K-Cultural Heritage 2 Page > Little Korea


Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 2016.7.14
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    Korea has its own unique methods of making and drinking tea. Jeda (tea making) is a traditional technique of making tea by steaming, roasting, or fermenting the buds, leaves, and young stems of a tea plant, as well as rubbing, pounding, pressing, and drying them.

    Such techniques, which have changed and developed over the centuries, are mentioned in ancient books on tea and records ranging from the Three Kingdoms period to the late Joseon period.

    *As Jeda is based in the tea-producing area of the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, and the tea making technique is generally shared and transmitted in diverse methods and forms, no specific holders or holder organizations have been recognized.
  • 1997.7.14
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    Gotchanggut in Oepo-ri is one of the Dodanggut that wishes for the prosperity of the village, such as Jeongpo Village, which focuses on fishing, and Daejeong Village residents, which focuses on agriculture, are well-farmed and many fish are caught.

    Dotchanggut is a representative West Coast Punggeoje that honors General Im Gyeong-eop. Just as a hero who died unjustly like General Choi Young became shamanistic, Lim also serves as an early fishing god along with the legend that he caught a young flag on Yeonpyeong Island and fed the sailors full on his way to China to avenge himself.

    Although it is a tradition to hold Gotchanggut in Oepo-ri every two or three years for three days at the beginning of the second lunar month, it was said that it was more frequent or delayed depending on the circumstances of the village. There is a small drumstick that cannot be seen in other Pungoje, and the order of the rite, unlike the order of the other places, is first greeted with water and then followed by well-mulgut and Danggut.
  • 2003.7.18
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    Born in 1947, Park Yang-deok was taught pansori by Park Bok-sun, Sung Woo-hyang, and Nam Hae-sung.

    Park Yang-deok has several complete ensembles, has won numerous awards including the Presidential Prize at the National Pansori Competition, and has a good reputation for the true character of the Sugungga.
  • 2007.7.20
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    Dancheong refers to the use of five colors, blue, red, yellow, white, and black, to paint beautifully by drawing patterns and paintings on buildings or artifacts. A person with this technique of dancheong and its skill is called dancheongjang, and if a person engaged in dancheong is a monk, he or she was called Geumi or Hwaseung.

    Dancheong in Korea can be found through various ancient tomb murals dating back to the Three Kingdoms Period. Especially, the murals of Goguryeo tombs show the architectural style of the time and the appearance of dancheong, indicating the origin of dancheong. Dancheong was also found in vessels such as chaehwa and lacquer excavated from ancient tombs, but it was mainly used for wooden buildings. Dancheong also includes painting and painting of Buddha statues on the walls of buildings.

    If you look at the course of Dancheongjang's class, you will first practice drawing from Xiwangcho to Cheonwangcho in armor. If you are good at it, you will become a dancheong master by painting the upper tangerines that draw fire and bodhisattva. There are many types of dancheong, such as dancheong, which is simply drawn with black and white lines, morodancheong, which draws a draft of hair, and gilt dancheong, which is painted in five colors.

    Dancheong preserves wooden structures for a long period of time and paints a temple with natural dark vegetables made of mineral materials, such as sand class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(2800)'dmouseout='dn2()'dn2(()(석>>>>>>>>>>, which are collected from sand or soil for harmony. Dancheong in Korea has been developed into a beautiful beauty of Korean architecture as it is found in ancient tombs of Goguryeo and has continued its tradition throughout the Three Kingdoms Period to the Goryeo and Joseon Periods.

    Shin Woo-soon was born in 1951, and was taught Korean Buddhist paintings that led to Kim Il-seop – uncle Shin Eon-su. He participated in major temples across the country including Nahanjeon Hall of Baekyangsa Temple, Daeseongjeon Hall of Gwangjuhyanggyo Local Confucian School, Seonwon Temple of Bulguksa Temple in Gyeongju, Daewonsa Temple in Uijeongbu, Cheonwangmun Gate of Buan Naesosa Temple, and Yosachae of Sudoksa Temple, Mireukjeon Hall of Geumsan Temple and Daeungbojeon Temple of Gongjumi Magoksa Temple.

