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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1990.10.10
    designated date
    This is a tutelary rite held in early January on the lunar calendar, or in spring or fall annually, or biennially or triennially near Seoul or Suwon or Incheon, to pray for peace and a good harvest. At present, a complete version of the rite can be seen only in Jangmal, Bucheon. The shrine for village guardians in the pine forest, which is more than 300 years old, tells us that the exorcism rite started during the Joseon Period (1392 – 1910). The rite starts in the morning and finishes the next day morning. It is performed by a hereditary exorcist skilled in songs and dances. Male exorcists liven up the atmosphere, doing tightrope walking, cracking jokes and displaying various feats. Songs and dances by gisaeng (female entertainers) used to be included, but they have disappeared. Participation of male exorcists (called Hwaraengi) in the rite distinguishes Gyeonggi-do Dodanggut from those performed in other areas. Music and rhythms used in this rite follow those of pansori (epic chant). Displaying high artistic quality, Gyeonggi-do Dodanggut is regarded as a valuable source material for anyone studying the country’s traditional culture.
  • 2007.10.10
    Designated date.
    Under the influence of his father, Habangye, who was working as the 38th Beopsa of the Jeollabuk-do Intangible Cultural Festival, he entered the shamanic house, received a river god in his 20s, performed Naerimgut, and at the age of 28, he was taught Honam Raspir Exorcism by a nutritionist from Gunsan, Park Bok-seon, and Ko Dong-shim.

    Honam Spiritual Exorcism is a local folk culture handed down with unique locality and artistry as a form of shamanism that adds both hereditary sorcerer and strong divine characteristics to the afterlife by recovering the souls of drowning people from the water and sending them to the underworld.
  • 2019.10.10
    designated date
    Since the Joseon Dynasty, the tradition and customs of the Korean people have been established, and it was a typical trend of leap month in Seoul.

    According to Hong Seok-mo's Dongguk Sesigi, "Yundal custom" is believed to have led Jang's women to visit the temple and offer money to the temple, and from heaven." The contents of Dongguk Sesigi appear to have witnessed and recorded in person the life and death of a Buddhist temple in Seoul.

    Even during the Joseon Dynasty, when Confucian culture prevailed, temples around the capital city continued to inherit the tradition of Buddhist rites. The temples in Seoul continued to develop these historical and cultural foundations to maintain the reputation of the temple and to establish itself as a seasonal custom of Korean traditional culture.

    Seoul's Jesus is worth preserving as an intangible cultural asset of the Seoul Metropolitan Government, given that it is a representative intangible heritage used in Seoul, and that it retains the original form of Jesus, which was seen at the time of the seventh anniversary, after completing the six-year-old ritual ceremony to suit.

    Seoul's "Survival Jesus" will be designated as a group without a holder in that it is an intangible heritage handed down through an organization.
  • 2000.10.19
    designated date
    Sajikdaeje is a national rite given to the god of land and grain, while Sajik means the god of land, and Jik means the god of grain. In ancient times, when a country was established, a ritual was held to pray for the people to live comfortably in the land and grain gods. The memorial service for the resignation, which has been held since the Three Kingdoms Period, offers a glimpse into our ancestors' gratitude for nature.

    King Taejo of the Joseon Dynasty established Jongmyo Shrine and Sajikdan Altar (Historic Site No. 121) along with the royal palace to set up Jongmyo Shrine on the east side of Gyeongbokgung Palace, Sajikdan Altar on the west, and Sajikdan Altar in each province to pray for the comfort and good harvest of the people. Sajikdan has assigned divisions (Taesasin and Futosin) and direct divisions (Tajiksin and Hujiksin) to the east and west). The ancestral tablets of Taiji and Taijik face north to the south of the Dansang, the huto god to the left of the Taoist god, and the latter to the left of Taijiksin.

    Usually, ancestral rites were held in February and August, and a rain ritual was held in the event of a major national crisis or drought. The procedures and formalities for holding ancestral rites have changed little by little over time, but gradually we moved away from the stage of imitating the Chinese ways and had our own examples. Various kinds of grain including raw meat of cattle, pigs, and sheep are prepared today, and the rituals are held in the order of spirits, emperors, jinchan, choheonrye, aheonrye, Jongheonrye, Eokbokrye, Cheolbyeondu, Songsin, and Mangye (Mangye).

