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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 2013.8.12
    designated date
    Wood carving is a sculpting craftsman who uses wood to express the amount and texture of wood. Kim Tae-gil, a holder of traditional wood carving, entered the traditional wood carving field in 1974, and has systematically preserved and inherited traditional wood carving techniques based on his overall understanding of Buddha sculpture. He inherited the tradition of the Geumhomunmunpa, which began with Geumho Pharmacy in the late Joseon Dynasty, and led by Boeun Munseong—Geum Yong Ilseop—Chunho and Park Junju, and expanded the world of his works by learning kaegeum and color from his teacher Park Junju.

    The holder started the first Korean method of matching wood-burning (tanghwa) pieces with deep knowledge. Wooden Buddhas (tanghwa) were mainly made of wood instead of paintings, but there are not many remaining traditional wood-carved tangerines that were mostly destroyed by fire in the late Joseon Dynasty.

    Ginkgo trees, which are beautiful and solid, are used mainly for the work, and the main works of the holder include the six-gwanum of Bota Temple at Naksansa Temple, the Jijang Bodhisattva at Gyeryongsan Mountain, Sacheonwang at Goseon Temple in Goseong, and Sacheonwang at Beopcheonsa Temple in Muan.

    The traditional wood carving environment in Chungcheongnam-do was designated as an intangible cultural asset of Chungcheongnam-do in recognition of the value of preservation of traditional wood carving techniques by the holder.
  • 2013.8.12
    Designated date
    Black-bean paste refers to a craftsman who refines sap collected from poison ivy according to its purpose and paints it on an object. Moon Jae-pil, the holder of the book, was a successor to Jeon Seong-gyu—Simbu-gil—Jeong Su-hwa, and was a student of Jeong Su-hwa (National Intangible Cultural Property No. 113 'Chiljang') since 1992 when he was taught traditional skills for lacquer tablets.

    The history of lacquer has been very long, and the techniques of lacquer and lacquerware have developed independently in Korea since the Three Kingdoms Period. The lacquer can be called antibacterial, preservative, waterproof, deodorant, anti-inflammatory and adhesive using natural materials, and the beauty and practical value of traditional lacquer crafts are widely known for their excellence.

    The raw lacquer collected from lacquer goes through a refining process that removes moisture and evenly mixes Chilsan, chlorine, and rubber to obtain transparency and gloss. Refined paint such as glossy and matte black paint, glossy and clear transparent paint can be obtained according to the refining process.

    The holder mainly uses glossy and matte black and transparent paint in his works, and faithfully inherits traditional techniques, including the well-equipped traditional materials and tools needed for lacquer purification. With his active work, he has won a number of awards, including the Korean Traditional Craft Industry Promotion Association President Award (2001) and the National Craft Competition.

    The holder was designated as an intangible cultural asset of Chungcheongnam-do in recognition of the value of preservation of traditional lacquer crafts, as well as the clear transmission of the genealogy and the conditions of transmission to the next generation.
  • 2002.8.14
    Release date
    Gayageum sanjo refers to a sanjo designed to be played with gayageum. Sanjo refers to the form of playing a musical instrument alone, starting with a slow rhythm and gradually turning into a fast one, which slowly makes the listener nervous and excited.

    Gayageum Sanjo is composed of four to six rhythms. Looking at the feelings of each rhythm, Jinyangjo is very slow and lyrical, Jungmori is stable, and Jungjungmori is very entertaining. Self-momori is bright and cheerful, and Hwimori has excitement and urgency. It was made before Sanjo played with other instruments, and due to its outstanding technique, it attracted a lot of people's attention and formed several factions.

    The characteristics of the new type Gayageum Sanjo are that Jangdan Guseong is located between Gutgeori and Jajinmori, and unlike other mountains, Jinyangjo begins as a surfactant, and carp hangers are frequently produced and attached in Jangdan. In addition, Jungmori rhythm has a long surfactant melody and is characterized by an offmori following the Danmori at the very end.