    Shin Woo-sun has a good sense of form and proportion, and harmony of colors, as she accurately uses the patterns of dancheong and properly draws them.
  • 1998.7.21
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    Sandi Village Tapje is one of the folk beliefs that pray to the village's Daedongsin for the well-being and good harvests around the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. At the entrance to Sandi Village, there is a pair of stone pagodas called Grandfather and Grandmother pagodas, which serve as a deity for protecting and protecting the village.

    The Jeju Island (the person in charge of the rite) of the Tapsinje in Shandy Village is called Gongyangju, and is determined by the people who are virtuous and not unclean. Until the day of the memorial service, the people of the village and the people who hold the memorial service stay away from injustice. On the 14th day of the first lunar month, a gold cord was placed at the entrance of the village to prevent injustice. In the evening, they play pungmul, serve Nonggi, and perform Nongsinje and Yongwangje to pray for a good harvest. He then goes to the pagoda to pray for the peace of the town and holds a memorial service. When the mountain god hears the sound of mountain cry in response to the mountain god's response after the stupa festival, he bowed to the mountain and had fun all night long.
  • 1970.7.22
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    Gossaum Nori (Loop Fight) is a fierce type of men’s game performed in Chilseok Village, Daechon-dong, Gwangju around the full-moon period of January 15 on the lunar calendar.

    “Go” in Gossaum means a tall loop-shaped structure made of twisted straw rope that two opposing groups of males push against each other. Upon finishing preparations for the “battle,” including the making of the go (loop), villagers gather together, hold a sacrificial rite, and pay visits to houses for madangbalbigut (performance of treading on the courtyard). They march, playing farmers’ music to create a joyous atmosphere.

    Each group raises and lowers the go to show off that it can outdo the other in the battle. The two leaders, seated at the top of the go, give commands to their people carrying the go, while their lieutenants cheer on the members of their group by waving flags.

    The group that makes the opponents’ go touch the ground wins the battle. If the battle ends in a draw, the groups meet again on February 1 and engage in a tug-of-war with the straw rope used to make the go.

    Gossaum has been handed down as a rite of praying for a good year for crops and as an event intended to bolster the spirit of collaboration among villagers. The name of the event was changed to Gwangju Chilseok Gossaum Nori in September 2005 to distinguish it from similar games held elsewhere and also to indicate the name of the village designated as the site for this important intangible cultural heritage.
  • 1970.7.22
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    Talchum (mask dance) was performed across the country up to the early Joseon Period (1392 – 1910). Gangnyeong Talchum (Mask Dance Drama of Gangneung) is a type of Sandae Dogamgeuk, which was performed at the Royal Palace. After the mask dance drama came to be no longer performed there by 1634 (the 12th year of King Injo’s reign), it was still enjoyed as a pastime by ordinary people.

    The Mask Dance Drama of Gangnyeong is performed on Dano (May 5 on the lunar calendar) in Gangnyeong-eup, Hwanghaenam-do, and dates perhaps from the late Joseon Period.

    The event is composed of seven acts, Lion Dance, Malttugi Dance, Mokjung Dance, Sangjwa Dance, Dance of the Nobleman and Malttugi, Dance of Chwibari and the Old Monk, and Dance of the Old Couple.

    Prior to the performance, the 20 members of the troupe march, playing music to entertain spectators along the road. The play includes satire about such issues as nobles harassing commoners, depraved monks, and male chauvinism as shown in the custom of allowing a man to take plural wives.

    Dance movements are slow. The main dance is Jangsamchum (Long Sleeve Dance). The rhythms used are dodeuri, taryeong, and jajin gutgeori. Thirty-plus types of narration are used, each of them using its unique rhythm.

