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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 2019.9.2
    designated date
    "Namwon Nongak" is a nongak handed down in Ongjeong-ri, Geumji-myeon, Namwon-si, North Jeolla Province, and has the characteristics and characteristics of Honam left-hand Nongak. Namwon Nongak reflects the characteristics of geollipgut along with the village rite consisting of Deuldangsangut, Madangbapi, and Pangut. In particular, the back-gut (stolen jab, talent) composition of pangut is unique, and the winners are still making their own boulevards, which are only used in left-hand farming music in Honam.
  • 2001.9.6
    designated date
    Yeomsaekjang refers to a craftsman who dyes cloth with natural pigments. Specifically, the art of dyeing, which has been designated as Important Intangible Cultural Heritage, involves dyeing with indigo. In the Joseon Dynasty, dyeing was a highly specialized skill such that a dyeing specialist was attached to the royal court. Natural dyes used for coloring cloth are plant, mineral, or animal matter, used as is or slightly processed. There are all kinds of dyes, but the indigo bush (Persicaria tinctoria) was the most difficult to use; the complicated dyeing process also required a high level of skill. With modernization as well as the introduction of chemical dyes, traditional dyeing has all but vanished. Thanks to a handful of dedicated craftsmen who have worked to revive the art since the 1970s, however, the art has been kept alive.
  • 1992.9.8
    designated date
    Pansori refers to a singer weaving a long story by mixing a spear (sound), anil (word), and body gesture (screw) to the rhythm of the drummer. After the mid-Joseon period, the song was developed based on the unique tunes of the southern part of the country. Depending on the region, it was divided into Dongpyeonje (Northeast of Jeolla-do), Seopyeonje (Northern Jeolla-do), and Jungdongje (Gyeonggi-do and Chungcheong-do).

    Currently, only "Chunhyangga, Simcheongga, Sugungga, Heungbooga, and Jeokbyeokga" are handed down as five madang of pansori or five bahtang of pansori, and are designated as UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

    Although Pansori in Daegu does not have a specific name for its creation, many master singers have been active in the Daegu area since ancient times and have unique characteristics. Lee Myung-hee, designated as the holder of pansori entertainment, continues the tradition of Dongchoje Pansori Heungboga, which was taught by Kim So-hee, while Joo Un-sook, a master singer, continues the tradition of Dongchoje Pansori Simcheongga, which was taught by Lee Il-joo.
  • 2004.9.10
    Designated date
    Born in 1955, Lee Eun-kyu was studied by Yoo Geun-young, Lee Eun-gu and others. Buan Yuchun-ri Kiln Site is famous for producing Goryeo celadon with Gangjin Sadang-ri, and Yi Eun-gyu is striving to recreate the reputation of the old Goryeo celadon and to produce new works.
  • 2004.9.10
    Designated date
    Born in Buan in 1935, Kim Jeong-rak was taught Korean traditional architecture by potters Kim Hyung-oh, Kim Young-sun, and Ko Taek-young from childhood.

    The head of a ranch refers to a carpenter who performs the art of building a house with timber and finishing and trimming timber according to the technique. The lower part of the head of a ranch is composed of left and right sides.

    Kim Jeong-rak has been engaged in hanok architecture in the Jeolla provinces and other areas of the Jeolla provinces for more than 50 years, especially in Confucian architecture such as Seowon, Hyanggyo and Jaesil.
  • 2010.9.10
    designated date
    Bedding refers to threading a needle into a thread to make the whole of the doubles, which is to make the clothes dry and sew, or to embroider to make them more beautiful, or to make the clothes decorated with a paddle.

    Making clothes is a complicated task that is completed through various processes as well as sewing techniques.

    A needle is used to sew cloth and cloth as a tool of a needle.

    The needle is divided into fine, medium, and thick needles according to the thickness. Fine needles are used to make clothes with cloth such as silk or silk, or to sew delicate parts such as feathers or silk. A medium needle slightly thicker than a fine needle is usually used to make clothes with coarse cloth, such as cotton or cloth. Other thick needles were used to sew blankets rather than clothes, but the ears of the needles were large, so they were usually used in layers of thread.

