K-HISTORY 2 Page > Little Korea

K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1883.10.31
    Han Sung Sun-bo's First Day
    The first modern newspaper in Korea was "Hanseong Sunbo," which was published on October 31, 1883. The newspaper was published by the government organization, Park Mun-guk, but the reformers of the time aimed to promote the idea of enlightenment by promoting foreign affairs to the public.

    Hanseong Sunbo was closed due to the Gabsin Coup, which took place the following year after its foundation, but it was published again on January 25, 1886, and was published until 1888.

    Meanwhile, Korea's first private newspaper was the "Independence Newspaper" founded by Seo Jae-pil on April 7, 1896. The newspaper carried out the exclusive use of Hangeul and spacing, which greatly influenced the subsequent production of private newspapers.
  • 1953.11.3
    statutory anniversary
    It was established to foster students' self-regulation and patriotism by inheriting and developing the spirit of the Gwangju Student Anti-Japanese Movement in 1929.

    November 3, 1953 was designated as 'Student Day' and November 23, 1956 was designated as 'Anti-Communist Students' Day.'

    According to the Regulations on Various Anniversary, etc. in September 1984, "Student Day" became a legal anniversary on November 3, and was renamed "Student Independence Movement Day" in 2006.
  • 1997.11.6
    Completion date
    On November 6, 1997, the completion ceremony of the Dokdo berthing facility was held at the Dokdo Museum in Ulleungdo.

    The Dokdo berthing facility started construction in April 1996 for the safety of vessels entering and leaving Dokdo, such as Dokdo defense and transportation of goods, and started construction in April 1996. It consisted of a simple pier and a 100m ramp.

    The monument built at the completion of the berthing facility is engraved with the sentence, "At the end of the eastern part of the Republic of Korea, let the stormy waves lie down and we plant the Korean spirit on Dokdo."
  • 1968.11.7
    opening day
    On November 7, 1968, the opening ceremony of Sewoon Shopping Center in Jongno, Seoul was held. The mall was built with a total floor space of 10,470 pyeong and 13 floors above ground, with a private capital of 612 million won.

    To be exact, it is the first residential and commercial complex in Korea under the name of the entire residential and commercial complex that connects Jongno 3-ga and Toegye-ro 3-ga.

    The name Sewoon Sangga was named by Seoul Mayor Kim Hyun-ok at the time, meaning "the energy of the world should gather here."

    At first, high-end residential apartments and shops existed together, but since the 1960s, this area has been a place of business that fixes and sells all kinds of junk from U.S. military units, and the shops here have become a mecca of electronic products including household appliances.

    Since then, the rapid development of Gangnam has led to the disappearance of Merritt as a residential area, and eventually, apartments at the top have been converted into commercial buildings as engineers' workshops.

    The formerly stagnant commercial atmosphere has been transformed through urban regeneration projects, and now people are visiting more frequently.
  • 1978.11.7
    Date of creation
    On November 7, 1978, the founding ceremony of the ROK-US Combined Forces Command was held at the U.S. military base in Yongsan, Seoul.

    The ROK-US Combined Forces Command is a military command that integrates and directs South Korean and U.S. troops stationed in South Korea, and is tasked with suppressing aggression against South Korea and jointly responding to the outbreak of war.

    With the establishment of the ROK-US Combined Forces Command, South Korea's operational control, which had been exercised by the United Nations Command since the Korean War, was transferred to this command, and Korea officially regained its peacetime operational control in December 1994.
  • 1878.11.9
    birthday
    Patriot of the Korean Empire (on March 10, 1938, on November 9, to 1878 and 安昌浩) An education reform activist and social activist who enlightened farmers and independent activists, educators, politicians of the Japanese occupation.

    During his lifetime, he organized and organized Korean-American organizations such as Heungsadan and the Korean National Association, and participated in and led the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea from April 1919.

    On March 21, 1988, after his death, an honorary diploma was awarded to him at the Salvation School, where Ahn Chang-ho studied, namely, Shinjang Middle School and Gyeongshin High School (a school of Presbyterian Church belonging to the integration of the Presbyterian Church of Korea).
  • 1991.11.9
    statutory anniversary
    It is an anniversary established to raise awareness and understanding of fires and to protect people's property and lives from fires by preventing fires in advance.

    With the establishment of the government in 1948, the government set a period of emphasis on fire and held commemorative events on November 1st, such as the commendation of meritorious persons and the campaign to watch out for fire.

    Since 1963, the Ministry of the Interior has organized a Fire Protection Day event. In 1991, the Firefighting Act was amended to establish November 9 as Firefighting Day, which symbolizes 119.
  • 1973.11.9
    opening day
    Dosan Park is a park in Sinsa-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul.

    Construction began in 1971 and opened in 1973. The park was named after Ahn Chang-ho's penchant for patriotism and education.

    It is the place where Dosan Ahn Chang-ho and his wife Lee Hye-ryeon were buried together. There is a statue of Ahn Chang-ho on the east side of the park, and a walkway stretches around the center, which is round like a Western-style garden.

    The Dosan Ahn Chang-ho Memorial Hall in Dosan Park displays photos, letters, temporary government feedbooks and Dosan diaries that give you a quick look at Dosan's life and thoughts.

    It is also equipped with a touch screen where you can see Dosan's notes, annals, and pictures.

