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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1999.11.19
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    The apportionment refers to a traditional painting processing technique that enhances not only beauty but also practicality and preservation by attaching paper, silk, etc. to letters and paintings. It was introduced during the Japanese Colonial Period and is now called "Pyo-gu." Baechapjang refers to a person who was in charge of painting the royal court in the early Joseon Dynasty.

    Known as the origin of the Han Dynasty of China, the Chinese Tang Dynasty developed further and reached its founding stage. I don't know how it was passed down to Korea, but judging from the folding screen paintings of Goguryeo tombs, it is estimated that the foundation of the Korean layout was formed during the Three Kingdoms Period. Baechop was developed steadily after the Unified Silla and Goryeo Period. During the Joseon Dynasty, an expert named Baechapjang appeared.

    There are five types of arrangement: frame, folding screen, scroll, scrolling, and ancient painting processing. The frame goes through the process of working on the silk foundation - the cultivation of the painting plant - the preparation of the frame and the preparation of the frame. One width of a folding screen is the same as a frame.

    The work process of the scroll consists of foundation - vinegar - double - drying - triple - drying - and half - month attachment. A binding refers to the treatment of ancient books that have been damaged by a cover or slip. Ancient painting processing requires high insight and detailed skills as it is a work to revive damaged ancient paintings.

    Baechapjang was designated as an intangible cultural asset at the cultural level as a traditional craftsmanship, and Hong Jong-jin, a functional holder living in Cheongju, North Chungcheong Province, continues to live there.
  • 2014.11.20
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    Heungboga is also called 'Park Taryeong' as one of the five Pansori family members.

    Heungbo, a poor but kind-hearted brother, is blessed for fixing swallow legs, and he is punished for deliberately breaking swallow legs in order to become richer as a rich man who plays with a mean brother.

    It is a story that contains a typical lesson of good and bad, and emphasizes brotherly friendship.
  • 2015.11.20
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    The Gyeonggi Gokal Sogo Dance, which is performed by wearing a cone hat and making fun of Sogo, was part of a cheerful nongak, a folk dance embodying the sogo sticks inserted into nongak in Gyeonggi Province.

    However, rather than feeling that Nongak overlaps with its roughness or excitement, the movement is soft, and even the sogo in the hand is as beautiful as if it were part of the hand. It is a man's dance because his feet and hands are refined and quiet, but the joy of seeing a dance is great.

    Unlike other regions, it is not only organized by the talented people, but also there is a movement only in this dance. They include "Saekgyeongbuk," which is a mirror-looking movement, "Jegibook," which is a leg movement, and "Kkuri Book," which is a movement that is like winding thread. There is a record of the dance with flowers on top of the vestibule, and the palace wore a colorful cone hat.

    The genealogy of Gyeonggi Gokal Sogo Dance goes up to Kim In-ho, a dancer of Hwaseong Jaeincheong, and Hanseong Sunbo has a one-line record of "He is good at rope riding and even jesting in pansori, and he is especially good at bucking dance."

    Lee Dong-an, the owner of the Bal Tal Tal Talent, was taught about 30 traditional dances and rhythms by Kim In-ho, which led to Jeong In-sam, the owner of the Gyeonggi Gokal Sogo Dance. Jeong In-sam's Sogo dance features clear dance moves and accurate composition.
  • 2015.11.20
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    "Fire" is a painting that expresses the religious ideology of Buddhism. Although it is not known exactly when Buddhist paintings were produced, experts speculate that they were produced from the early days of Buddhist introduction based on records that they were painted in "Giwonjeongsa," one of the primitive Buddhist temples. Because Buddhist paintings contain Buddhist doctrines, the artisans who produce Buddhist paintings were particularly called 'Geumoong' , 'Hwaseung', 'Hwasa' , and 'Hwawon' .

    Since Dancheongjiang City Hall was designated as National Intangible Cultural Property No. 48 in 1972, the Buddhist painting production function has been passed down by the owner of Dancheongjang, but has been separately designated and operated as a national intangible cultural asset since 2006. The Buddhist painting by Lee Yeon-wook, the 57th Gyeonggi Intangible Cultural Property, began in 1977 by learning from the late Cho Jung-woo, the head of the 14th Dancheong of Daegu Intangible Cultural Property. After that, he entered the temple in 1987 under the late Buddhist monk Deokmun, the late chief of Dancheong, the 48th Important Intangible Cultural Property.

    To become a master of Buddhist painting, one must have artistic sense and artistic skills, but hard work is required. Most Buddhist paintings are painted on ceilings and walls, and are of considerable size. Another reason is that there are various types of paintings such as "Yeongsanhoesangdo," which are based on the scriptures of Buddha's "The Lotus Sutra" on Yeongchuksan Mountain, and "Seokga Palsangdo," which describes Sakyamuni's life in eight important scenes. A poem that should be painted in discord.

