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K-CULTURAL HERITAGE

Everlasting Legacies of Korea

  • 1989.8.16
    designated date
    Bridge-walking was played on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, and came from the religious custom that if a stream steps on the bridge as much as its age, it will not get sick on the bridge, and not only will it defeat all disasters but also bring good luck. In particular, the strong notion that foot-walking does not cause leg disease in Korea is a folk belief that the pronunciation of legs and legs is the same, and it seems to be the result of the language's playfulness. Bridge-walking is also known as dapgyo or dapgyo nori, or bridge-bending in Gangneung.

    The records show that the bridge-walking play was very important to the people from noble families to the common people, and that the four gates were not closed when the bridge was played. As the number of bridges in Jangan was very small, the aristocrats were reluctant to hang out with the common people, so they told them to step on the bridge on the evening of the 14th, the day before, and the women stepped on the bridge on the evening of the 16th. In groups, people sang songs and danced to the bridge, and in the midst of the chaos, the character of the play group gradually changed and the play group was organized separately, creating a sense of entertainment. Among them, songpa Dari Bapgi is characterized by outstanding dance moves.

    Bridge-walking Nori is one of the most popular folk games in Korea since the Goryeo Dynasty, and it is a folk game that contains the feelings of life of the Korean people.

    ※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616).
  • 2001.8.16
    Designated date
    Jeju's Great Gut is the largest comprehensive performance in terms of size during the period when the rite is performed with "Dui-re Eleven-Hul-Gut" or "Season-Jeok-Gut." This includes both "Shingut" performed at a shaman's house and "Biggut" performed at a typical household, and contains the original form of Korean exorcism, and the wisdom of life, including the view of life, space, and nature of Jeju Island people. Both the dance, song and editorial of the gut have high cultural value, and in particular, the editorial has very high Korean literary value for medieval language study.

    Lee Joong-chun, who has been engaged in military service for four generations, began to learn how to perform the exorcism at the age of 16 and is now working hard to preserve the original form of the great exorcism in Jeju, including Yeonggam nori.
  • 2000.8.21
    designated date
    Hyangdangmu in Anseong refers to a traditional dance that originated from the Akga Muhak Training Center in Anseong, Gyeonggi-do. The origin of Hyangdangmu is several, including the theory that the descendants of the willow baby, a government official of the Geuknu Pavilion, which was built to commemorate the victory after the reign of King Gongmin of the Goryeo Dynasty, danced in honor of its spirit. The village ritual, dongje, Sadangpae nori, and dances performed by government officials and frauds in Anseong and Jincheon area have been performed in the area. The dancers were mainly composed of Jae-in, Gisaeng, and Min-cho, but considering the terms of dance in Chinese characters and the terms comparing the geographical names, it can be said that they joined the literati as well as the literati.

    There are about 40 kinds of dances handed down from Hyangdangmu in Anseong, which are divided into masculine and feminine dances according to their personality. Thirteen types of hwarangmu, including Gyeongcheon Barye Mu, Bonghwang Geumran Mu, pray for the prosperity of the king's Mansumu River and the royal family, and Jang Gummu, Gungmu Samu, and Dosan Muryeong, are regarded as masculine hwarangmu lineage.

    On the other hand, 15 kinds of dances, including Hakkwa dance, which is performed with a white towel, Hongaeksugeon dance, which expresses a woman's sorrow, and Chae Seonhyang dance, which performs various techniques and dances according to the Sanjo song with a fan, as well as Buddhist dance, Buddhist dance, and Gomyeong dance, have been handed down to the gisaengs in Anseong area.

    The accompaniment music of Hyangdangmu in Anseong is divided into court music, folk music, sanjo and military music, and the dance moves are diverse and difficult. The dance content and entertainment vary depending on the status because it is a dance that has a lot of different people using martial arts.

    In 1990, Hyangdangmu, which was discovered by local residents including Anseong Cultural Center, was designated as an intangible cultural asset by Yi Seok-dong and Yu Cheong-ja as an assistant administrator in 2000. Yi Seok-dong's deceased Hu Cheong-ja is serving as the chairman of the Preservation Society and is striving to succeed Anseong Hyangdangmu.
  • 1987.8.25
    designated date
    Manga is one of the folk songs that bier people sing while wearing bier. There are two types of Jindo Manga, one of which is to call in the masters of the application to sing the full song when a portrait is made in a house known as a wealthy or local aristocrat. Another is to have the village's bier-snowpiercer do bier.

