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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 2008.12.10
    designated date
    In traditional society, nongak has three main ways of existence. First, nongak related to rituals such as dangsangut or yard treading, and second, nongak related to labor and play, such as duregut played in Gimmaegi with durekun, and third, pangut related nongak.

    The current "Gabbi-gocha Nongak" is a pangut-style nongak related to play, and the main theme of this song is Nongsa-gut Nori, which reproduces farming work as a play.

    These farming rituals are found in parts of Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gangwon-do, and are largely characterized by the preservation of similar nongak in Ganghwa, which is far from the region.
  • 1986.12.11
    designated date
    A gong is one of the percussion instruments, also called gilt or simply gold. It is a musical instrument widely used since ancient China. It was imported from the Ming Dynasty of China during the reign of King Gongmin of Goryeo (1351-1374), and was widely used in Jongmyoak, Muak, Beopak and Nongak.

    The gongs are made by melting them in a weight ratio of 160 copper and 43 cinnamon, and are produced in a group by Daejeong, Gajidaejeong, a front hawker, a reseller, a Senmae, and a puller.

    The production process is the order of brass rusting, elongating, dopping, potting, wrapping, dangling, crying, Gaji, and Jaewool, which is a sensitive work that makes a completely different sound with a hammering.

    Jing's life is in sound. Depending on the region, there are many different sounds, such as the buzzing, the bending, the long ringing, and the rising sound of the sound of the end. The sound of a proper gong has a deep and long afterglow and deep appeal, and this is what Kim Chun-jing's sound is characterized by.

    Kim Il-woong, a holder of jingjiang functions, has been continuing Kim Chun-jing's cycle for more than 40 years by setting up a farm instrument factory in Gimcheon's Hwanggeum-dong drug bet after learning the technique under his grandfather, who has been making gongs in Hamyang for four generations.
  • 1986.12.11
    designated date
    Nongyo is a song that is sung to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working on rice paddies and fields, also known as wild songs or farming sounds. Singing individually or collectively as one of the folk songs, the song may vary depending on the region.

    Yecheon Gongcheo Nongyo was a labor song that was widely passed down around the Nakdonggang River coast. It was a remote inland village, so it was a pure folk song sung only in this village without mixing with the influx of neighboring cultures.

    The contents are composed of rice planting songs, non-maggi sounds, threshing sounds, geolchae sounds, and ching chingi (Gaeji Na Ching-ching is composed of rice seedlings, rice paddies, threshing sounds, threshing sounds, etc. The song "Mosimgi" is sung by planting rice seedlings, while the sound of rice paddies is tied to rice paddies, and the threshing sound is a song sung by Tsing Chingi as she comes out of the field after rice paddies. This folk song is said to be the most primitive form.

    The Yecheon Gongcheo Nongyo has been handed down with a local color and contains the sorrows and joys of farmers. Hwang Ki-seok, the art holder who lives in Pungyang-myeon, Yecheon-gun, continues his career.
  • 2003.12.15
    designated date
    Baek Gwang-hoon has passed down the Onggi manufacturing method in Yeongdeok region over a number of generations, adhering to the traditional Onggi manufacturing method, and has been making Onggi on a single road for more than 40 years. Moreover, it is the last bastion of Onggi-il in Yeongdeok, North Gyeongsang Province, where Ong-saeng was the most successful.
  • 1984.12.29
    designated date
    Andong Notdari Bapgi is a folk game held only by women on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month in Andong, sometimes called 'Notdari Nori' or 'Kiibapgi'. As for the play, it is said that it originated from the fact that women in the village bent their backs and built bridges when King Gongmin (r. 1351-1374) of the Goryeo Dynasty took princesses to Andong to escape the Red Turban War and crossed the stream.

    Although the brass leg bapgi is divided into teams from east to west, it is generally played out of the way. At the very beginning, grandmothers in their 5s and 60s, called founding, stand, followed by wives in their 30s because of their elders.

