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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1962.12.20
    designated date of national treasure
    The gilt-bronze Amitabha Buddha statue of Bulguksa Temple in Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province, is a gilt-bronze Amitabha Buddha statue of Silla during the period of the two Koreas.

    On December 20, 1962, it was designated as the 27th National Treasure of Korea, Geumdong Amitabha Buddha, and changed its name to the current one on June 28, 2010.
  • 2009.12.21
    a date designated as a historical site
    Bulguksa Temple is a temple belonging to the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism on Mount Toham in the east of Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province. It was reconstructed on a large scale during the reign of King Gyeongdeok of Silla and King Hyegong of Silla.

    Since the Silla Dynasty, it has been contracted several times from Goryeo to the Joseon Dynasty, and was burned down during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592. It is the headquarters of the 11th Diocese of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism and was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.
  • 1968.12.21
    Opening Date
    Construction began on March 24, 1967 and was completed on December 21, 1968.

    The Gyeongin Expressway, built in preparation for the rapid increase in transportation demand between Seoul and Incheon, is Korea's first highway, although the road extension is short, meaningful in that it has provided an opportunity to enter the era of highway and high growth.
  • 1960.12.30
    renaming day
    On December 30, 1960, six months after the collapse of the Liberal Party regime of Rhee Syng-man and the Democratic Party of the Second Republic, President Yoon Bo-sun changed the name of his residence from Kyungmudae to Cheong Wa Dae.

    Seeing that the roof of the main building of Gyeongmudae is blue, there is a theory that President Yoon, who studied archaeology in college, changed his name to "Cheong Wa Dae" with his major knowledge.

    Yoon Bo-sun (August 26, 1897 to July 18, 1990) is a politician who served as the fourth president of the Republic of Korea.

    He served as Seoul mayor from December 15, 1948 to June 5, 1949 and as the fourth president of the Republic of Korea from August 13, 1960 to March 23, 1962.
  • 1594101865
    National anthem
    Unlike the solemn and heavy national anthem we've heard for 23 years,
    The new national anthem (arranged by composer Park In-young) was produced with a cheerful and friendly feeling.
  • 1600230268
    Japanese brutality
    Japanese military sexual slavery (日本軍性奴隸制度) (日本軍慰安婦) or Japanese military sexual slavery system is one of Japan's war crimes, to connivance and involvement of the Japanese government.Committed, and wartime sexual crimes such as rape targeting women in the occupied territories.

    During World War II, the Japanese government needed to solve the problem of relieving the sexual desire of Japanese soldiers. However, in order to maintain the confidentiality of the military, military brothels were created and women from colonies and occupied areas were recruited and managed.

    This is their 'Japanese military sexual slavery ' -- in other words. Japanese military sexual slavery of the problem, and as the classic case for employment there was fraud. In mainland Japan, on the Korean Peninsula and on Taiwan, pimps introduce " jobs.," " I'm going to work at the factory.Small girls like said, " is to arrive and when and for comfort drawing.

    Until recently, this historical error and problem have been ongoing.
  • 2020.1.1
    the day of sacrificial rites
    Jongmyo Shrine, located in Jongno-gu, Seoul, is where the ancestral tablets of kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty were held.

    It is a cultural heritage that shows the royal ritual culture, a Confucian tradition of the Joseon Dynasty, and the spatial planning method is very unique and in excellent state of preservation.

    It was built and maintained in the late 14th century, but was destroyed during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in the early 17th century, and was later added to the current state as needed.

    Jongmyo Shrine is also a World Heritage Site, but Jongmyo Jerye and Jongmyo Jeryeak, which are held in Jongmyo Shrine, are also registered as intangible assets.
  • 1907.1.1
    first movie theater
    Dansungsa Temple is Korea's first full-fledged permanent theater built in 1907 in Myo-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul.

    Close to Exit 3 of Jongno 3-ga Subway Station, it faces 1958 CGV Piccadilly.

    On October 27, 1919, Dansungsa screened 'Loyal Guto' which was first made with domestic capital by a Korean.

    In the late 1990s, when the number of spectators decreased due to the lack of multi-cultural theaters, the company attempted to transform itself into a multiplex with 10 pipes by completing a new building in 2005, but it closed its doors in just three years.

    After several auction procedures, it was acquired by an affiliate of Youngan Hat. Baek Sung-hak, chairman of Youngan Moja, has preserved a theater inside Danseongsa Temple and built a movie history museum on the second basement floor to display 5,500 films, including movie posts and movie production equipment.