    The artists of the application are members of the shaman, who play drums, janggu, iron, and flute when the bier goes out, and often sing a full song with various editorials and tunes. When a village bier singer sings a full song, it is a bit simple to sing E-sori or Poverty Bodhisattva only.

    Jindo Manga is a specialized bier sound that is sung in Jisan-myeon, which is composed of Jinyeombul, Esori, Jaehwasori, Hajeok-sori, Dari Cheongeun, and Dagujil. The characteristic of Jindo Manga is that women in the village participate as headmen and sing together. These women are known as peddlers, and what could be seen in the aristocrats' traveling procession is now common. In addition, the two masked benches perform sword dances on ponies to chase away evil spirits, while torches appear and the mourning clothes of the residents are also unique.

    Jindo Manga is a very important cultural asset in terms of folklore, given that the shaman's music and folk songs are used together and the unique characteristics of funeral customs followed by women as headmen.
  • 1996.9.30
    designated date
    Hosang Nori, a traditional folk game in Seoul's Gangdong area, is also known as Ssangsangyeo Hosang Nori. Hosang Nori is a playful game if it is a portrait of a person who has a good family life and long life, and it is a game where singers and bier people gather the night before to sing a folk song all night long so that they can safely go on a rough road when they are on the rise.

    The Hosang Nori in Rockjeol Village is led by a good singer in front of the bier by 36 biers, which are very large compared to ordinary bier carried by about 10 people. When the bier leaves the house, he sings the trick before carrying the bier, and as he leaves the house, he calls the incense burner to console his soul and honor his achievements and virtues. It is very exciting to see the bier moving forward as if it were pushed back. In the appearance, the coffin was lowered and the deceased built a tomb to build a dwelling where he would live for thousands of years. They sang various virtues and a song called Bangataryeong, which is a unique custom of rockjeol Village.

    As Amsa-dong was incorporated into the Seoul Metropolitan Government in the 1960s, Hosang Nori in Rockjeol Village completely disappeared due to the development of Rockjeol Village and the wave of urbanization, but its original form was restored more than 30 years after it was cut off by meaningful people.

    bbb※※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616). </bb
  • 2011.9.30
    designated date
    The musical instruments used in the Jeolla Samhyeon Yukgak are composed of daegeum, piri, haegeum, janggu, and drum, and are accompanied by a danso. Daegeum uses three modern gold, and the flute uses a spice. Samhyeon Yukgak was performed at various events, including the ancestral rites of Hyanggyo, the sixtieth birthday and marriage of Saga, the ancestral rites at the temple, or the dancing of the sangnyang, or the shooting of a bow.

    There are only Nongsamhyeon and Minsamhyeon in the country in the Samhyeon Yukgak Pavilion in Jeolla-do. Nongsamhyeon was refined to perform as an accompaniment for dance, while Min Samhyeon was originally used by private households.

    The songs used in the Jeolla Samhyeon Yukgak include Bonyeongsan Mountain, Jungyeongsan Mountain, Janyeongsan Mountain, Hudu, Kokduri, Dolgop, Samhyeon, Yeombul, Samhyeon Doljang, Taryeong, Gutgeori, Haengrak, Gunak, and Dangak. Jeolla Samhyeon Yukgak is characterized by a proper change in the order of music performed according to the content of the event.

    Nongsamhyeon in Jeollanam-do learned 48 songs and compositions of Daepungryu, but now only Bonyeongsan, Yeombul, Gutgeori, Late Taryeong, Jazun Taryeong, and Victory songs are left. Samhyeon Yukgak, which was born because not only ritual music, but also royal music such as Haengak, temple music, and sedentary music were not distributed to local government agencies, has been a major contributor to the promotion of Korean traditional music.
  • 2016.9.30
    Specified date
    Geumsan Nongak is a nongak that retains the original form of mountain basin-type folk culture developed between Sobaeksan Mountain Range and Goryeong Mountain Range, and it preserves the original form of left-hand Nongak.

    Geumsan Nongak is a very professional nongak that has been developed beyond the village nongak stage and developed into a packaged nongak through the geolip nongak stage. Geumsan Nongak has been awarded several times since its liberation as a representative of various competitions held across the country, and pangut of the Geumsan Nongak Band Choi Sang-geun, who toured around the country, has developed and is being passed down with roots in Geumsan Nongak today.

    Geumsan Nongak shows various development processes in Geumsan's base culture such as Village Gut, songgye Daebang Nori, Dure Pungjang, Cheonnae Baegeollipgut, and consists of Yeonggi, Napal, Taepyeongso, Daepo, Changbu, Cooking, Yangban, Nonggun, Gaksi, Halmi, Geolnong, Flower Butterfly, Jeong, Jing, Beopgo, Beopgo, Beopgo. In particular, Geumsan Nongak is developed to the highest level among left-hand Nongak.

