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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1992.11.10
    designated date
    Soban is a small table of dishes that is used for various purposes from Korean diet to ritual ceremonies. The art of making soban or its craftsman is called sobanjang.

    Various types of tomb murals such as the Gakjeochong Tomb and the Dance Tomb of Goguryeo were found in various types of tomb murals. Records such as "Samguk Sagi," "Byeolsa" and "Gyeongguk Daejeon" indicate that the state-affiliated organizations were divided into two groups to produce the paintings. During the Joseon Dynasty, Buddhist statues were mainly used rather than statues due to the influence of Confucian ideology, and small and large statues were needed for various purposes such as rituals and weddings, which naturally led to the development of small and medium-sized soban production.

    The type of soban is classified into about 60 types depending on the area, type, and use of the soban. Haeju-ban, Naju-ban, Tongyeong-ban, Chungju-ban, and Gangwon-do. Haeju-ban is a sculpture-oriented soban, Naju-ban is a medium-sized soban, and Tongyeong-based soban is a rhyme-oriented one. In addition, in terms of bridge shape, Jukjeol-type (bamboo-shaped), Hojok-type (tiger-shaped), and Gujok-type (dog-shaped) in Gangwon-do and Gyeonggi-do are the main features.
  • 1973.11.11
    designated date
    Sandae nori refers to the mask dance of the central region. Songpa Sandae Nori is a popular play that combines dance, mime, words of virtue and humor as a branch of Sandae-do Gamgeuk enjoyed in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. This play was performed every year on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month and on Dano, Baekjung, and Chuseok.

    Songpa Village was the commercial base of Gyeonggi Province, and it was said that about 200 years ago, when Songpa Market was the most prosperous, Sandae Nori became popular and was completed in the form of a play that still conveys to this day. Songpa Sandae Nori consists of seven chapters, and prior to the play, it is equipped with masks and costumes, played on the road to the venue of the performance while playing music, arranged masks and performed ancestral rites.

    The composition of the play, exaggeration, dance, and mask are almost similar to Yangju Byeolsandae Nori, but several masks, dances, and roles are characterized by their old forms. In other words, in Yangju Byeolsandae Nori, the cremation dance moves that have already disappeared, and the masks of the mother of childbirth, Shin Hal-mi, and the shaman remain, so there are separate roles for these masks. Thirty-three masks made of a bowl, pine bark, and paper are used, and the play style, like other mask dances, is mainly dance, accompanied by jokes and movements.
  • 2017.11.15
    designated date
    "Kimchi-making" is a daily and repetitive culture in which the entire Korean people participate as a community beyond regional, social, and economic differences. Kimchi is an indispensable food for Koreans regardless of the region, and it has become one of Korea's representative foods in recognition of its excellence internationally.

    It is an important component of Korean culture for a considerable period of time that contains the spirit of cooperation and sharing, and through this culture, individuals have become united in their relationships with the people, relatives, villages, neighbors, and new communities and have formed their identity.

    "Kimjang," the core of kimchi-making, contains traditional knowledge that nature and humans can live together, and the spirit of sharing, solidarity and harmony that emphasizes to maintain the good of society continues to modern society.

    In the past, if intergenerational transmission was carried out mainly in women's communities such as mothers and daughters-in-law based on accumulated experience and knowledge, Hyundai is becoming an active entity where science is integrated and men participate in kimchi, and schools, private organizations, and local governments are also actively participating in various forms of kimchi culture.

    In addition, the various fermented bacteria in kimchi show biological diversity and local diversity, giving a glimpse of cultural diversity derived from natural environment.

    Making kimchi did not recognize certain holders or organizations in that it was a lifestyle and culture handed down throughout the country rather than requiring high-level special skills.
  • 2006.11.16
    designated date
    Gold gourd is a craftsman who prints various patterns using thin gold foil on top of a fabric. Today, it can be seen in women's wedding clothes.

    The gold foil decorations were used in the royal family in the Joseon Dynasty, and there were not many relics that existed due to storage problems, but the three daughters of Sunjo (1822-1844) said they were worn at the wedding of Princess Deogon, the third daughter of Princess Sunjo, are decorated with gold and the characters 'su and 'bok' (Chinese Folklore Cultural Heritage No.211).

    The gold foil decoration is made by stamping the adhesive pattern plate where it wants to be placed, attaching the gold foil before the adhesive dries completely, and then removing the gold foil outside the pattern again.

