Seoul Intangible Cultural Heritage No. 28 Musical Instrumentation Control Works (악 (Bullim Control Works) (樂器匠 (Hyeonak Gullim Control Works))


Everlasting Legacies of Korea

Seoul Intangible Cultural Heritage No. 28 Musical Instrumentation Control Works (악 (Bullim Control Works) (樂器匠 (Hyeonak Gullim Control Works)) +

Classification Intangible Cultural Property
Designated date 2002.5.6
location , Seoulteukbyeol-si
A craftsman who makes musical instruments is called a musical instrument master. The names of artisans related to instruments such as pungmuljang, jangjang, and gongjang are visible on the factory lanterns of Gyeongguk Daejeon during the Joseon Dynasty. There are about 60 to 70 types of musical instruments produced in Korea and handed down to date, including our own instruments and those from China or the West. There is no craftsman who makes all of these, but each event is classified as a musical instrument.

There is no clear record, but it is believed that there have been professional craftsmen who make musical instruments since the Three Kingdoms Period. Various wind and string instruments for the murals of Goguryeo tombs.The percussion instruments and others appear, and musical instruments are also visible in the patterns of King Beomjong of Silla. A figure of Gayageum figures is also found in Tou, Silla, which is believed to have been around the 4th century. In addition, the birth of musical instruments can be seen in the tales of Wangsanak in Goguryeo, Kasil King in Gaya, and Manpa Sik in Silla, but there are no stories about artisans and methods of production.

During the Joseon Dynasty, the musical instruments were used to make musical instruments and clothing for national rituals and ceremonies, which were valued by Confucianism.instrumental colors, musical instruments inc.A special department was established, such as the Musical Instruments Agency. In addition, the state-run music organization, the Gukjawon, mobilized craftsmen from various fields to direct and supervise the work, and finally supervised the tuning and ending of musical instruments.

Traditional musical instruments can be classified as string instruments, wind instruments, and percussion instruments, or they can be classified according to their materials, and eight important materials are called selling. Gold and silver are instruments made of metal and have backs. Seok is a stone instrument made of pyeongyeong and special features. These include geomungo, gayageum, haegeum, ajaeng, and Bipa, which are made of silk strings attached to a resonator box. The musical instruments made as dead include a flute, milk stand, sugar drum, and Danso. Po has a raw yellow lantern as an instrument with ingredients of a bowl, and clay is baked with soil, with Hun and Bu.Hyuk is an instrument made by covering a round barrel with leather, including Janggo, Galgo, Jwago, Jeolgo, and Sogo. The neck is made of wood and includes Bak, Chuk, Eo, etc.

There are two types of gayageum: Jeongak Gayageum and Sanjoyageum, which differ in materials, size, tone, and coordination. Jeongak Gayageum makes a resonator by digging a thick oak tree, and Sanjo Yageum makes a resonator box by adding chestnut wood board to make a resonator. Unlike standardized Western instruments, the size gradually grows and becomes smaller depending on the physical condition of the performer. Jeongak Gayageum is about 160 to 170 centimeters wide, 30 centimeters wide and 140 centimeters long.Sanjo Yageum is much smaller and lighter in length and width, but it is said that Jeongak Gayageum was reduced and modified to play folk songs at the end of the Joseon Dynasty.

The paulownia tree should be naturally dried for more than five years by roughly trimming it from 30 to 50 years old. When attaching to a tree with different top and bottom, the sides are placed on the left side, where flowers or cherry trees are used. Yongdu and Bongmi are placed at both ends of the upper plate. Yongdu is the head of the gayageum, and Bongmi is the lower part.

On April 23, 2002, Kim Bok-gon was recognized as the holder of the event.

※For more information on the above cultural assets, please contact the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (☎02-2133-2616).


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