    The genealogy of Geumsan Nongak is handed down to Kim Soo-dong, Choi Sang-geun, Ju Gi-hwan, Kim Byeong-hwa, and Park Hee-jung as Jeon In-geun.



    Geumsan Nongak has different forms and procedures depending on the purpose, timing, and location of the performance. If you divide the types, you will find "Maegut" on Seotdal Geumeum, "Madangbapi" on the New Year's Eve or the New Year's Eve, "Dangsanje" on the fifteenth of lunar January, "Geolipgut" from early 3rd to Daeboreum, and "Boreum," "Geum," "Geum," "Geum" before planting, and "Geum" and "Geum" and "Geum" and "Geumgi"



    Geumsan Nongak Village Gut's performance procedures are passed down to Deuldangsan, Naldangsan, Samgut Topje (Dangsan Gut), Mungut, Madang Gut, Sungju Gut, Jeongji Gut, Cheolyong Gut (Janggwang Gut), Siam Gut (Samgut), and Geoggan Gut (Gwanggut), and each process is divided independently. The front gut consists of instrumental and dance elements, and the back gut consists of vocal, performance, and playful elements. In particular, the rhythms that show the local characteristics of Geumsan include Oemachijilgut, various twelve machi, Nejinmachi, Jajinmachi, Yeongi, dancegut, Pungnyeongut, and Bapsakgut, which are produced, sweet and easy to break, and slow to play, and the forms that are formed very quickly are of high quality music, Samjingut, Gosarikeokgoggi, mokgoggi, Moleonggut, Gosugi, Gosugi, Gosugi, Gosugi, Gosa.



    Geumsan Nongak's Chibaegwae is composed of jockey, apron, and duchibae.

    1) Number of flags

    1 descriptor (numeric), 1 container (memorization), 1 agricultural instrument, 2 young flag, 5 obanggi

    2) An apron belly

    Nabal, three saenab, six kkwaenggwari, four gongs, eight janggu, six drums, 12 sogo.

    3) Duchibae

    Daepo Water - 1, Yangban - 1; Gulnong - 1; Cooking - 1; Gaksi - 1; Halmi – 1; Mudong (1 flower butterfly, 1 middle butterfly, 2 changbu, 4 basketball)



    The colors of Geumsan Nongak are divided into gisu, apron, and dukchi. The gisu is the same as the gisu, which is the same as the gisu, and the gisu is the same as the gisaeng and the gisu.

    In the case of an apron, the kkwaenggwari wears purple daggers, gongs, janggu, drums are purple vests, and sogo is navy vests. In the case of the dutch, the clothes are all distinguished differently, divided into mixed colors and motionless clothes. In Geumsan, a skilled person in the neighborhood made flowers and painted five colors in a beautiful way by decorating the flowers by making samemi (a cedar tree woven like a hat), and older adults still call it samemui and dolmu.
  • 1990.10.10
    designated date
    This is a tutelary rite held in early January on the lunar calendar, or in spring or fall annually, or biennially or triennially near Seoul or Suwon or Incheon, to pray for peace and a good harvest. At present, a complete version of the rite can be seen only in Jangmal, Bucheon. The shrine for village guardians in the pine forest, which is more than 300 years old, tells us that the exorcism rite started during the Joseon Period (1392 – 1910). The rite starts in the morning and finishes the next day morning. It is performed by a hereditary exorcist skilled in songs and dances. Male exorcists liven up the atmosphere, doing tightrope walking, cracking jokes and displaying various feats. songs and dances by gisaeng (female entertainers) used to be included, but they have disappeared. Participation of male exorcists (called Hwaraengi) in the rite distinguishes Gyeonggi-do Dodanggut from those performed in other areas. Music and rhythms used in this rite follow those of pansori (epic chant). Displaying high artistic quality, Gyeonggi-do Dodanggut is regarded as a valuable source material for anyone studying the country’s traditional culture.
  • 1982.10.15
    Designated date
    Sodongpae is a type of dure that is organized for collaboration in the Namdo area. Dure can be divided into a large group of adults over the age of 20 and a small group of young people before the age of 20. Sodongpae mainly engaged in joint labor such as grass-beating and gimmaegi, which originated from the daily life of nongak, dance, and singing in order to forget the hardships and boredom of labor and increase the efficiency of work.