    The music, dance, food, clothing, and rituals used in Sajikje, as well as our own ritual procedures for holding rituals, help us understand traditional culture. In 1894 (the 31st year of King Gojong's reign), the system was changed to the new government system, and was abolished by Japan's coercion in the 2nd year of King Sunjong's reign (1908). Since then, it was restored in October 1988 through the testimony of the late Yi Eun-pyo, who was the holder of the Jongmyo Jeryeondae. Currently, the Sajik Daejebongsa Committee, located within the Jeonju Yi Clan, preserves and inherits the Sajik Daeje.
  • 2010.10.21
    designated date
    Gurye Jansu Nongak is a nongak handed down from Sinchon Village in Sinwol-ri, Gurye-eup, Gurye-gun, and has the characteristics and characteristics of Honam Jwa-do Nongak.

    This nongak is basically composed of Dangsan Jemanggut, Madangbapgi, and Panggut, and it retains its tradition as a village rite. Dangsan Jemanggut consists of a farming band performing a ritual at 10 a.m. every year on the day of the first lunar month.

    After this rite, the Nongak band went to each house in the village and played Madangbapgi to defeat the evil spirits, which led to the participation of all villagers.례 Gurye Jansu Nongak is not handed down by a professional nongak group, but is a village nongak, which is run mainly by villagers. In the past, Jansu Nongak was so famous that its reputation was known not only in Gurye but also in neighboring Suncheon and Namwon.

    In the past, documents related to the operation of nongak are also presented, including the "Nongakwi Family Rule" and the "Nongakwi Family Gyejae Reservoir" written since 1954, which record the principles and financial status of nongak.
  • 1985.10.26
    designated date
    Samhyeon Yukgak refers to the royal dance and music of the Joseon Dynasty, banquets of local government officials, visits of high officials or noblemen, rituals of local Confucian schools, and the compilation of musical instruments used to perform ancestral rites for gods in each region.

    In principle, the six-member group of two Hyangpiris and one each from Daegeum, Haegeum, Janggu, and Bukbu are required. In some cases, there are some differences in the type of musical instrument or the number of people in composition, and depending on the region (Gyeonggi, Honam, Haehae, Yeongnam, etc.) there are some differences in musical characteristics and composition of music.

    The form of a performance is usually played sitting in a row, standing in two rows, walking in two rows, or playing on a horse.
  • 2011.10.28
    designated date
    The Musudongsan Shrine is a village religion that has been handed down from the late Joseon Dynasty to the present day in Musu-dong, a community village of Andong Kwon Clan, and has been designated as an intangible cultural asset in Daejeon to preserve the tradition of folk culture in Daejeon.

    Sanshinje is recognized as a holding organization as its tradition continues to this day due to the efforts of the Musu Dongsan Shinje Preservation Association despite the rapid influx of foreign culture and culture after liberation.
  • 2003.10.30
    designated date
    It is said that it was passed down from about 400 years ago as a kind of pungo festival to pray for the well-being of the village of Suryong-dong in Pangyo-ri, Seobu-myeon.

    The Odang Shrine, which is enshrined in the Suryong-dong Dangje, and the ritual for it are typical types of the West Coast islands and coastal regions.
  • 1986.11.1
    designated date
    Seokjeondaeje is a ritual held at Munmyo Shrine, which honors Confucius, and is also called Munmyo Daeje or Seokjeonje (a ritual for raising meat and playing music). There is no record of when Confucianism was introduced to Korea, but it is assumed that the ritual was conducted in accordance with the ritual customs of ancient China based on the record that Taehak (National University for Confucian Education) was established in the second year (372) of King Sosurim of Goguryeo.