    Kang Soon-young, the artistic owner of Gayageum Sanjo, has a 30-minute-long body and is well-represented. Kang Soon-young is 75 years old and has not lost her strength, so her voice is deep and delicious.

    The Gaya Geumsanjo of the Neogwanyongryu Hermitage is well worth preserving and has been active in the Jinju area for 36 years.
  • 2017.8.14
    Designated date
    Kim Yeong-sik was a descendant of a fraud master in the late Joseon Dynasty who was followed by Kim Chui-jung, the eighth king of the Joseon Dynasty, who naturally learned the art of grilling soil over his shoulders from childhood, and helped his father's kiln work at middle and high school facilities. After his father (Kim Bok-man) died in 1989, he learned skills by visiting his uncle, Kim Jeong-ok (National Intangible Cultural Heritage No. 105), to succeed the family business. After three years of mastering pottery techniques, he opened 'Joseonyo' in 1991 and continued his pottery career.



    He entered the school in 1989 and was selected as the 105th student of the Important Intangible Cultural Property in 1996 and became the recipient in 2002. In addition, he showed his ability through various domestic and international contests and pottery exhibitions, including the Encouragement Prize for the Korean Traditional Crafts Competition and the Best Crafts Award for the Modern Art Exhibition. In December 2012, the museum was opened to convey the history of Mungyeong fraud.



    The white porcelain coated with a transparent glaze on the white porcelain of the texture is more of a blue-green color than a pure white white, a white porcelain used in the royal family and the aristocrats of the past.Unlike the white porcelain of Yubaek, this Joseon white porcelain provides a lot of water, giving no burden to 'Twim'. This is because the iron mixed in the soil comes out and the sparks of the writer Jang sit on the bowl. His work is regarded as the best in depth and scenery for pursuing a simple form of natural beauty that is not crafty but less decorated.
  • 2017.8.14
    Designated date
    <Reason for Designation>

    Yecheon Cheongdan Nori, which has been handed down in Yecheon area, has a certain connection with Hahoebyeolsingut Talnori, which shows the locality of northern Gyeongsangbuk-do and provides satire about the upper class and the shamanistic dance, gestures and folk tunes. It is a popular cultural heritage that is highly noteworthy and valuable in that the only mask made with height is used in the country, and that a large fan-shaped signboard is used to fight off injustice and dance. Therefore, Yecheon Cheongdan Nori is designated as Gyeongsangbuk-do Intangible Cultural Property. However, due to the nature of the events that emphasize community awareness, the government will not recognize individual holders and designate them as intangible cultural assets centered on conservation groups.



    <Contents>

    Yecheon Cheongdan Nori is a rare silent drama in Korea that has been handed down in Yecheon area, and it is a representative example of an organic combination of your painting, community offers, and play. In terms of theatrical and play composition, Yecheon Cheongdan Nori expresses the spirit of the community through satire of the upper class and wishes for the well-being of the community.
  • 1989.8.16
    designated date
    Fresh pine tree joints are made from water and rice and are also used as medicine. Although it is not known exactly when Songjeolju was made, records such as Donguibogam, Gosaibosibup, Gyuhapchongseo, Imwon Economic Daily, and Wifepilji suggest that people of the middle class near Seoul during the Joseon Dynasty used to make Songjeolju.

    The recipe is to mix rice, water, yeast powder, flour, glutinous rice, and boiled pine needle water so that it is not too cold or too hot to cook. If you put azalea in spring and chrysanthemum in autumn, and yuzu peel is cooked on top in winter, the scent of pine and flower is full of mouth, making it even better.

    Songjeolju was particularly enjoyed by scholars due to its unique scent of pine trees and its symbolic meaning. It is currently being passed down by Lee Sung-ja, who is recognized as a function holder.

    bbb※※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616). </bb
  • 1989.8.16
    designated date
    Bridge-walking was played on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, and came from the religious custom that if a stream steps on the bridge as much as its age, it will not get sick on the bridge, and not only will it defeat all disasters but also bring good luck. In particular, the strong notion that foot-walking does not cause leg disease in Korea is a folk belief that the pronunciation of legs and legs is the same, and it seems to be the result of the language's playfulness. Bridge-walking is also known as dapgyo or dapgyo nori, or bridge-bending in Gangneung.

