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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1997.12.3
    Conclusion Date
    Korea's request for IMF bailout (December 3, 1997 to August 23, 2001) is a case in which Korea, which is on the verge of bankruptcy, signed a memorandum of understanding to receive funding from the IMF.

    It took place on December 3, 1997. A series of corporate bankruptcies caused foreign exchange reserves to plunge and asked the IMF for $2 billion in emergency loans. Amid the foreign exchange crisis, South Korea's foreign exchange reserves plunged to $3.9 billion at one point.

    Thus, after receiving a $19.5 billion bailout from the IMF, the Korean economy has since embraced the economic system demanded by the IMF and began massive national economic restructuring in response to the demand.

    On August 23, 2001, he repaid $19.5 billion in IMF bailout funds early and graduated from the IMF management system.
  • 1962.12.3
    Designated date
    It is a representative native dog of Korea that our ancestors have been raising since long ago in Jindo-gun, Jeollanam-do.

    Jindo dogs are 50 to 55cm tall for males and 45 to 50cm for females, and their heads and faces are octagonal in front of them, and their overall impression is mild.

    The ears are slightly tilted forward and stand upright, and the eyes are triangular and dark yellow or gray.

    The nose is almost black and has a light red color.

    Jindo dogs have a bold personality and are very sensitive to smell and hearing, making them suitable for hunting.

    It is also faithful and smart, and has a good nature of returning to where it lived even after going far away from where it lived, making it suitable for pets and keeping a house.

    It was designated and protected as Natural Monument No. 53 on December 3, 1962.

    In 1995, Jindo dogs were recognized as international protected breeding animals.
  • 1987.12.3
    open unification
    Jungbu Expressway (part of Express National Road No. 35) is a highway in South Korea that connects the two Koreas, starting from Cheongju, North Chungcheong Province, and Hanam, Gyeonggi Province.

    Although the same route number is given as Tongyeong Daejeon Expressway, it is a different route legally and institutionally.

    It was opened on December 3, 1987 to disperse traffic on the Gyeongbu Expressway and promote regional development.
  • 1964.12.3
    opening day
    The Freedom Center, designed by architect Kim Soo-geun (February 20, 1931 to June 14, 1986,) was decided to be established at the 1962 Asian Anti-Communist Federation Provisional Assembly to prevent communist aggression against free Asian countries and to protect peace and security.

    The main building of the Freedom Center, a large convention center, Seoul Club, a social club for high-ranking people, and Tower Hotel, a hotel for foreigners, were established here.

    It is the first government-run building and represents Korea in the 1960s.
  • 2012.12.5
    statutory anniversary
    It is a legal anniversary established to strengthen the balanced development of trade and the will to enter trade.

    In commemoration of November 30, 1964, when Korea first achieved $100 million in exports, the day was designated as 'Export Day' and held an annual anniversary event. Since 1990, it was renamed 'Trade Day' in accordance with the regulations on various anniversaries.

    On December 5, 2011, to commemorate Korea's achievement of $1 trillion in trade volume for the ninth time in the world, the country changed 'Trade Day' to December 5, 2012.

    At the ceremony, gold, silver, and bronze medals, industrial packaging, commendations from the president, prime minister, minister of industry and energy, and chairman of the Korea International Trade Association will be given to companies and organizations according to their export performance.
  • 1979.12.6
    election day
    South Korea's 10th presidential election refers to the election of a successor to fill the remainder of his term on December 6, 1979, as President Park Chung-hee died on October 26, 1979 after failing to complete his term of office that was supposed to expire on December 26, 1984.

    Acting President Choi Kyu-ha, the only candidate in the race, was elected with overwhelming approval ratings.

    The election was conducted in a relatively free atmosphere, which was quite different from the previous one in the National Congress of Unification, with 82 invalid votes, a de facto opposition.

    Acting President Choi Kyu-ha was formally inaugurated as president on December 21, but Chun Doo-hwan became a scarecrow president on December 12 when he staged a coup.
  • 1991.12.9
    the opening day
    On December 9, 1991, the opening ceremony of SBS-TV, a private broadcaster, was held at the Seoul Broadcasting Office in Yeouido, Seoul.

    At the time of its opening, SBS-TV broadcasted channel 6, Seoul and Gyeonggi-do.

    It can be seen as the center of the nation's network of private broadcasting stations, but officially, it is a local private broadcasting station with Seoul, Gyeonggi Province, and Incheon as broadcasting areas.
  • 2000.12.10
    Nobel Peace Prize Day
    Kim Dae-jung (January 6, 1924-August 18, 2009), the 15th President of the Republic of Korea, attended the 2000 Nobel Peace Awards Ceremony held at Oslo City Hall, Norway on December 10, 2000 and received a Nobel Peace Prize certificate and medal. And gave the award speech. . It is the 81st Nobel Prize in the world and the first Korean to win.

