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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 2010.9.10
    designated date
    Bedding refers to threading a needle into a thread to make the whole of the doubles, which is to make the clothes dry and sew, or to embroider to make them more beautiful, or to make the clothes decorated with a paddle.

    Making clothes is a complicated task that is completed through various processes as well as sewing techniques.

    A needle is used to sew cloth and cloth as a tool of a needle.

    The needle is divided into fine, medium, and thick needles according to the thickness. Fine needles are used to make clothes with cloth such as silk or silk, or to sew delicate parts such as feathers or silk. A medium needle slightly thicker than a fine needle is usually used to make clothes with coarse cloth, such as cotton or cloth. Other thick needles were used to sew blankets rather than clothes, but the ears of the needles were large, so they were usually used in layers of thread.

    In addition, sewing tools include thread, ruler, scissors, iron, etc. to make comfortable and beautiful clothes for the family in each household.

    However, the most important factor that determines the appearance, dignity, and utility of the clothes depends on the sewing skills of the master craftsman who is in charge of the bedding.

    Therefore, the burial site was not just about stitching clothes, but was in charge of selecting fabrics, designing, finishing, and sewing, so if the process of making clothes is not entered like panorama, proper clothing cannot be made, and the traditional burial function in Chungcheong Province has been faithfully continued.
  • 1971.9.13
    designated date
    Gungsijang refers to the skill of making bows and arrows, or to such an artisan. A bow-making artisan is called gungjang and an arrow-making artisan is sijang in Korean. It is said that Koreans have displayed particularly excellent skills in the production of bows and arrows. In ancient times, the Chinese called Koreans Dongi, meaning people in the east skillful in archery and the production of bows. The shape of bows used in Goguryeo (37 BC – 660 AD) can be seen in murals dating from the period. They look similar to those used nowadays and so it is thought that the traditional bows have been handed down with no noticeable changes. Even during the Goryeo (877 – 1394) and Joseon (1392 – 1910) Periods, archery was regarded as an important skill. In the early Joseon Period, archery was one of the subjects that applicants for a state-administered exam for recruitment of military officers had to pass. With the introduction of matchlock rifles during the Japanese Invasion of Korea (1592 – 1598), bows ceased to function as a weapon. Bamboo or mulberry wood, water buffalo horn and ox sinew were used in the production of bows. Korean bows were made with ox horn and sinews. They could send arrows a long distance. The body of the bow was mainly made of oak and mulberry wood, and bamboo is also used to increase the tensile strength. To make the bowstring and the parts for connecting it to the body, ox sinew, ox horn and yellow croaker glue were used. Bows were not made in summer, as the stickiness of yellow croaker glue is reduced in hot and humid weather. Tools used to make the bows were saw, plane, wood hammer, file, knife, awl, wood pincer, wood comb, and metal comb. Types of arrows included mokjeon (wood arrows), cheoljeon (metal arrows), yejeon (long arrows used in special events), sejeon (thin arrows), and yuyeopjeon (willow leave-shaped arrows). Bush clover wood, bamboo, metal pieces, bird feathers, pear skin and glue were used in the production of arrows, which were made throughout the year.
  • 2001.9.14
    Specified date
    Dancheong refers to the beautiful and magnificent decoration of wooden structures, woodworking, and sculptures by drawing various patterns and paintings in five colors: blue, red, yellow, white, and black. Dancheong also has a function to prevent corrosion of buildings and objects, cover up the crude nature of materials, and to distinguish them from general practice when performing religious rituals.

    Dancheong was popular in China, Korea, and Japan, where Buddhism and Confucianism were prevalent, but Korea is the only place where the tradition continues. The origin of Dancheong in Korea can be found in the ancient tomb murals of Goguryeo and was further developed with the acceptance of Buddhism.

    Since ancient times, the government office has been carrying out dancheong such as Hwasa, Hwagong, Gachiljang, and Dochaejang, including palaces, guesthouse, shrine, and nujeong. The temple also had its own group of painters called Geumo and Hwaseung, which also produced Buddhist statues, Buddhist paintings, and sculptures.

