K-Cultural Heritage 4 Page > Little Korea


Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1995.4.20
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    Sijochang refers to singing a song with the lyrics of Sijo-si (Korean traditional poetry), also known as Sijo-ga, Sidae-dan-ga, and Danga. The oldest record is "Sukbukjip" by Sin Gwang-su and "Gwanseoakbu" by Sin Gwang-su during the reign of King Yeongjo (r. 1724-1776), which was composed by Yi Se-chun. In the "Yu Yeji" and "Gura Cheolsageumjabo" published during the reign of King Sunjo (1800-1834), the music sheet of Sijo first appears. After that, due to the influence of the song, the composition of the sijo music was distributed and divided into local characteristics.

    Wanje Shijo is a shijochang centered on Jeolla-do. Most of them are peacetime and private sijo, but some of them are difficult to distinguish clearly, such as off-sijo and reflective sijo. Because they play a temporary instrument with a long or knee rhythm without an instrument, five beats are reduced in the end of the long and medium length. The scale is composed of three-symmetric tones (a sad and mournful tone) and five-syllable tones (a clear and vigorous tone), and features a rich sound due to the development of connectivity.

    Wanje Sijo is Korea's own pop music that people have enjoyed for a long time, and Lee Sang-sul, who lives in Gwangju, is continuing his career as a valuable music that shows the unique spirit of the people of Jeolla Province.
  • 1995.4.20
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    Pansori Gobeob (Druming Performance Practice) is which occurred after the mid-Joseon period when Pansori was settled, refers to a drummer playing to the north.

    Since the ancient law was an accompaniment of pansori, it was not often used to promote the master, so it was very rare to see famous master singers during the Joseon Dynasty. In addition, the development of classical music was minimal as it was regarded as a means of Pansori classes. In the late Joseon Dynasty, pansori developed with a wide variety of characteristics, but it was not until the end of the 19th century that professional masters came out to develop the classical music.

    There are many theories in pansori-gobeob, but it can be largely divided into posture theory, breakdown theory, and acting theory. Posture theory puts the drum in front of the left side of the singer and sits facing the singer. The drum pulls to the left, puts its left thumb on the left side of the drum, and hits the left side of the barrel. Hold the drumstick in your right hand and put it on your lap, and hit it to the sound, but do not go up from left to right and above your head to head. Gojang theory is that a drummer beats the rhythm according to the sound of a singer, and plays the beginning of the syllable and the flow of the melody by hitting the drum and leather using his hands and chae. The theory of acting allows the master to accept the sound (chang) and the aniri (horse) as the opposite of the singer, and depending on the sound, the sound of the singer naturally connects with the sound, adding excitement to the sound, filling the gap in the sound of the singer's sound.

    Gam Nam-jong, who has been designated as the holder of the Pansori High School Act, has spent his entire life with the high school law and served as a judge for several national high-profile competitions and high-profile competitions. It also contributes greatly to the development of pansori-gobeob by focusing its efforts on fostering backwardness.
  • 1995.4.20
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    There is a record of "Tamlaji" written by Lee Won-jin, which is about this high-sori technique. The liquor is distilled from Ome Technology, a fermented liquor, and is based on Jo and other miscellaneous grains.

    It is called "drinking" and "sori-sul" in which the alcohol-poisoned base liquor is distilled into a cauldron into a high-sori-sul is used for the liquor.

    There are two traditional utensils for making soju in Jeju Island: soju dol and gosori. The stone of soju is made of stone, like a pot lid, with a hole in the middle. Sosori is an outland bowl for the sake of soju.

    When making high-sori wine, the yeast should not rot and be black, and the steamed rice cake should be cooled well before being kneaded into the yeast to prevent the alcohol from souring. In addition, the belt should be fastened well so that there will be no loose ends from the heights, and the fire should be set on a constant.

    Kim Eul-jung is the master of Go Sori, and her daughter-in-law, Kim Hee-sook, continues to be an assistant teacher.
  • 2000.4.20
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    The palace refers to a bow, which was traditionally used for combat purposes from prehistoric times, and it is called a court chief who has the skill and function to make a bow.

    Stone arrowheads used in prehistoric times are found throughout Korea, and records show that bows were used in Buyeo, Okjeo, Mahan, Jinhan, and Byeonhan, which were tribal countries before the Three Kingdoms. It takes about 80 days to make an arrow, and the materials for the zelkova, mulberry, willow, and cones vary depending on the timing and materials.

    The palace is a traditional craftsmanship, and Kwon Moo-seok has continued to produce bows from generation to generation in Yecheon, North Gyeongsang Province, a famous place for traditional archery.

    bbb※※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616). </bb
  • 2000.4.20
    designated date
    Chokjeok ( 가리킨다) refers to a musical instrument played by blowing thick, tough leaves into the lips and at the same time playing with it. It is also known as Chogum and Pulpiri.

