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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1398.10.6
    Jeong Do-jeon's death date
    Jeong Do-jeon (1342~1398) was a civil official, politician, Confucian scholar, and revolutionary during the late Goryeo and early Joseon Periods.

    At the end of the Goryeo Dynasty, he criticized the corrupt politics of the Gwon Mun-se people and the Buddhism that was parasitic on them, and made a key contribution to the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty, a centralized bureaucracy based on Neo-Confucianism.

    As the first meritorious retainer and supreme power of the Joseon Dynasty, he laid the foundation for the 500th anniversary of the Joseon Dynasty by laying the foundation for the ideological foundation of the Joseon Dynasty, and named the buildings and streets of downtown Hanyang by himself.

    Jeong Do-jeon, a revolutionary comrade of Yi Seong-gye, was killed by Bang Won (the third king of Joseon), the fifth son of Yi Seong-gye.
  • 1999.10.6
    Opening Date
    On October 6, 1999, Incheon Subway Line 1 opened, connecting Gyulhyeon-dong (Gyulhyeon Station) in Yeonsu-gu and Dongchun-dong (Dongmak Station) by 24.6km.

    As a result, Incheon was operated for the fourth time in the country after Seoul, Busan, and Daegu.
  • 1969.10.7
    Completion date
    On October 7, 1969, the completion ceremony of the Namgang Dam across the Namgang River, a tributary of the Nakdonggang River, was held in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do.

    It is a multi-purpose dam that will also serve as a hydroelectric power plant while preventing flooding of the Nakdong River and supplying drinking water and agricultural and industrial water, and is 975 meters long and 21 meters high.

    Under the first five-year economic development plan, it was completed in seven years with the help of Korean engineers after the groundbreaking in 1962.

    Jinyang Lake, an artificial lake formed by the construction of a dam, is used as a tourist resource in Jinju along with Jinju Castle and Chokseongnu Pavilion
  • 1446.10.9
    National holiday
    In Korea, the day King Sejong proclaimed Hunminjeongeum as Hangeul Day on October 9, and the national flag was raised as a national holiday.

    On October 9 every year, Hangeul Day celebrations are held and various events are held throughout the country to renew the awareness of Hangeul and to honor the high meaning of King Sejong who spread it.
  • 1993.10.10
    Accident date
    On October 10, 1993, a ferry-ho in the West Sea sank in Wido, Buan-gun, Jeollabuk-do.

    The ship flying between Buan and Gupo carried 362 passengers, more than 221 passengers at the time of the accident, and weighed 110 tons.

    The accident caused a gust of wind in the sea, turning the head of the ship and returning to the port, killing 292 people.
  • 2006.10.14
    election day
    Ban Ki-moon (June 13, 1944 -) is a diplomat and the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations who served as the 7th Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of South Korea.

    After graduating from Seoul National University in 1970, he passed the Foreign Service Examination as the second-highest grade and worked at the Foreign Ministry. Of foreign policy, became the director-general of the Foreign Office secretary for diplomacy and security, the former president, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade through and from November 2006 to January 2004, Roh Moo-hyun.Former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade from the government.

    He was elected the 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations at the General Assembly on October 13, 2006 and began his term as Secretary-General of the United Nations on January 1, 2007, succeeding Kofi Annan.

    In June 2011, a resolution recommending Ban Ki-moon to serve a second term was passed by a round of applause from 192 member countries at the General Assembly, with the unanimous vote of the Security Council and signed by all local groups, and succeeded in his second term as U.N. secretary-General.

    With Ban Ki-moon retiring on Dec. 31, 2016, after completing his 10-year term as U.N. secretary-general, Antonio Guterres, who was elected as the incoming U.N. secretary-general, began his term on Jan. 1, 2017.

    He was elected president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Ethics Committee in 2017.
  • 1946.10.15
    the opening day
    After Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule in 1945, the U.S. military government planned to create a national Seoul National University by integrating other universities specializing in industry and agriculture with Kyungsung Imperial University at the center.

    On July 13, 1946, the U.S. Military Government officially announced the "National Seoul National University Plan" and the "Act on the Establishment of National Seoul National University" was promulgated on August 22, the same year, and Seoul National University was officially established.

