K-Cultural Heritage 4 Page > Little Korea


Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1994.12.24
    designated date
    Gwangju Namhansanseong Soju is a folk liquor handed down from Namhansanseong Fortress. Namhansanseong Fortress was a place that flourished during King Sukjong's reign to the point of being called 'small Seoul'. Namhansanseong Fortress was rich in proximity to Seoul, and was widely used until the late Joseon Dynasty due to its origins and drinking by people living in a leisurely life.

    It is estimated that the first debt was made by King Seonjo (r. 1567-1608), who built Namhansanseong Fortress, and the king was later found to have paid tribute to the king.

    Brewing materials use water flowing down from Namhansanseong Fortress, rice produced here, yeast made from whole traditional wheat, and conventional taffes not found in other native states. When making yeast, knead the dough with a light water. Rice boiled and cooled with white rice mixed with yeast and water to make an undergarment, and one more time when it is brewed. Adding taffy not only improves the flavor of alcohol but also increases the storability of alcohol. The alcohol content of the fermented liquor is around 13 degrees Celsius and 40 degrees of distilled liquor after distillation. There's no other medicine or additives in it.

    Characterized by being clear and clean.

    Namhansanseong Soju is derived from Yi Jong-suk. Lee Jong-sook is said to have lived in Namhansanseong Fortress for generations and made alcohol. At one time, he ran a brewery in Songpa-gu, Seoul, to make a liquor called 'Baekje Soju.' Here

    Kang Sin-man, who made Seo's liquor, received the secret recipe and passed it on to his second son, Kang Seok-pil. Following the death of Kang Seok-pil, his son, Kang Hwan-gu, is serving as an assistant instructor for soju in Namhansanseong, Gwangju.
  • 1996.12.24
    designated date
    Korean paper is completed after ninety-nine unique processes, including cutting, steaming, boiling, drying, removing, boiling, beating, and evenly floating the mulberry tree, referring to the 100th touch of the paper being used.

    It is also said that

    Jijang refers to a craftsman who has the skill of manufacturing traditional hanji with his own manufacturing methods. The traditional method of manufacturing daknamu is used to manufacture the main ingredient, daknamu, and to mix the component dakpul and spill it on the sole.

    The traditional method is to collect a year's worth of daknamu from December to February → Steam the bark of the dakmuji → Peel (white skin) → Boil the dakfib (white skin) → Boil the dakfibs → separate the dakfibs from the dakfibs → Making the dakfools → Mixing with the dakfools → Wool → Worms → Stuff → Stuff → Stuff → Stuff → Stick with the paper and the material → Remove with floating paper and the dakfing with the dak

    Jang Yong-hoon (1937-2016), a holder of Gyeonggi-do designated functions, was promoted to a national intangible cultural asset, but after his death, his eldest son Jang Sung-woo was recognized as the holder for the proper preservation and succession of traditional Korean paper.
  • 2009.12.24
    designated date
    The main part of the tree is a carpenter who works to assemble large-sized wood into a wooden structure.

    Wooden architectural cultural assets account for a high proportion of Korea's cultural assets, but they are also likely to be damaged by aging or natural disasters, so it is very important to preserve and foster their functions in terms of efficient maintenance and succession to traditional architectural culture.

    In particular, high-quality timber produced in Gangwon-do, which has long been high in mountains and deep in the valley, has been widely used for palace temple buildings, and thus has a traditional architectural culture with unique characteristics of Gangwon-do, so the designation value is great for the systematic preservation of traditional architectural culture.
  • 2010.12.24
    designated date
    Im Seong-an was born in 1958 and was introduced to Heo Gil-ryang, a student who inherited the genealogy of Joseon Buddhist art, Geumho - Boeung - Ilseob - and Uil.

    Im Seong-an took the initiative in various Buddhist temples including Gwaneumsa Temple in Masan, Anguksa Temple, Baekryeon Temple, Gimje Geumsan Temple, Guksinsa Temple, Jangsu Shingwangsa Temple, Wanju Hwaamsa Temple. Wi Volunteer Temple, Gwangju Wongwangsa Temple, Gunsan Eunjeoksa Temple, Incheon Jiseonsa Temple, and Haenam Daeheungsa Temple.
  • 1980.12.26
    designated date
    Munchangje was a folk game in honor of Hwang Si-heon, a loyal subject who died during the Manchu Invasion of Korea in 1636 (the 14th year of King Injo's reign of King Injo of the Joseon Dynasty), and it was originated from the memory of the Changwon Governor Hwang Si-heon on the day of his memorial service and the royal family and the government officials.

    Munchangje nori was reproduced by Jeong Gyeong-su, the current owner of the entertainment show, in Chapter 4. The first section of the memorial service is to hold a memorial altar for the king, and a memorial altar for the Buddha and his officials will hold a memorial service. The second section of the memorial service comforts the spirit of Hwang Gong by performing a memorial service in which the gisaengs are dressed in small costumes and wearing Hansam. The third section reproduces the situation of Huang Gong's death as a mime play with military paddle. The fourth section of the rite is a pangut where villagers pray for the repose of Hwanggong and sound the pungmul.

