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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 2013.12.2
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    The Boryeong area has been famous for producing excellent stones called Nampo Oseok since ancient times.

    Nampo Oseok was used as a monument to preserve writing for a long time due to its good stone quality, and about half of the royal tombs of the Joseon Dynasty were made of Nampo Oseok, and today the president's tombstone also used Nampo Oseok. As a result, the stone industry was developed more than anywhere else in Boryeong, and excellent stone burials were found.

    Currently, there are many stone statues in the Boryeong area, including Goseoksan Mountain (1955~ ) from Ungcheon, Boryeong, which is an excellent stonesmith in Boryeong, and produces many excellent stone crafts, including statues of Buddha, and was designated as an intangible cultural asset.

    Goseoksan Mountain, which was first introduced as a stone craftsman in 1968 with Jeong Jong-seop as a teacher, has a splendid history of winning the best sculpture award at an exhibition of Buddhist art, winning a prize in the stone crafts section of a national functional competition, selecting a master of Korean stone crafts, and designating a cultural heritage repair technician.
  • 2013.12.2
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    - Gut can be largely divided into Seotgut and Sajeonggut, which means a general rite performed by a shaman, and Sajingut is also called Sajanggyeong, Dokgyeong, and Yangbangut, which are given by the name due to the local and behavioral characteristics of the shaman sitting and reading the scriptures.

    Sajingut is presumed to have been formed by mutual relations with other religions such as Buddhism and Taoism. It has a long history as a branch of Korean shamanism. In particular, Naepo Sajingut, including Seosan and Taean, has a strong tradition, making it a distinctive Sajanggut shamanistic area in Korea.

    - Naepo Sitting Gut has been inherited to the present day with a deep influence on the origins of the northwestern part of Chungnam (Naepo area) and folk (musok) culture such as Pungoje Festival and Sansinje, which borders the west coast of South Chungcheong Province, and is designated as an intangible cultural asset of South Chungcheong Province for preservation and management due to its value, including the transmission and utilization of local folk culture.
  • 1994.12.5
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    Jindo Hongju can find its origin in Soju, which came from the Yuan Dynasty of China during the Goryeo Dynasty. Therefore, scholars argue that the Mongolians who came to destroy Sambyulcho may have introduced the secret method of lowering Hongju, but it is hard to say that the herb used as a ingredient was introduced to Hongju using raw medicine because it is difficult to grow in the devastated Mongo land.

    Since the late Goryeo Dynasty, our ancestors have been making and drinking soju called hanju or baekju in any province. Originally, soju was used only in the royal court, but it seems to have gradually become popular with the working class.

    In this process, the wisdom of adding medicine to soju was developed, and the liquor was developed into weak soju or hansoju, giving birth to famous alcoholic beverages that were unique to each region. Jindo Hongju is also thought to have developed into a local silk.

    The process of making is three stages of the manufacture, desalination and fermentation of yeast and distillation. Hongju is a liquor with a high alcohol content of 40 percent or more that helps digestion, and has a high alcohol content of 40 percent or more, which makes you feel drunk even with a small amount without much stimulation in your throat, and has the effect and characteristic of being able to do cocktails without a hangover.

    Jindo Hongju had been generally manufactured in a well-to-do house until liberation, but since then, due to severe alcohol control, women and women who have a harder life than rich families secretly manufactured it as a means of living, and the secret recipe has been passed down to this day.

    Currently, the Jindo Traditional Hongju Preservation Society, which was founded in 1993, preserves, develops, and industrializes, and is inherited by Heo Hwa-ja, the holder of functions.
  • 1994.12.5
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    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jing, Janggu, and drum.

    The nongak of Jeollanam-do can be largely classified as Jwa-do-gut, Udo-gut, and Seodo-an-gut based on the composition, attire, and musicality. Among them, Book Coastal Gut is a nongak performed in Geumsan-myeon, Wando and Jindo areas in Goheung-gun, which are located in the South Sea and the Southwest Sea, and Gilgut is different from that of the land and has a unique identity that does not belong to any region, such as Jwa-do and U-do, where the ritual is centered.

    Goheung Wolpo Nongak is a type of Seohaean Gut, which is said to have been started by playing Nongak to boost the morale of the troops during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592. The composition of nongak consists of Deokseokgi, Nonggi, Nongak, Yeonggi, Soe, Soe, Nongbu, Jing, Janggu, Buk, Buggu, Sogo, Daeposu, and Yangban.

