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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1994.12.5
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    Jindo Hongju can find its origin in Soju, which came from the Yuan Dynasty of China during the Goryeo Dynasty. Therefore, scholars argue that the Mongolians who came to destroy Sambyulcho may have introduced the secret method of lowering Hongju, but it is hard to say that the herb used as a ingredient was introduced to Hongju using raw medicine because it is difficult to grow in the devastated Mongo land.

    Since the late Goryeo Dynasty, our ancestors have been making and drinking soju called hanju or baekju in any province. Originally, soju was used only in the royal court, but it seems to have gradually become popular with the working class.

    In this process, the wisdom of adding medicine to soju was developed, and the liquor was developed into weak soju or hansoju, giving birth to famous alcoholic beverages that were unique to each region. Jindo Hongju is also thought to have developed into a local silk.

    The process of making is three stages of the manufacture, desalination and fermentation of yeast and distillation. Hongju is a liquor with a high alcohol content of 40 percent or more that helps digestion, and has a high alcohol content of 40 percent or more, which makes you feel drunk even with a small amount without much stimulation in your throat, and has the effect and characteristic of being able to do cocktails without a hangover.

    Jindo Hongju had been generally manufactured in a well-to-do house until liberation, but since then, due to severe alcohol control, women and women who have a harder life than rich families secretly manufactured it as a means of living, and the secret recipe has been passed down to this day.

    Currently, the Jindo Traditional Hongju Preservation Society, which was founded in 1993, preserves, develops, and industrializes, and is inherited by Heo Hwa-ja, the holder of functions.
  • 1994.12.5
    designated date
    Nongak is the music played by farmers when they squeeze their dure and play percussion instruments such as kkwaenggwari, Jing, Janggu, and drum.

    The nongak of Jeollanam-do can be largely classified as Jwa-do-gut, Udo-gut, and Seodo-an-gut based on the composition, attire, and musicality. Among them, Book Coastal Gut is a nongak performed in Geumsan-myeon, Wando and Jindo areas in Goheung-gun, which are located in the South Sea and the Southwest Sea, and Gilgut is different from that of the land and has a unique identity that does not belong to any region, such as Jwa-do and U-do, where the ritual is centered.

    Goheung Wolpo Nongak is a type of Seohaean Gut, which is said to have been started by playing Nongak to boost the morale of the troops during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592. The composition of nongak consists of Deokseokgi, Nonggi, Nongak, Yeonggi, Soe, Soe, Nongbu, Jing, Janggu, Buk, Buggu, Sogo, Daeposu, and Yangban.

    It is characterized by the complete preservation of the Mungut and the strong religious character associated with the rite, and the boy's role as a "farm farmer" is outstanding, with lively dance and craftsmanship and not seen in other regions. Currently, Choi Byung-tae is recognized as the holder of entertainment in Goheung Wolpo Nongak.
  • 2013.12.19
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    Having been handed down for nine generations for 300 years, 'Miyeok Onggi' stubbornly follows the recipe of traditional onggi, making it by hand, and especially applying natural glaze.

    The most important quality clay, known as natural glaze, is made by mixing pine trees with iron-containing medicinal soil. It is known that it makes fine holes on the surface of the onggi that allow air to pass through, so that it does not spoil or spoil even if it is stored over the years, maintains the taste and freshness of the food for a long time, and even acts as a natural self-regulation that removes pollutants.

    In particular, this region's unique onggi method, which is made by beating and baking in lye, is not only harmless to the human body but also has a living and breathing bio-effect.

    In addition, the company consistently produces small and friendly earthenware unique to the southern part of the country, focusing on continuing the traditional Onggi tradition.
  • 2013.12.19
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    Chochojang is the technique of making traditional living tools, agriCultural tools, folk belief tools, etc. with straw and so on.

    It is becoming a technology that is being forgotten due to changes in materials. Master craftsman Lim Chae-ji of Gokseong has learned traditional straw-planting techniques in a circular fashion.
  • 2013.12.19
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    As a function of making tteok-sal and multi-deck plates, it is a very important traditional carving technique that is related to life or customs, and is necessary for our daily life in terms of culture or art history.

    Kim Gyu-seok is systematically passed down due to his excellent technical skills and academic support by learning wood carving and pattern carving from Lee Ju-cheol, and learning rice cake and multi-plate techniques from Lee Yeon-chae.
  • 2013.12.19
    designated date
    The sound of Gwangyang Jinwol gizzard is a labor song that has been handed down around Gwangyang Bay, and is an Intangible folk Heritage that shows the diversity of life that Gwangyang Bay people have lived in the ecological environment at the mouth of the Seomjingang River and the southern coast.