    The types of dancheong are divided into Gachil dancheong, Gigi dancheong, Morodancheong, Eolgeum dancheong, and Geum dancheong, and are subdivided into Moro-gigi dancheong and Geummoro dancheong.

    Kwon Hyeon-gyu, the head of Dancheong, was introduced to Buddhist monk Hwaseung in 1968 at a young age and has devoted himself to Dancheong for more than 30 years, leaving many outstanding works that are stable and magnificent, including dancheong and tanghwa.
  • 2007.9.17
    designated date
    Seokjang, the skills of stone masonry and master masons, were indispensable to the construction of Buddhist temples and palaces. Masons participated in the projects by crafting Buddhist statues, pagodas, and bridges from stone. The numerous stone artifacts handed down from the Three Kingdoms Period (1st century BCE ~ 7th century CE) attest to the advanced standard of stone masonry accomplished by ancient Koreans. Granite was the most popular material among Korean masons throughout history since it is one of the most widely distributed stones in the country; they also used agalmatolite, bluestone, and marble. Working with simple tools such as hammers and chisels, the stone masons breathed life into their solid inanimate material, thereby cultivating a refined art form. With the introduction of machine carving, however, traditional stone craftsmanship has gradually disappeared in modern times. The time-honored skills of ancient Korean stone masons have been designated as important intangible cultural heritage so that they can be effectively preserved and transmitted to future generations.
  • 1972.9.19
    designated date
    Dongnaehak Dance is a school dance handed down from Dongnae area. The dance, which was usually performed during the Dongnae Yaryu or tug-of-war on the fifteenth of lunar January, was named Hakchum because a dancer wearing a gat on a dopo and dancing a deodebaegi dance, "Hakchum is like dancing."

    Dongnaehak Dance does not have a separate costume, but improvises in everyday clothes such as dopo, pants, socks, and tattoos. The accompaniment is composed of kkwaenggwari, janggu, gong, and drum, and the rhythm is Gutgeori rhythm.

    The dance includes a son-in-law who can move his hands wide, a son-in-law who raises his feet, a son-in-law who can see the crane spreading and cuddling its wings, a son-in-law who looks at the left and right sides, and a son-in-law Bae Kim-sae who moves lightly from side to side with his right feet bent forward.

    Looking at the composition, it is not organized in a certain order, like a general folk dance, but free-spirited improvisation and personal style are emphasized.

    Dongnaehak Dance is a dance of high artistic value expressed in elegant and elegant dance moves that harmonize natural and artistic beauty.

    Entertainment holders Yoo Geum-sun (Guum), and entertainment candidates Lee Sung-hoon (Infinite) are continuing their careers.
  • 1984.9.20
    designated date
    Yi Ok-hui was born in Buyeo, Chungcheongnam-do in 1936, and is also called Yi Il-ju.

    I learned how to play sound since I was young, and learned the basics of pansori such as Simcheongga and Chunhyangga from master singer Lee Gi-gon. After that, master singers Park Cho-wol, Kim So-hee, and Oh Jung-sook learned pansori and practiced their talents as master singers.

    Lee Il-ju sang the pansori part at Jeonju Daeseok Nori in 1979, sang Simcheongga and Chunhyangga at the Seoul National Theater in 1981 and 1983, and won the Jeollabuk-do Cultural Award in 1982.
  • 1995.9.20
    designated date
    The term "instrument head" means a person who has the skills or functions of making instruments used in traditional music, such as Janggu, Buk, Danso, Gayageum, Geomungo, etc. North Jeolla Province, the birthplace of Honam Nongak, has a regional characteristic of smooth production and distribution of high-quality pungmul instruments.

    Janggu is a representative rhythm instrument imported from the Song Dynasty of China during the Goryeo Dynasty and is widely used in various fields to this day. Also called jango or seyogo, it is used as a material for horse skin and cowhide.

    A drum is a musical instrument that is played with leather on a wooden container and knocks it together, often collecting various pieces of pine trees to squeeze the drum and putting cowhide on both sides. Most of the pieces used in court music were nailed down, but in the private sector, more were tied with leather straps.