    After a long time, dozens of women, who were playing the role of brass legs, bent down and held the front man's waist with their hands, and their heads were placed on the left side of the front man's buttocks, which looked like fish stitched together. When the princess steps on the bridge, assisted by two maids, the people below bend back to the front of the procession and continue to move forward.

    Andong Notdari Bapgi is a large-scale folk game in which all women gather together to sing and enjoy, and unlike other folk games, it only leads to play and does not compete.
  • 1975.12.30
    designated date
    It is also known as hemp cloth, which is made in Andong area. Andong was also used as a royal product during the Joseon Dynasty due to its favorable climate and soil conditions and excellent technology for weaving.

    The production process is divided into eight courses from cultivation and harvesting to weaving. First of all, we grow it and harvest it in July, and the harvested hemp is soaked in water, peeled and dried. Dampen the dried hemp skin in water, cut it with hands and trawls, and slide it down to form strands (threads) and connect the hemp cloth with the newly made thread in the thread. Then, decide how many threads each width will fit, and then make a tarot to wind the yarn on a spinning wheel. After the process of grazing, pull the thread of the mold tight and squeeze the fabric out using a loom.

    Andongpo is a summer fabric with fine-grained, beautiful colors, and well-ventilated air, but as lifestyle changes, demand decreases, and it is protected by designating it as an Intangible Cultural asset. Kim Jeom-ho, Park Bong-geum, Woo Bok-in, and Kwon Yeon-eun were designated as functional holders, and as of 2019, Woo Bok-in and Kwon Yeon-eun are actively carrying out transmission activities.
  • 1980.12.30
    designated date
    Nongyo is a kind of folk song that is called individually or collectively. They are sung while farming in the farming area, or on their way home after farming, or by making farm equipment such as hominids and sickles. Depending on the region, the type, the contents of the song, and the way to sing are different.

    Andong Jeojeon-dong Nongyo, a traditional folk song of low-jeon-dong, was sung by low-jeon-dong farmers for a long time to relieve fatigue and increase efficiency of farming work. The contents and rhythms of agriCultural songs are considered unique and unique.
  • 1980.12.30
    designated date
    Byeolsingut nori is a ritual for the god of dance. It's not a family rite, but a village-wide special offer, and the martial arts organiser <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(141)'onmouseout='dn2('dn2(( 독) 독 독 아닌 독 아닌무무 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 < < < 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌 아닌<<<< < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < < 제의 제의 제의 제의 제의 제의 제의 제의 제의 제의

    It has more Gutgeori than other subjects, and has a rich collection of long-length narratives, humor, and various folk literature in its content, so it is the aggregate of oral literature and a comprehensive art of differentiation.

    In addition, the Gut features a cosmic pavilion, a spirit pavilion, a pavilions, and myths, and is skilled in the singing and dancing, providing the villagers with peace and vitality.

    Usually, Byeolsingut is performed on a village basis every three to ten years, depending on the region, but it is usually held during the New Year's, March, April, September, and October.

    The process of performing the exorcism of byeolsingut was first carried out by a maid to the ancestral shrine by <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(140)'onmouseout='dn2()'dn2(')'dn2(')'강강강강강강강 청 청 청 청 청 청 청 청 청 청spspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspspsp However, even at this time, Ja-bi (the accompanist) sat facing the altar and performed the accompaniment.

    <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(1648)' onmouseout='dn2()'dn2()span로는로는로는spspan class='xml2' onmouse2' <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(1658)' onmouseout='dn2()'>무복(巫服)</span>은 쾌자와 장삼, 그리고 갓과 고깔 등이 있다. <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(4820)' onmouseout='dn2()'dn2()( ritual water제/span설 varies from village to village, and the method or type is so simple that there are one or two more pros in daily life without any specific regulations. <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(4837)' onmouseout='dn2()'dn2()제일spspan 결정전에spspan class='xml2'onmouse='onmouse='(484'48'). After shouting at the party while raising the possession, Jeju has self-defense through the bath system until <span class='xml2' onmouseover='up2(4837)'onmouseout='dn2())제일제일제일제일제일제일제일제일제일 고 고.

