting, Ilwolyeon, and Sansuyeon, which are related to Ulsan or Bangudae. The size of the inkstone is usually about 40 to 60 centimeters, and it is characterized by a large realistic and three-dimensional pattern. Also, the shape of Danyang Bamboo in Danyang-gun, North Chungcheong Province, which uses "span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2 (4394)' onmouseout='dn2()((sp magnets using magnets such as </span>, has a three-dimensional lid, compared to the fact that it emphasizes decorative beauty.
  • 2006.11.3
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    Master Oh Jong-soo began to draw attention when he received a post of Eu in 1978 at a national poetry and singing competition. Since then, the rich, the special, the master, the great, the great, the great, the great, the great, the great, and the great, have further enhanced its reputation with the glory of the general.

    Winning the Grand Prize for Sijochang at the National Singing Contest
  • 2010.11.4
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    Dodangje is a representative branch of village belief that is passed down around Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Although the detailed religious form and ritual procedures of the Dodang system vary depending on the region, the commonality can be found in the structural aspect of bringing the village god back to Jejang. Samgaksan Dodangje also has a structure in which a dokdang father and a dokdang grandmother are enshrined and sent back after a ritual.

    It is a stock without a holder, and on November 4, 2010, the Triangle Sandodang Preservation Society was recognized as a holding organization.

    ※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616).
  • 1973.11.5
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    Yeongsanjae is a form of 49jae (a ritual held on the 49th day of human death), a ritual in which the spirit lives in paradise by believing in and relying on Buddhism. It has a symbolic meaning of reproducing the Yeongsan Recitation, which was performed by Sakyamuni on Yeongchisan Mountain. Yeongsanjae is also known as the "Yeongsanjakbeop" as a representative rite of Buddhist Cheondoism. The origin is unclear, but according to Yi Neung-hwa's "Chosun Buddhist Temple," it was already practiced during the early Joseon Period.

    Yeongsanjae starts by hanging Yeongsanhoesangdo outdoors to symbolize the place where the altar is made. A procession ceremony is held to bring the objects of faith from outside the temple, where various instruments such as haegeum, drum, janggu, and geomungo are played to praise the meritorious deeds of the Buddha, and the bar dance, butterfly dance, and Beopgo dance are performed. After the subject of faith is moved, various examples are provided to pray for wishes and offer sacrifices to the soul.

    Finally, there is a ceremony to send back the objects of faith, and where the altar was built, all the public went around in a row to practice solitude and so on. It used to take place three days and nights, but in recent years it has been scaled down for one day.

    Yeongsanjae is one of the traditional cultures, and it is valuable as a solemn Buddhist ritual in which both the living and the dead can realize the true truth of Buddha and reach the point where they can escape from anguish and anguish and participate in the public, not the performance.
  • 1973.11.5
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    Namdo Deul Song refers to a song sung by farmers in Jindo, Jeollanam-do, which consists of a large number of rice paddies and field songs.

    When the rice paddies are poked, the mooring sounds are sung; when the rice paddies are planted, the sound of nails is sung; and when the rice paddies are lavered, the sound of a croaker is sung. When farmers enter the village after Gimmaegi, they call the street cocks. Some people call Jindo Arirang for entertainment. Farmers' singing and farming activities have long been seen in every town, but songs in the southwestern part of Jeolla Province are especially diverse and have excellent musicality.

    In addition, Jindo-gun's rice paddies have a simpler sound than other parts of Jeollanam-do, as the soil is fertile and the paddy fields are tied by hand without having to be covered by hand. The fieldwork songs include bean field songs that are sung by hanging bean fields and Miyeong field songs that are sung while working on cotton fields.

    Namdo Deul Song is a song with a deep local color and very exciting melody.