    The Danso is a wind instrument that is made of a pole. There are five holes, one at the top and four at the front, but the fourth hole at the front is not used. The range reaches two octaves, and the tone is clear and clear. It is also used as a solo instrument, but is mainly used for ensemble with other instruments in chamber music.

    Gayageum is one of the most representative stringed instruments of its kind, and the Korean alphabet in the ancient literature is called Gayageum, and it is known as Beopgeum or Pungryu Yageum, which are used in Aak or Jeongak. The gayageum has 12 strings tied to silk thread on a narrow, long rectangular wooden board, and a small column of wood that can be easily moved by supporting the rope. The tone is clear and elegant, and has a wide range of performing techniques, so it is used in both aak and folk music.

    Geomungo, also known as cash, was first produced by Wang Sanak in the third to fifth centuries by improving Chinese instruments. The oldest document on how to make it is written in "The Evil Trapezius," which states that the front panel of Geomungo is made of paulownia, chestnut wood, and walnut wood. Geomungo was produced by order, the method of making was handed down to the oral tradition, and it is assumed that the level of production skill was also high because it had to satisfy the demanding needs of the scholars compared to other instruments.

    As a traditional craftsmanship, Go Yi-gon is recognized as the master of the Danso, Seo Nam-gyu as the master of the drum and janggu production, Kang Shin-ha as the master of janggu production, Choi Dong-sik as the master of geomungo production, and Ko Su-hwan as the master of the gayageum production.
  • 2010.9.20
    designated date
    Our telegraph operator Hwahye was originally a pair of boots with a neck, and Hye was divided into separate craftsmen because it refers to shoes with a short neck and no head, but in modern times these two technologies are collectively called "span class='xml2' onmouseover='up262' onmouse2' onmouse



    Ahn Hae-pyo, the owner of Hwahyejang, has a clear line of succession genealogy, which has been a family business since his grandfather at the end of the Joseon Dynasty. In other words, in the 1880s, his grandfather produced Heukhye, the shoes of the godfather and officials, and his father took over the family business and made the traditional shoes for a lifetime. Ahn Hae-pyo started to receive the functions of making telegraphy from his father in 1962 when he was 12 years old, and has continued his family business in earnest since 1969.



    It also inherits or stores tools such as 1920s' traditional painting capital, new copy, base copy, sand dune complex, wood hammer, shingol, awl and needle, window croaker, ruler, etc. used by grandfather and father, <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(6371)'onmouseout=\\\木靴/span>, <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(5705)' onmouseout='dn2()'dn2()'dn2(()태/span혜, <span class='xml2' onmouse='



    Ahn Hae-pyo, the owner of Hwahyejang, has a strong craftsmanship that has been walking on a lonely path for the rest of his life, solely by making hwahye production, despite the difficult environment of today's industrialized society, and its function is excellent. Moreover, it is worth noting that all the successors, including wives and two sons, are made up of family members, and their functions are excellent as well as their concerted efforts to inherit the Hwahye production function.



    Therefore, Ahn Hae-pyo needs to be designated and preserved as an intangible cultural asset for the transmission, preservation, and activation of traditional shoe manufacturing functions, as well as faithfully following the traditional production methods of Hwahyejang, and having its own unique production methods.
  • 2000.9.20
    Designated date
    Cheongyang Gujijiaju, which has been handed down from the family of Hadong Jeong Clan in Cheongyang, has been a traditional secret recipe for more than 150 years since it was made by adding roots, leaves, stems, and caterpillars as the main ingredients of high-quality rice and potters.

    The potter is now widely used as a drink material as well as an essential herbal medicine, especially when taken by drinkers, as his efficacy has been recognized, such as energy enhancement, adult disease treatment, eye protection, skin beauty, improvement of concentration, and cleanliness.