    The records show that the bridge-walking play was very important to the people from noble families to the common people, and that the four gates were not closed when the bridge was played. As the number of bridges in Jangan was very small, the aristocrats were reluctant to hang out with the common people, so they told them to step on the bridge on the evening of the 14th, the day before, and the women stepped on the bridge on the evening of the 16th. In groups, people sang songs and danced to the bridge, and in the midst of the chaos, the character of the play group gradually changed and the play group was organized separately, creating a sense of entertainment. Among them, Songpa Dari Bapgi is characterized by outstanding dance moves.

    Bridge-walking Nori is one of the most popular folk games in Korea since the Goryeo Dynasty, and it is a folk game that contains the feelings of life of the Korean people.

    ※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616).
  • 2001.8.16
    Designated date
    Jeju's Great Gut is the largest comprehensive performance in terms of size during the period when the rite is performed with "Dui-re Eleven-Hul-Gut" or "Season-Jeok-Gut." This includes both "Shingut" performed at a shaman's house and "Biggut" performed at a typical household, and contains the original form of Korean exorcism, and the wisdom of life, including the view of life, space, and nature of Jeju Island people. Both the dance, song and editorial of the gut have high cultural value, and in particular, the editorial has very high Korean literary value for medieval language study.

    Lee Joong-chun, who has been engaged in military service for four generations, began to learn how to perform the exorcism at the age of 16 and is now working hard to preserve the original form of the great exorcism in Jeju, including Yeonggam nori.
  • 2001.8.16
    designated date
    refers to a person who has or has the function of making a thigh used as a drinking water carrier in Jeju.

    Habuck is a drinking water transport tool traditionally used in Jeju, and is produced in a unique style created naturally in Jeju's natural environment and humanities background. In particular, clay produced in Jeju Island without glaze was used, and was made based on practicality with unique manufacturing techniques and senses. It is gradually made into a unique shape according to its function and has its own characteristics in color and pattern.

    Born in a family that makes pottery in Jeju, Shin Chang-hyun, who has mastered the art of making pottery since the age of 15, is striving to preserve the original form of Habuck and to inherit the technology.



    ※ 2011.07.27 Jeju Island thighs → Jeju Island Onggijang (2011.09.27 Jeju Special Self-Governing Province Notice)
  • 1992.8.17
    Designated date
    Pyeongchon-ri Mulpegi Village, located in the upper reaches of the Geumgang River, was flooded with water when it rained a little. Mulpaegi Nongyo is a village folk song that expresses the process from beginning to end of farming in song and movement. It consists of Toshinsa Temple, planting sound, Dureungbapgi, Asimaegi, Dureunggogi, Dureunggogi, Chaebolmaegi, Banga Sori, Ssamssaori, and jangwonnori. First, when the trumpet sounds that the circumference is made, it begins by gathering at the entrance of the village to hold a ritual for the land god, followed by a singing sound while planting. Next, the rat moles, etc. step on the paddy fields so that they cannot penetrate the rice paddies, and after 15 to 20 days, they sing while hanging rice paddies with homies, which is also called 'Ulka Sanay'. Then ten days later, they do a chaebol hawk, sing the sound of harvesting and pounding the mill at the end, and after the sound of the mill, they sit around in a circle and make rice and make a song. Finally, Jangwon Nori picks the best farmers in the village around Baekjung and puts them in a coffin with a vine and takes Ilsan as a satsat and rides them to a cow.

    Geumsan Mulpegi Nongyo has a unique structure that combines the sounds of plains and mountains. Yang Seung-hwan, who won the Prime Minister's Award at the National Folk Festival in 1991, continues to live in Buri-myeon, Geumsan-gun.
  • 2011.8.19
    Specified date
    ○ The origin of Korean milkware can be found from the casting of bronze ware, and the manufacturing method of this milkware is divided into bangjja milk made from a single (dudrim) and casting made from a mold (moor on a frame).

