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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1970.7.22
    designated date
    Talchum (mask dance) was performed across the country up to the early Joseon Period (1392 – 1910). Gangnyeong Talchum (Mask Dance Drama of Gangneung) is a type of Sandae Dogamgeuk, which was performed at the Royal Palace. After the mask dance drama came to be no longer performed there by 1634 (the 12th year of King Injo’s reign), it was still enjoyed as a pastime by ordinary people.

    The Mask Dance Drama of Gangnyeong is performed on Dano (May 5 on the lunar calendar) in Gangnyeong-eup, Hwanghaenam-do, and dates perhaps from the late Joseon Period.

    The event is composed of seven acts, Lion Dance, Malttugi Dance, Mokjung Dance, Sangjwa Dance, Dance of the Nobleman and Malttugi, Dance of Chwibari and the Old Monk, and Dance of the Old Couple.

    Prior to the performance, the 20 members of the troupe march, playing music to entertain spectators along the road. The play includes satire about such issues as nobles harassing commoners, depraved monks, and male chauvinism as shown in the custom of allowing a man to take plural wives.

    Dance movements are slow. The main dance is Jangsamchum (Long Sleeve Dance). The rhythms used are dodeuri, taryeong, and jajin gutgeori. Thirty-plus types of narration are used, each of them using its unique rhythm.

    The parts concerning three brothers of a noble family talking about the essentials of the noble class or calling Malttugi, or Malttugi’s gag are similar to those of Ogwangdae (Mask Dance Drama) of Gyeongnam-do. The scene of an old female clown turning a spinning wheel is similar to that of Ogwangdae of Gasan. These similarities have a very important significance in the handing-down of mask dance in the country.

    Performers wearing masks displaying realistic facial expressions and engaging in elegant and slow dancing movements are features of Gangnyeong Talchum, which distinguish it from Bongsan Talchum, another kind of mask dance performed in Hwanghae-do.
  • 2009.7.24
    designated date
    Changminyo was called a popular folk song because it was called by many people in a large area, and it was also called japyo in combination with folk songs that had the characteristics of a play song. These days, the joy of singing is not inherently different from the joy of dancing or playing yut, so the songs that are sung to enjoy the song itself are included in the category of yuhuiyo. However, in reality, it is difficult for one class name to satisfy every case, so each writer uses a different name depending on the case. In Jeju, the transmission of Changmin songs is very active, and there are more than 50 kinds of songs, including "Odoltogi," "Yahong," "Neoyeong Nayoung," "Shinmok Satayeong," "Bongji," "Sancheon Chomok," "Dongpunga," "Jungtaryeong," "Jilgunak," "Yongcheon Gumyeong" and "Love Song."
  • 2014.7.24
    designated date
    < The status of the Yongjondang Song Preservation Society >

    Number of members: 70 people

    市 Designated as Intangible Cultural Property No. 22 (Yongjeon Deul Song): July 24, 2014.

    Origin: Deul-sori (labor song) that was sung in Yongjeon-dong until the end of the 1960s, but was discontinued, former Chairman Kim Dong-eon and the late Ji Chun-sang, honorary professor at Chonnam National University, discovered Jae-hyun ("99.6) after two years of testimony.

    Group name: Jisan Yongjeondeul Song Preservation Society → Sa) Jisan Yongjeondeul Sound Preservation Society

    → 사)용전들노래보존회('12.6)

    Major water performance

    - Grand Prize for the 1st ('99.7) and 9th ('07.6) Gwangju Folk arts Festival

    - The 40th Korean Folk arts Festival Award (Prime Minister of State): '99.7

    - The 48th Korean Folk arts Festival Gold Award (Minister of Culture and Tourism Award): '07.6

    - The 56th Korean Folk arts Festival Gold Award (Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Award): '15.10
  • 1984.7.25
    designated date
    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jingo, Jango, and drum. According to the purpose of performing nongak, the types can be divided into Dangsan Gut, Madang Bapgi, Gulip Gut, Duregut, Pangut, Kiuje Gut, and Baegut. If classified according to regional characteristics, they are divided into Gyeonggi Nongak, Yeongdong Nongak, Honam Jwado Nongak, Gyeongnam Nongak, and Gyeongbuk Nongak.

    It is said that Gosan Nongak has been practiced during a village ritual on the fifteenth of lunar January every year since the time of the village's development. The process of nongak is led by farming tools, and the road hawks, led by gong, drum, janggu, sangmo, and japchaek, which run lightly to the place where nongak is performed, and the dungdeokgungungung, which turns clockwise by making a Taegeuk pattern, turns round a circle and draws two concentric circles according to the direction of sangsoe, and dances according to the rhythm of sangsoe.In the order of , the players of the same musical instrument come out to play in the middle of the circle and play Beopgo play.