    Using such a highly effective reporter, Immungeunsul is a liquor that contains the medicinal properties of the reporter, and is characterized by a reddish color with a rich fragrance and refreshing taste and a clean hangover without any hangover.
  • 2000.9.20
    Designated date
    The vines are called Yongrin (dragon), Sangchundeung (常春藤), and Mokbanggi (木防己) in Chinese characters.
    Depending on the province, it is called Jang Tae-mi or Jang Dre-mi in Gyeongnam, and Dangdang, Jeongdeung, and Jeong-dong in Jeju.

    The stems of the Dengue vines are durable and very elastic, have features that bend well in wet conditions, and are the most advantageous of the full-crafted materials.

    Also, the diameter of the stem is less than 2mm, so the texture of the artifact is delicate and fine. Due to these advantages, our ancestors made and used the tripe, spoonbills, baskets, and vegetables from early on.

    However, as all traditional handicrafts did in the midst of the rapid wave of industrialization, the function of the dengue-tung-tung-tung craft gradually became disconnected. In a four-year straw and grass craft survey conducted by the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage from 1992 to 1995, Jeju Island and Hongseong (Baek Gil-ja) were the only places in the country that made crafts based on dengue vines.

    Baek Gil-ja is a skilled craftsman with excellent skills throughout the whole of grass crafts such as sari, barley straw, and wheat, and in particular, the daily crafts made of Deng-Deng-Deng-Deng-Dang are the only ones in Korea.
  • 2019.9.20
    Designated date
    Wonju Hanji Market reproduces and inherits the entire process of hanji production in a traditional way, and it shows regional characteristics and distinct uniqueness in the origin and use of hanji.It has been designated as an intangible cultural asset in Gangwon-do because it is recognized as a traditional culture worth preserving in terms of entertainment.
  • 2000.9.20
    Designated date
    Nongbauksi is a ritual for rain that is held in various villages including Jewon-myeon as well as nearby villages, focusing on Eojae Village in Burimyeon. If rice planting is not done because it is not raining until the summer solstice passes, the villagers are very worried and have a rain ritual to solve the drought.

    If natural disasters are not solved by human power, the ritual of rain is held as part of the community's collective consciousness to solve them through transcendent beings or various sorcery. The rain ritual is a way of living in a community where everyone in the village tries to overcome the difficulties of reality by solving the psychological conflicts that have accumulated because it does not rain and by preventing or reducing the impact of broken living rhythms.

    The rain system is generally attended by wives in their 30s and older, with men excluded. Men must carry the necessary load for the performance and leave the place. Only women sing Nongbau's songs in a melody and sound, and enter the water of the valley below Nongbau, play with their naked bodies, and end the show, which is so auspicious that the sky gives rain.
  • 1998.9.21
    Designated date
    Lacquer of everyday objects or containers not only prevents damage from moisture and insect infestation, but also helps to withstand high temperatures. As a result, lacquerware was widely used from prehistoric times, and lacquerware decorated with colorful jewels appeared as they entered the historical era. During the Unified Silla Period, lacquerware decorated with expensive Western oaks and turtle shells appeared, and in the 9th year of King Heungdeok's reign (834), a ban on luxury was imposed. Since then, the decoration of the lacquerware has been made of shells commonly found around it. In other words, najeon lacquerware became the only decorative lacquer in Korea.

    Tradition has continued so far.

    Bae Geum-yong, a native of Gochang, North Jeolla Province, started his career when he worked at a Najeon Chilgi workshop in Mapo. Later, he was taught skills by Shim Bu-gil (a holder of important intangible cultural heritage) and Choi Jun-sik, a former teacher at the Tongyeong Najeon Chilgi Training Center, a public technology school.

    He also developed his own technique of inserting patterns into metal wires, and pioneered new areas of the lacquerware. In 1988, he was selected from the Cultural Heritage Administration (CPA) and won a number of awards and special prizes at the Dong-A Crafts Festival in 1989. In addition, he has won seven other awards at the 1990 Gyeonggi-do Crafts Competition.
  • 1998.9.21
    Designated date
    Najeonchigi, also called "self-painting craft" in Korean, is one of the decorative techniques of woodworking, and refers to craftwork decorated by cutting and pasting thinly sliced shells into various forms on the surface of lacquer wood products. Its mystery and beauty are considerable because it produces various colors depending on the direction of the shell attached and the direction of the light. Above all, it has excellent preservation, and its color does not change over time.