    The gold gourd technique is completed based on the woodwork technique of carving pattern plates based on the eye of selecting and placing patterns suitable for the composition of clothes, and the long experience of making and utilizing the properties of glue and gold foil, the main ingredients.

    Gold gourd refers to a piece of gold that is made like thin paper by continuously tapping on it, but today it is understood as a technique for decorating patterns on fabrics using gold foil.

    Gold Bakjang is a craftsmanship that embellishes Korea's doubles culture in a splendid and dignified manner, and it is significant in that it is able to revive the legacy by designating it as a national intangible cultural asset.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Metal decorations, such as locks that reinforce, open and close the joint of wooden furniture, are called jangseok, and craftsmen who make brass (bronze) jangseok, which contains copper and tin, are called duseokjang.

    brass and white bronze are used as materials for feldspars, and white bronze is used to decorate them with more luxurious feldspars. Heat the tin or white bronze in and melt it. Tap it with a hammer to stretch it with 0.5mm thick sheet iron and trim the sides straight.

    Along with the pattern, cut with chisel and chisel, trim it with a string, engrave the pattern with a bow tie and chisel, and rub it with a cloth coated with fraudulent powder to finish it with polish.

    The types of feldspar include farm stones, ark stones, hanging stones, crimson-closing stones, capstone, and traditional feldspar stones, while the patterns include Palbong, Samo, Aja, Aja, Butterfly, Bats, Bungeo, and so on.

    The locks include a cuff, a non-angle, a tortoise-shaped cuff, a tarot and a square-shaped cuff. Because the feldspar alone does not make a single finished product, it was specially made according to the order of the small ranch.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Lotus porridge is generally a tobacco pipe. The tobacco stand made of Baekdong is called Baekdong Lotus Porridge, and the person who has the technique of making Baekdong Tobacco Bar is called Baekdong Lotus Porridge.

    It is said that tobacco was introduced through Japan after the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, and that is why Dongnae, the center of trade with Japan, is a traditional scenic spot.

    The structure of the pipe consists of three parts: a water bill that sucks smoke into the mouth, a bamboo rod that burns cigarettes, and a thin bamboo pole that connects them.

    The bamboo is made of metal such as copper, brass, and white bronze because it is heat-resistant and prone to structural damage. Fraud products can sometimes be seen, but they are extremely rare.

    Water beaks are not limited to metal fittings, but rather they are free to use various materials such as jade, ivory, and iron horns. The name varies depending on the pattern. The patternless white lotus porridge is called Minjuk, and the pretty pattern is called the star porridge and flower bed.

    Star porridge is called silver porridge and odongjuk depending on the ingredients. The process of making white-bronze lotus porridge is first made of white-bronze, which is combined with a ratio of 58 percent copper, 37 percent nickel and 5 percent zinc. If nickel is high in content, white appears. It takes delicate work such as gold and silver work to make the alloy very thin by tapping on the metal, and to solder all parts with patterns.

    Korea's lotus porridge is famous for its blue-coated lotus porridge, gold and silver tobacco poles, and it is famous for being made in Gyeongju, Gimcheon, Yeonghae, Ulsan, and Yecheon. It is still handed down from Namwon, Jeollabuk-do, and Anseong, Gyeonggi-do to this day.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    A manganese is a kind of headband woven from horse-guns to prevent hair from flowing down before wearing a gat.

    The manganese consists of a sugar (salchum) that squeezes the upper part, a horseshoe (seondan) that squeezes the lower part, and the front and back of the head that wrap around the forehead.

    Other medals are also used to mark or adorn rank, such as temples and pungjam. The material of the manggeon is used by horse tail feathers or human hair, and the process of making leads to the front and back of the horseshoe, and the sugar bet, boil the manganese, soften it, dye it, and assemble it.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Tanggun is a type of hat that men usually wear when wearing a gat, instead of a gat or a gat, and is made of horse guns or iron tail hairs. The person who has the skill of making these tangguns and the skill of making them is called Tang Geonjang.

    During the Joseon Dynasty, government officials usually replaced government offices, and the term 'guilt' was also derived from this term, 'gutu', which refers to becoming a government official.

    It is difficult to say whether the Tanggun of Korea is from China or from Goguryeo mural paintings or ancient official hat, but it seems to have been influenced by the Song Dynasty of China during the Goryeo Dynasty.