    Moonchangje nori is more meaningful as a memorial service to honor loyalty than entertainment-oriented play.
  • 2019.12.26
    release date
    The sound of Ulsan's iron beak is a labor song that is sung while working on ironing, and each process has a different song.

    It is composed of the sound of the iron beak bulmae, which is sung when the fire is stepped on and breathed into the wind, the sound of the gold beak being sung while burning a gold cord with wish paper, the sound of the baby's soothing sound, and the sound of the match's hammering.
  • 2017.12.26
    designated date
    Wooden craftsmanship is a function of making various containers, such as hoisting, using wood as a material.

    Kim In-gyu, who was recognized as the owner of the woodcraft, has been working in one field for more than 60 years and has sufficient skills to implement the entire production process in a skillful manner, and he also possesses and utilizes the tools he received from his father, including the traditional hand-held genealogy (jokdapgi), which is not used even in his hometown of Namwon.
  • 1995.12.26
    designated date
    Wando jangjwidangje and Danggut are performed at the time of the first full moon of the year. There are two village guardian deities, one on an island called Jangdo, 300 meters away from the village, and the other on the village's owner tree street.

    Inside the shrine house, General Songjing, General Jeongyeon on the right, and Ambassador Hyeil on the left, and Jang Bo-go have been added to the list since 1982.

    The procedures of the day are as follows. After setting up the ancestral rites, the incense is burned and the prayer is read by God. Next, put up the glass three times, and in the sense of emptying it in front of the Divine Spirit, cut a thin piece of paper, light it, and fly it into the air. The priests share the liquor used for the memorial service. The food used for the memorial service is scattered around, fed to miscellaneous spirits, and then removed the statue.

    When the ritual is over, Gutpae hits Naldangsan Mountain and leaves the island and returns to the village. If you play Samgut on the island, the owner's gut on the owner's tree street, and go to the Dangju house and play the exorcism, the party festival ends.

    Currently, Kim Bong-do is recognized as a holder of entertainment in Jangjwa-ri Dangje and Danggut in Wando.
  • 2008.12.26
    designated date
    Born in Haenam, South Jeolla Province in 1949, Park Bang-geum (name: Park Geum-hee) studied Simcheongga under Kim Sang-yong, a master of the Mokpo Korean Traditional Music Center in 1960. After the promotion of Oh Jung-sook, a master of Pansori Entertainment, an important intangible cultural asset, and Seong Woo-hyang, a holder of the 5th entertainment show, possessed the fifth important intangible cultural asset. Later, in 1988, he bought the complete version of Yoo Seong-jun's body Sugungga to renowned singer Park Yang-deok and became the second master of Pansori Sugunga, an intangible cultural asset of Jeollabuk-do.

    In addition, Park Bang-geum received the Presidential Award of Daemyungchangbu at the 1st National Master Singing Contest of Jeongeupsa Temple, has been actively engaged in activities such as the activities of the National Changgeuk Company, and has recently made efforts to preserve and inherit traditional Korean music by holding the '07.3.2 Sugungga Complete Singing Presentation'.
  • 2019.12.26
    designated date
    Born in Hwasun at the age of 10, Kim Hyang-soon began his career in Pansori at the age of 10 and has worked hard for 45 years to learn and play Pansori and to promote and distribute traditional Korean music through Pansori performances and education.

    In his 30s, he was recognized for his musical skills and skills by winning the Jeonju Daesum Nori Pansori Masterpiece Award and the Gwangju Traditional Music Competition President's Award.

    Pansori Kangsanje Simcheongga, owned by Kim Hyang-soon, is inherited by Park Yoo-jeon, Jung Jae-geun, Jung Eung-min, Sung Chang-soon and Kim Hyang-soon.

    There are not many master singers in Pansori who are living in South Jeolla Province who will sing and follow the Gangsanje Simcheongga.

    It is believed that Kim Hyang-soon should be recognized as the holder of pansori Kang San-je Shimcheongga for his practical skills and continuous development of pansori transmission.
  • 2008.12.26
    designated date
    "Samsulyanggut" is a folk drama that is rarely seen as a form of a mixed-work drama, which is performed as a religious ritual and a play as a play, as well as a Chibyeonggut.

    Park Kyung-ja, the holder of traditional exorcism, has unique characteristics not only in the tradition and history of hereditary military service, but also in the locality and entertainment of the rite.
  • 2018.12.27
    designated date
    "Nakhwa" refers to a craftsman who has the skill and ability to draw pictures of paper, wood, leather, etc. by using indoneses.

    The origin of Korea's fall paintings can be found in the "Nakhwa Transformation" contained in the "Oju Yeonmunjangjeonsango" written by Yi Gyu-gyeong (1788-1863), a realist of the late Joseon Dynasty, and has been passed down around the Imsil area of Jeollabuk-do since the early 19th century.

