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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1953.7.27
    date of signing an armistice
    The agreement on Korean military cease-fire refers to the armistice agreement that stopped war activities in the Korean War.

    The armistice agreement, signed on July 27, 1953 between U.N. Commander Clarke and Communist Party commander Kim Il-sung and Paengdeokhoe, took effect from 22 p.m.

    As a mandatory clause in the armistice agreement, the peace agreement had to be discussed between the parties to the armistice within three months.

    And the Geneva talks in 1954 had to be discussed in detail, but the U.S. side's avoidance of negotiations did not actually lead to a deep discussion.
  • 1993.7.30
    Departure Date
    On July 30, 1993, 192 South Korean military construction support engineers departed from Seongnam Seoul Airport to participate in Somalia's United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) for the first time in the Korean military.

    The Sangnoksu unit was sent to Somalia from July 1993 to February 1995 to carry out road repairs and community support activities, mostly destroyed by civil war.
  • 1981.8.1
    Effective Date
    From August 1, 1981, the Enforcement Decree of the Passport Act, which aims to liberalize overseas travel, was implemented.

    The revised enforcement ordinance of the Passport Act, which was revised in line with the expansion of national power and international exchanges, calls for expanding the scope of permission for overseas travel and simplifying the passport application process.

    Single and multiple passports have been removed, and married couples travel abroad and age restrictions have been abolished.

    The full liberalization of overseas travel took place in 1989, when the confidence of successfully hosting the 1988 Seoul Olympics and the internationalization through the Olympics increased demand for overseas travel.
  • 1976.8.1
    Gold medal day
    Born in Busan on 22 January 1953, Yang Jung-mo won the gold medal in the freestyle 62 kg category at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal.

    South Korea won the gold medal for the first time in the Olympic Games since Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule.
  • 1762.8.5
    Jeong Yak-yong's Birthday
    Jeong Yak-yong (丁若鏞, August 5, 1762 (June 16, 1762) to April 7, 1836, 1836 (February 22, 1836) was a civil servant, writer, poet, philosopher, scientist, and engineer of the late Joseon Dynasty.

    It contributed greatly to laying the foundation for modern engineering in the Joseon Dynasty. In addition, Jeong Yak-yong integrated the ideas of Silhak, which came down through the interests of Hyungwon and Seongho, into one body.

    Books related to Neo-Confucianism, astronomy, geography, history, industry, and clothing, as well as "Gyeongse Youpyo," "Mokminsimseo," and "Humheum Sinseo" are all examples of social, economic, and ideological affairs, which can be said to be the result of "multi-academics."

    In 2012, Jeong was selected as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage along with Russo and Hesse.
  • 1953.8.5
    Exchange day
    On August 5, 1953, the exchange of prisoners of war began.

    The exchange of prisoners was the first exchange of prisoners under the extradition agreement signed in June of the same year.
  • 1993.8.6
    Date of hosting
    On August 6, 1993, the opening ceremony of the Daejeon Expo was held. The fair was held for 93 days with 108 countries from around the world participating under the theme of “The Road to a New Leap Forward”.

    In 1993, the Daejeon Expo was held as the first World Expo Organization accredited expo held in developing countries.

    It was a commemorative expo where Korea, which participated in the Chicago Expo in 1893 for the first time as an 8-room tiled house, became the host country after 100 years.
  • 2020.8.7
    Holiday
    The traditional events of each country are held on the 7th day of the 7th lunar month (July 7th in the Gregorian calendar) in Korea, China, and Japan.

    On the evening of the seventh stone day, Gyeon Woo-sung and Jing Nyeo-seong on both banks of the Milky Way meet once a year.

    There is a legend that two stars, Gyun-woo and Jing-nyuh, whispered their love and met across the Milky Way once a year on the eve of the Chilseok festival.

    At this time, magpies and crows spread their wings and set up bridges, which are called Ojakgyo Bridge.

    During the Chilseok period, the heat decreases slightly and the rainy season is usually rough, but the rain is called Chilseok Water.