    It is not something anyone can do because they must learn all the traditional patterns that go into discord, including dragons, Bong, medicine, tigers, non-celebrities, and Sakyamuni's Birthday.

    Lee Yeon-wook, the holder of the painting, has a wide range of conditions as a Buddhist cremator and is the only one in Korea to paint a golden tangerine. The 15-year study was original, and it attempted to paint a golden tangerine painting on a black background and a red tangerine painting on a red background, rather than a traditional tangerine painting. In particular, the "high-molecular fitting" method, in which major parts such as ornaments and patterns are processed and gold is attached, was patented in 2005. He is promoting Korean discord around the world with his own technique, and his work "King Jijiangshib and Mimodo" is in the Los Angeles County Museum in the U.S.
  • 2015.11.20
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    Seonghwangje is a communal ritual for the village that has been handed down from the gray area of Seonggok-dong, Danwon-gu, Ansan. This village ritual is considered to have specific characteristics in that it has the characteristics of a holy emperor.

    Seonggok-dong Jehommeori Seonghwangje is a village rite held by the residents of the village to pray to the guardian deity for good health, good health, and good harvests. The shrine houses Hong, the last king of Silla, and his mother-in-law, Ahn, as a village religion dating back to the reign of King Seongjong of the Goryeo Dynasty.

    It is handed down in the form of village ritual, and residents of about 10 villages in the vicinity, including Anmal, Doranmal, and Beolmal, are participating in the rite in early October every year.

    The Samhyeon Yukgak is accompanied by Janggun, Sinjang, Daegam, Daeshin, and tightrope walking.

    There is a legend that during the reign of King Seongjong of the Goryeo Dynasty (982-1997), the inner poet, Seo Hui, met a storm on his way to Song Dynasty, and he built a shrine and carried out his mission safely to release the sorrow of the spirit (Rain Hong and Ahn, the mother of King Kim Dae-dae, the king of Gyeongsun) that appeared in his dream.

    Seonggok-dong's gray-headed holy emperors have been held twice a year to greet the spring and autumn shingok. It is said that the Seonghwangje Festival was much larger than the Seonghwangje Festival, which took several months to greet the new song of autumn.

    The Hoemori Seonghwangje is of important value in that it is a joint ritual with a village nongak band in the form of the emperor.
  • 2015.11.20
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    Siheung gunjabong seonghwangje, Ansan-si, and, located on the border of gunjabong seonghwang gimbu in the king of the chief Deity to and good to do.

    On October 3rd of the lunar calendar, a formal ceremony was held, similar in character to the Seong emperor of gray hair in Ansan.

    Gunjabong (198.4m) is a mountain located on the border between Gunja-dong in Siheung and Sunbu-dong in Ansan, not far from the beach. Currently, shamanism is the most frequent mountain in the southern part of Gyeonggi-do, with several exorcisms around it.

    In Gunjabong Peak, the Seonghwangdan Altar remains along with the Gunjasan Fortress Site. Seonghwangdan Altar appears around the fortress or the government offices of the town, where the chief monk and his people accompanied the people to pray for the well-being of the town or the city.

    It is said that Emperor Gunjabong honors King Gyeongsun, his wife Ahn, and his mother-in-law Hong, the last king of Silla, as the Holy Roman Emperor. Various claims have been made according to scholars.

    Siheung Gunjabong Seonghwangje has a joint ritualistic nature in that the village Nongak Band and Mudang group will join the village ritual, and is building a pan-do where people go to places such as Ansan, Suwon, and Pyeongtaek. This is an indication of the prestige of the Holy Emperor in this region and an important characteristic in its wide range of activities.
  • 2017.11.21
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    •Hwando is a name derived from the fact that it has a cut and wears a ring, a string on the hook, and wears it on the waist. Also called urethra, gangdo.

    The name "Hwando" has been used since the late Goryeo Dynasty. Most of the knives of the Joseon Dynasty were called 'Hwando'. Short and light to carry and use in an emergency. After the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, the length of the hwando was relatively long. The production of Hwan-do is directly managed by the State. Made by the hwan-do-jang belonging to the military discipline.

    • The functions of the exchange center can be divided into four different types of functions: iron smelting function (filling function), blacksmith craft function (folding function), axillary reinforcement function (unfolding function, tempering function, heating function), and molding and polishing function (fracturing function, grinding function, polishing function), and polishing function. Hong Seok-hyun has mastered all of these functions and has excellent skills.

    • Hong Seok-hyun smelts the sand iron (selected from Yeosu, Hongseong, where the sea meets the river) and makes sand iron steel bars, which are grafted and forged in a traditional manner. The traditional pottery is very strong and has little impurities, so it does not rust easily.