    Seokjeon Daeje is held every February and August in memory of the virtues of Confucius and other saints. The procedure is carried out in the order of Yeongsinrye, Jeon Lungrye, Choheonrye, Gongak, Ahheonrye, Jongheonrye, Eokbokrye, Cheolbyeon, Song Sinrye and Mangjae. Music is called Munmyo Jeryeak, which is a Daesung aak that collectively refers to instrumental music, vocal music and dance, and only eight sub-acids are used, and two bands of dungga and Hunga are played alternately according to the procedure.

    Currently, 15 palaces including Songs of Songs and Imjonggungs were adopted during the reign of King Sejong (r. 1418-1450) during the early Joseon Dynasty, including Songsingok, Hwangjonggung Palace, and Songsin Hyeopjonggung Palace.

    Seokjeon Daeje is a national event, which is held in a quiet and solemn atmosphere, and has a comprehensive artistic character where music is played and dance is accompanied.
  • 2010.11.4
    designated date
    Dodangje is a representative branch of village belief that is passed down around Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Although the detailed religious form and ritual procedures of the Dodang system vary depending on the region, the commonality can be found in the structural aspect of bringing the village god back to Jejang. Samgaksan Dodangje also has a structure in which a dokdang father and a dokdang grandmother are enshrined and sent back after a ritual.

    It is a stock without a holder, and on November 4, 2010, the Triangle Sandodang Preservation Society was recognized as a holding organization.

    ※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616).
  • 1973.11.5
    designated date
    Yeongsanjae is a form of 49jae (a ritual held on the 49th day of human death), a ritual in which the spirit lives in paradise by believing in and relying on Buddhism. It has a symbolic meaning of reproducing the Yeongsan Recitation, which was performed by Sakyamuni on Yeongchisan Mountain. Yeongsanjae is also known as the "Yeongsanjakbeop" as a representative rite of Buddhist Cheondoism. The origin is unclear, but according to Yi Neung-hwa's "Chosun Buddhist Temple," it was already practiced during the early Joseon Period.

    Yeongsanjae starts by hanging Yeongsanhoesangdo outdoors to symbolize the place where the altar is made. A procession ceremony is held to bring the objects of faith from outside the temple, where various instruments such as haegeum, drum, janggu, and geomungo are played to praise the meritorious deeds of the Buddha, and the bar dance, butterfly dance, and Beopgo dance are performed. After the subject of faith is moved, various examples are provided to pray for wishes and offer sacrifices to the soul.

    Finally, there is a ceremony to send back the objects of faith, and where the altar was built, all the public went around in a row to practice solitude and so on. It used to take place three days and nights, but in recent years it has been scaled down for one day.

    Yeongsanjae is one of the traditional cultures, and it is valuable as a solemn Buddhist ritual in which both the living and the dead can realize the true truth of Buddha and reach the point where they can escape from anguish and anguish and participate in the public, not the performance.
  • 2016.11.8
    designated date
    Many terms are used in the Gyeonggi-do area, such as "jari heart" and "banggaseum," but this is a common term. Walking is one of the ceremonies held on the night of the funeral in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, and is a kind of purification ritual. In shamanism, the surrounding of the dead body and the dead body is defined as unjust, which is a concept viewed from the point of view of the living. Jajari is performed in a ceremony that requires a process to purify injustice, and the background of this death rite is that the living are pursued through rituals for the dead.

    It is a small-scale ritual that does not involve complicated procedures and contents, and consists largely of "negative Cheongbae," "jariwalking," and "backward." Because it is not a exorcism, it does not involve a variety of dances, songs and accompaniment music. Most of the minimal procedures are carried out by sitting down and often by hooks or keys.

    Although various localities and people perform the activities, Jeong Yeong-do's activities have a procedure that draws special attention to the composition and contents of Jeong Yeong-do's activities. The process of purifying unclean places and unclean places clearly reveals the nature of traditional cultural heritage.

    Jeong Yeong-do, the owner of the rock-carrying business, learned how to walk from Kim and Guri 'Doldari Kwon Man-shin', who had been doing business in Bucheon and were called 'Nommal Shin clan Man-shin'. In 1993, the Jajari Jajari Conservation Society was formed to promote the success of Jajari Jageori in Gyeonggi-do.
  • 1992.11.10
    designated date
    Soban is a small table of dishes that is used for various purposes from Korean diet to ritual ceremonies. The art of making soban or its craftsman is called sobanjang.

