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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1987.11.19
    the date of death
    Lee Byung-chul (Lee Byung-chul, Feb. 12, 1910 to Nov. 19, 1987) is a South Korean businessman who founded Samsung Group, CJ Group and Hansol Group JoongAng Ilbo.

    In 1938, he founded Samsung Corporation and later engaged in trade. It established Samsung C&T in 1951, Cheil Jedang and Cheil Industries in 1953, and expanded its manufacturing business through exports to pave the way for Samsung Group, including Samsung Heavy Industries Co., Samsung C&T Corp. and Samsung Petrochemical Co.

    He also entered broadcasting and media by establishing TBC in May 1964 and JoongAng Ilbo in September of the following year. However, the JoongAng Ilbo handed it over to the Hong Jin-ki family.

    Since then, devoted to business activities, Samsung Electronics and Samsung Electro-Mechanics have been successful in exporting electronics products by establishing them in 1969.
  • 1970.11.19
    Completion date
    Sejong the Great Memorial Hall is a memorial hall located in Cheongnyangri-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, and was built to celebrate the success and achievements of Sejong the Great and to preserve it for a long time.

    The Sejong Daiou Memorial Business Association was laid down on October 9, 1968, completed on November 19, 1970, and opened on October 9, 1973.

    It consists of exhibition rooms such as Sejong the Great's one's life story room, Hangul room, science room, and Korean traditional music room.
  • 2012.11.20
    Registration date
    Namdaemun Market, which started in 1414 when the Joseon Dynasty was the 14th year of King Taejong's reign, was established by the Namdaemun Market Merchants Association after Korea's liberation from Japan's colonial rule, and has been in the form of a corporation jointly invested by building owners and merchants in 1964, boasting a history of more than 600 years.

    The average number of visitors to Namdaemun Market, which has a traditional appearance, present and overflowing vitality, reaches 300,000 a day, with some 10,000 stores starting from Sungnyemun Gate.

    Geographically, it is the most popular attraction for foreigners visiting Seoul as it is located near major buildings in Seoul, including Shinsegae Department Store and the Bank of Korea, as well as tourist attractions such as Jeongdong-gil, Myeong-dong, Namsan Tower, and Namsan Hanok Village.
  • 1968.11.21
    issue date
    The issuance of resident registration cards began on November 21, 1968.

    Resident registration cards were replaced by city and provincial certificates issued after the Korean War and have been used for various purposes such as identification of oneself, identification for public administration affairs, criminal investigation, and finding separated families.
  • 1977.11.22
    a date designated as a historical site
    Tongqing Myeong-dong Cathedral is a cathedral of the Catholic Archdiocese of Seoul located in Myeong-dong 2-ga, Jung-gu, Seoul, and is both a symbol and heart of the Korean Catholic Church.

    This is the first place where the Korean church community was born and the remains of many martyrs were enshrined.

    It is the first large-scale Gothic Catholic church built on the Korean Peninsula and the first main hall in Korea (a cathedral where priests reside and minister).

    On November 22, 1977, it was designated as Historic Site No. 258.

    Homepage ▶ http://www.mdsd.or.kr
  • 2019.11.22
    award day
    Cha Bum-keun (born May 22, 1953) is a South Korean retired footballer who plays as a football coach, commentator and critic.

    Cha Bum-keun, who started his career in Germany at the German Bundesliga SV Darmstadt in 1978, has a record of 121 goals.

    When he played in the Bundesliga, it was difficult for Germans to call Cha Bum-keun's Romanization, so he called him Tscha Bum.

    It was nicknamed the Brown Bomber because of its rapid penetration into space and its strong appearance in aerial warfare.

    Cha Beom-geun was awarded the Cross Merit Medal for his decades of efforts to develop relations between South Korea and Germany.

    As Koreans, the late Cardinal Kim Soo-hwan and the late President Kim Dae-jung were awarded.
  • 1983.11.30
    award day
    Founded in 1972 by Chairman Chung Ju-yung, Hyundai Shipbuilding changed its name to Hyundai Heavy Industries in 1978 and continued to grow.
    In 1983, the company not only won the $1 billion export tower for the first time among Korean companies, but also became the world's No. 1 shipbuilding company in terms of ship building volume, beating Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of Japan.
    In June 2019, Hyundai Heavy Industries Group launched Korea Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., an integrated shipbuilding corporation.
  • 1963.11.30
    First Awards Day
    On November 30, 1963, a film awards ceremony was held to improve the quality of Korean films and to develop the film industry.

    It was first hosted by the Chosun Ilbo. Among the domestic film awards ceremonies, the Grand Bell Awards and the Baeksang Arts Awards are considered one of the top three film awards, and are recognized as the highest authority among them. Currently, it is hosted by Sports Chosun and broadcast live by SBS.

    On November 30, 1963, the first Blue Dragon Film Awards ceremony was held at the Civic Center.