    The characteristic of Gosan Nongak is that it maintains its native and deep-rooted nongak without losing its traditional beauty, and that there is a chicken-throwing yard that is not found in other nongak nori.
  • 1984.7.25
    designated date
    Nalmoe Book Dance is a drum dance inherited from the Bisan-dong area of Daegu. The exact origin is unknown, but the mountain was called 'Nalmoe' because it was a mountain that fell to the ground and became a garden after being struck by a woman's scream. In the past, when a local government official died, the people danced drums in spring and autumn to commemorate it.

    The Nalmoe Book Dance wears a white trouser jacket, a navy blue combat uniform, and a white band around its head. Only drums are used as musical instruments and dance to Gyeongsang-do's signature deotbaegi rhythm (gutgeori rhythm). The production process consists of Dengdeokgungi, Jabandeukyi (Banjikgut), Jabandeukgi, Tadaegi, Hehegut, Modumgut, Salpugut, and Deutbaegi dance.

    The Nalmoe Book Dance is a folk dance that shows a cross-section of the lives and emotions of our ancestors, and the entertainment owner Yoon Jong-gon continues the tradition.
  • 2005.7.28
    designated date
    This sound combines 11 kinds of farming songs sung in Jain-myeon, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and the general characteristics of the farming songs of Gyeongsang-do, Menarijo and Seotbaegi rhythm, are still alive.

    While Zain is located in the inland area of Gyeongsang-do and has maintained its own melody.

    In addition, the Gyeongsang-do area has a strong and rugged dynamic character, resembling the local residents' tone and accent.
  • 1988.8.1
    designated date
    As nongak (farmers’ music) that has been handed down in Pilbong, Imsil, Imsil Pilbong Nongak belongs to Honam Jwado Nongak (Farmers’ Performance of the Western Jeolla-do). Simple farmers’ music such as that performed on occasions like dangsangut (rite to village guardian) or madang bapgi (treading on the courtyard) had been handed down in this village. The music is said to have become sophisticated around 1920 when the villagers started learning the performing skills from Park Hak-sam, who served as sangsoe (leader of a farmers’ music troupe). The members of a farmer’s music troupe wear white jacket and trousers, with blue vest over the jacket and bands in three colors tied to the head. As for the headgear, only the soejabi (gong player) wears sangmo (hat with feathers or strings attached); others wear gokkal (conical hat). A farmer’s music troupe is composed of yonggi (dragon flag), nonggi (farmers’ flag), long soenabal (trumpet), samul [four percussion instruments, i.e., two kkwaenggwari (small gongs), two jing (large gongs), two buk (drums), and four janggo (hourglass-shaped drums)], beopgo (Buddhist drum), japsaek [referring to a group composed of yangban (nobleman), daeposu (drummer), jorijung (masked clown), changbu (male clown), gaksi (young girl), hwadong (young girl) and mudong (dancing boys)]. The local farmers’ music has many versions according to different occasions: maegut (village ritual held on New Year's Eve on the lunar calendar), madang bapgi, dangsanjegut (rite to village guardians), duregut (performance for villagers’ unity), and pangut (entertainment-oriented performance). Among them, Pangut showcases the best artistic quality. The Yeongsan rhythms contained in the local farmer’s music in Imsil are slow with have many variations, such as gajin yeongsan, dadeuraegi yeongsan, mijigi yeongsan, jaeneomgi yeongsan, gunyeong nori yeongsan, etc. The local farmer’s music in Pilbong, Imsil features clear-cut rhythms of kkwaenggwari (small gongs), powerful/gallant rhythms, and emphasis on teamwork rather than individuals’ skills.
  • 2010.8.2
    designated date
    The culture of Gyeonggi-do is based on the popular culture, but it also incorporates a luxurious and refined court culture. Sandae nori is a cultural heritage that shows this well.

    Toegyewon Sandae Nori refers to mask Nori, which is handed down in Toegyewon, Namyangju, Gyeonggi Province. In the Joseon Dynasty, Toegyewon was the center of transportation and was a place where commerce developed. As the road to Hanyang was frequented by people, Sandae nori Yeonhui was popular.

    The performers were supported by merchants and rich people by setting the time for their regular performances, and based on this, they toured other regions.

    Toegyewon Sandae Nori consists of a dance and a play that dances and sings to the accompaniment of music, just like other masquerade plays, and consists of a total of 12 chapters.