    Bangjjayugi, also known as Hyangdong, is made of traditional musical instruments or tableware, and casting yugi is made by using molds called chudong.

    ○ Park Gap-sul has been engaged in foundry organic production for more than 50 years and maintains the tradition of traditional casting abandonment by producing and taking part in the traditional cloud-style spinning frame, which is disappearing, so it is necessary to preserve the tradition.
  • 2000.8.21
    designated date
    It is a miscellaneous song sung in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, and is classified as a sitcom because a singer sits down and sings alone. The name Japga is given in the relative meaning of the list price of aristocrats. There are "Ginjapga" and "Whistlejapga." There are 12 songs in "Ginjapga," which is also called "12japga." It occurred in the mid-19th century and was widely sung among the singers of the Four Seasons in Cheongpa-dong, Seoul.

    In the past, eight jagga were divided into eight jagga and jagga, including "Yusanga," "Jeokbyeokga" and "Jebi," "Housewife's Song," "Sochunhyangga," "Seonyoga," "Hyeongjangga," "Pyongyangga," and other jagga. jagga includes "Dalgeori," "Sipjangga," "Bangga," "Bangga," "Bangga," and "Bangga."

    It is believed that the ginjapga was originally modeled after yangban's Jeongga, which is why the characteristics of Jeongga and folk songs are mixed together. In terms of the prior art, the biggest feature is that the sound tones of Gyeonggi and Seodo are mixed. In terms of rhythm, Yushan, Sochunhyangga, Pyeongyangga, Seonyu, Songga, Sipjanga, Bangmulga, Jipjanga, and Hyungjanga are accompanied by Dodi rhythm, and Dalgori is mixed with Doddri and Semachi. The musical form of a japga is a form in which the floor is connected in parallel. If the size of the floor is constant, it can be seen in a fluid form, and if the size of the floor is irregular, it can be seen in a modified oil form. The lyrics of the long japga are often lyrical or pick a passage from pansori.

    "Ginjapga" is considered one of the representative art music in Gyeonggi Province. Musically, it is a masterpiece that combines the strengths of Jeongga and folk songs, and is a mixture of Gyeonggi and Seodo music. These characteristics can be called the cultural identity of the long-term job.
  • 2000.8.21
    Designated date
    Paju area is located in the northwestern part of Gyeonggi-do and is influenced by the neighboring Hwanghae-do culture to form a unique culture. In the Geumsan-ri area of Paju, various rice paddies and funeral ritual songs were handed down, and cultural assets were designated under the name of Paju Geumsan-ri Folk Song. Eight types of rice paddies and three types of funeral rituals are handed down in Geumsan-ri.

    When farming rice paddies, they sprinkle rice seeds on the seedbed to a certain extent and when they grow up, they pull out their teeth and plant them in the rice paddies, and because they say "I gained hair," they sing "I gained weight" with the chorus. In the process of transplanting the rice seedlings, the song is called "Hana Sori," meaning planting the rice seedlings one by one.

    The mother-in-law of the rice paddy was held about a month later, while the first rice paddy was made of hoeum, and the second, two bees, and the third, Samdong, were hand-tied. In this area, the popular folk songs 'Yangsando' and 'Bangataryeong' were included in the rice paddies. Yangsan-do is called 'Non Kim Yang-san-do' as 'Yangsan-do' is called 'Non Kim Yang-san-do' at this time. In addition, they sing "hehehehehehehehehehehehehehehehehe" The word 'body stone' means to turn your body around and tie the rice paddies. After the rice paddies are finished, the song is called "Uyasori" to chase birds, which is meant to prevent evil and pray for a good harvest.

    In the funeral song, there are the sound of "Uegeori Overpass" and "Uhsori," and the sound of the tomb's ironing is called "Dalgusori." In addition to the dalgu sound, the hoe-daji is also sung with non-maggi sounds such as Bangataryeong, Sangsasori, and Uyasori, which is a common tradition in Gyeonggi-do.

