K-HISTORY 10 Page > Little Korea


Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1972.7.4
    Historic event date
    The July 4 South-North Joint Statement (July 4, 1972) is the first joint statement reached and announced by the authorities of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in relation to unification since the division of the country.

    In 1972, at the instruction of Park Chung-hee, Lee Hu-rak, the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, was dispatched to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to meet with Kim Il-sung to establish the three principles of reunification: self-reliance, peace and national unity.

    It was established to reduce the international detente, the withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea, and the arms race, but it was later used by both sides to strengthen their power base through unification discussions.
  • 1970.7.7
    open unification
    The Seoul-Busan Expressway is a national prosperity road that symbolizes the modernization of our country.

    The construction of the Gyeongbu Expressway began on February 1, 1968 and was completed and opened on July 7, 1970, two years and five months later.

    At that time, the highway was completed at 428 kilometers with 8.92 million people, 1.65 million units of extension fee, and 42.9 billion won of construction cost.

    The birth of the Gyeongbu Expressway linking Seoul and Busan gave rise to the development of our economy and the spread of social culture. The structure of transportation changed from railway to road, and the rapid and large volume of freight transport was achieved.

    In addition, the number of industrial complexes increased along the Gyeongbu axis, and the influx of productive population allowed cities to grow. With daily living rights across the country, it has become the driving force behind modernization, urbanization and promoting balanced national development.
  • 1998.7.7
    the day of the championship
    Born in Yuseong, Daejeon on September 28, 1977, Se-ri Park started playing golf in 1989 at the recommendation of her father, Park Joon-cheol.

    He is known to have undergone rigorous training without any days off in order to become the best on his own, such as staying alone until 2 am at the training ground at a young age in elementary school.

    He turned pro in 1996 and took part on the LPGA tour in 1998.

    In the first year of his tour, he won the LPGA Championship and the US Women's Open, winning the Rookie of the Year award.

    She emerged as a national hero, especially as she was broadcast live to the people who were depressed in the financial era of the IMF after struggling to win a bad battle.
  • 1937.7.12
    Visit date
    Helen Adams Kelle r. (June 27, 1880 to June 1, 1968)

    american social activist He is a holy figure who overcame obstacles and worked in various fields, including human rights activists and socialists.

    He visited Korea in 1937 when he was in Japanese colonial era, and when a train bound for Pyongyang stopped briefly in Kaesong after a lecture in Seoul (then Gyeongseong), he did not miss the time. 
    He also visited Daegu. After that, I visited Korea during the Korean War.
  • 2003.7.14
    Start date
    In 2002, the world's first double data rate (DDR) 2 DRAM was developed and mass-produced in 2003, opening the era of high-speed DRAM.

    After 80-nano 1Gb DDR2, 70-nano DDR2 DRAM in 2005, 50-nano 1Gb DDR2 DRAM in 2006, it continued its world's first title in 2010 to 30-nano DDR3 DRAM.
  • 1907.7.14
    Lee Jun Date of death
    In 1905, the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905 was forced. In a situation where it is difficult for him to escape the crisis of his own country, Gojong decided to seek help from foreign powers and sent three special envoys to the Second World Peace Conference in Hague, the Netherlands. Lee Jun, Lee Sang-seol, and Lee Wi-

    They arrived in The Hague, the Netherlands, and headed for the conference room, but were denied attendance. I didn't get a formal invitation.

    When his participation in the World Peace Conference was thwarted, Lee Jun became ill with great anger. A few days later, on July 14, 1907, Hague envoy Lee Jun breathes his last in a small hotel room in a faraway country.
  • 1948.7.17
    a national holiday
    Constitution Day is a national holiday established under the National Day Act 1949 to celebrate the enactment and promulgation of the Constitution on July 17, 1948, pledge to protect its ideology, and promote the spirit of compliance.
  • 1989.7.18
    award day
    Actress Kang Soo-yeon won the best actress award at the 16th Moscow International Film Festival, which ended on July 18, 1989, for director Lim Kwon-taek's "Ajeje Varaise."

    The Moscow Film Festival, which won the best actress award for the first time in Korean film history, is one of the world's four biggest film festivals along with the Cannes, Berlin and Venice film festivals.

    Aje Aje Baraise is a movie about how a bhikkhuni gets Buddhist enlightenment through his departure, wandering and anguish.
  • 1947.7.19
    Yeo Un-hyung's Assassination Day
    Yeo Un-hyung joined the independence movement in 1918, forming the New Korea Youth Party in Shanghai. In 1919, he sent representatives to the Paris Peace Conference to promote Joseon's independence and served as deputy foreign minister for the Shanghai Provisional Government.