    In addition, sewing tools include thread, ruler, scissors, iron, etc. to make comfortable and beautiful clothes for the family in each household.

    However, the most important factor that determines the appearance, dignity, and utility of the clothes depends on the sewing skills of the master craftsman who is in charge of the bedding.

    Therefore, the burial site was not just about stitching clothes, but was in charge of selecting fabrics, designing, finishing, and sewing, so if the process of making clothes is not entered like panorama, proper clothing cannot be made, and the traditional burial function in Chungcheong Province has been faithfully continued.
  • 1971.9.13
    designated date
    Gungsijang refers to the skill of making bows and arrows, or to such an artisan. A bow-making artisan is called gungjang and an arrow-making artisan is sijang in Korean. It is said that Koreans have displayed particularly excellent skills in the production of bows and arrows. In ancient times, the Chinese called Koreans Dongi, meaning people in the east skillful in archery and the production of bows. The shape of bows used in Goguryeo (37 BC – 660 AD) can be seen in murals dating from the period. They look similar to those used nowadays and so it is thought that the traditional bows have been handed down with no noticeable changes. Even during the Goryeo (877 – 1394) and Joseon (1392 – 1910) Periods, archery was regarded as an important skill. In the early Joseon Period, archery was one of the subjects that applicants for a state-administered exam for recruitment of military officers had to pass. With the introduction of matchlock rifles during the Japanese Invasion of Korea (1592 – 1598), bows ceased to function as a weapon. Bamboo or mulberry wood, water buffalo horn and ox sinew were used in the production of bows. Korean bows were made with ox horn and sinews. They could send arrows a long distance. The body of the bow was mainly made of oak and mulberry wood, and bamboo is also used to increase the tensile strength. To make the bowstring and the parts for connecting it to the body, ox sinew, ox horn and yellow croaker glue were used. Bows were not made in summer, as the stickiness of yellow croaker glue is reduced in hot and humid weather. Tools used to make the bows were saw, plane, wood hammer, file, knife, awl, wood pincer, wood comb, and metal comb. Types of arrows included mokjeon (wood arrows), cheoljeon (metal arrows), yejeon (long arrows used in special events), sejeon (thin arrows), and yuyeopjeon (willow leave-shaped arrows). Bush clover wood, bamboo, metal pieces, bird feathers, pear skin and glue were used in the production of arrows, which were made throughout the year.
  • 2001.9.14
    Specified date
    Dancheong refers to the beautiful and magnificent decoration of wooden structures, woodworking, and sculptures by drawing various patterns and paintings in five colors: blue, red, yellow, white, and black. Dancheong also has a function to prevent corrosion of buildings and objects, cover up the crude nature of materials, and to distinguish them from general practice when performing religious rituals.

    Dancheong was popular in China, Korea, and Japan, where Buddhism and Confucianism were prevalent, but Korea is the only place where the tradition continues. The origin of Dancheong in Korea can be found in the ancient tomb murals of Goguryeo and was further developed with the acceptance of Buddhism.

    Since ancient times, the government office has been carrying out dancheong such as Hwasa, Hwagong, Gachiljang, and Dochaejang, including palaces, guesthouse, shrine, and nujeong. The temple also had its own group of painters called Geumo and Hwaseung, which also produced Buddhist statues, Buddhist paintings, and sculptures.

    The types of dancheong are divided into Gachil dancheong, Gigi dancheong, Morodancheong, Eolgeum dancheong, and Geum dancheong, and are subdivided into Moro-gigi dancheong and Geummoro dancheong.