    Sodongpae nori is played throughout the day from morning to evening. It leads to a breakfast meeting, a group meeting to hurry to work, a road to work, and the sound of rice paddies when they make rice paddies. When they meet Daedongpae on their way back from work, a scorpion game is held to ask for greetings, and when they meet other teams, they play a game of game, but regardless of the outcome, they play Nongak and harmonize with each other. The folk song is a cheerful melody, and depending on the movement and play, it is sung in various ways, including Nonmaegi song, kerosene taryeong, Horyeong taryeong, Gaegori taryeong, and Bangae taryeong.

    Hyeoncheon Sodongpae nori is a comprehensive folk art that combines labor, singing, and dancing, and the scorpion-raising of greetings contains a tradition of rural society that values manners toward adults.
  • 2000.10.19
    designated date
    Sajikdaeje is a national rite given to the god of land and grain, while Sajik means the god of land, and Jik means the god of grain. In ancient times, when a country was established, a ritual was held to pray for the people to live comfortably in the land and grain gods. The memorial service for the resignation, which has been held since the Three Kingdoms Period, offers a glimpse into our ancestors' gratitude for nature.

    King Taejo of the Joseon Dynasty established Jongmyo Shrine and Sajikdan Altar (Historic Site No. 121) along with the royal palace to set up Jongmyo Shrine on the east side of Gyeongbokgung Palace, Sajikdan Altar on the west, and Sajikdan Altar in each province to pray for the comfort and good harvest of the people. Sajikdan has assigned divisions (Taesasin and Futosin) and direct divisions (Tajiksin and Hujiksin) to the east and west). The ancestral tablets of Taiji and Taijik face north to the south of the Dansang, the huto god to the left of the Taoist god, and the latter to the left of Taijiksin.

    Usually, ancestral rites were held in February and August, and a rain ritual was held in the event of a major national crisis or drought. The procedures and formalities for holding ancestral rites have changed little by little over time, but gradually we moved away from the stage of imitating the Chinese ways and had our own examples. Various kinds of grain including raw meat of cattle, pigs, and sheep are prepared today, and the rituals are held in the order of spirits, emperors, jinchan, choheonrye, aheonrye, Jongheonrye, Eokbokrye, Cheolbyeondu, songsin, and Mangye (Mangye).

    The music, dance, food, clothing, and rituals used in Sajikje, as well as our own ritual procedures for holding rituals, help us understand traditional culture. In 1894 (the 31st year of King Gojong's reign), the system was changed to the new government system, and was abolished by Japan's coercion in the 2nd year of King Sunjong's reign (1908). Since then, it was restored in October 1988 through the testimony of the late Yi Eun-pyo, who was the holder of the Jongmyo Jeryeondae. Currently, the Sajik Daejebongsa Committee, located within the Jeonju Yi Clan, preserves and inherits the Sajik Daeje.
  • 1986.11.1
    designated date
    Seokjeondaeje is a ritual held at Munmyo Shrine, which honors Confucius, and is also called Munmyo Daeje or Seokjeonje (a ritual for raising meat and playing music). There is no record of when Confucianism was introduced to Korea, but it is assumed that the ritual was conducted in accordance with the ritual customs of ancient China based on the record that Taehak (National University for Confucian Education) was established in the second year (372) of King Sosurim of Goguryeo.

    Seokjeon Daeje is held every February and August in memory of the virtues of Confucius and other saints. The procedure is carried out in the order of Yeongsinrye, Jeon Lungrye, Choheonrye, Gongak, Ahheonrye, Jongheonrye, Eokbokrye, Cheolbyeon, song Sinrye and Mangjae. Music is called Munmyo Jeryeak, which is a Daesung aak that collectively refers to instrumental music, vocal music and dance, and only eight sub-acids are used, and two bands of dungga and Hunga are played alternately according to the procedure.

    Currently, 15 palaces including songs of songs and Imjonggungs were adopted during the reign of King Sejong (r. 1418-1450) during the early Joseon Dynasty, including songsingok, Hwangjonggung Palace, and songsin Hyeopjonggung Palace.

    Seokjeon Daeje is a national event, which is held in a quiet and solemn atmosphere, and has a comprehensive artistic character where music is played and dance is accompanied.
  • 2009.11.5
    designated date
    ‘unless girls dance Worwori Cheongcheong on’ distribution in the East Sea Coast area, one of the game and set up an exemplary woman. It is composed of sounds and dances, and although it is commonly called "Wolwoli Cheongcheong," it has a certain melody, such as "Saturday song" and "Birthday Birthday song". Although it looks like a different song dance at first glance, it is a female sex act that is synthesized between the play, such as Dalnumse, Gate Opening, Mountain Range, Dongae Tada, Jaebapgi, Sillgwimgi, and Jeokguse, in Wolwoli Cheongcheong.
  • 2016.11.8
    designated date
    Many terms are used in the Gyeonggi-do area, such as "jari heart" and "banggaseum," but this is a common term. Walking is one of the ceremonies held on the night of the funeral in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, and is a kind of purification ritual. In shamanism, the surrounding of the dead body and the dead body is defined as unjust, which is a concept viewed from the point of view of the living. Jajari is performed in a ceremony that requires a process to purify injustice, and the background of this death rite is that the living are pursued through rituals for the dead.