    This is because the hat worn in portraits of Choe Chiwon of Silla, Yi Saek and Jeong Mong-ju of the Goryeo Dynasty, is the same as Tang Geon. This shape extends to the early Joseon Dynasty.

    Tangguns were the most made on Jeju Island because most of the nation's horse guns are produced on Jeju Island.

    Tangguns are classified as single tangguns, double tangguns, and baduk tangguns. The shapes are all the same, but the shapes vary depending on how they are woven in layers or in double or triple layers. The Baduk Tanggun is a square pattern, which is decorated as the Tanggun acts as an independent hat.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Miryang Baekjung Nori refers to a play in which the servants, who had been busy farming and had been working hard, chose Yongnal around July 15 of the lunar calendar to take a day off from the landlords.

    This type of play is common in rural areas in the central and southern regions of the country, where rice farming was mainly done during the Homi washing season. In Miryang, it is also called Geombaegi Chamnol because it is called Munchaegi Chamnol because it is called Munchaecham, which refers to liquor and food prepared by landowners.

    Baekjung Nori in Miryang is composed of Nongsinje, smallpox horse riding, dance boards, and back games. When the festival begins with Obangjingut while playing nongak, the three generations of Nongshin University are set up in the yard and the dragons are tied together.

    Standing in a circle around Nongshin University, one of them reads a congratulatory message while bowing down three times. Sock-dum-riding is a game in which an outstanding farmer is selected from among the servants and mounted on a horse made of woodpecker woodpecker to cheer them up with nongak.

    The dance starts with the yangban dance, and if you dance slowly to the rhythm, the servants drive out the yangban and perform the humorous Byeongsin dance such as dwarves, Jungpungjang, Paebulttugi, Kkoburi Halmi, Seolleun, Mundungi, Gopchu, Hijuldaegi, Volunteer, and Jeolreumbal.

    Subsequently, the Beombu dance and Obuk dance were performed, in which the two alternately performed a trick in front of Janggojab. Obuk Dance is a unique dance that can only be seen in Miryang, where five drum jabs dance roundly or move inside and outside the circle, making it a powerful and stylish dance.

    The back play is a dance in which all the players mingle together in the sense of harmony, and each of them is decorated with individual or impromptu dances, as the rhythm and rhythm change frequently.

    The characteristic of Baekjung Nori in Miryang is that the resentment of the common people and the common people is humorously expressed in the whole play. Byeongsin dance and Obuk dance have been handed down only in Miryang, and Bae Gimnae son-in-law's dance moves are the main dance moves of the game, and it is unusual for him to move his right and right feet, his left and left feet move together.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Byeolsingut refers to a rite to pray to Seonghwang (Seonang), the guardian of the village, every three, five, or ten years for a good harvest of peace and farming in the village.

    About 500 years ago, Hahoe Village in Andong, North Gyeongsang Province, performed a byeolsingut to Emperor Mujinsaeng on the fifteenth day of the New Year (December 15) every 10 years, and played mask games to entertain him along with the exorcism.

    Hahoebyeolsingut Talnori consists of eight madangs of Mudong Madang, Jujumadang, Baekjeong Madang, Halmi Madang, Pagye Seung Madang, Yangban, Seonbi Madang, Honrye Madang, and Sinbang Madang.

    Before the game begins, the day after the beginning of the first lunar month, if you go up to the cathedral, grab the descending pole with the sugar droplets, and lower the Holy Spirit, you move the sugar droplets to the Seonghwangdae and come down from the mountain. If Seonghwangdae and Naerimdae are built against the eaves of a verb, the play begins.

    The characters include Ju Ji-seung, Gaksi, Jung, Yangban, Seonbi, Cho Rang-i, Imae, Bunae, Baekjeong, and Halmi. The book is based on ridicule of Pagye-seung and biting satire and interpretation of the nobleman.

    Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori has a ritualistic nature. In particular, Gaksital is believed to be a substitute for Seonghwangsin, and only Byeolsingut is to be seen. When taking it out, the ritual must be performed.

    The masks used for the game were made of 11 kinds of 10 types of duckwood, including jija mask, and the original was designated as Hahoe mask and Byeongsan mask (National Treasure No. 121) in 1964 by applying lacquer and pigments in two or three layers.

    The accompaniment of mask play is performed by a pungmul player with a gong-gwaengi at the center, and dance moves with a little bit of dance moves mixed with improvisation and routine movements.

    Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori is characterized by the lack of a back-to-back party enjoyed by burning masks, and is valuable as a valuable source of information on the origin and origin of mask dramas in Korea.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Yangju Sonori Gut is also known as Sogut, Sogeum Gut, Soeogut, Sonoreum Gut, and Mabutaryeong Gut to pray for family prosperity and good harvests during the Lunar New Year and Ipchun.

    Some say that the origin of Yangju Sowonolgut was derived from Gamaksa Temple, which is regarded as a mountain god in the Yangju area, from a good harvest, from a good harvest, from a good harvest, from a royal rite, and from the entertainment of the rite, but no exact origin was revealed.

    However, it is regarded as a game that originated from Somec Nori, which worships the cows, horses, and the sky, and was played not only in Yangju but also in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Gangwon, Chungcheong, Yellow Sea, and South Pyongan Province.

    The oxenolgut is not performed alone, but is played following the jeseokgeori because it is similar in the nature of farming rituals for cattle and praying for their offspring and longevity.

    At the end of the Jeseok Street, fill a wooden head in front of the jango with beans and stick a dried pollack with a dried pollack to make the sogo stick a stake. Jo-mu, who plays the musician and jango, sits in the yard, and when the gutgeori rhythm rings, Ju-ja, who has white ginseng in her white cone, stands at the end of the floor with a stone fan in her right hand.

    The calf enters first and plays, then heads to the gate to guide the horsemen and cows. Wrap a rubber band with straw to make a head, and with the stone folded in half, five to six people enter and pretend to be cows. A calf plays with a straw mat on its back. The horse-riding one horseman wears a black vest and a navy abalone, a three-shin fan in his right hand and a reins in his left hand.

    The stage of Gut will be moved from the floor to the yard, and the main character will also be changed from shaman to horseman. Gut consists of a conversation between a shaman and a horseman, a horseman's taryeong and words of blessing, a horseman's dance and movement, and a cow's taryeong has a long but sophisticated commoner lyric.

    The sound of oxenolgut starts with (Who's looking for me) (Treasure No Jung-gi) (Taemultaryeong) (Mabu Colonel) (Mabu Colonel) (Cutting the head of a cow) (Cutting oxen) (Teaching oxen) (Taeryeong) (Gullet Tare of cows) (Gulle Tare of cows) (Taryeong))

    Yangjuso Nori Gut is the largest play among other rites, with the lyrics of the rite in a sophisticated commoner style.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Jeju Chilmeori Dangyeondeunggut is a rite held at Chilmeoridang, the main hall of Geonip-dong, Jeju.

    Geonip-dong is a small fishing village on Jeju Island, where residents held a ritual to pray for the peace and prosperity of the village to the two couples, the city's guardian deities, Dowonsu Inspection and Local Government, and the Yowwanghae Shrine, by catching fish and shellfish or making a living by working as a haenyeo.

    Along with the couple's guardian deity, a ritual was held to honor the deity of Yeongdeungpo, which was held on February 1 from the Oenunbaeki Island or Gangnam Cheonjaguk to enrich the fishermen and haenyeo and return to their home country on February 15.

    Danggut is held on February 1 and February 14 of the lunar calendar every year. On February 1 of the lunar calendar, when Yeongdeungpo god enters, Yeongdeungpo Hwanyeongje is held, and on February 14, the day before he leaves Yeongdeungpo god, Yeongdeungpo Songbyeolje is held.

    Residents believe that the god of Yeongdeungpo receives a bigger farewell than the welcoming ceremony and leaves the next day after receiving a farewell ceremony in Udo, Gujwa-eup. Therefore, during the welcoming ceremony, only the owners of the ship or the religious people gather to perform a simple exorcism, and the farewell ceremony is held all day long, with many fishermen, haenyeo and other religious people gathering.

    On Good Day, fishermen and haenyeo in Jeju City as well as residents of Geonip-dong will participate. And each family prepares food for ancestral rites and brings it to the sugar. Main Simbang performs the exorcism with singing and dancing to the rhythms of musical instruments such as gong, drum, and seolsoe.

    The order of the exorcism rite is to invite all the gods to pray for the good fortune of the families who participated in the rite, to call in the local magistrate of Dowonsu, the local magistrate of the hometown, and Mrs. Yowanghae to pray for the peace of the village, to welcome the dragon and the god of Yeongdeungpo, to the safety of the fishermen and the haenyeo, to the sea again, and to the seeding of the sea.