    • Passage decorations are not carried around with a sword, but are worn with a sword, and Hong Seok-hyun expresses his artistic beauty by reproducing the pass decorations seen in Hwan-do.


    • Hong Seok-hyun moved to Seoul in 1968 and acquired woodworking and metalworking until 1982. At this time, the craftsmanship acquisition enabled the expression of artistic beauty as a place of exchange that required a variety of techniques.

    • Hong Seok-hyun was the chief prosecutor Jeon Yong-ha (Dogam Production Workshop/Operation of Daehan Kendo), who was the first prosecutor's license in 1983 by the National Police Agency in 1983.Yi Sun-sin's work on the repair and repair of the general Yi Sun-sin) has received knowledge and functions on the pottery, blade grinding process, and traditional pottery.

    • For seven years from 1992-1998, the late Im Myeong-gil (Dogam Production) has been studying traditional pottery techniques such as blade smoke, charcoal smoke, folding, tempering, loosening, and knitting functions.

    • In 1992, the late Im Myeong-gil was enshrined in a workshop and studied important techniques in traditional pottery techniques for seven years. The late Chung Eung-jo and the late Yu Jeok-seon (metal crafts) were also taught various functions of traditional crafts.

    • It reproduces artifacts, excavated and excavated daggers through the research of ancient documents and functions handed down from various craftsmen to the present since 1989.
  • 2017.11.21
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    Flag and entertainment for producing "paper flowers (jihwa)" for traditional Korean paper, which are used in traditional rituals and Buddhist ceremonies by natural dyeing of traditional Korean paper.

    - There are a total of 17 types of finger paintings in possession of functions, including wood, peony, etc., and 13 types of pigments collected from plants are mixed and used for dyeing.

    Made by repeatedly folding, cutting, pasting, and tying dyed paper with a string.

    - Ingredients include hanji that makes flower petals and flower shapes, and bamboo, sari trees and grass for adhesion needed to make flower beds.
  • 1991.11.23
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    Gayageum Byeongchang refers to singing while riding Gayageum.

    The song is sung by adding gayageum accompaniment while picking a passage from either Danga or Pansori. In Pansori, it is also called Seokhwaje. There is a theory that Kim Changjo, the master of the Gaya Geumsanjo, began to be called in the late Joseon Dynasty.

    Jinyang, Jungmori, Jungjungmori, and Jajinmori are used in Jangdan. The same melody of the gayageum and the song changes to match the principle of the gayageum, fills the space of the song with the gayageum melody, and sometimes adds to the excitement by adding the gayageum ganju.

    Some of the representative songs include Gokcho, Honam, Cheongseoknyeong Pass, Jukjangmanghye, Saranga among Chunhyangga, Jebinojeonggi among Heungbo, and Gogo riverside among Sugungga.

    Gayageum Byeongchang is a valuable cultural asset that seeks pure musical beauty among traditional music.
  • 2006.11.24
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    A palace market is a person who has the ability to make bows and arrows. A person who makes bows is called a mayor who makes bows and arrows.

    Arrows were used in wooden, iron, pyeonjeon, donggaesal, Janggunjeon, and Sejeon. However, the most commonly used ones are yuyeopjeon, which was used for shamanism and practice during the Joseon Dynasty. The yuyeopjeon is about 85cm long and weighs 26.25g (7 sentences), but there are some differences depending on the average person and the bow. Ingredients should be used to surround the sari tree oroni, which will be used to make bamboo and oni, with a pheasant feel, a timbre, and a boulevard. Tools should be equipped with saws, julkal, awl, joldae, indu, scale, pride, mercy, whole grass, crucible, ear-shaped glasses, jolkajabi, brazier, and wooden tongs. When the arrow is completed with the above materials and tools, the last touch is to grab the pawn and rub it with a hammer to polish it. However, there are two types of arrows, so there is a distinction between the right hand and the left hand for the left hand bow.

    Yang Tae-hyun entered the Joseon Dynasty at the age of 16 as a student of Jo Myeong-je (the mayor of an important intangible cultural asset) and Cho Gi-seon, who holds the function of the market, and has been continuing to produce traditional bamboo poems for about 40 years.
  • 2000.11.24
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    Iksan Gisebae Nori is one of the most popular folk games in North Jeolla Province. Gisebae is a folk game of the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, which has been handed down since the old Mahan and Baekje periods.

    The purpose of this play is to gather together 12 villages in Geumma to pray for a good harvest to the god of farming and to create a sense of cooperation and solidarity among the villages.