    In November 1919, Yeo Un-hyeong was invited by the Japanese cabinet. In a speech to hundreds of Japanese journalists, he insists on the independence of Joseon and criticizes the Japanese government. The Japanese cabinet, which tried to appease Yeo Un-hyeong, is facing a backlash and is facing the dissolution of the House of Representatives. In 1929, Yeo Un-hyung was arrested by Japanese police and jailed for three years. After being released from prison, he became the president of the Chosun Ilbo and posted a photo of Sohn Ki-jung deleting the Japanese flag when he won the marathon at the Berlin Olympics.

    In August 1944, Yeo Un-hyeong gathered patriotic forces from left to right to form a national foundation alliance. This will be the foundation of the National Foundation Preparation Committee, which has a system two days after its liberation. However, the path to establishing a unified government was not easy. The left-right confrontation has become intense within the trusteeship of the Moscow Tripartite Conference. The first joint committee of the U.S. and Japan, which was trying to discuss the formation of a unified provisional government, collapsed.

    In June 1946, Rhee Syng-man proposed the establishment of a single government in Jeongeup, and Yeo Un-hyeong opposed it. Yeo Un-hyung, who pushed for a left-right joint effort to establish a unified government, is bombarded with criticism and attacks from both camps, and constant terror attacks occur against him. Eventually, Yeo Un-hyung was assassinated on July 19, 1947. His death stops his dream of establishing a unified government.
  • 1985.7.19
    Opening Date
    Busan Subway Line 1 was opened on 19 July 1985.

    The route opened was the first stage of the Busan Subway Line 1, connecting the Beomnaegol from Nopo-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan.

    It is the first urban railway line in Busan Metropolitan City, which opened on April 20, 2017, at the end of the section of Dadaepo Beach Station.

    It is the first urban railway to be opened in non-capital cities across the country.
  • 1978.7.20
    completion date
    On July 20, 1978, a nuclear power plant was constructed for the first time in Korean history, and the completion ceremony and groundbreaking ceremony for Units 5 and 6 were held.

    Over the years, the Gori-1 reactor has supported Korea's economic growth.

    In 1978, the first year of operation, the company accounted for 9 percent of the nation's total power generation capacity, and with the increased nuclear power plants, we were able to respond to the greatly increased demand for electricity in the course of economic development.

    On June 19, 2017, the country's first Gori Nuclear Power Plant was permanently shut down 40 years after its completion in 1977.
  • 1979.7.20
    the day of the championship
    Kim Jin-ho (born December 1, 1961) is a native of Yecheon-gun, North Gyeongsang Province who started archery while attending Yecheon Middle School.

    Kim Jin-ho (December 1, 1961) is from Yecheon-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and started archery while attending Yecheon Girls' Middle School.

    He was selected as a national representative while attending Yecheon Girls' High School and won the world archery championship by winning the 30m, 50m, 60m, individual and group competitions at the World Archery Championships held in Berlin in 1979.

    He also raised high expectations at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, but he was unable to participate as a boycott of the Republic of Korea.

    Kim Jin-ho, who again won five crowns at the World Championships held in Los Angeles in 1983, is the first player to show the potential of Korean archery to the world stage.
  • 1948.7.24
    the date of inauguration
    On July 20, 1948, the first presidential and vice-presidential elections were held at the National Assembly.
    It was an indirect election method in which more than two-thirds of the members of the National Assembly attended and more than two-thirds of the members present were required to win the election.

    The three candidates were Rhee Syng-man of the Korean National Congress for Independence and Kim Gu and Ahn Jae-hong of the independents.
    As a result of the election, 197 out of 198 lawmakers in the National Assembly attended, with Rhee winning 92.3 percent of the vote, while Kim Gu won 13 votes and Ahn Jae-hong won two.
    In the vice-presidential election, Lee Si-young was elected with 133 votes.
  • 1970.7.25
    Opening Day
    On July 25, 1970, the largest children's center in the East opened in Namsan, Seoul.

    The building has one basement floor and 18 floors above the ground, with a total construction cost of 600 million won at that time.

    Inside the building is a gymnasium, a swimming pool, a dance room, and a library with 11,000 books.

    Namsan Children's Center was transferred to the National Library of Korea in 1974 and moved to a new center in Neung-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul in 1975.

    Even now, the Namsan branch of the Seoul Science Exhibition Center is continuing its reputation.
  • 1965.7.27
    burial day
    Rhee served as the first president of the Republic of Korea from 1948 to 1960. After becoming the National Assembly speaker in May 1948, he took office as the first president in July and carried out a thorough anti-communist policy.

    During the Korean War, he opposed a cease-fire, and in 1952, the Constitution was revised to a direct presidential election system and re-elected as the second president.

    In 1954, he pushed ahead with a constitutional amendment to abolish the restriction on the second term of the president, and was elected the third president in 1956. During the presidential election on March 15, 1960, the ruling party (Liberty Party) and the government organized a rigged election and were elected for the fourth term, but the April 19 Revolution broke out nationwide.

    On April 26, 1960, Syngman Rhee finally issued a resignation statement and defected to Hawaii. He died in exile in 1965 and was buried in the National Cemetery.