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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1973.8.8
    Kidnapping Day
    In the case of Kim Dae Jung's abduction, Kim Dae Jung, a politician of the Republic of Korea who was in exile in Japan, was in the vicinity of Grand Palace Hotel Room 2210 in Tokyo, Japan, around 1:00 pm on August 8, 1973, in opposition to the Park Chung-hee Restoration System. It was discovered in front of his home in Seoul on August 13 after being abducted by Korean Central Intelligence Agency personnel.
  • 1936.8.9
    Son Kee-chung's Gold Medal Day
    The 11th Olympic Marathon Awards, which began at 6:15 p.m. on August 9, 1936, at the Main Stadium of the Berlin Olympics in Germany. There were two players who bowed their heads even after getting to the Olympic podium.

    They won a gold medal and a bronze medal in the marathon, the flower of the Olympics. The audience was curious about their solemn impressions. On the podium, they could never be happy.

    At Main Stadium, a Japanese national anthem that colonized their homeland was being played for the winner. They bowed their heads and turned away from the Japanese flag rising to the flagpole.

    Later, the bronze medalist said he envied his colleague who was a gold medalist. The winner was able to cover even the Japanese flag on his chest by holding the oak tree seedling, a souvenir.

    They are Son Ki-jung, the marathoner of colonial Joseon, and Nam Seung-ryong, the bronze medalist.

    Son Kee-chung (August 29, 2012 - November 15, 2002)
    Nam Seung-ryong (November 23, 2012 - February 20, 2001)
  • 1992.8.9
    Gold medal day
    On August 9, 1992, at the Barcelona Olympic Marathon, Young-Jo Hwang (from April 27, 1970) won the championship with a record of 2 hours, 13 minutes and 23 seconds.

    On this day, Son Ki-jeong Ong won the 1936 Berlin Olympics, and Hwang Young-jo became the second Asian to win the Olympic marathon.
  • 1945.8.15
    a national holiday
    Liberation Day was established under the National Day Act enacted on October 1, 1949 as a day to commemorate Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945 and to celebrate the establishment of the Republic of Korea government in 1948.

    Every year on August 15th, the celebration is held and the Liberation Day is celebrated.
  • 1974.8.15
    the opening of the subway system.
    August 15th, 1974, 11 a.m. The opening ceremony of the subway was held in Cheongnyangni, a subway station, and the newspaper published editorials and articles congratulating the opening of the subway.

    On April 12, 1971, three years and four months after the groundbreaking ceremony for Subway Line 1, the 108th train ran between Cheongnyangni and Seoul Station.

    It is the first time in about 110 years since the world's first subway train opened in London, England.

    The emergence of the Seoul subway system, which was described as the "revolution of public transportation," was a symbol of Korea's modernization in the 1970s.

    The subway, which made its first start on the day, ran 15 meters underground and traveled 7.8 kilometers from Cheongnyangni to Seoul Station in 18 minutes. It was a breakthrough in technology at the time, and with the opening of subway line 1, Korea became the third country in Asia to own the subway after Japan and China.
  • 1975.8.15
    the date of completion of the National Assembly building
    With the opening of the 6th National Assembly, the issue of building the National Assembly building was re-discussed in earnest, and the plan was to secure 100,000 pyeong of land in Yeouido and build the National Assembly building gradually according to the demand for the unification of the two Koreas.

    Construction began on the meaningful Constitution Day on July 17, 1969, and completed the main building of the National Assembly building (24,636 pyeong) on August 15, 1975, six years later, and moved from the National Assembly building in Taepyeong-ro on September 2, that year.

    The Capitol covers one-eighth of Yeouido's total area. And the National Assembly building, a reinforced concrete building in the center, is one basement floor and seven ground floors, 122 meters long and 81 meters wide, making it the largest of its kind in the East.

    At the top of the Capitol is a huge dome with a base of 64 meters and a weight of 1,000 tons. The dome is dedicated to twenty-four octagonal pillars, with twenty-four footnotes representing the twenty-four solar terms and eight pillars at the front representing eight degrees nationwide.
  • 1987.8.15
    opening day
    The Independence Hall of Korea is a quasi-government institution and history museum under the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs of the Republic of Korea, located at the Independence Hall 1 (Namhwa-ri 230) in Mokcheon-eup, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do.

    In response to Japan's distortion of history textbooks in 1982, it was opened in 1987 through the National Fund.

    It is a comprehensive academic exhibition hall that collects, preserves, manages, and displays relics and materials related to the independence movement and studies the history of the independence movement.
  • 2010.8.15
    Restoration date
    Gwanghwamun is the main gate to the south of Gyeongbokgung Palace. It means "the great virtue of wages reflects the whole country."

