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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1990.10.10
    designated date
    Salpurichum refers to a dance extemporaneously performed by an exorcist to put an end to bad luck. It is called Dosalpurichum or Heoteunchum. The name salpuri was first used by the traditional dancer Han Seong-jun at his theater performances in 1903. The dancer performs to salpuri music in a white skirt and jacket, with a white handkerchief in hand to express graciousness and sentiment. It is said that the present-day salpurichum is one handed down in Gyeonggi-do and Jeolla-do Provinces. With the stabilization of the country toward the mid Joseon Dynasty and invigoration of the culture of commoners, it developed as a dance performed by clowns. Exorcism rites were prohibited during the colonial period (1910 – 1945) and this exorcism dance came to develop purely as an artistic dance. Salpurichum is a classic dance with high artistic value, expressing popular sentiment through beautiful movements and transforming sorrow into delight.
  • 1996.10.14
    designated date
    Pansori refers to a singer who intertwines a long story by mixing a spear (sound), a horse (anirli), and a gesture (a shape) in tune with the rhythm of a drummer (a (a drummer).

    Pansori was famous for its eight famous pansori singers from around 1834 (r. 1800 to 1834). The rhythms and tunes of the pansori were developed as they are today. The pansori was divided according to regions such as Dongpyeonje (Northeast of Jeolla Province), Seopyeonje (South Jeolla Province), and Jungdongje (Gyeonggi Province and Chungcheong Province).

    Among them, the sound of Dongpyeonje passed down from Song Heung-rok to Song Gwang-rok, Park Man-soon, Song Woo-ryong, Song Man-gap, and Yoo Seong-jun was loud. The sound of Dongpyeonje is composed of a thick, grand ornamentation that uses a lot of the tune of Useong, one of the five tones, and makes the voice heavy and the tail of the sound short.

    At the time of Pansori, the length of one yard was not that long, so the number of pansori twelve madangs was high, but now only Chunhyangga, Simcheongga, Sugungga, Heungbo, and Jeokbyeokga are handed down because of the five pansori or five batangs of Pansori.

    Heungboga is one of the five pansori yards and is also called Baktaryeong. Heungbo, a poor and good brother, fixed the broken swallow leg and planted the gourd seed that the swallow had brought to him to become rich. Nolbo, a generous and greedy brother, broke the swallow leg and planted the gourd seed that the swallow had brought, and made a pansori of the story that the pansori tells the story.

    Park Jeong-rye, whose Dongpyeonje Heungbo was designated as a holder of entertainment, came from a traditional pansori family that had been associated with pansori since her grandfather's generation, and spent her entire life with pansori. Currently, Suncheon Gugak Center is training its students for the victory of Heungboga, the Dongpyeonje.
  • 1996.10.14
    Designated date.
    Nongyo is a song that is sung to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working on rice paddies and fields, also called wild songs or farming sounds. Singing individually or collectively as one of the folk songs, the song may vary depending on the region.

    Goheung Hanjeokdeul Song is in an important position in terms of music, adding the sound of the yukja-baegi-kwon to the sound of the Menari-kwon. In terms of distribution rights, it belongs to the South Jeolla Province birth control group. The content consists of a mochi song, a rice planting song, a rice paddy song, and a jilgut. Mochi and rice planting are usually performed by women, and Mochi songs are sung from dawn to morning, steaming unknowns. There are Bangae-taryeong, which is sung before a meal, and Du-gurae, which is sung after eating. Nonmaegi song is sung by men while hanging rice paddies. Jilp is a song sung on the last day of the rice paddies and is sung when they are about to lose. Jiljisim is a song sung by farmers as they return to the village playing pungmul on the day of the rice paddies. In other areas, it is called jangwonjil nori or jilkkonngi. The Mochi-gi song, Mochi-gi song, and Non-maegi song are in the form of

    Hanjeokdeul's song is centered on songs with a yukja-baegi scale, and is a song that combines yukja-bae-gi and manari-jo, such as Bangae-taryeong, and has a very important musical value. Jung Bong-ju, a man living in Goheung-gun, and Park Ban-sim, a woman, are continuing their careers.
  • 2001.10.17
    designated date
    Gudeok Mangkeuttajigi is a traditional folk song that includes the work of building a fence or pillar using a tool called Mangkeul to build a large building or house, and the song of labor (mangkeum) sung by a singer in the process.

