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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1992.5.29
    designated date
    The main vocal was a labor song, which was sung when fishermen made anchor ropes used in the sea. The contents include the sounds of wood, jaws, rope, screeching, chirping, chirping, sorghum, and sarira. Wooden bells are the sounds of cutting down trees, and jaws are the sounds of tight ropes. The stringing sound is sung when a string of three strands is twisted, which is not thick, while the wiggle sound is sung in the process of keeping the line firm and horizontal. The reindeer and chaiing sound is sung when three thin lines are made into one thick string, and when a thick twisted string is rolled, the female voice and sarira sound are sung.
  • 1988.5.30
    designated date
    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jing, Janggu, and drum. It is also called Gut, Maegu, Pungjang, Geumgo, Chigun, etc.

    Wooksu Nongak is a nongak that originated from the Cheonwang-Baegi Gut, which was held every year at Dongjedang Hall in this village.

    The process of nongak is performed as a wayfarer, Cheonwangdaejigut, which is performed in front of Dongjedang, and a round-demi in which nongak performers dance to the rhythm of Sangsoe in the original form, a yard play in which gongs, drums, janggu, and Beopgojabi players show their tricks in groups, and a Sangsoeobuk-gu, and Z-dong, and quickly turns the performers who sit in the shape.

    Wooksu nongak has a characteristic of Yeongnam nongak, which has a relatively fast-spaced and low-spinning melody, and especially the rhythm of Gilgut is unique. In addition, it is unique in that out-of-the-box farming is a rare form of play in the southern part of Gyeongsang-do.
  • 1990.5.30
    designated date
    Jeju Island does not make alcohol from rice because rice paddies are very precious islands, and the ingredients for rice are "Joe," a field grain.

    Jeju Island's history of making rice wine with rice is as old as the cultivation of rice.

    In Jeju Island, rice wine and rice wine were produced in narrow rice fields, and the rice wine was called ome technology. Ome technique originated from "Omegi," the name of the rice cake that makes takju, which means alcohol made from this rice cake.

    It takes several steps to make omega technology. Usually, the 40-year-olds put down their spoons, which cost 12 sacks of rice and 10 sacks of wheat and barley to make yeast.

    Alcohol can be borrowed at any time, but it is better to make fresh rice after Sanggang (October 24 in the lunar calendar) during the 24 solar terms. Ome Technology, a town folk village, is handed down by Kim Eul-jeong, a skilled craftsman.
  • 2008.5.30
    designated date
    Gayageum is also known as Gayageum, a traditional Korean musical instrument produced and distributed since the Three Kingdoms Period. Twelve strings of silk twisted together with a gilt-bronze resonator board are tied vertically for each line.

    It is used throughout Korean music, including julpungryu, Gagok accompaniment, Gayageum Sanjo, and Gayageum Byeongchang. Fortunately, there is a master craftsman who has only been working on the production of Gayageum in our city's jurisdiction, so Gayageum production is designated as an intangible cultural asset of our city in order to preserve and transfer traditional culture.
  • 2018.6.1
    designated date
    The village ritual in Bucheon, Siheung, Ansan, Osan, Hwaseong, Suwon, Gwangju, and Anseong, which are located in the southern part of Gyeonggi-do, is called Gyeonggi-gut. This village ritual is performed by the hereditary succession of martial arts, which are called hwarangi or mountain, and women are called miji. The dance of Gyeonggi-do Danggut, which is centered on Hwarangipae or Sani-eul in southern Gyeonggi-do, means the dance that was performed at Gutpan in a broad sense, and in a narrow sense refers to the Gyeonggi-do Danggut Sinawi dance, which is an art of performance, leaving Gutpan. In addition, the accompaniment of the dance is called Gyeonggi-do Danggutsi Nawi Dance because it is so-called Gyeonggi-do Sinawi Dance, which is difficult for experts to understand, such as Seopchae, Banseolumumjangdan, Onigutgeori, Jinsojangdan, Olimchae, Sangjimachi, Garaejo, Valkudre, and Bujeongnoridan. Gyeonggi-do Danggut Sinawi Dance, which is stylized on stage against the backdrop of shamanistic tradition in Gyeonggi-do, includes "Boojeong Nori Dance," "Turberim Dance," "Jinchigi Dance," "Sneakchae Dance," "Olimchae Dance," "Jeseok Dance," and "Dosalpuri Dance," and Maeheon Kim Sook-ja, who is at the center of the dance.