    Kwon Hyeon-gyu, the head of Dancheong, was introduced to Buddhist monk Hwaseung in 1968 at a young age and has devoted himself to Dancheong for more than 30 years, leaving many outstanding works that are stable and magnificent, including dancheong and tanghwa.
  • 2007.9.17
    designated date
    Seokjang, the skills of stone masonry and master masons, were indispensable to the construction of Buddhist temples and palaces. Masons participated in the projects by crafting Buddhist statues, pagodas, and bridges from stone. The numerous stone artifacts handed down from the Three Kingdoms Period (1st century BCE ~ 7th century CE) attest to the advanced standard of stone masonry accomplished by ancient Koreans. Granite was the most popular material among Korean masons throughout history since it is one of the most widely distributed stones in the country; they also used agalmatolite, bluestone, and marble. Working with simple tools such as hammers and chisels, the stone masons breathed life into their solid inanimate material, thereby cultivating a refined art form. With the introduction of machine carving, however, traditional stone craftsmanship has gradually disappeared in modern times. The time-honored skills of ancient Korean stone masons have been designated as important intangible cultural heritage so that they can be effectively preserved and transmitted to future generations.
  • 1972.9.19
    designated date
    Dongnaehak Dance is a school dance handed down from Dongnae area. The dance, which was usually performed during the Dongnae Yaryu or tug-of-war on the fifteenth of lunar January, was named Hakchum because a dancer wearing a gat on a dopo and dancing a deodebaegi dance, "Hakchum is like dancing."

    Dongnaehak Dance does not have a separate costume, but improvises in everyday clothes such as dopo, pants, socks, and tattoos. The accompaniment is composed of kkwaenggwari, janggu, gong, and drum, and the rhythm is Gutgeori rhythm.

    The dance includes a son-in-law who can move his hands wide, a son-in-law who raises his feet, a son-in-law who can see the crane spreading and cuddling its wings, a son-in-law who looks at the left and right sides, and a son-in-law Bae Kim-sae who moves lightly from side to side with his right feet bent forward.

    Looking at the composition, it is not organized in a certain order, like a general folk dance, but free-spirited improvisation and personal style are emphasized.

    Dongnaehak Dance is a dance of high artistic value expressed in elegant and elegant dance moves that harmonize natural and artistic beauty.

    Entertainment holders Yoo Geum-sun (Guum), and entertainment candidates Lee Sung-hoon (Infinite) are continuing their careers.
  • 1984.9.20
    designated date
    Yi Ok-hui was born in Buyeo, Chungcheongnam-do in 1936, and is also called Yi Il-ju.

    I learned how to play sound since I was young, and learned the basics of pansori such as Simcheongga and Chunhyangga from master singer Lee Gi-gon. After that, master singers Park Cho-wol, Kim So-hee, and Oh Jung-sook learned pansori and practiced their talents as master singers.

    Lee Il-ju sang the pansori part at Jeonju Daeseok Nori in 1979, sang Simcheongga and Chunhyangga at the Seoul National Theater in 1981 and 1983, and won the Jeollabuk-do Cultural Award in 1982.
  • 1995.9.20
    designated date
    The term "instrument head" means a person who has the skills or functions of making instruments used in traditional music, such as Janggu, Buk, Danso, Gayageum, Geomungo, etc. North Jeolla Province, the birthplace of Honam Nongak, has a regional characteristic of smooth production and distribution of high-quality pungmul instruments.

    Janggu is a representative rhythm instrument imported from the Song Dynasty of China during the Goryeo Dynasty and is widely used in various fields to this day. Also called jango or seyogo, it is used as a material for horse skin and cowhide.

    A drum is a musical instrument that is played with leather on a wooden container and knocks it together, often collecting various pieces of pine trees to squeeze the drum and putting cowhide on both sides. Most of the pieces used in court music were nailed down, but in the private sector, more were tied with leather straps.

    The Danso is a wind instrument that is made of a pole. There are five holes, one at the top and four at the front, but the fourth hole at the front is not used. The range reaches two octaves, and the tone is clear and clear. It is also used as a solo instrument, but is mainly used for ensemble with other instruments in chamber music.

    Gayageum is one of the most representative stringed instruments of its kind, and the Korean alphabet in the ancient literature is called Gayageum, and it is known as Beopgeum or Pungryu Yageum, which are used in Aak or Jeongak. The gayageum has 12 strings tied to silk thread on a narrow, long rectangular wooden board, and a small column of wood that can be easily moved by supporting the rope. The tone is clear and elegant, and has a wide range of performing techniques, so it is used in both aak and folk music.

    Geomungo, also known as cash, was first produced by Wang Sanak in the third to fifth centuries by improving Chinese instruments. The oldest document on how to make it is written in "The Evil Trapezius," which states that the front panel of Geomungo is made of paulownia, chestnut wood, and walnut wood. Geomungo was produced by order, the method of making was handed down to the oral tradition, and it is assumed that the level of production skill was also high because it had to satisfy the demanding needs of the scholars compared to other instruments.