    Ahn Chang-ho (November 9, 1878-March 10, 1938) was an educational reform activist and patriotic enlightenment activist in the Korean Empire, and an independence activist, educator, and politician during the Japanese occupation.
  • 1996.11.11
    statutory anniversary
    The commemorative event was held on November 11, 1964, and was promoted to the statutory anniversary from November 11, 1996.

    Since 2003, the Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs has designated November 11 as a bar rice cake day for the young generation to eat bar rice cake instead of Pepero Day.

    Since then, it has spread, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is also holding a bar rice cake day as part of the Farmers' Day event.
  • 1977.11.11
    Occurrence date
    On November 11, 1977, about 30 tons of gunpowder exploded at Iri Station in Jeollabuk-do.

    The main cause of the accident was the "safety insensitivity" of the truck convoy and the neglect of various regulations and principles.

    The accident destroyed most of the houses and buildings less than 500 meters around Iri Station, killing 59 people and causing 6.1 billion won in property damage.

    The largest explosion in Korea has shocked the entire Korean society, making it one of the top 10 news stories in Korea that year.
  • 1970.11.13
    self-destructing day
    Since 1965, Jeon Tae-il has been working as a tailor at the Seoul Peace Market, experiencing poor working conditions and human rights violations by Sida and other female workers.
    In 1969, the Peace Market Foundation organized a group called 'Babohoe' and conducted a survey on poor working conditions and violations of the Labor Standards Act to petition the Labor Office, but the appeals of the workers were not accepted.

    After working as a construction worker from September 1969 to April 1970, he returned to Pyeonghwa Market in September 1970 and organized the Samdong Friendship Society.
    He and his colleagues asked the government, the media, etc. to improve the working conditions of the peace market, but the working conditions did not improve.

    On November 13, 1970, when members of Samdonghoe, including Jeon Tae-il, were forcibly disbanded by the police while trying to stage a picket demonstration at Pyeonghwa Market, Jeon Tae-il soaked himself with gasoline and burned himself to death.

    Jeon Tae-il's resistance to self-defense was an opportunity for the lives of workers who were sacrificed in the government's industrialization process to be highlighted as social problems, and later greatly influenced the Korean labor movement, democratic movement, and student movement.
  • 1996.11.13
    Demolition date
    On November 13, 1996, the Government-General of Korea building was completely demolished.

    The Japanese Government-General's Office was completed in 1926 and was used as the U.S. Military Government Office and the Central Office after the liberation of Korea.

    It was used as the National Museum of Korea in the 1980s, but was demolished in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Korea in 1995.
  • 1980.11.14
    press suppression day
    The consolidation of the press was a measure of the consolidation of the press, which was promoted under the direction of Chun Doo-hwan in November 1980.

    On November 14, 1980, the Korean Association of Newspapers and Broadcasters held an extraordinary general meeting under pressure from the new military, and decided to merge the press, which included the consolidation of newspapers, broadcasting and telecommunications, the establishment of a public system for broadcasting, and the creation of the only large private telecommunications company.

    The resolution included "autonomous reorganization of newspapers, broadcasting and telecommunications," but in fact it was the result of coercion by the Chun Doo-hwan administration, which dragged the publishers and managers subject to the merger to the security company and forced them to stamp a memorandum that they had no objection to the merger.

    According to the memorandum, 64 media outlets across the country, including 28 newspapers, 29 broadcasts and seven communications, were merged into 18 media outlets, including 14 newspapers, three broadcasts and one communication, and 172 types of periodicals were closed.
  • 1905.11.17
    compulsory treaty date
    The treaty was signed on Nov. 17, 1905 (the 42nd year of King Gojong's reign), between Park Je-soon, the outside minister of the Korean Empire, and Hayashi Konsuke Hayashi, the Japanese legation in Korea, under the siege of the Japanese military, which calls for delegating the diplomatic rights of the Korean Empire to the Japanese government and dispatching Japanese officials named Tonggam and Director.

    Ito Hirobumi was sent to South Korea's invitation so strongly when he took over to the foundation of Japanese colonial rule and carried out the work. Typically, it took control of Korea's central and provincial governments through the Tonggambu and the board of directors, which meant the early formation of the colonial governing body.

    The official name does not exist because the original title of the treaty does not exist. Therefore, Korean and Japanese academia in a variety of views with ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1907, the second.Convention between Korea and Japan ’, named as ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’ and ‘foster a treaty draft of the Korea-Japan diplomatic’.

    The main plot of ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’ the Korean Empire's diplomatic sovereignty to delegate to the Japanese government and install the Japanese Resident-General of Korea and isacheong Korea of Protection Agency and Korean Empire's work.The deprivation of diplomatic rights.
  • 1997.11.17
    statutory anniversary
    It is a legal anniversary established to convey the spirit of independence and sacrifice of patriotic martyrs who devoted themselves to the restoration of national sovereignty to future generations and to honor the spirit and exploits of patriotic martyrs.

    On November 21, 1939, at the 31st extraordinary general meeting of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, which was the center of the Korean independence movement, the national holiday of the country was established as a joint memorial day for patriotic martyrs for the country at the suggestion of six people, including Ji Cheong-cheon and Cha Yi-seok.

    Later, the event was held under the supervision of the provisional government until the Liberation of August 15th, and was included in the Memorial Day memorial service organized by private organizations from 1946 to 1969, the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs from 1962 to 1969, and again from 1970 to 1996.

    However, it was restored as a government memorial day on May 9, 1997, following the long-cherished desire and long-cherished desire of the bereaved families of independence fighters, and has been held as a government-sponsored event since November 17 of that year.