    Songs are the sounds of the Sunsori system based on Gyeonggi folk songs, and include 'Youth Song', 'Changbu Taryeong' and 'Baekgu Taryeong'. The dance moves are largely divided into the dance of grandeur and the dance of sesame, and there are fifteen basic dances. The dance line is bold and powerful.

    In common with the Bon Sandae Nori, a fallen nobleman, servants, old men, grandmothers, and concubines appear to reveal the reality, satire, and laughter. The masks of Toegyewon Sandae nori were made by carving logs, compared to the masks of Yangju Sandae nori as the main ingredient of the masks of Toegyewon Sandae nori are unique.

    In particular, among the 16 Sandae Nori masks made around 1865, the words "Gyeongbok Palace Joyeong Time Using Toegyewon-ri Sandaedogam in Yangju-gun" are engraved on the back of the mask, enhancing the historical and cultural value of Toegyewon Sandae Nori.
  • 1979.8.3
    designated date
    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jingo, Jango, and drum. According to the purpose of performing nongak, the types can be divided into Dangsan Gut, Madang Bapgi, Gulip Gut, Duregut, Pangut, Kiuje Gut, and Baegut. If classified according to regional characteristics, they are divided into Gyeonggi Nongak, Yeongdong Nongak, Honam Jwado Nongak, Gyeongnam Nongak, and Gyeongbuk Nongak.

    The nongak of Jeollanam-do can be largely divided into Jwa-do, Udo, and Seobuan-gut, based on the manner of the procession, costume, and musicality. Among them, Jwa-do-gut is a nongak developed in the mountainous region of northeastern Jeollanam-do, and has the characteristics of excellent group play and fast rhythm and movement. So, while focusing on the top play, the bottom play Goodpap gives the impression that it is light and continuous. Hwasun Hancheon Nongak belonged to Jwa-do-gut and was handed down about 200 years ago. Chagut is particularly well developed.

    Currently, Noh Seung-dae is recognized as the holder of entertainment in Hwacheon Nongak.
  • 2013.8.5
    designated date
    It is a labor song sung jointly by women in the mountainous inland area of Jeollanam-do while farming fields.

    It was designated as Local Cultural Heritage No. 18 in Hwasun-gun on December 2, 2003, and was promoted to Jeollanam-do Intangible Cultural Property No. 51 on August 5, 2013.
  • 2013.8.5
    designated date
    The wild song in Galgok-ri, Yeongam, is a wild song that represents the song of rice paddy farming in the lower reaches of the Yeongsangang River, which is inherited in Galgok-ri, Sinbuk-myeon, Yeongam-gun, and is preserved in its original form.

    The Galgok-ri wild song contains the entire process of rice farming and the wisdom of our ancestors who worked to relieve their fatigue by singing.

    The composition of the song is 1 Mochi sound, 2 Mochi sound, 3 Nonmaegi sound - Chobeolmaegi (earning sound in the morning, afternoon sound) 4 dubeolmaegi (earning sound in the morning, afternoon sound), mandri (Uyasori), and Jangwon Pungjangmjangsori (Arong dalong).

    The "Gorgok-ri wild song" has a unique feature: morning and afternoon excursion. It is unique to the traditional style of farming. In traditional farming songs, the sounds of the two birds are the same, but in Galgok-ri, it was more efficient to sing different sounds in the morning and afternoon than to sing the same sound all day long. In particular, the folk music ‘eonmori’ used in piping, Cholla provinces <span class onmouseover = ' ' 2 = ' xml up 2 () ' () 2) ' onmouseout = ' dn> with the same configuration Muga. in (舞歌) </ span>The (new) tune and in line when the East Sea coast, Muga, Prodo Enea Grand Reserva, it seems that relatively a long history.<span class = ' ' 2 xml onmouseover (399) / 2 = ' up onmouseout = ' ' () 2 dn> an old law to conform, and of the (古制) </ span>. In 2004, he received the Presidential Prize at the 45th Korean Folk arts Festival and was recognized as a valuable cultural heritage.
  • 2013.8.5
    designated date
    Woobong Dulsori is a highly artistic folk game performance that won the best prize for starring as a representative of Hwasun-gun at the Namdo Cultural Festival organized by Jeollanam-do in 2008.

    Ubong Deul-sori is a labor song characterized by its lyrical and static nature, unlike the sound of Neungju-myeon or Dogok-myeon, which surrounds the wide plain of the Jiseokgang River basin.