    It takes a lot of process to complete the lacquerware. First, nothing is easy, from grinding the inner bark of abalone to cutting the edges of the abalone into a string that corrodes the edges of the abalone, cutting the skin thin with a knife, and cutting off the skin of the abalone. Then, after peeling the white bone with be applied, paint it on the white bone, beating the paint and soil to create a rough patch and a rough sketch. After that, holes are drilled into the pillow with a type, and patterns are cut with a real saw, and a paper copy is attached with a magnet and pressed with an iron. After removing the paper copy and applying it one more time, wipe off the lacquer on the pillow, and use the iron to make one work complete.The owner, Kim Jung-yeol, has mastered the technique in Tongyeong, South Gyeongsang Province, which is famous for its lacquerware, and is said to be the most Korean-style lacquerware. It was designated as the "Chilgi No. 96-19" in September 1996 and received the Presidential Commendation for its contribution to the development of traditional culture. It was also designated as an intangible cultural asset in 1998 for the first time among the Korean master Najeon Chilgi occupations.

    He's been working hard for a long time to keep the leech going. In 1999, he is constantly participating in overseas touring exhibitions as well as the first artist of the "1st Cheongju International Craft Biennale."

    In 2011, the Cheonbong Najeon Chilgi Experience Center was opened to promote the beauty of Najeon Chilgi to many tourists.
  • 1998.9.21
    designated date
    Embroidery has been widely used since ancient times as a means of ornament that allows colorful and free expression of patterns using simple tools of thread and needle. I sew threads of various colors on a needle and apply different techniques to make clothes.

    It began naturally with the addition of decorations on top of the clothes and developed with the attire of religious or ceremonial events.

    The oldest record on embroidery was written in the previous Buyeo edition of "The 30th Dong of the Three Kingdoms" which states, "The Buyeo people enjoy wearing clothes made of great gifts, great gifts, gold, and great gifts when they go abroad." 『후한서後漢書』 동이전 고

    The Gurye episode recorded that "the government officials wore silk embroidered when they gathered at the meeting," and the Samguk Sagi (삼』』) recorded that fans embroidered in Silla were used as small tools, indicating that embroidery was prevalent.

    During the Unified Silla Period, a ban on wearing clothes was imposed in 834 (the 9th year of King Heungdeok of the Unified Silla Dynasty), and there was also a ban related to the number of gold. The use of silk embroidered with silk was regulated on socks and shoes, and the use of silk embroidered on saddle tongs, saddle posts, and feet was prohibited. In addition, the use of embroidery bottle pungent was prohibited for bones and nutmeg. This suggests that embroidery extends not only to doubles but also to household goods.

    In the Goryeo Dynasty, embroidery was newly developed. According to the records of "Goryeosa Temple," the royal court and the general library were installed to make handicrafts. In addition, the Annals of King Munjong recorded a collection of well-preserved men and women in each palace after the king's death, indicating that the king's royal seal was made to pray for the king's paradise.

    During the Joseon Dynasty, there were embroidery decorations dedicated to the royal family's clothing and other articles. In addition, the system of wearing a rank badge on the front and back of the official uniforms of the civil service officers increases the demand for embroidery. The embroidery developed with distinct features, which were largely divided into Gungsu Palace and the people of Minsu. The private sector also used their spare time to produce and use embroidery decorated with water for various daily ornaments and supplies, such as Norigae, Bojagi, and Bangseok.

    Born in Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan, Shin Sang-soon returned to Korea after graduating from a small school in Japan and learned embroidery from Kim Nan-choong, a teacher at Masan Girls' High School, in the 1950s. In 1971, the company set up a self-made workshop called Hwarin Workshop to bring embroidery closer to everyday life, focusing on household items. The paintings include the Hwajodo and Baekdongjado and 子子 Byeongpung, which are rich in living emotions. It also strives to collect and reproduce embroidery artifacts from the Joseon Dynasty.