    It is characterized by the complete preservation of the Mungut and the strong religious character associated with the rite, and the boy's role as a "farm farmer" is outstanding, with lively dance and craftsmanship and not seen in other regions. Currently, Choi Byung-tae is recognized as the holder of entertainment in Goheung Wolpo Nongak.
  • 2011.12.6
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    Songseo literally refers to the sound of reading a book. Originally, reading sounds were used in Chinese Classics Schools. Reading ability is more like a shading or melodic singing depending on what kind of book you read. Among them, some of the musical melodies are sung by professional singers.

    Sichang(singing poetry) or Songseo(recitation) by experts is limited to extremely limited articles. "Kwansan Yungma" is representative in the current traditional music in Sichang, and in the case of Songseo, there is "Jeokbyeokbu" left by Seodo Myeongchang Kim Jung-yeon, and "Chupunggambyeolgok," and "Samsulgi," passed down by Muk gye-wol. In addition, Yulchang materials are still left such as "Gyeongpo Daesi" and "Sipjaegyeong-yeong" sung by Kim Deok-soon. These poems originated from the recitation of Chinese poetry, and Songseo is based on Chinese reading and is a musical composition made by professional entertainers.

    Meanwhile, Songseo passed down by ordinary people through Seodang education are being passed down in another line. Songseo and Yulchang originated from the past when scholars recited the lyrics to study Chinese characters. Songseo and Yulchang of the general public are sung in a song in Chinese poems or classics, which were sung to the rhythm when reading in Seodang. In the case of reciting a poem in 5 of 7 rhythm, it is also known as Sichang. Songseo is more like a Seodo style sound with simple Yuljo giving mournful tone, and Yulchang has a normal consonant that indicates the high, low, and long sound, allowing anyone to make the same note.

    Songseo and Yulchang designated as cultural assets of Gyeonggi-do may be regarded as cases that include both the sound of experts and the transmission of ordinary people. Han Byung-ok, the owner of the school, died on August 3, 2019, and Lee Seok-ki, an assistant instructor for successor training, is working on performances and transmission activities.
  • 2009.12.7
    designated date
    San Joaeng is a musical instrument created by the originality of the Korean people, and Sanjo is also a music that can be designated as a World Heritage Site just like Pansori. Sanjo, which is rooted in shamanism and pansori, retains the history and tradition of the Korean people, and has become highly professional and artistic through the formation and development process of Sanjo.

    Currently, the Ajaeng Sanjo is not designated in any city or province in the country, and Park Yong-tae's Sanjo, based in Busan, has very few people who wish to be transferred due to the lack of a base population. In addition, due to economic and learning difficulties, effective transfer of young people, including early transfer, is not possible, and preservation is in danger.

    Park Yong-tae is a first-generation apprentice to Han Il-seop, the founder of Ajaeng Sanjo. Park Yong-tae's genealogy, along with other masters of the same-literature Korean classical music, is clear and the legitimacy of the melody is beyond question. It is no exaggeration to say that his musical skills and standards are unrivaled, and he is performing extensively on stages across the country, as well as in Busan and the Yeongnam region.

    Park Yong-tae's "Ajaeng Sanjo" (Park Dae-sung-ryu) has a lot of Ujo-seong rhythms, unlike ordinary mountains. In other words, the ordinary mountain bird is composed mainly of surfactant rhythms, giving the impression of pleading and purring, while the Park Dae-seong's Ajaeng Sanjo has a strong and magnificent feeling. This musical feeling is in line with the musical characteristics of Menarijo, a musical characteristic of Gyeongsang-do. Therefore, the Ajaeng Sanjo of Park Yong-tae (Park Dae-seongryu) can be seen as having enough of the characteristics of life of the people of Gyeongsang-do.

    Currently, he is transferring from a new building to a new building located in the former Dongnae area of the Dongnae-gu Hot Spring Park. Dongnae Kwon Bun was a popular attraction where master singers from all over the country gathered to inherit the tradition of Korean traditional music in Busan after Japanese colonial era.
  • 1999.12.7
    designated date
    Nongyo is a song that is sung to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working on rice paddies and fields, also called wild songs or farming sounds. Nongyo, one of the folk songs, is sung individually or collectively, and the song may vary depending on the region.

