Hawking - Daejeon Intangible Cultural Property No. 8 +
|Intangible Cultural Property
☆There are many traditional hunting methods, but there are records that hawk hunting - tame hawks and catch pheasants or rabbits - has been practiced in ancient Egypt and Persia for a long time. This hunting method was so popular in India that it was believed to originate in India, and was popular in China during the Yuan Dynasty.
The hawking paintings of ancient tombs in Goguryeo, "The Chronicles of the Three States" and "The Heritage of the Three States" show that hawking has been prevalent in Korea since a long time ago.
In Kando and North Korea, excellent hawks called Haedongcheong were produced and exported to China and Japan. Falcon hunting was especially popular among the aristocracy, and during the Goryeo Dynasty, the government office called Eungbang in charge of breeding and hunting hawks was established. Eungbang installed during the reign of King Chungnyeol of the Goryeo Dynasty continued until the Joseon Dynasty, but there was a lot of controversy over whether to exist or not due to the heavy burden on the people. The practice of hawking was widely spread to the private sector, and was practiced almost nationwide under Japanese colonial rule.
Park Yong-soon, who had been following his father since he was young, was used to hawking. By the fifth grade of elementary school, he had already started hawking. Park Yong-soon's method of hawking and hunting has continued during his military service by raising and training hawks as a zookeeper.