    The basic painting technique in Korea is not much different from the traditional painting technique because it is based on traditional painting. However, there is a unique difference in that various compliance methods such as Bubyeokjun and Woo Jeomjun of Oriental painting are expressed with indu instead of brushes, and the ink jokes shown in ink paintings are also expressed with indu. In this regard, Nakhwajang's skill in expressing skilled handwork and subtle jokes dealing with the pharynx and fire is important.
  • 2018.12.27
    designated date
    "Soy sauce making" is a concept that encompasses the overall process of preparing ingredients directly, making and fermenting, beyond the efficacy of the soy-based food, the intestine itself. In Korea, which belongs to the Dujiang culture, it is known that people made and ate soy sauce since the Three Kingdoms Period. In addition, during the Joseon Dynasty, the royal family had a separate burial chamber for the burial of the intestines, and traditional Korean burial grounds were an important place in the diet, such as the burial palace called "Jango Mama." <br /><br />우리나라의 '장 담그기'는 콩 재배, 메주 만들기, 장 만들기, 장 가르기, 숙성과 발효 등으로 이어지는 과정을 발전시켜왔다는 점에서 중국이나 일본과 구별되는 독특한 장 제조법을 가지고 있다. In addition, the two types of soybean paste and soy sauce were made after the process of floating fermented soybean paste, and the fact that the soybean paste and soy sauce were used in the previous year to go through the form of overlapping soy sauce for many years are both unique and characteristic of Korean soy sauce making. <br /><<<bb장장장장장장 '는는는 가지고 가지고 has a long history of making soy sauce since ancient times, it can be studied in various directions, including the study of Korean food recipes and dietary culture, the combination of Korean residential culture, seasonal customs, ups and downs, traditional science elements, and the fact that all Koreans are directly and indirectly participating in the designation of the national cultural heritage by generations. <br /><br />다만, '장 담그기'는 우리나라 전역에서 각 가정을 중심으로 현재도 자연스럽게 전승되고 있는 생활관습이자 문화라는 점에서, 특정 보유자나 보유단체를 인정하지 않는다.
  • 1991.12.27
    designated date
    Yongho nori is a folk game played around Muan, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do for three days around the fifteenth day of the first lunar month.

    It is believed to have originated from the game of tug-of-war, but the origin and origin of the game are unknown. The ridge behind Muan Village is like the Jwakcheongryong and Ubaekho, so the eastern part of the village was divided into Yong Village and the western part into Beom Village.

    Yongho Nori consists of a total of six madangs, including Jisinbapgi, Nolimmadang, Boulmadang, Fighting Madang, and Yeollim Madang.

    On the 14th, the day before the fifteenth day of the fifteenth day of the fifteenth day of the lunar month, the first yard was used to drive away evil spirits and pray for good fortune.

    On the morning of the fifteenth of lunar January, the second yard is called Nolim Madang, and visits the other village, teasing the villagers with teasing words, and returning after looking around the other person's preparations.

    The third madang is the Bourm Madang, which is to be heated up before the battle, and each other's mind is raised. Above the head of the rope, the captain holds Young-gi, and each opponent's dragon and tiger's favorite Geum-yang and Shin Eui-ju come together.

    The fourth courtyard is called the Pilmadang, which is one of the classical rituals, and the dragons and tigers of both sides stand up and bow their heads three or four times to the heavens.

    In the fifth yard, when Geumyang and Shin Eui-ju, who were fighting each other for a chance, go up to the opponent's head and take the flagpole held by the captain and return to its original position, the game ends.

    The sixth yard is led by the winning team with an open yard, with both sides in line and playing a game in tune with Nongak.

    Yongho Nori is a folk game that has been handed down for hundreds of years and shows bravery better than other folk games, and contains a sense of agriculture to pray for peace and good harvest in the village.
  • 2005.12.27
    designated date
    Dongnae Hanryang Dance is a men's dance with a strong local color of Dongnae and a unique dance rhythm. This dance has been performed by local hallyangs since ancient times, and the overall dance is based on Deobaegi and Bae Kimsawi, both of which are introduced in this area.

    It does not have a fixed form of dance or composition, but it is characterized by a combination of yard dance and gibang dance, along with a relaxed dance as a male dance with bold lines, centered on Hutton dance (mouth dance), a personal dance that is improvised when the excitement is heightened.

    Originally, the dance was performed by the customs officials of the Dongnae area and the Hanryang who entered and entered the room, so it is an artistic dance that is not vulgar and elegant, and at the same time improvised and personal. It is also a mouth dance that is performed in a small place called Kibang, so it is a dance with delicate movements along with individual creativity.

    Jang Mun-won, the holder of the Dongnae Hanryang Dance, is the last dancer to come and go in Dongnae Station, and is a representative dancer of Dongnae, such as Nonghyun's dance moves.

    Although the contents of accompaniment music can be expressed differently depending on the dance moves in different regions, considering the historical nature of the dance performed by Hanryang in Gyobangcheong and Kwonbeon, it can be seen that the dance is usually performed in Sinawi rhythm that suits the local characteristics.

    Dongnae Hanryang Dance, based on the basic form of Dongnae Seotbaegi Dance, is a folk dance with a very important meaning in that it is the basis of all the male dances in Dongnae area as a prior entertainment of Dongnae Yaryu's yangban dance, gutgeori dance, mouth dance, and Dongnaehak dance.