    Maeheon Kim Sook-ja (梅軒 19 19: 1926-1991) learned the dance music contained in shamanism from her father Kim Deok-soon, a native of Jaeincheong, Hwaseong, and the entire shamanism from her mother, Jung Gwi-seong. The characteristic element of Kim Sook-ja's Gyeonggi-do Danggut Sinawi Dance, a former hereditary dancer, is that she recreated it as a traditional dance by developing the dance of ritual dance that Hwareang and Moohyeo used to perform at Gyeonggi-do Danggut, which has been handed down in Gyeonggi-do Province. Therefore, Kim Sook-ja's dances were originally performed at Dodang Gutpan in Gyeonggi Province, but they are representative shamanistic dances that were staged and entertainmentized in the process of re-creation and transmission.

    The Gyeonggi-do Danggut Sinawi Dance and Gyeonggi-do folk dance, which were passed down to Kim Sook-ja from Kim Deok-soon, father of Maeheon Kim Sook-ja ( 19 1926-1991), and his mother Jeong Gwi-seong, are now preserved through his disciple Lee Jung-hee, and are handed down to his disciple Hansumun.
  • 1993.6.4
    designated date
    It is a folk liquor made for use on Cheongmyeongil (around April 5 and 6 in the Gregorian calendar), one of the 24 solar terms of the year. During the Joseon Dynasty, visitors to and from Chungju, a port for sailing boats in the upper reaches of the Han River, began to enjoy drinking and served as guests for the old aristocrats as well as as as a favorite drink for holidays and ancestral rites.

    It is produced by fermenting at low temperatures for about 100 days using only yeast made from pure glutinous rice and whole wheat of traditional species.

    Chungju Cheongmyeongju has a high alcohol concentration and excellent color, aroma and taste. It is currently being handed down by functional holder Kim Young-ki.
  • 2020.6.5
    designated date
    Mo Bo-kyung's master singer received the honor of her mother, Choi Seung-hee, and entered the sound naturally in an environment where she heard a lot and grew up.
  • 1992.6.5
    designated date
    The embalming machine refers to an organic material made by hammering a lump of alloy melted in fire, and is made by alloy of copper and tin with 78:22. Even if the ratio is 0.01 percent wrong, or if any zinc or other alloy is mixed, it explodes during the tapping process.

    Bangja is mainly used to make percussion instruments such as gongs and kkwaenggwari, and it is used throughout tableware because it does not show any handprints and is not toxic even when touched by hands.

    No matter how good a defense is, no one can produce it alone, and six people must form a team. One man catches the wind that puts air in the furnace, and the other man heats the iron back to the fire. One man grabs the heated iron with tongs, and three men take down the hammer one after another. Some fixed frames or aids are not used at all.

    The owner, Kim Moon-ik, entered the workshop of Choi Doo-gun at the age of 12 and honed his skills for 13 years. Since then, he has worked for 17 years at a craft company run by Lee Bong-ju, an important intangible cultural asset designated by the state, and learned how to make two large brass bowls, a lead cleaner in Jeongju, North Pyongan Province.

    Kim Mun-ik's technique is specialized in making instruments for pungmul. An appropriate amount of alloy is important for making the sound of musical instruments, and he uses 3kg of copper and 8.25kg of tin to increase the content of tin and mix a small amount of gold and silver.

    Also, Kim Moon-ik excels in 'Crying', a meticulous process that makes the right sound come out well when making percussion instruments such as gongs.

    Kim Moon-ik's work is well-known for its high quality, which is supported by the fact that Kim Deok-su's Samulnori troupe has used gongs and kkwaenggwari for a long time.
  • 1994.6.7
    designated date
    Depending on the shape of the rite, it can be divided into seongut and seatedgut. Sakyamuni's Gut refers to a general rite performed by a shaman, while Sakyamuni's Gut was named after a shaman sitting in the Chungcheong area reading the scriptures.

    Sajingut, which is believed to have historically been formed by interrelationships with other religions such as Buddhism and Taoism, has a long history as a branch of Korean shamanism with the addition of dance to the rite. The Chungcheong area, centered around Daejeon, has a strong tradition of sitting-gut, making it the only shamanistic area in Korea.