    There is a theory that the name "Maddle" originated from the Korean word "Maddeul" in Sanggye-dong, which was raised by releasing horses in fields, and that this area originated from the pure Korean word "Maddeul." The contents include the sound of planting rice and the sound of rice paddies. The sound of non-maegi is composed of the sound of the durucha when first tied with a ho-mi, the water parsley when tied with two layers, and the sound of the kkeokumjo, which is sung excitedly in the evening at the end of the day. In addition, Bangataryeong, Nennell Sangsadiya, and Ouya-ddeul-ddeul-ddeul-dda are sometimes called.

    In Gangwon-do, where there are far more fields than rice paddies, the sound of rice planting or field farming was called Menari, which was spread through Pocheon, Gyeonggi-do, and a different style of folk song was formed. Therefore, Madeul Nongyo is a folk song that has been influenced by agricultural songs in Gangwon-do based on agricultural songs in Gyeonggi-do, and should be inherited well even in the current area, which consists of apartment complexes.

    On December 7, 1999, Kim Wan-su was recognized as the holder, and the holding organization was the Madeul Nongyo Preservation Association.

    bbb※※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616). </bb
  • 1992.12.8
    designated date
    Shijochang refers to singing a song with the lyrics of Sijo poem (Korean traditional poetry), also known as Sijo-si, Sidae-dan-ga.

    The oldest record is a poem written by Lee Se-chun, a scholar of the "Seokbukjip" (pen-name: Seokbukjip) during the reign of King Yeongjo (r. 1724-1776). In the "Yu Yeji" and "Gura Cheolsageumjabo" published during the reign of King Sunjo (r. 1800-1834), Sijo's sheet music first appears. After that, due to the influence of the song, the composition of the poem was distributed and divided into local characteristics.

    Naepoje sijo is a shijochang in northwestern Chungcheongnam-do. Naepo is presumed to have been named because it refers to Seosan, Dangjin, Yesan and Hongseong in Chungcheong Province.

    The scale is composed of three-symmetric tones (a sad and mournful tone) and five-syllable tones (a clear and vigorous tone). The rhythm is not raised in the middle to maintain a sense of stability, and the end is dropped to leave a lingering impression, not falsetto, and a lot of decoration is used. Because they play a temporary instrument with a long or knee rhythm without an instrument, five beats are reduced in the end of the long and medium length.

    Naepoje Sijo is a valuable piece of music that people have enjoyed singing for a long time.
  • 2008.12.10
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    Wanchojang refers to a craftsman who has three levels of functions: the function of screening and processing after cultivation of a complete plant, the function of dyeing the plant with paint, and the function of reviving aesthetic elements with proper arrangement of dyeing finished plants.

    It was recorded that the Wancho craft was used in the "Samguk Sagi" from Silla. During the Joseon Dynasty, the government office included Wanggol as one of the items that required public payment, indicating that Wancho crafts were very valuable.

    Han Myeong-ja, a master of the Wanchojang, produces works with everyday artifacts that combine beauty and use, such as granite, bowl form, and octagonal box, and is also making utmost efforts to transfer the function of Wancho Craft.
  • 2008.12.10
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    The current Seo-gu area of Incheon, which passed through the Three Kingdoms and the Goryeo Period and reached the Joseon Dynasty, is recorded as Seogot-myeon, the 13th year of King Jeongjo's reign (1789).

    Since then, the name of the administrative district has been changed to Seogot, and it has continued its long history and preserved its precious agricultural culture. The exact date is unknown, but the development of agricultural culture in the western part of Incheon can be inferred from the Joseon Dynasty or earlier.

    "Seogot Deul Song" is a song that farmers in Seogot, Incheon used to sing for planting and gimaegi from a long time ago. The sound of mochi and rice planting is soft with the sound of a diagonal.

    Maggie's sound is divided into a bee, two bees, and three bees, and consists of a short rhythm with a cheerful rhythm that empowers farmers and a long chorus.
  • 2008.12.10
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    In traditional society, nongak has three main ways of existence. First, nongak related to rituals such as dangsangut or yard treading, and second, nongak related to labor and play, such as duregut played in Gimmaegi with durekun, and third, pangut related nongak.

    The current "Gabbi-gocha Nongak" is a pangut-style nongak related to play, and the main theme of this song is Nongsa-gut Nori, which reproduces farming work as a play.

    These farming rituals are found in parts of Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gangwon-do, and are largely characterized by the preservation of similar nongak in Ganghwa, which is far from the region.
  • 2008.12.10
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    As one of the most popular songs from the late Joseon Dynasty to the early 20th century, it is said to be a song of professional entertainers, such as gisaeng, Sadangpae, and singers, to sing long editorials in technical musical terms, and is used as a concept that distinguishes it from folk songs, which are simple songs of non-professionals.