    While most of the sounds are personal, such as songs containing resentment and remorse about the lives of women oppressed by the times, Ubongsori is known to have excellent workmanship due to its macroscopic satire of the times.
  • 2002.8.14
    Release date
    Gayageum sanjo refers to a sanjo designed to be played with gayageum. Sanjo refers to the form of playing a musical instrument alone, starting with a slow rhythm and gradually turning into a fast one, which slowly makes the listener nervous and excited.

    Gayageum Sanjo is composed of four to six rhythms. Looking at the feelings of each rhythm, Jinyangjo is very slow and lyrical, Jungmori is stable, and Jungjungmori is very entertaining. Self-momori is bright and cheerful, and Hwimori has excitement and urgency. It was made before Sanjo played with other instruments, and due to its outstanding technique, it attracted a lot of people's attention and formed several factions.

    The characteristics of the new type Gayageum Sanjo are that Jangdan Guseong is located between Gutgeori and Jajinmori, and unlike other mountains, Jinyangjo begins as a surfactant, and carp hangers are frequently produced and attached in Jangdan. In addition, Jungmori rhythm has a long surfactant melody and is characterized by an offmori following the Danmori at the very end.

    Kang Soon-young, the artistic owner of Gayageum Sanjo, has a 30-minute-long body and is well-represented. Kang Soon-young is 75 years old and has not lost her strength, so her voice is deep and delicious.

    The Gaya Geumsanjo of the Neogwanyongryu Hermitage is well worth preserving and has been active in the Jinju area for 36 years.
  • 1992.8.17
    Designated date
    Pyeongchon-ri Mulpegi Village, located in the upper reaches of the Geumgang River, was flooded with water when it rained a little. Mulpaegi Nongyo is a village folk song that expresses the process from beginning to end of farming in song and movement. It consists of Toshinsa Temple, planting sound, Dureungbapgi, Asimaegi, Dureunggogi, Dureunggogi, Chaebolmaegi, Banga Sori, Ssamssaori, and jangwonnori. First, when the trumpet sounds that the circumference is made, it begins by gathering at the entrance of the village to hold a ritual for the land god, followed by a singing sound while planting. Next, the rat moles, etc. step on the paddy fields so that they cannot penetrate the rice paddies, and after 15 to 20 days, they sing while hanging rice paddies with homies, which is also called 'Ulka Sanay'. Then ten days later, they do a chaebol hawk, sing the sound of harvesting and pounding the mill at the end, and after the sound of the mill, they sit around in a circle and make rice and make a song. Finally, Jangwon Nori picks the best farmers in the village around Baekjung and puts them in a coffin with a vine and takes Ilsan as a satsat and rides them to a cow.

    Geumsan Mulpegi Nongyo has a unique structure that combines the sounds of plains and mountains. Yang Seung-hwan, who won the Prime Minister's Award at the National Folk Festival in 1991, continues to live in Buri-myeon, Geumsan-gun.
  • 2000.8.21
    designated date
    It is a miscellaneous song sung in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, and is classified as a sitcom because a singer sits down and sings alone. The name Japga is given in the relative meaning of the list price of aristocrats. There are "Ginjapga" and "Whistlejapga." There are 12 songs in "Ginjapga," which is also called "12japga." It occurred in the mid-19th century and was widely sung among the singers of the Four Seasons in Cheongpa-dong, Seoul.

    In the past, eight jagga were divided into eight jagga and jagga, including "Yusanga," "Jeokbyeokga" and "Jebi," "Housewife's Song," "Sochunhyangga," "Seonyoga," "Hyeongjangga," "Pyongyangga," and other jagga. jagga includes "Dalgeori," "Sipjangga," "Bangga," "Bangga," "Bangga," and "Bangga."

    It is believed that the ginjapga was originally modeled after yangban's Jeongga, which is why the characteristics of Jeongga and folk songs are mixed together. In terms of the prior art, the biggest feature is that the sound tones of Gyeonggi and Seodo are mixed. In terms of rhythm, Yushan, Sochunhyangga, Pyeongyangga, Seonyu, Songga, Sipjanga, Bangmulga, Jipjanga, and Hyungjanga are accompanied by Dodi rhythm, and Dalgori is mixed with Doddri and Semachi. The musical form of a japga is a form in which the floor is connected in parallel. If the size of the floor is constant, it can be seen in a fluid form, and if the size of the floor is irregular, it can be seen in a modified oil form. The lyrics of the long japga are often lyrical or pick a passage from pansori.

    "Ginjapga" is considered one of the representative art music in Gyeonggi Province. Musically, it is a masterpiece that combines the strengths of Jeongga and folk songs, and is a mixture of Gyeonggi and Seodo music. These characteristics can be called the cultural identity of the long-term job.