    Seating Gut in Daejeon has Antaekgut, Madgut, and Seolgyeong, and the owner of Antaekgut and Madgut is Sinseokbong, which is reproduced in the way it was practiced in the 1940s and 50s. Song Sun-ja, the owner of Seolkyung's entertainment show, has been engaged in martial arts since 1977, and has been taught Seolkyung and other sitting gut for 15 years by the late Hwang Ha-cheong.
  • 2019.6.7
    designated date
    Iksan Seongdang Port Village is located on the west side of the Geumgang River. It was once called Seongdangpo or Seongpo, which was the site of a cathedral window that controlled Segok from Goryeo to the late Joseon Dynasty. Visitors can feel relaxed while learning about murals, Hwangpo Sailboat, and the ecology of the Geumgang River, which reflect the history of the traditional port village.

    In Seongdang Port Village, there is a Pogu Travel Program where you can experience the life of fishermen through the history of Pogu, the course of sailing along the Geumgang River, Hwangpo sailboat riding, taking pictures of Pogu, and drawing pictures of Pogu, and the Geumgang Ecological Exploration Program where you can experience life in Pogu, where the hardships and joys of the life are buried, and sorrows of the Geumgang. Especially, in the village of Seongdang-gu, Iksan-si, the habitat of Goran-cho, a rare protected plant, is located, giving you a new experience.
  • 2019.6.7
    designated date
    Cho Yong-an

    - Introduction in 1981.

    - Prime Minister's Award at the 1988 National High-Level Meeting

    - Presidential Prize at the 1995 National High Commissioner's Congress

    - Performance with Kang Do-geun, Park Dong-jin, Oh Jung-sook, Jo Tong-dal, Ahn Sook-sun, and others

    A cilantro is a drummer in pansori, and as the saying goes, 'a cilantro's female cilantro' is an indispensable in pansori.

    As an accompanist, the role of a drummer harmonizes with the sound through the drum beats to breathe life into the sound board, adjusts it to maintain a constant speed, and also empowers it to make a better sound through chime.

    The holder of the book runs through the northern part of Jeolla-do, starting with Jeon Gye-mun and passing through Song Yeong-ju.
  • 2019.6.7
    designated date
    [Park Gye-ho]
    - Beginning in 1986 and making Hapjukseon after generation
    - Entering the 29th National Crafts Competition in 1999
    - 2014 U.S. President's State Visit Gift Production and Demonstration of Palace Museum Production
    - Entry to the 42nd Korean War Victory Crafts Competition in 2017

    "Seonjajang" refers to a craftsman who has the skill and function of making traditional fans. Our country's fans can be divided into large round shaped fans and folding and folding folding fans. Among them, Hapjukseon, the folding fan, was the most sophisticated and sophisticated fan handed down to date, and was a representative artifact of the country from the Goryeo Dynasty that was combined with najeon, metal, lacquer, and jade crafts.

    Hapjuk is made by attaching the outer and outer edges of bamboo. It is known to have been first produced in Damyang, South Jeolla Province, the main producer of bamboo during the Goryeo Dynasty. During the Joseon Dynasty, Hapjukseon was mainly produced by artisans of government offices called Seonjacheng in Jeonju, where Jeolla Gamyeong was located, and was also used for diplomacy and foreign trade.
  • 2019.6.7
    designated date
    Introducing the holder of Kim Han-il

    - Introduction to 1960.
    - Blacksmith's operation since 1974.
    - Entering the 24th Victory Crafts Competition in 1999
    - Selection of functional winners in 2009 (Ministry of Labor)

    A fieldmaster is a craftsman who makes or repairs tools and tools by heating and tapping metal, and is called a blacksmith. A blacksmith is an important profession that has produced weapons and agricultural equipment since a long time ago, and appears early in history.

    In the past, many markets and markets were successful, but they are gradually disappearing due to changes in the times and the supply of mass-produced products.

    Currently, the blacksmith's barn is located in Yongmeori Pass, and it produces farming tools, traditional knives, and household items.
  • 2010.6.8
    designated date
    ■ Icheon Turtle Play

    Among our folk culture, there is a game that is distributed only in Gyeonggi-do and Chungcheong-do, so "turtle play" is that. This turtle play takes off the water fountain on Chuseok to form a turtle, and a person enters the village and performs Gilnori, Umulgut, Village Nori, Mungut, Terjugut, Jowanggut, Daecheonggut, and Madangnori in order.

    It's a folk game.

    Compared to other folk games, it is characterized by the fact that it is usually held during Chuseok, the number of materials used to make turtles, and the fact that it is distributed only in the central inland area. It is also a Daedongnori that promotes the harmony of the village in that the villagers attend the event, from the preparation process of the play to the actual play, as well as the ritualistic nature of the village to beat out the evil spirits of the entire village and families.