    It is said to be in the form of a performance, and it consists of the sound of rowing, netting, net raising, phlegm, late sound, and gizzard shirking, and Nanjanggut. It features the unique fishing and Cultural characteristics of Gwangyang Bay, which is associated with the representative species of fish on the southern coast.
  • 1988.12.21
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    The wild song is a folk song sung during farming, and the wild song of Jangsan-do is a song sung by women in Jangsan-myeon, Sinan-gun.

    Jangsan-do's wild song is a song that is exciting and exciting, even though it is a tough life for women and a song with deep sorrowful. Also, as it is an island, it is not mixed with other local folk songs, so it is native and has a feminine melody. The plot consists of a mochi-gi song sung by steaming rice paddies, a rice planting song sung by planting rice paddies, and a rice paddies song sung by rice paddies on their way back. It is not boring because it changes from late tunes to fast tunes such as Jungmori, Jungjungmori, and Jajinmori, and it is completely different from Jindo's wild songs and Namdo's labor songs on land.

    Jangsando Deulsong is a folk song that contains the lives of the Korean people, and it is designated as an Intangible Cultural asset because it has unique rhythms and contents.
  • 1988.12.21
    designated date
    A folk song is a song that comes naturally among the people and is passed down from mouth to mouth. It is closely related to life by functions such as occupation, wind speed, play, etc., and may vary depending on the preference of the region or callers, or spontaneously.

    The fishing songs in Korea are divided into work songs sung while working in the sea and boat songs sung while rowing, and the anchovy song in Gageodo is a combination of these two types of folk songs. The contents include the sound of brass, the sound of netting, the sound of liquor rain, the sound of net raising, the sound of quick rowing, and the sound of windmills. The brass sound is a song sung when rowing on the way to catch anchovies, and the sound of an anchovy hat is a song that drives anchovies with a torch lit when anchovies are found. The sound of Sulbi is a song that is sung when the anchovies are scooped up with phlegm. The fast rowing sound is a song sung when the boat is full of anchovies as it raises its net and returns home.

    This song is a combination of a boat song and a song sung when catching anchovies, forming a folk song, and has a singing style that is not found in other local folk songs. The melody is also called Sinawijo, so it has a deep correlation with Muak and will be valuable material to reveal the true nature of the folk songs of the South.
  • 1995.12.26
    designated date
    Wando jangjwidangje and Danggut are performed at the time of the first full moon of the year. There are two village guardian deities, one on an island called Jangdo, 300 meters away from the village, and the other on the village's owner tree street.

    Inside the shrine house, General Songjing, General Jeongyeon on the right, and Ambassador Hyeil on the left, and Jang Bo-go have been added to the list since 1982.

    The procedures of the day are as follows. After setting up the ancestral rites, the incense is burned and the prayer is read by God. Next, put up the glass three times, and in the sense of emptying it in front of the Divine Spirit, cut a thin piece of paper, light it, and fly it into the air. The priests share the liquor used for the memorial service. The food used for the memorial service is scattered around, fed to miscellaneous spirits, and then removed the statue.

    When the ritual is over, Gutpae hits Naldangsan Mountain and leaves the island and returns to the village. If you play Samgut on the island, the owner's gut on the owner's tree street, and go to the Dangju house and play the exorcism, the party festival ends.

    Currently, Kim Bong-do is recognized as a holder of entertainment in Jangjwa-ri Dangje and Danggut in Wando.
  • 2008.12.26
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    Born in Haenam, South Jeolla Province in 1949, Park Bang-geum (name: Park Geum-hee) studied Simcheongga under Kim Sang-yong, a master of the Mokpo Korean Traditional Music Center in 1960. After the promotion of Oh Jung-sook, a master of Pansori Entertainment, an important Intangible Cultural asset, and Seong Woo-hyang, a holder of the 5th entertainment show, possessed the fifth important Intangible Cultural asset. Later, in 1988, he bought the complete version of Yoo Seong-jun's body Sugungga to renowned singer Park Yang-deok and became the second master of Pansori Sugunga, an Intangible Cultural asset of Jeollabuk-do.