    Currently, the festival is actively carrying out performances and transmission activities, focusing on the preservation of agricultural songs in Geumsan-ri, Paju, and the Chu Gyo-jeon, the owner of folk songs in Geumsan-ri, Paju.
  • 2000.8.21
    designated date
    Hyangdangmu in Anseong refers to a traditional dance that originated from the Akga Muhak Training Center in Anseong, Gyeonggi-do. The origin of Hyangdangmu is several, including the theory that the descendants of the willow baby, a government official of the Geuknu Pavilion, which was built to commemorate the victory after the reign of King Gongmin of the Goryeo Dynasty, danced in honor of its spirit. The village ritual, dongje, Sadangpae nori, and dances performed by government officials and frauds in Anseong and Jincheon area have been performed in the area. The dancers were mainly composed of Jae-in, Gisaeng, and Min-cho, but considering the terms of dance in Chinese characters and the terms comparing the geographical names, it can be said that they joined the literati as well as the literati.

    There are about 40 kinds of dances handed down from Hyangdangmu in Anseong, which are divided into masculine and feminine dances according to their personality. Thirteen types of hwarangmu, including Gyeongcheon Barye Mu, Bonghwang Geumran Mu, pray for the prosperity of the king's Mansumu River and the royal family, and Jang Gummu, Gungmu Samu, and Dosan Muryeong, are regarded as masculine hwarangmu lineage.

    On the other hand, 15 kinds of dances, including Hakkwa dance, which is performed with a white towel, Hongaeksugeon dance, which expresses a woman's sorrow, and Chae Seonhyang dance, which performs various techniques and dances according to the Sanjo song with a fan, as well as Buddhist dance, Buddhist dance, and Gomyeong dance, have been handed down to the gisaengs in Anseong area.

    The accompaniment music of Hyangdangmu in Anseong is divided into court music, folk music, sanjo and military music, and the dance moves are diverse and difficult. The dance content and entertainment vary depending on the status because it is a dance that has a lot of different people using martial arts.

    In 1990, Hyangdangmu, which was discovered by local residents including Anseong Cultural Center, was designated as an intangible cultural asset by Yi Seok-dong and Yu Cheong-ja as an assistant administrator in 2000. Yi Seok-dong's deceased Hu Cheong-ja is serving as the chairman of the Preservation Society and is striving to succeed Anseong Hyangdangmu.
  • 2000.8.21
    designated date
    Pocheon Menari is an agricultural labor song that was sung when rice paddies were being dug in the area of Shingyeong-myeon, Pocheon-si, Gyeonggi-do. Although there are many kinds of labor songs in Pocheon, the rice wine that was sung during rice paddies was very unique, and the song was named Pocheon Menari by tying up Pocheon's labor songs.

    Menari is a song that is widely sung in Gangwon-do. In Gangwon-do, it is usually sung with switchpoles, yunchang, and solo songs, and Pocheon's Menari is used to sing in five groups. Menari is also used in music studies as a form of music in the eastern part of the Korean Peninsula.

    Pocheon Menari consists of the process of farming. There are jajinari and jigae, which are sung by farmers when they climb up the mountain to pick up the ribs, and "jiggwong," which are sung as they come down the mountain with a load on the fork, and "hojiri" as a screeching sound when they drive cattle and go to the rice field. It is the Hanasori family, which is widely known in Gyeonggi Province for its 'Yeolsori' during planting. The first rice paddies, "Ahnon Maggie," are called ho mi, when they sing "Gianta-ryeong" and "Banga-taryeong" (Ggotbang-at-ryeong) and "Kkot-taryeong" are sung at the end of the rice paddies. The second non-magazine, Dubeol Maggie, steals by hand, and sings 'Menari.'

    Menari is a different style of singing than Menari in other regions. Singers are to be grouped into five groups: the sound of singing, the sound of shouting, the sound of receiving, the sound of making, and the sound of forming. For example, if you look at the way a musical instrument is divided, it is divided into the form of 'Sound: This rice paddy is good / Screaming / Sound: Sound of water / Sound of forming: Good'.