    As a traditional craftsmanship, Go Yi-gon is recognized as the master of the Danso, Seo Nam-gyu as the master of the drum and janggu production, Kang Shin-ha as the master of janggu production, Choi Dong-sik as the master of geomungo production, and Ko Su-hwan as the master of the gayageum production.
  • 2010.9.20
    designated date
    Our telegraph operator Hwahye was originally a pair of boots with a neck, and Hye was divided into separate craftsmen because it refers to shoes with a short neck and no head, but in modern times these two technologies are collectively called "span class='xml2' onmouseover='up262' onmouse2' onmouse



    Ahn Hae-pyo, the owner of Hwahyejang, has a clear line of succession genealogy, which has been a family business since his grandfather at the end of the Joseon Dynasty. In other words, in the 1880s, his grandfather produced Heukhye, the shoes of the godfather and officials, and his father took over the family business and made the traditional shoes for a lifetime. Ahn Hae-pyo started to receive the functions of making telegraphy from his father in 1962 when he was 12 years old, and has continued his family business in earnest since 1969.



    It also inherits or stores tools such as 1920s' traditional painting capital, new copy, base copy, sand dune complex, wood hammer, shingol, awl and needle, window croaker, ruler, etc. used by grandfather and father, <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(6371)'onmouseout=\\\木靴/span>, <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(5705)' onmouseout='dn2()'dn2()'dn2(()태/span혜, <span class='xml2' onmouse='



    Ahn Hae-pyo, the owner of Hwahyejang, has a strong craftsmanship that has been walking on a lonely path for the rest of his life, solely by making hwahye production, despite the difficult environment of today's industrialized society, and its function is excellent. Moreover, it is worth noting that all the successors, including wives and two sons, are made up of family members, and their functions are excellent as well as their concerted efforts to inherit the Hwahye production function.



    Therefore, Ahn Hae-pyo needs to be designated and preserved as an intangible cultural asset for the transmission, preservation, and activation of traditional shoe manufacturing functions, as well as faithfully following the traditional production methods of Hwahyejang, and having its own unique production methods.
  • 2000.9.20
    Designated date
    Cheongyang Gujijiaju, which has been handed down from the family of Hadong Jeong Clan in Cheongyang, has been a traditional secret recipe for more than 150 years since it was made by adding roots, leaves, stems, and caterpillars as the main ingredients of high-quality rice and potters.

    The potter is now widely used as a drink material as well as an essential herbal medicine, especially when taken by drinkers, as his efficacy has been recognized, such as energy enhancement, adult disease treatment, eye protection, skin beauty, improvement of concentration, and cleanliness.

    Using such a highly effective reporter, Immungeunsul is a liquor that contains the medicinal properties of the reporter, and is characterized by a reddish color with a rich fragrance and refreshing taste and a clean hangover without any hangover.
  • 2000.9.20
    Designated date
    The vines are called Yongrin (dragon), Sangchundeung (常春藤), and Mokbanggi (木防己) in Chinese characters.
    Depending on the province, it is called Jang Tae-mi or Jang Dre-mi in Gyeongnam, and Dangdang, Jeongdeung, and Jeong-dong in Jeju.

    The stems of the Dengue vines are durable and very elastic, have features that bend well in wet conditions, and are the most advantageous of the full-crafted materials.

    Also, the diameter of the stem is less than 2mm, so the texture of the artifact is delicate and fine. Due to these advantages, our ancestors made and used the tripe, spoonbills, baskets, and vegetables from early on.

    However, as all traditional handicrafts did in the midst of the rapid wave of industrialization, the function of the dengue-tung-tung-tung craft gradually became disconnected. In a four-year straw and grass craft survey conducted by the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage from 1992 to 1995, Jeju Island and Hongseong (Baek Gil-ja) were the only places in the country that made crafts based on dengue vines.

    Baek Gil-ja is a skilled craftsman with excellent skills throughout the whole of grass crafts such as sari, barley straw, and wheat, and in particular, the daily crafts made of Deng-Deng-Deng-Deng-Dang are the only ones in Korea.