National Intangible Cultural Property No.49 Songpa Sandae Nori +
||Intangible Cultural Heritage / Traditional Performing Arts / Yeonhee
Sandae nori refers to the mask dance of the central region. Songpa Sandae Nori is a popular play that combines dance, mime, words of virtue and humor as a branch of Sandae-do Gamgeuk enjoyed in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. This play was performed every year on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month and on Dano, Baekjung, and Chuseok.
Songpa Village was the commercial base of Gyeonggi Province, and it was said that about 200 years ago, when Songpa Market was the most prosperous, Sandae Nori became popular and was completed in the form of a play that still conveys to this day. Songpa Sandae Nori consists of seven chapters, and prior to the play, it is equipped with masks and costumes, played on the road to the venue of the performance while playing music, arranged masks and performed ancestral rites.
The composition of the play, exaggeration, dance, and mask are almost similar to Yangju Byeolsandae Nori, but several masks, dances, and roles are characterized by their old forms. In other words, in Yangju Byeolsandae Nori, the cremation dance moves that have already disappeared, and the masks of the mother of childbirth, Shin Hal-mi, and the shaman remain, so there are separate roles for these masks. Thirty-three masks made of a bowl, pine bark, and paper are used, and the play style, like other mask dances, is mainly dance, accompanied by jokes and movements.