    Icheon Turtle Nori is relatively well equipped with the play process and the form of objects compared to other turtle Nori in other regions, and the Icheon Turtle Nori Preservation Society provides a good survey, research, and preservation of turtle Nori. In particular, the 14th Icheon Turtle Play Festival, which was held in 2017, is dedicated to preserving the original form of the Icheon Turtle Play and protecting local folk games through the development of various contents. (Icheon Turtle Play Preservation Society http://cafe.daum.net/gg50)

    ■ Detailed description of Icheon Turtle Play

    ○ Gilnori

    In a meaningful process to announce the start of the game and boost the excitement of the players, they pay their respects to the turtle before moving to the village.

    ○ Wellgut

    Wellgut, called Samgut, is a ritual to manage springs used jointly in the village, and is a game to pray for the overflow of clear water.

    ○ Village play

    In the vacant lot in the middle of the village, a living community space for the villagers, a playground is opened to drive out all the evils and pray for the safety and prosperity of the village.

    ○ Mungut

    A gate is a passageway that connects the house and the outside. Mungut is a ritual to pray that all the blessings and goods enter the house through the gate.

    ○ Turjugut

    Behind the house, there is Jangdokdae in Ulan, and most people have a terrace next to Jangdokdae, which is believed to have a sense of grandeur here. Turjugut is a ritual to prevent evil spirits from appearing and to pray for ophthalmology and peace.

    ○ Jowanggut

    This game is played to prevent bad luck and to pray for the health of the family by serving the god of King Jowang with a ritual performed in the kitchen that oversees the diet.

    ○ Daecheonggut

    It has long been believed that the house is protected by a large grotto called 'up' on the daecheong beam. "Up" is the most conscious play in the play process because it was believed to be a divine being that protects the house, gives the house a hallway and brings bad luck.

    ○ Madang nori

    Madang Nori is the most exciting part of the play where people run and play freely, mingling with the joy of enjoying Hangawi in abundance after a year of farming and the relief that they wished good luck and prevented bad luck through turtle play.
  • 2010.6.8
    designated date
    Gat, also known as black ribs, was one of the official hats used by aristocrats during the Joseon Dynasty to reflect their status.

    Ipnip was originally a practical tool for covering the sun, rain, and wind, but as the materials, forms, and production methods diversified, black ribs were made during the Joseon Dynasty through the initial phase of the Parangi.

    The shape of a gat is composed of Daewoo (hat) and Yangtae (hat's rim), and the height and width of the gat were very popular in the times. The types of gat include mami-lip, low-morip, bamboo sarip, forrip, bamboo-lip, yin-yangrip, state and white lip.

    The process of making a gat is largely divided into particle work, in which the yangtae, the gun hat, the yangtae and the gun hat are collected and matched. Yangtae is a round top of a gat that divides bamboo into thin pieces like hair and weaves them together on a round plate.

    Yang Tae-jang, a master craftsman who made Yangtae during the early Joseon Dynasty, was made by two members of the Gyeongguk Daejeon Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and during the late Joseon Dynasty, he was not bound by the government office, but rather pursued private production in areas where horse guns and bamboo were produced.

    The production process for the patterning is in order of bamboo screening and grooming, the duck process, the weaving of the pattern, and the arrangement of the pattern. Bamboo is a bamboo (sondae) produced in the southern part of the country, and it is stored by selecting the ones that are tough, light, and long and high in quality between joints, boiling the ashes are boiled and dried. The duck process is a process of making bamboo shoots as thin as silk. Depending on the purpose, it is placed in a brocade to adjust the scales to make a blade, shell, and pedestal.

    After weaving the wings and the joe together, Yangtae puts the head (meaning 'Jeju dialect'), diagonally between the two, and puts the comb in a diagonal line, then finely trims it to complete the yangtae.

    Yang Tae-jang Jang Jeong-soon learned from his childhood about the process of making Yangtae and Tanggun, techniques, and the selection and management of bamboo among the new days, which his mother Song Ok-su (Jeju Special Self-Governing Province Intangible Cultural Property No. 12) had been working as a family business. Afterward, he moved to Bangbae-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul in 1986 and produced it by himself, but moved to Gwacheon in 1995 to continue his work.

    Due to its excellent skills, high-quality work such as high-distribution and buttocks are produced with high-quality techniques.