    Manggae are made by tying four to five handles or strings of wide stones or shits, and Busan uses wide stones, unlike other places. When the workers pull the rope up and let it go, the manga hits the ground and becomes more and more solid. As such, ironing the ground with a manga to strengthen the site is called a manga, and the sound called to relieve the fatigue of labor and to keep in step with the efficiency of work is called a manga.

    The Gudeok Mangkeot Dajigi, which runs around Daesin-dong, Seo-gu, is of great folk value as it still has the old image of the work process of ironing the site with mangkae and mangkae, which are tools for ironing the site in traditional architecture, and the sound of mangkkeum is also valuable as a labor song in Busan.
  • 2013.10.17
    designated date
    It is a rare sound related to fishing labor that has been consistently called in parts of eastern Jeju.

    The value of transmission as an intangible cultural asset with a close connection between function and song is very high in that it was naturally acquired and sung at the site of transmission.

    Two songs (the sound of the four-spirited, the sound of a hairtail)
  • 1999.10.18
    designated date
    Whistle-jobs means fast-paced ones. The name Whistle Japga was given as the relative meaning of the long japga. The sit-down songs of the Jitchang line, such as the Gyeonggido and Whistle Japga, were developed by singers in and around Seoul, focusing on the Manrijae and Cheongpa Island, which were called the Four Seasons of Seoul, during the late Joseon Dynasty.

    When the miscellaneous singers sang, they sang the lyrics and sijo first, followed by a long jagga, a male jagga, and a Whistle jagga before ending the game with a popular folk song. In other words, it can be seen that Whistle Japga was mainly a song that was sung at the end because the humorous lyrics of Whistle Japga played an exciting role. The lyrics of Whistlejapga are usually variations of the long-shaped sijo, which are tightly woven on the stir-frying taryeong rhythm. For this reason, Whistle Japga is included as a branch of the private poem.

    Whistling is characterized by humorous lyrics. Listing the lyrics quickly has the effect of making you focus more on the lyrics. The lyrics of Whistling Japga evoke laughter by exaggerating, enlarging, enumerating, and reversing. Some of the current Hwimori jagga include "Gombo Taryeong," "Gimmaejabong," "Manhakcheonbong," "Gisaeng Taryeong," "Bawi Taryeong," "Bareung Taryeong," "Byeongjeong Taryeong," "Yook Chilwol-ryun Day," "Soongeomtaryeong," and "Bidan Taryeong."

    It is common for a whirling singer to sit alone and sing while playing janggu. The rock taryeong is a mixture of song and Changbu taryeongjo, and the silk taryeong is read like a book, and is sung in the sound of Maengindeokdamgyeong at the end. In addition, Gisaengtaryeong, Maengkongtaryeong and Rocktaryeong are stir-fried taryeong.

    Currently, Kim Kwon-soo, the owner of the Whistlejacka entertainment show, continues to perform and pass on Korean traditional music.
  • 1991.10.19
    designated date
    The dance is a dance that sublimates the anguish and anguish of walking on the path of a clergyman, and is named as a Buddhist monk because it has a strong Buddhist color and dances in a gaseous and jangsamjang, and wears a cone hat. The main dance is similar to the Salpuri dance, and the form of the dance is also a perfect solo dance.