    The parts concerning three brothers of a noble family talking about the essentials of the noble class or calling Malttugi, or Malttugi’s gag are similar to those of Ogwangdae (Mask Dance Drama) of Gyeongnam-do. The scene of an old female clown turning a spinning wheel is similar to that of Ogwangdae of Gasan. These similarities have a very important significance in the handing-down of mask dance in the country.

    Performers wearing masks displaying realistic facial expressions and engaging in elegant and slow dancing movements are features of Gangnyeong Talchum, which distinguish it from Bongsan Talchum, another kind of mask dance performed in Hwanghae-do.
  • 1970.7.22
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    Jogakjang refers to the skill of metal engraving or to the artisan who does it.

    Unearthed artifacts lead us to guess that metal engraving was first attempted during the Bronze Age. Diverse engraving techniques were used during the Three Kingdoms Period (57 BC – 668 AD), and they made noticeable developments during the Goryeo Period (877 – 1394).

    During the Joseon Period (1392 – 1910), metal handicrafts started to develop as an independent sector. Techniques used in metal engraving include depressed engraving, bratticing, relief engraving, 3D engraving, and inlaying.

    Materials used are gold, silver, iron, lead, zinc, and tin. Silver is the most commonly used. Favorite designs used are scenery, flowers, birds, clouds, dragons and vines.

    Esthetic quality or propitiousness became the criteria for selection of the patterns of metal engraving in the later Joseon Period and thereafter.
  • 2012.7.23
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    Beopseongpo Danoje is a traditional folk festival held annually around Dano, or the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, in the Beopseongpo area of Yeonggwang-gun, Jeollanam-do.

    During the Joseon Period, Beopseongpo was one of the major trading areas on the Korean Peninsula due to the presence of a warehouse for storing tax grains and a famous seasonal fish market selling yellow corvinas. Thanks to these favorable social and economic circumstances, a large open-air market usually opened whenever the fish market was held, and a local folk festival naturally developed in this area as a result.

    The festival features diverse programs related to the well-preserved characteristics and traditions of the Beopseongpo area, such as the dragon king ritual held for fishermen’s safety, women’s boating, and artistic competitions in the nearby forest.
  • 2009.7.24
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    Changminyo was called a popular folk song because it was called by many people in a large area, and it was also called japyo in combination with folk songs that had the characteristics of a play song. These days, the joy of singing is not inherently different from the joy of dancing or playing yut, so the songs that are sung to enjoy the song itself are included in the category of yuhuiyo. However, in reality, it is difficult for one class name to satisfy every case, so each writer uses a different name depending on the case. In Jeju, the transmission of Changmin songs is very active, and there are more than 50 kinds of songs, including "Odoltogi," "Yahong," "Neoyeong Nayoung," "Shinmok Satayeong," "Bongji," "Sancheon Chomok," "Dongpunga," "Jungtaryeong," "Jilgunak," "Yongcheon Gumyeong" and "Love Song."
  • 2014.7.24
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    < The status of the Yongjondang Song Preservation Society >

    Number of members: 70 people

    市 Designated as Intangible Cultural Property No. 22 (Yongjeon Deul Song): July 24, 2014.

    Origin: Deul-sori (labor song) that was sung in Yongjeon-dong until the end of the 1960s, but was discontinued, former Chairman Kim Dong-eon and the late Ji Chun-sang, honorary professor at Chonnam National University, discovered Jae-hyun ("99.6) after two years of testimony.

