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Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1986.4.10
    designated date
    Songdang-ri Village Festival is a village-level rite held to pray for the peace of the village by offering sacrifices to Bekjutto Manurassin, the origin of many villages on Jeju Island. It is held every year on January 13, February 13, July 13, and October 13.

    Born in Songaksan Mountain in Namsan, Seoul, Bekjutto Manurassin was a goddess of mountain meat and farming who came to Jeju Island with five grain seeds, married Sorosocheonguk, a male god of hunting and livestock, and gave birth to eight sons and 28 daughters, whose offspring spread evenly to 368 villages throughout Jeju Island.

    The village festival begins with the opening of a gate to pray for the villagers to open a newspaper so that they can hold a memorial service. The rite is held at the site and time of the rite, at the beginning of the ceremony to announce the reason for the rite and the names of those who participated in the rite, at the opening of the new palace gate, and at the beginning of the ceremony to remove bad energy from the path where the gods come down, and at the request of the invitation to invite the Jade Emperor and the Beggjutto Manura god. It is performed in the order of Poongni Nori, who dances and sings to entertain the gods, and Dojin, who tries to predict the fortune of the village, blocks the bad luck of the village, and sends back the gods who have been invited.

    Songdang-ri is a sacred place to become the "root of your faith." Songdang-ri Village Festival is a representative of the village festivals held in Jeju Island.
  • 1987.5.13
    designated date
    Gwahaju is a famous liquor from Gimcheon that has been down for hundreds of years. It is made of glutinous rice and yeast, and uses water from Gwahacheon Stream in Namsan-dong, Gimcheon-si. The name Gwahaju is said to have a good taste for alcohol and the taste of alcohol does not change even after summer. It is written in "Geumneung Seunggam" that people from other provinces come here to learn how to make overhaju, and no matter how many times they make it in the same way, they can't taste and smell it, probably because the water is different.

    It is made by mixing glutinous rice and yeast powder in the same amount to make rice cakes, and by sealing them in a jar without water and fermenting them at low temperatures for one to three months. In this way, the heavy drinks made in this way have a unique scent and taste, with alcohol levels ranging from 13 to 14 degrees.

    Gwahaju was made by the "Kangdo Island" (Kimcheon Brewery Company) until the Japanese Colonial Period, but was resumed after Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule and disappeared again into the Korean War. In 1984, Song Jae-sung began to produce it in earnest after a trial brewing and succeeded in Gimcheon Myeongju. Song Jae-sung died in 1999, and there are currently no functional holders.
  • 2010.5.27
    designated date
    In Jeolla-do, which was famous for bamboo crafts, Damyang has long been famous as a representative mountainous area. It is said that Damyang's Jukse Crafts originated from the Chambit, but official records show that the beginning of Damyang Jukse Crafts is a fan.

    In the early 17th century, there was already a seonjajang dispatched from the center in Damyang. Damyang was responsible for gathering artisans from nearby towns and sending them to Gongjo. The pyeonjuk sent from Damyang made a fan in the air conditioning.

    According to the record that Damyangsan's debt was paid in the "Yeo Map Book" of the mid-18th century, the company has entered the stage of discovering the finished products. From the 17th century to the 19th century, it served as a provincial hall responsible for the truth of the debt in Jeollanam-do.

    This tradition has continued and exceeded the previous week (435,000 sacks), with a total of 1.3 million sacks of fans produced in Damyang, including 1.29 million jaws and 10,000 round fans, according to the 1937 statistics of Japanese colonial era. Even after Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule, the trend continued for some time.

    Since the 1960s, Hapjukseon has withered, but the fans used by ordinary people have been actively produced until the mid-1970s.

    The market fan (mak-fan) made by using one side of a bamboo piece as a handle and cutting the other side into small pieces was made by the second section of Hyanggyo-ri, and the wire made from bamboo into a separate wooden handle was produced in Namsan-ri.

    The folding fan (Jules fan) was led by Wandong Village in Seongseong-ri, Damyang-eup, and there were three to four households left in Hwabang-ri, Wolsan-myeon, Damyang-gun. Wandong Village was active enough to produce 500,000 sacks a year.

    However, from the 1960s, it began to convert into modern design products favored by foreigners while exporting bamboo crafts, and from the late 1970s, the production of debt dropped sharply as cheap foreign debts were imported along with the supply of fans and air conditioners.

    Currently, the Seonjajang technology as a traditional craft is in danger of being cut off, so it is necessary to designate it as an intangible cultural asset and preserve it.