    Gyeonggi-do-designated intangible cultural asset, Buddhist dance, is a dance that inherits the Seungmu of Hwaseong Jaeincheng People's Republic of Korea, and its origin is that Sangjwaang danced Seungmu to heal his teacher's illness and left the temple when his teacher's illness. Thus, the Buddhist dance of Jaein Chungryu includes the dance of leaving after finishing the drum play section, taking off the cone hat and jangsam, and hanging over the drum.

    Salpuri dance is a dance that is performed to the rhythm of Namdo's Muak called Salpuri among shamanistic music. Originally, shamans used to dance as a means of encountering gods, but were later transformed into Gyobang art by clowns and gisaengs. It is characterized by dancing with a white towel in a white jacket, a white skirt, a socks and a loose coat.

    Kim Bok-ryeon (born 1948, female) was a student of Jeong Gyeong-pa and was designated as the holder of the dance on November 25, 2002.
  • 1977.10.20
    designated date
    A labor song is a kind of folk song that is sung to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working on rice paddies and fields. Songs can vary depending on the region or preference of the person who calls them individually or collectively.

    Namdo Labor Song is commonly referred to as a folk song of Jeollanam-do. The labor songs of Jeollanam-do are largely divided into three regions: the Gansori area of the western plains of Jeollanam-do, the Gansori area of the eastern part of Jeollanam-do, and the Zelo area of the island's coastal areas. Among them, Namdo's Labor Song refers to a wild song (nongyo) handed down in the long-sori area of western plains of South Jeolla Province, centered on the Yeongsangang River basin.

    The contents of the nongyo are mochigi song, rice planting song, rice paddy song, and jangwonjil song. Mochi is a song that is sung while steaming rice seedlings, while planting rice seedlings are sung while lavering. Jangwonjil is a song sung by many farmers who work the hardest and reap the most, called "Jangwon" and carried him on a cow to enter the village.

    The Namdo labor songs were passed down by Chun Hak-sil, which was very slow but powerful, but the transfer of Namdo labor songs has been suspended since Chun Hak-sil died. However, labor songs sung by Chun Hak-sil in Muan, Hampyeong, and Naju are completely inherited.
  • 2010.10.21
    designated date
    Gurye Jansu Nongak is a nongak handed down from Sinchon Village in Sinwol-ri, Gurye-eup, Gurye-gun, and has the characteristics and characteristics of Honam Jwa-do Nongak.

    This nongak is basically composed of Dangsan Jemanggut, Madangbapgi, and Panggut, and it retains its tradition as a village rite. Dangsan Jemanggut consists of a farming band performing a ritual at 10 a.m. every year on the day of the first lunar month.

    After this rite, the Nongak band went to each house in the village and played Madangbapgi to defeat the evil spirits, which led to the participation of all villagers.례 Gurye Jansu Nongak is not handed down by a professional nongak group, but is a village nongak, which is run mainly by villagers. In the past, Jansu Nongak was so famous that its reputation was known not only in Gurye but also in neighboring Suncheon and Namwon.

    In the past, documents related to the operation of nongak are also presented, including the "Nongakwi Family Rule" and the "Nongakwi Family Gyejae Reservoir" written since 1954, which record the principles and financial status of nongak.
  • 2004.10.21
    Designated date.
    It is the sound of life naturally created by ordinary people to reduce fatigue of labor and to increase efficiency of work in the field of life. Their daily lives are sincerely expressed in the contents of the editorial, so it is a valuable material to understand the sentiments of our ancestors and to guess how they live.
  • 1992.10.23
    Designated date.
    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jing, Janggu, and drum. It is also called Gut, Maegu, Pungjang, Geumgo, Chigun, etc.

    Cheongju Nongak is a nongak that has been used as a geolip, dure, Baekjung, and Yeonjeok Farming Pool in Jidong Village, Gangseo 1-dong, and consists of Jinpuri, Beopgo Nori and Insa Gut, Kkotbongori Gut, Chaesanggut, and Galji Gut. It features various changes in gut music, faster rhythms of nongak, more diverse forms of play, and a stone hat on the back of its head to turn the sangmo around.