    The exhibits also include bricks and original photographs of the building, which was newly built in 1934. Some of the fruits of Korean films that almost disappeared have survived.
  • 1963.1.1
    Promotion Date
    On January 1, 1963, Busan, the second largest city in South Korea, was promoted to a municipality (currently a metropolitan city).

    Busan's population rapidly increased when evacuees gathered during the Korean War and became a temporary capital, and then the size of the city gradually expanded for sustainable economic development.

    It was a municipality for 18 years until Daegu and Incheon were promoted to municipalities in 1981.
  • 1982.1.2
    Presentation date
    In 1982, students' autonomy in school uniforms and hairstyles was announced.

    It states that school uniforms are autonomous from the first half of 1982 and school uniforms from 1983.
  • 1951.1.4
    Event day
    On January 4, 1951, during the Korean War, the Korean and UN forces recaptured the capital Seoul due to the success of the landing operation in Incheon, and gave up Seoul again and retreated extensively due to the Chinese military's coming down from China.

    The population of Busan will exceed 1.2 million in March 1951, as refugees created by the 1.4 retreat continue to flock to Busan, the safest temporary capital of the country.

    Two months later, the Korean and U.N. forces recovered Seoul in mid-March.
  • 1982.1.5
    The date of cancellation of the night curfew
    The curfew, which began on September 8, 1945 under the U.S. Military Government's decree No. 1 and was enforced for 36 years and four months until its abolition on January 5, 1982, was called a total ban on people's passage from midnight every night until 4 a.m. the following day, and was also called curfew and night labor.

    At first, it was only implemented in Seoul and Incheon, but after the Korean War, it expanded nationwide from April 1954 and was banned from night traffic from 10 p.m. to 4 a.m.

    In 1961, curfews were reduced from 12 p.m. to 4 a.m., Jeju in 1964 and Chungbuk in 1965 were excluded from the curfew, but the curfew was maintained until 1982.
  • 1987.1.14
    Date of death
    Park Jong-chul, a student at Seoul National University, died of police torture while being investigated in the anti-aircraft division in Namyeong-dong, the security headquarters.

    On January 14, 1987, at the end of the Chun Doo-hwan administration, police arrested and tortured Park Jong-chul, a linguistic student at Seoul National University.

    The incident was a major trigger for the June 1987 uprising, as the truth was revealed despite the public security authorities' systematic attempts to cover up the incident.
  • 1962.1.15
    the opening day
    On January 15, 1962, the Gwanghwamun Telephone Office opened.

    With the U.S. development loan, the state-of-the-art equipment from Siemens and Halske, Germany, will be able to accommodate 30,000 telephone lines.

    For the first time in Korea, it was a telephone station with automatic exchange facilities in Korea.
  • 1963.1.18
    designated date
    Changdeokgung Palace was the second royal villa built following the construction of Gyeongbokgung Palace in 1405. It was the principal palace for many kings of the Joseon dynasty, and is the most well-preserved of the five remaining royal Joseon palaces. The palace grounds are comprised of a public palace area, a royal family residence building, and the rear garden. Known as a place of rest for the kings, the rear garden boasts a gigantic tree that is over 300 years old, a small pond and a pavilion.

    The palace gained importance starting from the time of Seongjong, the 9th king of Joseon, when a number of kings began using it as a place of residence. Unfortunately, the palace was burned down by angry citizens in 1592 when the royal family fled their abode during the Japanese invasion of Korea. Thanks to Gwanghaegun, the palace was restored in 1611. Even today, it houses a number of cultural treasures, such as Injeongjeon Hall, Daejojeon Hall, Seonjeongjeon Hall, and Nakseonjae Hall.

    Changdeokgung Palace’s garden behind the inner hall, called the Secret Garden, was constructed during the reign of King Taejong and served as a resting place for the royal family members. The garden had formerly been called Bugwon and Geumwon, but was renamed Biwon Garden after King Gojong came into power. The garden was kept as natural as possible and was touched by human hands only when absolutely necessary. Buyongjeong Pavilion, Buyongji Pond, Juhamnu Pavilion, Eosumun Gate, Yeonghwadang Hall, Bullomun Gate, Aeryeonjeong Pavilion, and Yeongyeongdang Hall are some of the many attractions that occupy the garden. The most beautiful time to see the garden is during the fall when the autumn foliage is at its peak and the leaves have just started to fall.

    Though it has been treasured by Koreans for centuries, Changdeokgung Palace was recognized as a World Cultural Heritage site by the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Committee in December of 1997 during the committee meeting in Naples, Italy.