    The composition of the play consists of a ritual ceremony, a funeral guide, a ritual for Dangsan, a ritual for Gi Se-bae, a ritual for Gi-nori, and a group dance. Since 1995, the Iksan Gi Sebae Preservation Society has been working on the succession and development of this game.
  • 2002.11.25
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    The carpenter, who is a craftsman dealing with wood, is divided into a ranch that builds palaces, temples, or houses, as well as a small ranch that makes furniture, such as a wardrobe, door-gaps, tables, and soban, and other wooden crafts. Building wood refers to the manufacture of small facilities attached to buildings, such as windows, handrails, and closures.

    Currently designated as an intangible cultural asset in Gyeonggi Province, Kim Soon-ki is a small ranch specializing in traditional windows and doors. He uses red pine or yuksong when he can't find the spruce fruit, Chumok or Choonhyangmok. The windows he produced include the Wanja Changshi, the Three-Year-Old Gate, the Rainbow Gate, and the Flower Salmun.

    To make a flower pattern complete with the best floral print among the windows, several pieces must be cut and combined. Instead of simply cutting and attaching them according to the shape, they make and combine the doorknob in a way that crosses the bite.

    He participated in the restoration of Confucian schools, such as Gyeongbokgung Palace, Suwonhyanggyo Local Confucian School, and Hongcheonhyanggyo Local Confucian School, as well as temples and shrines, and produced windows and doors of Seojangdae and Hwahongmun in the Hwaseong Restoration Project.
  • 2002.11.25
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    Onggi is a general term for earthenware and earthenware, and onggi is a pottery that does not have a glaze, and onggi is a pottery that is made of glaze, which corresponds to a narrow meaning.

    Unglazed pottery was the main focus until the Goryeo Dynasty, but from the mid-Joseon Dynasty, black-brown pottery with onggi was produced, and glazed pottery became common in the late Joseon Dynasty.

    Records show that large earthenware jars, called "Ong," were used to store or store liquids or foods such as alcohol, water, soy sauce, and salted fish before the Goryeo Dynasty. It was recently discovered that large quantities of pottery jars excavated from the Taean Mado Sea were used to store water or transport salted fish.

    During the Joseon Dynasty, pottery craftsmen were referred to as "gongjang." According to the "Gyeonggukdaejeon" exhibition factory, 104 of them belonged to 14 central government offices and produced pottery needed by the royal family and government offices.

    Pottery, including onggi, was used in a wide class from the royal family to the private sector and developed with regional characteristics in relation to climate or use.

    Kim Il-man, who was designated as an intangible cultural asset in Gyeonggi Province in 2002, is from a family that has been making pottery for six generations and has devoted himself to making traditional pottery in Gyeonggi Province using three traditional kilns from the late Joseon Dynasty.

    In 2010, he was promoted to the state-designated Important Intangible Cultural Property No. 96, and his sons, Kim Seong-ho and Kim Yong-ho, were designated as messengers, continuing the tradition of Onggi production in Gyeonggi Province.
  • 2012.11.26
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    Song Gwang-mu (1911-1998), who was born in 1954 in Unsu-dong, Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju, began studying Buddhist painting with his father, Song Bok-dong (1911-1998). In the year when it was designated as a tang crematorium, it moved from Gwangsan-gu to Hwaam-dong, Buk-gu.

    He continued his tradition by learning from his father about the functions of the Buddhist temple, and conducted tanghwa, dancheong, ancestral statues, and gaegeum (re-painting the statue) at more than 100 temples across the country, including Odaesan Mountain, Baekyangsa Temple, and Seonunsa Temple. Recently, he has been working on the research of traditional Buddhist paintings through the excavation and reproduction of natural stone-colors, whose production techniques have not been handed down.

    The main characteristics of his Buddhist paintings are the use of iron wire among the 18 brush strokes, the use of the side, the natural coloring used in traditional Buddhist paintings, and the use of traditional natural stoneware. Also, the difference between Gubong and Song Gwang-mu's discord is that the most distinctive feature of the Gubong picture's tanghwa is the expression of 'clouds'. Hwamaek leads to Bakseokcho→Songbokdong→Songgwangmu.

    Song Kwang-moo's investigation report on fire (tang) makeup (2012)
  • 1998.11.27
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    In Jeolla-do, lacquer trees grew all over the country, and many good lacquerware was produced early on, and painting was also popular as wood furniture and woodwork developed around Namwon and Jeonju. Born in 1954, Lee Eui-sik learned lacquer from Choi Kyu-han and Choi Hwan-hee. Lee Eui-sik's lacquer work is famous for its gloss, strength and excellent brushwork that shows the level of refining the paint. He won a number of prizes at the Jeonseung Crafts Competition and the National Crafts Competition, and won a silver prize at the 1993 International Design Competition in Japan.