Dancheongjang, North Chungcheong Province Intangible Cultural Property No. 9 +
||Intangible Cultural Property / Traditional Technology / Craft
Dancheong refers to the beautiful and magnificent decoration of wooden structures, woodworking, and sculptures by drawing various patterns and paintings in five colors: blue, red, yellow, white, and black. Dancheong also has a function to prevent corrosion of buildings and objects, cover up the crude nature of materials, and to distinguish them from general practice when performing religious rituals.
Dancheong was popular in China, Korea, and Japan, where Buddhism and Confucianism were prevalent, but Korea is the only place where the tradition continues. The origin of Dancheong in Korea can be found in the ancient tomb murals of Goguryeo and was further developed with the acceptance of Buddhism.
Since ancient times, the government office has been carrying out dancheong such as Hwasa, Hwagong, Gachiljang, and Dochaejang, including palaces, guesthouse, shrine, and nujeong. The temple also had its own group of painters called Geumo and Hwaseung, which also produced Buddhist statues, Buddhist paintings, and sculptures.
The types of dancheong are divided into Gachil dancheong, Gigi dancheong, Morodancheong, Eolgeum dancheong, and Geum dancheong, and are subdivided into Moro-gigi dancheong and Geummoro dancheong.
Kwon Hyeon-gyu, the head of Dancheong, was introduced to Buddhist monk Hwaseung in 1968 at a young age and has devoted himself to Dancheong for more than 30 years, leaving many outstanding works that are stable and magnificent, including dancheong and tanghwa.