    Group name: Jisan Yongjeondeul Song Preservation Society → Sa) Jisan Yongjeondeul Sound Preservation Society

    → 사)용전들노래보존회('12.6)

    Major water performance

    - Grand Prize for the 1st ('99.7) and 9th ('07.6) Gwangju Folk Arts Festival

    - The 40th Korean Folk Arts Festival Award (Prime Minister of State): '99.7

    - The 48th Korean Folk Arts Festival Gold Award (Minister of Culture and Tourism Award): '07.6

    - The 56th Korean Folk Arts Festival Gold Award (Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Award): '15.10
  • 1984.7.25
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    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jingo, Jango, and drum. According to the purpose of performing nongak, the types can be divided into Dangsan Gut, Madang Bapgi, Gulip Gut, Duregut, Pangut, Kiuje Gut, and Baegut. If classified according to regional characteristics, they are divided into Gyeonggi Nongak, Yeongdong Nongak, Honam Jwado Nongak, Gyeongnam Nongak, and Gyeongbuk Nongak.

    It is said that Gosan Nongak has been practiced during a village ritual on the fifteenth of lunar January every year since the time of the village's development. The process of nongak is led by farming tools, and the road hawks, led by gong, drum, janggu, sangmo, and japchaek, which run lightly to the place where nongak is performed, and the dungdeokgungungung, which turns clockwise by making a Taegeuk pattern, turns round a circle and draws two concentric circles according to the direction of sangsoe, and dances according to the rhythm of sangsoe.In the order of , the players of the same musical instrument come out to play in the middle of the circle and play Beopgo play.

    The characteristic of Gosan Nongak is that it maintains its native and deep-rooted nongak without losing its traditional beauty, and that there is a chicken-throwing yard that is not found in other nongak nori.
  • 1984.7.25
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    Nalmoe Book Dance is a drum dance inherited from the Bisan-dong area of Daegu. The exact origin is unknown, but the mountain was called 'Nalmoe' because it was a mountain that fell to the ground and became a garden after being struck by a woman's scream. In the past, when a local government official died, the people danced drums in spring and autumn to commemorate it.

    The Nalmoe Book Dance wears a white trouser jacket, a navy blue combat uniform, and a white band around its head. Only drums are used as musical instruments and dance to Gyeongsang-do's signature deotbaegi rhythm (gutgeori rhythm). The production process consists of Dengdeokgungi, Jabandeukyi (Banjikgut), Jabandeukgi, Tadaegi, Hehegut, Modumgut, Salpugut, and Deutbaegi dance.

    The Nalmoe Book Dance is a folk dance that shows a cross-section of the lives and emotions of our ancestors, and the entertainment owner Yoon Jong-gon continues the tradition.
  • 1998.7.25
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    Seolwi seolgyeong, also known as seolgyeong, refers to the place where the ritual site of "span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2 (1979)' onmouseout='dn2()d Beopsa Temple( is decorated with paper.

    In order to create a snow scene site, it is made by cutting off the images of the deity, bodhisattva, amulets, and flower patterns. This is not just a decoration of the exorcism hall, but a tool to trap ghosts. It is made by cutting or cutting a window paper with scissors or knives. The dice is a mixture of red minerals that can be used to write the name of a spirit, draw pictures, and add talisman. Snowpiercer is sometimes divided into large and single snowscapes according to their size. In the past, snowstorms were distributed throughout the country, but now only in Chungcheong-do, and are mixed with the so-called "Sungut" in other regions.

    Seolwi Seolgyeong was designated as an intangible cultural asset to preserve the folk belief and traditional culture.
  • 2007.7.27
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    The origin of Gochang Ogeori Dangsanje has long been maintained as the village guardian mountain of a natural body built in five rooms to fill the empty space of Gochang, but in the late Joseon Dynasty (1790s), due to the devastating flood damage in Jeolla-do, <span class='xml2'onmouse='up2(5875out') on on on on on on on on on on on====================================================The low-lying Dangsan in the streets, Zhuang, and Hageori has been completed.

    In addition to its significance as a target of village belief, it is also famous for its feng shui collective religious pictorials of the town, which are the only family shrine in the country. The Ogeori Dangsanje Preservation Society has reproduced the five-way Dangsanje Festival and Daeboreum folk games every year to protect the tradition and promote the pride of the residents.