    About 1,300 distinguished guests, including King Harle V, King of Norway and Gunna Berger, chairman of the Nobel Committee, attended and congratulated President Kim Dae-jung's Nobel Peace Prize. .

    Through the progress report, Chairman Gunna Berg explained that President Kim Dae-jung has consistently committed his life for democracy, human rights, and reconciliation and cooperation between North and South Korea. He emphasized that it is comparable to Nelson Mandela and Billy Brandt.

    President Kim Dae-jung introduced the process of the inter-Korean summit in detail through his Prime Minister's speech, and human rights are universal and valid values ​​that should be protected and respected regardless of East and West, and for human rights and peace in Korea and the world, and for the reconciliation and cooperation of the Korean people in the future. I pledged to do my best.
  • 1948.12.12
    UN Approval Date
    In the history of the founding of the Republic of Korea, along with August 15, 1948 (Foundation Day), December 12, 1948 is another special day.

    This is because the United Nations approved the Republic of Korea as the only legitimate government on the Korean Peninsula.

    On December 12, 1948, the 3rd United Nations General Assembly declared that it was the only government in Korea with 48 affirmatives, 6 disagreements, and 1 abstention, and finally passed Resolution 195.
  • 1979.12.14
    designated date
    The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated Gyeongju as one of the world's top 10 historic sites on Dec. 14, 1979.

    The Gyeongju Historical and Cultural Area is well preserved with Buddhist relics and royal tombs containing the history and culture of Gyeongju, the capital of the Silla millennium (57 AD 935).

    Depending on the nature of the site, it was divided into five districts and there are 52 designated cultural properties.
  • 1972.12.14
    completion date
    On December 14, 1972, Namsan Foreign Apartment, the first high-rise apartment (17 stories) in Korea, was completed.

    The apartment, which blocked Namsan Mountain, was destroyed and destroyed in November 1994 as part of a project to commemorate the 600th anniversary of the Seoul Metropolitan Government.
  • 1987.12.16
    election day
    The election was held on December 16, 1987 to elect the 13th president of Korea.

    As a result of the June 1987 uprising, it was the first direct presidential election held in 16 years, and the participation rate was very high, with 89.2 percent, the highest since the third presidential election in 1956.

    As a result of the election, Roh Tae-woo of the Democratic Justice Party beat Kim Young-sam of the second-largest United Democratic Party by 8.6 percent of the vote and 1,945,157 votes.

    For the military government, it was a roller coaster election that came to life, but for those who fought hard for democracy, it was a complete election.

    As a result, the Yeongnam-Honam conflict has become more intense, especially between PK and Honam.
  • 1598.12.16
    Die in a war
    Yi Sun-sin (李舜臣, April 28, 1545 to December 16, 1598 (November 19, 1598) was a military official of the mid-Joseon Period who served as the governor of Jindo County and the commander of Jwa-do County in Jeolla Province.

    During the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, he became the commander of the three provinces of Joseon and won consecutive naval battles with the Japanese naval forces due to his leadership, outstanding tactics, outstanding strategies and skillful tactics.

    On November 19, 1598 (Dec. 16, 1598), he took the lead in the Battle of Noryang and Gwaneumpo and was sadly hit by the enemy's stray bullet.

    Until the moment of his death, he quietly closed his eyes, saying, "The fight is urgent, so refrain from saying that I am dead."

    Admiral Yi Sun-sin is revered as a saint who saved Joseon from a crisis.
  • 2009.12.16
    Selection date
    Samsung Economic Research Institute selected and announced the Top 10 Hit Products of 2009 based on the results of a survey of 11,538 Internet users and expert reviews on December 16, 2009.

    According to the survey, the number one hit product of the year was Makgeolli.

    Makgeolli is a type of traditional Korean liquor that is most commonly seen and consumed in Korea along with soju and beer.

    It is one of the breweries whose alcoholic beverages are soaked with rice, filtered out rice wine, and sifted the remaining liquor gimmy back to water.

    Originally, makgeolli is a low-priced product derived from Cheongju.

    However, in modern times, when the demand for rice wine is low, most of them are brewed exclusively for makgeolli and mixed with water to filter it out.

    Makgeolli is called because it was filtered out, and Takju is also called because it is cloudy compared to transparent rice wine.
  • 1963.12.17
    election day
    On October 15, 1963, Park Chung-hee was elected as the fifth presidential election by direct election.

    The gap between Park Chung-hee and Yoon Bo-sun was at least 156,026 votes, the smallest margin ever between the first and second presidential candidates, while the gap between the two candidates was 1.55 percent, the second smallest since the 15th presidential election.