    In the 24th year of King Seongjong's reign of Joseon (1493), a royal music book compiled by Seonghyeon and others, there is a collection of chowgeum, and a collection of chowgeum music is also seen in the royal court's Jinyeon-gwe, a report on the royal ceremony. In addition, the records of Chogum Sinawe and Chogum Samhyeon, which were recorded by a Chogum master named Kang Chun-seop during the Japanese Colonial Period, appear to have been played as professional music in the royal court and in the private sector since early on.

    The court music's foundation has already been cut off, and the private music's collection is almost at risk of being cut off. Fortunately, Park Chan-beom, who was designated as a first-time entertainment holder, held several performances as he could learn Chogum from his father and make Chogum's voice well, and play Sinawe well with Chogum. He also played Chogum with an orchestra.

    ※For more information on the above cultural assets, please contact the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (☎02-2133-2616).
  • 2002.4.20
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    Born in Naju in 1943, Ahn Bu-deok moved to Mokpo during his childhood, graduated from Mokpo Elementary School, and continued to live in Mokpo, where he trained pansori to Shin Chi-seon, Jeong Eung-min, Kim Sang-yong, and Seong U-hyang. I learned Dongpyeonje Chunhyangga from Seong Wuhyang teacher for 6 years from 1986. In 1994, she won the Grand Prize (President's Award) at the National Pansori Master Singing Contest.

    Ahn Bu-deok has inherited the tradition of Chunhyangga, the Eastern Pyeonje of King Sejong. In particular, the rich reward and unobstructed old story of Sigimsae shows the teacher's unremitting efforts and skills, and shows off his skillful and splendid performance in the Chunhyangga, Kim's Dongpyeonje Chunhyangga.
  • 2002.4.20
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    Pansori High School is to point the rhythm to the drum according to the sound of Pansori singers.

    Born in Heungchon-ri, Bukil-myeon, Haenam-gun, South Jeolla Province, Choo Jeong-nam (1940-2019) was from a hereditary family and learned Korean traditional music arts such as Muga, Pansori and Jangdan from his parents who were engaged in growth and martial arts.

    Jeong Gwang-soo (1909-2003) of the Gwangju Gugak Center and Kim Sang-yong of the Mokpo Gugak Center from 1959 to 1961. Sugungga, Jeokbyeokga, Heungbo, etc. were learned, and he entered the wandering theater company and interacted with the people of the Korean classical music community.

    After his devotion to the high law, he was awarded the Grand Prize in 1987 and the Presidential Prize in 1996.

    Jeong Seon-nam's ancient style is characterized by both traditional and elegant posture and neat techniques. Instead of hitting 'tak' hard, he uses the state method of holding the drumstick against the drum, which is sometimes called 'haebuk'.

    Jeong Seon-nam inherited Kim Myeong-hwan's (1913-1989) posture and Mac, Kim Deuk-su's (1917-1990) editorial, and Kim Dong-jun (1928-1990), but inherited their strengths productively.
  • 2011.4.22
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    The ritual for Danjong in Yeongwol, which was established in 1698 (the 24th year of King Sukjong's reign) and started in 1791 (the 15th year of King Jeongjo's reign), is a Confucian ritual held in Jangneung, and the loyalty of the food group, which began in 1791 (the 15th year of King Jeongjo's reign), was designated as the only royal tomb of Joseon.
  • 2003.4.24
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    Dangje is a village-level ritual to pray to the village guardian deity for abundance, fertility, and the well-being and prosperity of the village. This rite in Ilsan-dong takes the form of a combination of Confucian rites held at a village shrine and byeolsingut performed by hereditary dancers.

    Dongje may this, Ulsan, Korea and East Sea typical town in the coastal area of the zero more than 200 years of history, and now from lunar October 1st for three days every three years.Ilsan-dong, at ceremony organized by the jebojonhoe. In the village, Jeju is selected from among the virtuous and virtuous villagers, and the offerings are made by collecting money and valuables from each house.

    Unlike dongje in the inland area, this shrine is characterized by the fact that it is the center of byeolsingut of the hereditary dances. This rite is presided over the East Sea seseummu collective, sense of injustice that is to remove the dirt to the streets, crew safety and for a good haul of 24 such as distance the Dragon King into the street.Consisted of. The materials for this byeolsingut were published in the "Muga Collection (volume 1 to 5) in Ulsan" (1993) and "Muga (volume 1 to 12 in Korea)" (1999).
  • 2003.4.25
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    Bangjja (high quality brass tableware) Sujeo (spoon and chopsticks) was one of the traditional metal crafts,
    brass products, and has been used in various ways in our living space, but it is gradually being destroyed by the use of alternative containers in the process of modernization.

    Brassware is an alloy made by mixing copper with tin, zinc, or nickel, commonly called brass, and has some differences depending on the composition of the manufacture.

    The production methods of brassware are largely divided into castings, embankments, and anti-banks. Bangjja, also known as the two major types, is a method that melts the alloy of copper and tin in a crucible to form a brass ball, which is shaped like a go, and then is heated to increase and refine it to form a deformity.