    Jeju Chilmeori Dangyeondeunggut is a rite containing Jeju Island's unique haenyeo beliefs and folk beliefs about Yeongdeungpo-shin, and has its unique and academic value in that it is the only haenyeo rite in Korea.

    ※ Rename: Jeju Chilmeoridanggut 제주 Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeondeunggut (Changing Date: 2006.6.19).
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Jindo Sushi Kimgut is a ritual in Jindo area that wishes the spirit of the dead to go to a pleasant and comfortable world after solving the lingering resentment in this world. It is called washinggimgut because it cleanses the resentment.

    Because of its strong Buddhist nature, it seems to have been made during the Goryeo Dynasty, and the contents of the rite vary depending on time and place.

    Gwakmeori Washing Gimgut, which is performed next to the corpse when the portrait is made, and 'Sosang Washing Gimgut'On the night of death on the night of the second year's death'Daesang Washinggut'When the sick or bad things happen frequently in the house, and when the tomb is temporarily built (at the beginning of the burial), the grave, the funeral.

    The order of washing gimgut is to announce the celebration to the ancestors and the Cao Wangban on the day of King Cho's descent or the city's assembly, 'Honmaji'Honmangseok'that brings out the souls of the dead, 'Churimaji', which delights the souls of the souls of the dead, and the friends of the dead who serve the dead. *'Wangpul', 'Soulp', 'Samegappul'Samepole'Samepole'Samepole'Semplating the dead for not getting the medicine, 'Snowing', to see if the dead man's grudge has been relieved when his family or relatives hold hands, the dead man's soul comes down and says grudges.

    The music of Jindo Sushi Kimgut will be composed of a flute, daegeum, haegeum, jango, and gong, centering on Yukjabaegimok (Sinawimok). The shaman is dressed in simple clothes, such as white clothes and scarlet bands, and performs the Jijeon dance, which is similar to the Buddhist monk's robe, and solves the resentment of the dead. The song is in the form of a single syllable and a long verse that carries the sound and receives the sound from the back, and is very exciting and beautiful with the sound of the melody and various refined woodwork.

    Jindo Sushi Kimgut is a Buddhist ritual that wishes for the safety of not only the dead but also the living, and has excellent artistic elements and great material value in dance and music.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Ogwangdae refers to mask dance in the southern part of the country, and it is widely believed that the name Ogwangdae comes from Ohaengseol. This game is played on the night of the fifteenth of lunar January, during which the ritual of Cheollongje was held on the first day of the first lunar month, and then the jisinbapgi was performed.

    The origin of Gasan Ogwangdae was that a box adrift on the beach of Gasan 100 years ago, and when residents opened it, it contained documents containing the lines of mask and play, and the mask was stored in the ark and used only for play.

    Gasan Ogwangdae Nori consists of six madangs of Obangsinjangmu, Yeongno Dance, Mundung Dance, Yangban Dance, Halmi Dance, and Yeonggam Dance, reflecting the life of the people, satire about yangban and pagyeseung, and the problems of wife and concubine.

    The characters include a total of 30 characters, including General Obang, Yeongno, Yangban, small yangban, Maltuki, Mundoong, Oldjang, Sangjwa, Seoul Baby, Somu, Halmi, Madangso, Yeonggam, Ongsaengwon, and Mudang.

    Gasan Ogwangdae is the only Ogwangdae in the country where the dance of Obangsinjangmu remains, and the only Ogwangdae where inspiration dies, not Halmi.

    In addition, one or two other Ogwangdae characters, but in Gasan Ogwangdae, five people come out to dance and play Jangtaryeong and Tujeon.
  • 1969.11.29
    designated date
    Nakjukjang refers to a person who has the ability or skill to engrave decorative paintings or writings while burning a fire-burning indu in bamboo.

    It was from ancient China that porridge was used in objects, and it was a very rare technique in Korea, but it was passed down to Japanese colonial era by Park Chang-gyu during the reign of King Sunjo of the Joseon Dynasty (1800-1834).

    Nakjuk requires work experience and speed because it needs to be drawn at a temperature and finished with a pattern or writing before the pharynx cools down. It is mainly used for arrowheads, acupuncture needles, calves, folding screens, tobacco poles, fans, and bamboo pencil cases.

    Nakjuk is most commonly used in thick bamboo (hapjukseon) flesh, which is used at the beginning and end of folding fans. Butterfly designs are often used in Hapjukseon, but bat patterns are sometimes seen.