    The rite is performed in the order of Jeongjeonggut, Golmegi Cheongjwagut, Dangmaegi Cheongjwagut, Hwahwagut, Sejongut, Jojogut, Seongjugut, Janggungut, Cheonwanggut, Simcheonggut, Nonddonggut, Guksugut, Gyesugut, Gyemyeongut, Yongwanggut, Talgut and Gilgut.
  • 1980.12.30
    designated date
    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jing, Janggu, and drum. It is also called Gut, Maegu, Pungjang, Geumgo, Chigun, etc.

    According to the purpose of performing nongak, the types can be divided into Dangsan Gut, Madang Bapgi, Gulip Gut, Duregut, Pangut, Kiuje Gut, and Baegut. If classified according to regional characteristics, they are divided into Gyeonggi Nongak, Yeongdong Nongak, Honam Jwado Nongak, Gyeongnam Nongak, and Gyeongbuk Nongak.

    Cheongdo Chasan Nongak, a type of nongak in Gyeongsangbuk-do, is a nongak developed in the Battle of the Heavenly Kingdom. Cheonwanggi Fighting is a game in early January every year in which farming and Nongak bands mingle with each village to show off their power at the hillside and market.

    It has a strong and native sense of propriety and clairvoyance, and it often drives the rhythm quickly with a single toe, giving it a simple and vigorous feeling.

    It is a folk game that is known throughout the country as well as the Yeongnam area, it is characterized by the Gyeongsang-do music dance that leads to the dance of Seotbaegi in Gutgeori Jangdan. Kim Oh-dong and Kim Tae-hoon were recognized as the holders of the entertainment show, and Kim Tae-hoon is currently engaged in transmission activities.
  • 1980.12.30
    designated date
    A courtesan is a skill or person who makes a bow. Bow was used long before the Three Kingdoms Period, and in ancient China, it is said that Korean people had excellent skills in archery so that they called it "Dong Yi" because they were "good at making and shooting arrows." After the Japanese invasions of 1592-1592, each palace, which was used as a weapon of war until it was imported, became common. Today, it is called Gukgung to distinguish archery from Western countries.

    The production process includes carving bamboo, mulberry, and water cones. Bamboo and mulberry trees are bent over the fire and then connected. Cut the bamboo end into V-shape and paste the mulberry end in the opposite shape. Place a water horn on the surface and place a tendon on the bow. After this process, the drying process (ignition control) is carried out for about one month. When the drying process is over, cut the cocoon. At the end of the clipping, adjust the stiffness of the bow to suit the bow user. The tools include saw, bamboo, wooden hammer, rope, knife, awl, tongs, wood combs, and so on.

    Korea's bow is characterized by the use of iron horns and cord, and Yecheon is famous for being one of the most famous mountains of Korean archery. Yecheon Palace is a traditional craftsmanship that has a good aesthetic sense and sophisticated technology, so it is designated as an Intangible Cultural asset of the city and the city. Kwon Young-hak, who lives in Yecheon, North Gyeongsang Province, continues his career.
  • 2019.12.31
    designated date
    The hemp cloth refers to the whole process of weaving hemp cloth from a textile raw material called marijuana, which is a fabric worn by ancestors from the time of the Three Han Dynasty by hand by the three Han Dynasty due to its advantages of absorbing sweat quickly, drying quickly, and being cool due to its good ventilation and high heat conductivity, and its durability against friction makes it less damaged when washing. Among them, Andongpo, produced in Andong, Gyeongsangbuk-do, was a royal product of the Joseon Dynasty and was designated as a local specialty.