    During this period, pumpkins were well opened, and cucumbers and melons were served a lot, so the private sector made pumpkin pancakes and prayed to Chilsung.
  • 1973.8.8
    Kidnapping Day
    In the case of Kim Dae Jung's abduction, Kim Dae Jung, a politician of the Republic of Korea who was in exile in Japan, was in the vicinity of Grand Palace Hotel Room 2210 in Tokyo, Japan, around 1:00 pm on August 8, 1973, in opposition to the Park Chung-hee Restoration System. It was discovered in front of his home in Seoul on August 13 after being abducted by Korean Central Intelligence Agency personnel.
  • 1936.8.9
    Son Kee-chung's Gold Medal Day
    The 11th Olympic Marathon Awards, which began at 6:15 p.m. on August 9, 1936, at the Main Stadium of the Berlin Olympics in Germany. There were two players who bowed their heads even after getting to the Olympic podium.

    They won a gold medal and a bronze medal in the marathon, the flower of the Olympics. The audience was curious about their solemn impressions. On the podium, they could never be happy.

    At Main Stadium, a Japanese national anthem that colonized their homeland was being played for the winner. They bowed their heads and turned away from the Japanese flag rising to the flagpole.

    Later, the bronze medalist said he envied his colleague who was a gold medalist. The winner was able to cover even the Japanese flag on his chest by holding the oak tree seedling, a souvenir.

    They are Son Ki-jung, the marathoner of colonial Joseon, and Nam Seung-ryong, the bronze medalist.

    Son Kee-chung (August 29, 2012 - November 15, 2002)
    Nam Seung-ryong (November 23, 2012 - February 20, 2001)
  • 1992.8.9
    Gold medal day
    On August 9, 1992, at the Barcelona Olympic Marathon, Young-Jo Hwang (from April 27, 1970) won the championship with a record of 2 hours, 13 minutes and 23 seconds.

    On this day, Son Ki-jeong Ong won the 1936 Berlin Olympics, and Hwang Young-jo became the second Asian to win the Olympic marathon.
  • 1945.8.15
    a national holiday
    Liberation Day was established under the National Day Act enacted on October 1, 1949 as a day to commemorate Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945 and to celebrate the establishment of the Republic of Korea government in 1948.

    Every year on August 15th, the celebration is held and the Liberation Day is celebrated.
  • 1974.8.15
    the opening of the subway system.
    August 15th, 1974, 11 a.m. The opening ceremony of the subway was held in Cheongnyangni, a subway station, and the newspaper published editorials and articles congratulating the opening of the subway.

    On April 12, 1971, three years and four months after the groundbreaking ceremony for Subway Line 1, the 108th train ran between Cheongnyangni and Seoul Station.

    It is the first time in about 110 years since the world's first subway train opened in London, England.

    The emergence of the Seoul subway system, which was described as the "revolution of public transportation," was a symbol of Korea's modernization in the 1970s.

    The subway, which made its first start on the day, ran 15 meters underground and traveled 7.8 kilometers from Cheongnyangni to Seoul Station in 18 minutes. It was a breakthrough in technology at the time, and with the opening of subway line 1, Korea became the third country in Asia to own the subway after Japan and China.
  • 1975.8.15
    the date of completion of the National Assembly building
    With the opening of the 6th National Assembly, the issue of building the National Assembly building was re-discussed in earnest, and the plan was to secure 100,000 pyeong of land in Yeouido and build the National Assembly building gradually according to the demand for the unification of the two Koreas.

    Construction began on the meaningful Constitution Day on July 17, 1969, and completed the main building of the National Assembly building (24,636 pyeong) on August 15, 1975, six years later, and moved from the National Assembly building in Taepyeong-ro on September 2, that year.

    The Capitol covers one-eighth of Yeouido's total area. And the National Assembly building, a reinforced concrete building in the center, is one basement floor and seven ground floors, 122 meters long and 81 meters wide, making it the largest of its kind in the East.

    At the top of the Capitol is a huge dome with a base of 64 meters and a weight of 1,000 tons. The dome is dedicated to twenty-four octagonal pillars, with twenty-four footnotes representing the twenty-four solar terms and eight pillars at the front representing eight degrees nationwide.
  • 1987.8.15
    opening day
    The Independence Hall of Korea is a quasi-government institution and history museum under the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs of the Republic of Korea, located at the Independence Hall 1 (Namhwa-ri 230) in Mokcheon-eup, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do.

    In response to Japan's distortion of history textbooks in 1982, it was opened in 1987 through the National Fund.

    It is a comprehensive academic exhibition hall that collects, preserves, manages, and displays relics and materials related to the independence movement and studies the history of the independence movement.