    Various types of tomb murals such as the Gakjeochong Tomb and the Dance Tomb of Goguryeo were found in various types of tomb murals. Records such as "Samguk Sagi," "Byeolsa" and "Gyeongguk Daejeon" indicate that the state-affiliated organizations were divided into two groups to produce the paintings. During the Joseon Dynasty, Buddhist statues were mainly used rather than statues due to the influence of Confucian ideology, and small and large statues were needed for various purposes such as rituals and weddings, which naturally led to the development of small and medium-sized soban production.

    The type of soban is classified into about 60 types depending on the area, type, and use of the soban. Haeju-ban, Naju-ban, Tongyeong-ban, Chungju-ban, and Gangwon-do. Haeju-ban is a sculpture-oriented soban, Naju-ban is a medium-sized soban, and Tongyeong-based soban is a rhyme-oriented one. In addition, in terms of bridge shape, Jukjeol-type (bamboo-shaped), Hojok-type (tiger-shaped), and Gujok-type (dog-shaped) in Gangwon-do and Gyeonggi-do are the main features.
  • 2016.11.11
    designated date
    "Woljeongsa Top Doll" was handed down through Japanese colonial era and 6.25, and Monk Manhwa, who was appointed as the host in 1969, restored and systematized the traditional top Dori.

    Since then, the "Woljeongsa pagoda" has been in service every year since its demonstration at the Odaesan Buddhist Culture Festival in 2004 after going through a period of stagnation in the 1980s and 1990s. Since 2013, the tower has been held every month on the fifteenth and the first day of the month.


    In addition to Woljeongsa Temple, Tapdol is performed by Beopjusa Palsangjeon Tower Stone, Chungju Central Tower Stone, Tongdosa Pagoda, and Manboksa Pagoda, but it is the only one designated as an intangible cultural asset.

    Tapdoli is a ritual that has a long history that was mentioned in the history of the Three Kingdoms.


    Source: Hyundai Buddhist Newspaper (http://www.hyunbulnews.com)
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Byeolsingut refers to a rite to pray to Seonghwang (Seonang), the guardian of the village, every three, five, or ten years for a good harvest of peace and farming in the village.

    About 500 years ago, Hahoe Village in Andong, North Gyeongsang Province, performed a byeolsingut to Emperor Mujinsaeng on the fifteenth day of the New Year (December 15) every 10 years, and played mask games to entertain him along with the exorcism.

    Hahoebyeolsingut Talnori consists of eight madangs of Mudong Madang, Jujumadang, Baekjeong Madang, Halmi Madang, Pagye Seung Madang, Yangban, Seonbi Madang, Honrye Madang, and Sinbang Madang.

    Before the game begins, the day after the beginning of the first lunar month, if you go up to the cathedral, grab the descending pole with the sugar droplets, and lower the Holy Spirit, you move the sugar droplets to the Seonghwangdae and come down from the mountain. If Seonghwangdae and Naerimdae are built against the eaves of a verb, the play begins.

    The characters include Ju Ji-seung, Gaksi, Jung, Yangban, Seonbi, Cho Rang-i, Imae, Bunae, Baekjeong, and Halmi. The book is based on ridicule of Pagye-seung and biting satire and interpretation of the nobleman.

    Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori has a ritualistic nature. In particular, Gaksital is believed to be a substitute for Seonghwangsin, and only Byeolsingut is to be seen. When taking it out, the ritual must be performed.

    The masks used for the game were made of 11 kinds of 10 types of duckwood, including jija mask, and the original was designated as Hahoe mask and Byeongsan mask (National Treasure No. 121) in 1964 by applying lacquer and pigments in two or three layers.

    The accompaniment of mask play is performed by a pungmul player with a gong-gwaengi at the center, and dance moves with a little bit of dance moves mixed with improvisation and routine movements.

    Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori is characterized by the lack of a back-to-back party enjoyed by burning masks, and is valuable as a valuable source of information on the origin and origin of mask dramas in Korea.