    Skill holder Kim Woo-chan has won the title for three generations.
  • 2003.4.25
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    Dunjeonpyeong Nongak is a nongak that has been handed down in Yongpyeong-myeon, Pyeongchang-gun, and has unique characteristics while having the characteristics of Yeongdong and Yeongseo Nongak due to its geographical characteristics, and has inherited its original form well even when most of the nongak in each region is disappearing. In particular, Nongak is of great value for the systematic preservation and transmission of traditional culture, given that Nongak is the most fundamental to the gradual disappearance of agricultural folk in each region due to the transition to an industrial society and rapid mechanization of rural areas.

    Lee Jong-hyun and Kim Eun-young have been living with Nongak in Yongpyeong since childhood, and not only are they excellent at leading the Nongak band, but they can also demonstrate the overall part of Nongak, and the Pyeongchang Dunjeonpyeong Agricultural Play Preservation Association was recognized for its systematic preservation and transmission of Nongak because of its nature.
  • 2018.4.26
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    Among the Jeollanam-do ritual foods, the wedding food of Banda (Changnyeongjo) in the western part of Jeolla-do was passed down to Choi Yoon-ja, the father-in-law.

    Wedding foods include Bongchi tteok, Dongnyeosang Food (Daerye-sang), Daesang Food, Lungbaek Food, and Ibaji Food. Among them, especially waste white food is highly decorative and artistic, with both the selection of materials and ingredients, tools and manufacturing techniques following tradition.
  • 2012.4.27
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    Iksan Mokbal Song is a folk song handed down from Iksan and was sung by woodcutters who used to beat on crutches, the legs of the Jigae. A crutches song refers to a song that combines six songs, including Santa-ryeong, dorsal song, jigae-gi-taryeong, dongdang-taryeong, and sangsa-sori.

    The crutches have different rhythms of tunes, as the songs vary depending on the woodcutters' heavy loads, light loads, and when they go out to an empty fork. When cutting down trees or grass, they sing Santa-ryeong of the slow Jinyang Jojangdan, and then when they come down carrying a tree, they sing the slow Jungmori rhythm's back song. When returning to the village or when there is a fresh breeze with a stick of wood, they sing a jigaemokbal song by Auckmori rhythm, a jigaegi rhythm by Gutgeori rhythm, a dongdanggi rhythm and a sangsa sound.

    Iksan Mokbal Song is a precious song that has been likened to the flower of agricultural culture, Park Gap-geun, who lives in Iksan, has been recognized as a holder of entertainment and continues his career.
  • 1987.4.28
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    Lee Kang-ju, a representative native of our hometown, is believed to have been successful since the mid-Joseon Dynasty. As for the manufacturing methods and taste of rice wine, it is well illustrated in 16 executive papers, Dongguk Sesigi, and Myeongju in Korea.

    Jeonju Yi Gangju first distills 30 degree soju using clear and clean water, wheat and white rice. Then, apply each extract of 20 grams of ginger, 3.75 grams of cinnamon and 7.7 grams of turmeric, as well as 5 juices in 30 degree order, and then combine them again with 600 milliliters per fructose to complete. Lee Gang-ju, which is made in this way, is loved by many people to this day by day.
  • 2011.4.29
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    He is also a carpenter who is responsible for the supervision of construction as well as the technical design of building and trimming timber in the construction of a house with wood materials. He also refers to a potter who constructs palaces, temples, and military facilities. The head of the ranch is distinguished from the small ranch in charge of small-scale carpentry, such as doors and handrails, and is responsible for the completion of the house by joining forces with the head of the wajang, dejab, Seokjang, Mijang, and Dancheong. Government posts were given during the Unified Silla, Goryeo, and Joseon periods, but today, the art of plowing has been passed down to the construction of temples, seowon, Hyanggyo, and traditional Korean houses.

    Because the technique is strictly inherited, the gate is formed.

    A gate is a technique in which a family is created, and a burial ground in the gate has absolute authority.

    He introduced traditional architectural techniques from his grandfather Shin Seong-jip (1877-1954), his father Shin Hyuk-mook (1921-1968), when he was 19 years old, and engaged in activities for transfer and research. Since 1999, his second son, Shin Tae-seon, has also joined the training program.

    Artistic aspects and characteristics include the use of traditional Korean materials, following the traditional wooden building process during the production process, and the use of drying techniques using smoke and flame inherited from one's father during the process of chi-mok. The characteristic of the tree is that each architecture does not have the same motif, creating a creative and decorative expression. In particular, design drawings that are difficult to see in other artisans are being prepared and constructed, and drawings drawn from 20 years ago have been kept. This is different from other artisans who draw professional designs themselves.

    Gimun Gate has been codified for generations to carry out active transfer and research activities, and it shows a local tradition to preserve the characteristics of the region and maintain its traditionality. In terms of art, the use of traditional materials, the production process of traditional wooden architecture, the drying technique inherited from the father of the tree process, the representation of the design of different patterns, and the design drawings are directly drawn and constructed.