    It is a small-scale ritual that does not involve complicated procedures and contents, and consists largely of "negative Cheongbae," "jariwalking," and "backward." Because it is not a exorcism, it does not involve a variety of dances, songs and accompaniment music. Most of the minimal procedures are carried out by sitting down and often by hooks or keys.

    Although various localities and people perform the activities, Jeong Yeong-do's activities have a procedure that draws special attention to the composition and contents of Jeong Yeong-do's activities. The process of purifying unclean places and unclean places clearly reveals the nature of traditional cultural heritage.

    Jeong Yeong-do, the owner of the rock-carrying business, learned how to walk from Kim and Guri 'Doldari Kwon Man-shin', who had been doing business in Bucheon and were called 'Nommal Shin clan Man-shin'. In 1993, the Jajari Jajari Conservation Society was formed to promote the success of Jajari Jageori in Gyeonggi-do.
  • 1973.11.11
    designated date
    Sandae nori refers to the mask dance of the central region. songpa Sandae Nori is a popular play that combines dance, mime, words of virtue and humor as a branch of Sandae-do Gamgeuk enjoyed in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. This play was performed every year on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month and on Dano, Baekjung, and Chuseok.

    songpa Village was the commercial base of Gyeonggi Province, and it was said that about 200 years ago, when songpa Market was the most prosperous, Sandae Nori became popular and was completed in the form of a play that still conveys to this day. songpa Sandae Nori consists of seven chapters, and prior to the play, it is equipped with masks and costumes, played on the road to the venue of the performance while playing music, arranged masks and performed ancestral rites.

    The composition of the play, exaggeration, dance, and mask are almost similar to Yangju Byeolsandae Nori, but several masks, dances, and roles are characterized by their old forms. In other words, in Yangju Byeolsandae Nori, the cremation dance moves that have already disappeared, and the masks of the mother of childbirth, Shin Hal-mi, and the shaman remain, so there are separate roles for these masks. Thirty-three masks made of a bowl, pine bark, and paper are used, and the play style, like other mask dances, is mainly dance, accompanied by jokes and movements.
  • 1980.11.17
    designated date
    Jindo Sushi Kimgut is a ritual in Jindo area that wishes the spirit of the dead to go to a pleasant and comfortable world after solving the lingering resentment in this world. It is called washinggimgut because it cleanses the resentment.

    Because of its strong Buddhist nature, it seems to have been made during the Goryeo Dynasty, and the contents of the rite vary depending on time and place.

    Gwakmeori Washing Gimgut, which is performed next to the corpse when the portrait is made, and 'Sosang Washing Gimgut'On the night of death on the night of the second year's death'Daesang Washinggut'When the sick or bad things happen frequently in the house, and when the tomb is temporarily built (at the beginning of the burial), the grave, the funeral.

    The order of washing gimgut is to announce the celebration to the ancestors and the Cao Wangban on the day of King Cho's descent or the city's assembly, 'Honmaji'Honmangseok'that brings out the souls of the dead, 'Churimaji', which delights the souls of the souls of the dead, and the friends of the dead who serve the dead. *'Wangpul', 'Soulp', 'Samegappul'Samepole'Samepole'Samepole'Semplating the dead for not getting the medicine, 'Snowing', to see if the dead man's grudge has been relieved when his family or relatives hold hands, the dead man's soul comes down and says grudges.

    The music of Jindo Sushi Kimgut will be composed of a flute, daegeum, haegeum, jango, and gong, centering on Yukjabaegimok (Sinawimok). The shaman is dressed in simple clothes, such as white clothes and scarlet bands, and performs the Jijeon dance, which is similar to the Buddhist monk's robe, and solves the resentment of the dead. The song is in the form of a single syllable and a long verse that carries the sound and receives the sound from the back, and is very exciting and beautiful with the sound of the melody and various refined woodwork.

    Jindo Sushi Kimgut is a Buddhist ritual that wishes for the safety of not only the dead but also the living, and has excellent artistic elements and great material value in dance and music.