    In addition, Park Bang-geum received the Presidential Award of Daemyungchangbu at the 1st National Master Singing Contest of Jeongeupsa Temple, has been actively engaged in activities such as the activities of the National Changgeuk Company, and has recently made efforts to preserve and inherit traditional Korean music by holding the '07.3.2 Sugungga Complete Singing Presentation'.
  • 2019.12.26
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    Born in Hwasun at the age of 10, Kim Hyang-soon began his career in Pansori at the age of 10 and has worked hard for 45 years to learn and play Pansori and to promote and distribute traditional Korean music through Pansori performances and education.

    In his 30s, he was recognized for his musical skills and skills by winning the Jeonju Daesum Nori Pansori Masterpiece Award and the Gwangju Traditional Music Competition President's Award.

    Pansori Kangsanje Simcheongga, owned by Kim Hyang-soon, is inherited by Park Yoo-jeon, Jung Jae-geun, Jung Eung-min, Sung Chang-soon and Kim Hyang-soon.

    There are not many master singers in Pansori who are living in South Jeolla Province who will sing and follow the Gangsanje Simcheongga.

    It is believed that Kim Hyang-soon should be recognized as the holder of pansori Kang San-je Shimcheongga for his practical skills and continuous development of pansori transmission.
  • 2008.12.26
    designated date
    "Samsulyanggut" is a folk drama that is rarely seen as a form of a mixed-work drama, which is performed as a religious ritual and a play as a play, as well as a Chibyeonggut.

    Park Kyung-ja, the holder of traditional exorcism, has unique characteristics not only in the tradition and history of hereditary military service, but also in the locality and entertainment of the rite.
  • 2006.12.27
    designated date
    Pansori of Dongpyeonje is one of the traditional legal systems along with Pansori of Seopyeonje. It is the Yupa of Pansori, which inherited the legal system of Song Heung-rok, the master singer of the late Joseon Dynasty.



    Dongpyeonje is an area where Unbong, Sunchang, Heungdeok, and Gurye, the eastern part of Jeolla-do, are passed down, and each sound has a strong power and uses a method of controlling emotions, with the center of the deep Tongseong and magnificent Ujo, depending on the nature of the mountain and the water flowing heavily.



    Kim Hyang-soon is the traditional successor of Heungboga, the Dongpyeonje, which was studied by Park Nok-ju (the fifth major Intangible Cultural asset, Heungbo, the holder of entertainment) to Park Jung-rye (the Intangible Cultural asset of South Jeolla Province, the holder of entertainment).
  • 2005.12.27
    designated date
    Gangjin Temple's Wild Song is a representative wild song of the Tamjingang River basin, which is passed down around the temple, including Nongjeong Village and Yongwol-ri, Sinjeon-myeon, Gangjin. It has a high connection with the agriCultural culture of the southern coast and contains the original spirit and art world of the wild song.
  • 2006.12.27
    designated date
    Jindo Sopo Girlgun Nongak is a Cultural Heritage that is still alive in the community life of Sopo Village. It maintains the original form of a village ritual on the south coast with its history, characteristics of a thief, and genealogy of Sangsoe, and is valuable as a folk art that shows its artistic and systematic composition.

    Jindo Sopo Girl County Nongak Preservation Society is a community organization that has been handed down from Sopo-ri, and its performance records have been confirmed since 1922. It was established as a Sopo Girl County Nongak Band in 1964 and has been taught through various activities such as the Namdo Cultural Festival and the Yeongdeungpo Festival.

    Sangsoe's genealogy leads to "Park Hak-sam, Jeong Deok-gwan, Ko Yoo-kwon, Im Hwa-chun, Im Wol-pan, Kim Hong-guk, Kim Oh-hyun and Cho Yeol-hwan," while Cho Yeol-hwan started with Sogo, and has been in charge of Sangsoe since 1995.

    Seolbuk is leading to Kim Nae-sik, who was taught since he was 17 years old by Park Tae-ju, a master of Sulbuk in Jindo. For more than 50 years, it has been active as a Seolbuk of Sopo Girl's Nongak and has maintained the original form of drum dance until today.

    The Lunar New Year's holiday season has led to "Kim Heung-sik, Ju Dong-ki, Park Yong-ho, Park Bong-sun, Kim Hong-bae and Hongbok-dong." Nonggi does not raise an instrument at Gutpan, wears a sangmo on the head and holds a tricolor band in both hands.

    Hong Bok-dong is continuing today with the ability to produce traditional style "shaking sangmo" and a series of teasing entertainment programs.