Gwangyang Gungsijang No. 12 Intangible Cultural Property of Jeollanam-do


Everlasting Legacies of Korea

Gwangyang Gungsijang No. 12 Intangible Cultural Property of Jeollanam-do +

Classification Intangible Cultural Property
Designated date 1986.9.29
location Gwangyang-si, Jeollanam-do
Gungsijang refers to a person who has the skill and ability to make bows and arrows, who is called a mayor who makes bows and arrows.

In China, it is said that the Korean people have excellent skills in bow making enough to call them Dongyi because they are the people of the east who make good bows and shoot well. Traditional archery has been used since the Three Kingdoms period, and archery has been in the past exam subjects since the early Joseon Dynasty. After the Imjin War (1592), it was used as a weapon of war until the gun was imported. Currently, it is called the national archery to distinguish it from the archery that came from the West.

During the process of making bows, bamboo, mulberry, and water cones are trimmed, while bamboo and mulberry trees are bent over the fire and connected. Cut the bamboo end into V-shape, and the mulberry end is twisted in the opposite shape of V-shape, and glue it in. The core layer, which attaches the water horn to the surface and raises the tendon to the bow, works. After such a process, the drying process (purification control) is carried out for about one month. When the drying process is over, cut the cocoon. At the end of the clipping, adjust the bow's strength according to the bow user's physical strength. The Korean bow is characterized by its use of iron horns and iron core ropes, and its production tools include saws, bamboo hammers, ropes, knives, awls, tongs, wood, combs, and ribs.

The process of making arrows is to select bamboo to be used as a body, dry it sufficiently, and then hold it straight. Work on the onnet and collar for the bow line. The ingredients are bamboo, sari tree, pheasant flag, and folk-fish bush, and the types are wood, iron, ancient, world, and leaf jeon. The arrows used today are leaf jeon made of bamboo.

Gwangyang Gungsijang was designated as an intangible cultural asset to protect and transfer technology as a traditional craft technique. Kim Ki-ki, a functional holder living in Gwangyang, South Jeolla Province, is continuing his career.


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