    ※ Since hemp was a collective technology that was produced through the collaboration of villagers, not individuals, and passed down to later generations, he did not recognize a particular holder and recognized a holding organization (a group without a holder).
  • 1996.1.5
    designated date
    Nongyo is a song that is sung to forget fatigue and improve efficiency while working on rice paddies and fields, also known as "deulsong" or "farming sound." Singing individually or collectively as one of the folk songs, the song may vary depending on the region.

    Yeongdong's "Design-ri Nongyo" is a song that has been passed down from mouth to mouth since a long time ago, with the sound of mochi, rice planting, and rice paddies. Mochi is a song that is sung while steaming rice seedlings and planting rice seedlings. Non-maegi songs are divided into two types, a cho-beol-mae-gi and a du-beol-mae-gi, which are sung by many people when a person carries a catfish. The catfish is responsible for meaningful content, and the receiver is responsible for meaningless margin. These differences result from different behaviors in labor.

    Yeongdong Design-ri Nongyo is a song that originated geographically close to Jeollabuk-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do, and the rhythms of Nongyo are mixed in color.
  • 2017.1.5
    designated date
    Mueul nongak is a nongak handed down in the Mueul-myeon area of Gumi. Mueul-myeon was called Mueul-dongbang during the Silla Period (121), and was renamed Pungheon around 676. It was called Mueulbang during the Joseon Dynasty, and it was changed to Myeonri-dong Consolidation in 1914 to this day.

    Jeong Jae-jin, who had the greatest influence on Muul nongak, is said to be a Buddhist monk at Sudasa Temple in Sangsong-ri. During the reign of King Yeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty, Jeong Jae-jin, a Buddhist monk at Sudasa Temple, made pungmul rhythms based on what he had dreamed of and what was handed down, and spread them to nearby villages.

    However, it is hard to say that today's Muul nongak was formed only by his simple transmission of iron. This is because in traditional rural communities, nongak naturally appears in dongje and jisinbapgi.

    It is estimated that even in Muul, the village dongje, jisinbapgi, and rice paddies performed "homi-gul" ("trickling") to create a pungmul board. Therefore, Muul Nongak, which is currently handed down, is a complex content related to various events in the village.
  • 2017.1.5
    designated date
    Boin Nongak is a typical farming ritual in the southern part of Gyeongsangbuk-do, but unlike other regions, it has a special character that has developed character play.

    Thus, the delicacy of the rhythm of Dengdeokgung Palace and the three-chambae rhythm are harmonized, and the unique Byul-Da-Dragon and Deutbo-Gi rhythm form the main melody, creating a splendid and grand sound.

    These characteristics of Boin Nongak are understood to be well worth preserving and inheriting in the future, and its value as a Cultural asset is recognized.
  • 2007.1.8
    designated date
    Pansori refers to a single singer weaving a long story by mixing a spear (sound), horse (aniri), and gesture (nareum) to the rhythm of a master.

    Park Nok-ju Body Pansori Heungbo of Chung Soon-im, the holder of the obvious entertainment record, is joined by Song Man-gap - Kim Jung-moon - Park Nok-ju - Park Song-hee (Park Jung-ja) - Jeong Soon-im, and was born as the eldest daughter of (Go) Jang Soon-ae (Jangwoljungseon), the 19th Intangible Cultural asset, and inherited her artistic talent from her mother.

    Around the age of 10, Shimcheongga, Chunhyangga, etc. were already learned, and Heungbo, Sugungga, and Yeonsa continued to learn. Jung Soon-im is known as a master singer of pansori in name and reality by winning the Presidential Prize for the Pansori Department of the Namdo Arts Festival in 1985 and the KBS Korean Music Awards in 1997.

    Pansori, a combination of a singer (a singer, a clown), a master, and an audience. When the singer sings a spear, the master beats the drum and adds chimes. The audience also gets excited by singing together. The singer does not adjust to the rhythm, but talks (or does not) as usual, and sometimes uses a fan to act according to the rhythm or editorial content. The outstanding broadness grips the audience.