    Currently, Lee Jong-hwan, who is the prime minister, is recognized as a holder of Cheongju Nongak entertainment.
  • 2001.10.23
    designated date
    Pansori Gobeob was born after the mid-Joseon Dynasty when Pansori was settled, and the drummer (the drummer) accompanies Pansori to the north.

    Since the ancient law was an accompaniment of pansori, it was not often used to promote the master, so it was very rare to see famous master singers during the Joseon Dynasty. In addition, the development of classical music was minimal as it was regarded as a means of Pansori classes. In the late Joseon Dynasty, pansori developed with a wide variety of characteristics, but it was not until the end of the 19th century that professional masters came out to develop the classical music.

    There are many theories in pansori-go method, but it can be largely divided into posture theory, breakdown theory, and acting theory. Posture theory puts the drum in front of the left side of the singer and sits facing the singer. The drum pulls to the left, puts its left thumb on the left side of the drum, and hits the left side of the barrel. Hold the drumstick in your right hand and put it on your lap, and hit it to the sound, but do not go up from left to right and above your head to head. Gojang theory is that a drummer beats the rhythm according to the sound of a singer, and plays the beginning of the syllable and the flow of the melody by hitting the drum and leather using his hands and chae. The theory of acting allows the master to accept the sound (chang) and the aniri (horse) as the opposite of the singer, and depending on the sound, the sound of the singer naturally connects with the sound, adding excitement to the sound, filling the gap in the sound of the singer's sound.

    Jeong Hwa-young and Song Won-jo are recognized as the holders of Pansori High School Act entertainment.

    ※For more information on the above cultural assets, please contact the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (☎02-2133-2616).
  • 2014.10.25
    Designated date.
    Wang Giseok.

    - Sasa to Namhaesung, Park Bongsul, Oh Jeongsook, Sungwoohyang.

    HJ: Graduated from the Department of Korean Traditional Music at Autumn Art University

    - Graduate School of Korean Music at Chung-Ang University.

    - 2005 Jeonju Daesupnori Pansori Award for Master Singer. (Presidential Award)

    - KBS Gugak Grand Prize in 2014 and Pansori Grand Prize.

    - He is the younger brother of Wang Ki-cheol, a master singer.
  • 2013.10.25
    designated date
    The Korean traditional music is composed of sijoshi (Korean traditional poetry) and sung to orchestral accompaniment. It is also known as 'span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2 (2487)'onmouseout='dn2()'dn2((an)삭삭노노노노노>>>>>' or '노.'

    It is known that the original version of the song was not sung in the late Joseon Dynasty, when the song "Mandaeyeop," "Mandaeyeop," or "Mandaeyeop," was lost before the reign of King Yeongjo (1724-1776). The current song originated from the fast-paced song "Sakdaeyeop," which appeared in the late Joseon Dynasty, and is composed of a collection of songs that are related to the melody.

    The song is divided into five chapters, with a prelude, a rental note, and a second, third, middle, fourth, and fifth chapters. Very organized and well-organized. If you look at the rhythm, there are 16 beats of slow speed and 10 beats of fast speed of "pyeonjangdan." The performance consists of Geomungo, Gayageum, Haegeum, Daegeum, Danso, and Janggu.

    Lee started learning Yeochang song and sijo from Han Yang-su, an intangible cultural asset of Jeollabuk-do, and has continued to communicate and engage in activities with local politicians. In addition, as a professional who majored in Jeongga in college, he combined theory and practical skills, and was recognized for his skills through seven solo concerts.
  • 2013.10.25
    designated date
    Park Ae Sook

    - 2001 Presidential Prize for the 11th Gimhae National Night Competition
    - 2003 3rd World Art Exchange Association National Culture and arts Award for Gugak
    - 2011 North Jeolla Province Governor's Letter of Commendation