    Whimori japga is a japga, which means driving fast, and is sung standing up. The editorial content of the Janghyeong Sijo is divided into three parts, and it is composed of humorous and interesting speech skills, and although there are many similarities with the private Sijo, it is distinguished between the rhythm and the singing style.

    When the singers sang, they often sang a long japga at first, followed by a chorus, and then a whistle japga at the end.

    The current Hwimori japga includes Gombo Taryeong, Sanmae Japa, Manhakcheonbong, Yuk Chilwol, Cloudy Day, Hanjan Buira, Byeongjeong Taryeong, Sungum Taryeong, Gisaeng Taryeong, Rock Taryeong, Bidan Taryeong, and Maengkong Taryeong.
  • 2017.12.10
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    Oeyeondo Dangje is a traditional ritual held on the isolated island of the west coast, which is held on February 15 of the lunar calendar every year.

    Oeyeon-do Dangje can be seen as a typical example of folk beliefs on the coast of South Chungcheong Province, including a number of symbolic elements of traditional culture, and various sacrificial rites such as Dangje, Pung-eohje, and Jeonhaeng General's Sadangje are held, including ritual procedures and pungmul sounds with unique characteristics of the island area. These rituals are more popular because they have procedures for offering non-stated offerings, including tribute, cultivation, and shamanistic tales, without the introduction of Confucian texts.

    The rite was held three times a year before the 1970s, but was later reduced to Jeongwolje Shrine in 1987 due to the voluntary will of the residents, but the ritual was held in accordance with the tradition.

    With such diverse intangible cultural heritage elements, Oeyeon-do is an important religious material that represents the island area of South Chungcheong Province and shows the differentiation of mountain gods and human gods amid changes in religious needs in terms of Korean folk beliefs, so 이므로span class='onmouseover='onmouseover='up2 (2060)' is onmouse.
  • 1986.12.11
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    A gong is one of the percussion instruments, also called gilt or simply gold. It is a musical instrument widely used since ancient China. It was imported from the Ming Dynasty of China during the reign of King Gongmin of Goryeo (1351-1374), and was widely used in Jongmyoak, Muak, Beopak and Nongak.

    The gongs are made by melting them in a weight ratio of 160 copper and 43 cinnamon, and are produced in a group by Daejeong, Gajidaejeong, a front hawker, a reseller, a Senmae, and a puller.

    The production process is the order of brass rusting, elongating, dopping, potting, wrapping, dangling, crying, Gaji, and Jaewool, which is a sensitive work that makes a completely different sound with a hammering.

    Jing's life is in sound. Depending on the region, there are many different sounds, such as the buzzing, the bending, the long ringing, and the rising sound of the sound of the end. The sound of a proper gong has a deep and long afterglow and deep appeal, and this is what Kim Chun-jing's sound is characterized by.

    Kim Il-woong, a holder of jingjiang functions, has been continuing Kim Chun-jing's cycle for more than 40 years by setting up a farm instrument factory in Gimcheon's Hwanggeum-dong drug bet after learning the technique under his grandfather, who has been making gongs in Hamyang for four generations.
  • 1986.12.11
    designated date
    Nongyo is a song that is sung to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working on rice paddies and fields, also known as wild songs or farming sounds. Singing individually or collectively as one of the folk songs, the song may vary depending on the region.

    Yecheon Gongcheo Nongyo was a labor song that was widely passed down around the Nakdonggang River coast. It was a remote inland village, so it was a pure folk song sung only in this village without mixing with the influx of neighboring cultures.

    The contents are composed of rice planting songs, non-maggi sounds, threshing sounds, geolchae sounds, and ching chingi (Gaeji Na Ching-ching is composed of rice seedlings, rice paddies, threshing sounds, threshing sounds, etc. The song "Mosimgi" is sung by planting rice seedlings, while the sound of rice paddies is tied to rice paddies, and the threshing sound is a song sung by Tsing Chingi as she comes out of the field after rice paddies. This folk song is said to be the most primitive form.

    The Yecheon Gongcheo Nongyo has been handed down with a local color and contains the sorrows and joys of farmers. Hwang Ki-seok, the art holder who lives in Pungyang-myeon, Yecheon-gun, continues his career.