    At the time of its opening on October 15, 1946, nine colleges (Munri University, Engineering University, Agricultural College, Law School, College of Education, College of Education, College of Law, College of Education, College of Commerce, College of Medicine, College of Arts, Dental College) and one graduate school were started. Since then, the size of departments and graduate schools has gradually increased.
  • 1963.10.15
    statutory anniversary
    Every October 15th is Physical Education Day. It is the anniversary of the Republic of Korea, which was designated to raise people's awareness of sports, improve physical strength, and realize the ideals of the Olympics.

    On this day, sports events, sports competitions, and other sports events are held at each school, and various sports activities are conducted to suit the situation at work.

    The government also rewards those who have contributed to the development of sports.
  • 1973.10.15
    Completion date
    On October 15, 1973, the completion ceremony of the Soyang River Multipurpose Dam was held in Chuncheon, Gangwon-do.

    The Soyang River Dam is Korea's largest multi-purpose dam with a length of 530 meters, a height of 123 meters, and a reservoir of 2.9 billion tons, and is a four-purpose dam made of sand and gravel.

    It can prevent floods and droughts in the Han River basin, supply various water, and supply power to power generation facilities built together next to the dam.

    At that time, the power generation of the Soyang River Dam was about one-third of the nation's total hydroelectric power.

    The construction was called the three major civil engineering works along with Gyeongbu Expressway and Seoul Subway Line 1. The construction began in 1967 and was completed in about six years.
  • 1972.10.17
    a historic day
    On October 17, 1972, a constitutional amendment was declared to dissolve the National Assembly and suspend political party activities under the emergency martial law.
    The president elected by indirect election and removed the presidential term limit.
    The president was given the right to appoint one-third of lawmakers, to take emergency measures and to dissolve the National Assembly. It was the most undemocratic constitution in history with the Yushin Constitution, which guarantees the president's permanent power and super-constitutional authority.
  • 1973.10.17
    Opening Day
    On October 17, 1973, the National Theater of Korea (currently the National Theater of Korea) was opened in Jangchung-dong, Seoul.

    The Grand Theater of the new National Theater, which was built at the foot of Namsan Mountain, was a state-of-the-art art theater with facilities such as revolving stage and moving stage.

    As the first performance to commemorate its opening, 'Sungwoong Yi Sun-shin' was performed.

    The National Theater of Korea is the first national theater in Asia, founded in 1950.

    It is operated for the purpose of creative development of national art and improving the cultural welfare of the people, and has the National Changgeuk Company, the National Dance Company, and the National Gugak Orchestra.
  • 1920.10.20
    a historic day
    The Korean Independence Army unit, led by General Kim Jwa-jin's Northern Route Army and the Korean Independence Army led by Hong Beom-do, destroyed the Japanese military's godfather in Manchuria.

    The ambush was the main cause of the battle, in which only thousands of independence fighters and tens of thousands of Japanese troops fought, leaving more than 90 people dead, but more than 3,500 Japanese soldiers lost their lives.

    The Battle of Cheongsan-ri was recorded as the most brilliant battle in the history of the Korean armed independence movement.
  • 1945.10.21
    statutory anniversary
    On October 21, 1945, the U.S. Military Police Agency established a legal anniversary to reflect on police officers who overcame adversity and trials as founding, saving, and protecting police officers since the establishment of the U.S. Military Government Office, and to strengthen new resolutions as a force to create an advanced homeland.

    It is October 21 every year, and since the first commemorative event was held in 1948, the day was designated as 'Police Day' in accordance with the order of the Ministry of the Interior, and it was confirmed as a government-sponsored anniversary in 1973 under the regulations on various anniversaries.
  • 1996.10.21
    Hanbok Day was designated in 1996 to arouse interest in hanbok and to promote its excellence and industrial and cultural value.

    Since 2014, the event has been hosted and supervised by the Hanbok Promotion Center under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the Korea Craft Design and Culture Promotion Agency.

    Gyeongbokgung Palace, the center of Seoul and the symbol of the founding of the Joseon Dynasty, was used as a venue to promote the beauty of hanbok to the world and explore the possibility of hanbok as a tourist content.
  • 1945.10.24
    statutory anniversary
    October 24, 1945 is the day to commemorate the establishment of the United Nations in San Francisco, USA.

    Also called 'U.N. Day'. Korea also commemorates the participation of the United Nations forces in the Korean War.

    On March 30, 1973, the Presidential Decree (regulations on various anniversaries, etc.) designated the day as the United Nations Day.