    Built in 1395, a pair of hatch sculptures are located on both sides of Gwanghwamun, a two-story pavilion. There are three Hongyemun (Archimun) on the stone pillars of Gwanghwamun. The middle door was the king's, and the other left and right doors were the servants' doors.

    On the ceiling of the gate in the middle of Gwanghwamun, there is an abacus. Gwanghwamun was destroyed twice by the Korean War, and on August 15, 2010, some restoration works were completed except for Woldae and Haitai.

    In modern times, the name "Gwanghwamun" itself is not only used as a castle gate, but also as a common name for Sejong-ro in Beopjeong-dong, including Sejong-daero and Gwanghwamun Square.

    In fact, the Sejong-daero intersection, where Sejong-daero, Jongno-gu and Saemunan-ro intersect, is about 600 to 700 meters away from Gwanghwamun, but it is often called "Gwanghwamun intersection (intersection)".

    The Uijeongbu and Yukjo government offices were established to perform key administrative functions since the Joseon Dynasty, and this area is one of the places where Seoul's history is implied along with Sungnyemun Gate.

    In other words, it is one of the landmarks in Seoul.
  • 1976.8.18
    Accident date
    On August 18, 1976, a U.S. soldier was killed by a North Korean soldier while pruning a tree in the Panmunjom Joint Security Area.

    The incident closed the "Non-return Bridge," which was the North's driveway, in September, and separated the security of the North Korean and UN forces within the Panmunjom Joint Security Area.
  • 1974.8.19
    a funeral ceremony
    On August 19, 1974, the funeral ceremony for First Lady Yuk Young-soo was held at the Central Office Square.

    Yuk Young-soo was shot and killed by a pistol shot by Moon Se-kwang of the Korean Federation of Korean Industries at the National Theater of Korea on August 15.

    The funeral was held as a national burial ground, and the remains were buried in the National Cemetery.

    ⊙ Yuk Young-soo (November 29, 1925 – August 15, 1974) was the spouse of Park Chung-hee, who served as the fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth president of South Korea.

    The late president's second wife and the 18th president of Park Geun-hye, a businessman, Park Geun Ryung bakjjiman mother.
  • 1973.8.23
    Date of discovery
    Gyeongju Cheonmachong Tomb <Jangni Cheonmado> is a picture of a horse drawn on a long tooth that hangs on both sides of the saddle.

    It is 75cm wide, 53cm long, and 6mm thick, and was discovered in 1973 in Tomb No. 155 (Chunmachong) of Hwangnam-dong, Gyeongju.

    The figure of Cheonma-do and the vine designs on the rim of Cheonma-do during the 5th and 6th centuries of the Silla Period are similar to the patterns of Goguryeo dance guns and ancient tomb murals, indicating that Silla paintings were influenced by Goguryeo.

    It is also worthwhile as it is the only painting of Silla that remains until now.
  • 1969.8.23
    Unveiling day
    On August 23, 1969, the unveiling ceremony of the statue of Baekbeom Kim Koo, the president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, was held at Namsan Outdoor Concert Hall Square in Seoul.

    It was Kim Gu's lunar birthday (August 29, 1876 – June 26, 1949) .

    The statue was erected to commemorate Kim Koo's righteousness in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the memorial service, and was made with donations from all walks of life, including overseas Koreans.
  • 1992.8.24
    Diplomatic day
    On August 24, 1992, Korea and China officially established diplomatic relations.

    South Korea approved China as the only legitimate government, agreeing on China's position that Taiwan is part of China, and China said it supports peaceful reunification of the Korean Peninsula.

    Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between South Korea and China, exchanges between South Korea and China have developed rapidly in various fields.

    In addition to increasing trade volume, social and cultural exchanges increased rapidly.
  • 1972.8.29
    Date of visit to North Korea
    On August 29, 1972, representatives of the Korean Red Cross talks entered Pyongyang for the first time since the division to attend the 1st Red Cross talks.

    The inter-Korean Red Cross talks were held in 1971 by the Korean Red Cross to resolve the separated family problem.

    The first plenary meeting was held in Pyongyang on August 30, 1972, and the second plenary meeting was held in Seoul on September 13 of the same year.
  • 1988.9.3
    an opening day
    On September 3, 1988, the opening ceremony of the Seoul Olympic Athletes' Village was held.

    About 14,000 Olympic athletes and executives stayed in the athletes' village, which closed on October 5 after opening for 33 days from this day.

    The 24th Seoul Olympic Games were held from September 17 to October 2, 1988, with the slogan "World is Seoul, Seoul is World" and 160 countries, the largest ever participated in the Olympics.