    Lee Man-hee, director of "The Marine Who Never Returns," won the director's award at the film festival for 17 theatrical films, while actors Um Aeng-ran and Shin Sung-il won the popularity award by voting.

    The 40th Blue Dragon Film Awards in 2019 was won by director Bong Joon-ho's film "Parasite," which won five awards, including the director's award.
  • 1980.12.1
    broadcast start date
    Starting with the live broadcast of the 17th Export Day ceremony at 10:30 a.m. on December 1, 1980, the curtain of the color TV era was opened in Korea.

    Prior to the broadcast, as the color-adjusting test radio was shown in color, spectators gathered in front of the television store and looked at it with curiosity.

    On the first day of color broadcasting, KBS 1TV has been broadcasting full-time from 5:20 p.m., and satellite broadcasting of semi-finals with children's programs such as 'Program Guide', 'Baby Charge', 'Children's Relay Car Launching', and 'Lee Joo-il's Children's Children's Children's World, and Kings Cup Soccer Korea vs. Thailand B team.

    From December 22, KBS 2TV and MBC-TV also started color test broadcasts, and all TV stations in Korea will be color broadcasting.
  • 1988.12.1
    opening day
    On December 1, 1988, the 'Yoon Bong-gil Memorial Hall' was completed at Yangjae Citizens' Forest Park in Seocho-gu, Seoul.

    This memorial hall was built to mark the 55th anniversary of the death of Yun Bong-gil.

    On a 2,000-pyeong plot of land, there is an exhibition room for artifacts, galleries, and video exhibition rooms with one basement floor and three ground floors.

    Yoon Bong-gil was born in 1908 in South Chungcheong Province as the son of a poor farmer.

    His real name is Wu Ui, his pen name is Maeheon, and Bonggil is his nickname.

    Doctor Yoon Bong-gil ended his short life on December 19, 1932, when he walked the single path of the independence movement after injecting a bomb into Shanghai Park.
  • 1975.12.1
    Production commencement date
    Pony, Korea's first unique model, has become a touchstone for Korea today to stand shoulder to shoulder with the rest of the world in the ranks of automobile producers.

    Pony, which began production on Dec. 1, 1975, was 140 kilometers at a maximum speed, 1,238 cc in emissions and 2.289 million won at the time, at its Ulsan plant, which was created under Hyundai Motor's basic plan to build a comprehensive auto plant since 1973.

    The sleek fast-back style Pony, designed by Italian designer Georgeto Zizuaro, is regarded as the No. 1 domestic car that opened the doors of the Micah era in Korea while exporting its first overseas in 1976, starting with its first production of 50 units.
  • 1997.12.3
    Conclusion Date
    Korea's request for IMF bailout (December 3, 1997 to August 23, 2001) is a case in which Korea, which is on the verge of bankruptcy, signed a memorandum of understanding to receive funding from the IMF.

    It took place on December 3, 1997. A series of corporate bankruptcies caused foreign exchange reserves to plunge and asked the IMF for $2 billion in emergency loans. Amid the foreign exchange crisis, South Korea's foreign exchange reserves plunged to $3.9 billion at one point.

    Thus, after receiving a $19.5 billion bailout from the IMF, the Korean economy has since embraced the economic system demanded by the IMF and began massive national economic restructuring in response to the demand.

    On August 23, 2001, he repaid $19.5 billion in IMF bailout funds early and graduated from the IMF management system.
  • 1962.12.3
    Designated date
    It is a representative native dog of Korea that our ancestors have been raising since long ago in Jindo-gun, Jeollanam-do.

    Jindo dogs are 50 to 55cm tall for males and 45 to 50cm for females, and their heads and faces are octagonal in front of them, and their overall impression is mild.

    The ears are slightly tilted forward and stand upright, and the eyes are triangular and dark yellow or gray.

    The nose is almost black and has a light red color.

    Jindo dogs have a bold personality and are very sensitive to smell and hearing, making them suitable for hunting.

    It is also faithful and smart, and has a good nature of returning to where it lived even after going far away from where it lived, making it suitable for pets and keeping a house.

    It was designated and protected as Natural Monument No. 53 on December 3, 1962.

    In 1995, Jindo dogs were recognized as international protected breeding animals.
  • 1987.12.3
    open unification
    Jungbu Expressway (part of Express National Road No. 35) is a highway in South Korea that connects the two Koreas, starting from Cheongju, North Chungcheong Province, and Hanam, Gyeonggi Province.

    Although the same route number is given as Tongyeong Daejeon Expressway, it is a different route legally and institutionally.

    It was opened on December 3, 1987 to disperse traffic on the Gyeongbu Expressway and promote regional development.
  • 1964.12.3
    opening day
    The Freedom Center, designed by architect Kim Soo-geun (February 20, 1931 to June 14, 1986,) was decided to be established at the 1962 Asian Anti-Communist Federation Provisional Assembly to prevent communist aggression against free Asian countries and to protect peace and security.

    The main building of the Freedom Center, a large convention center, Seoul Club, a social club for high-ranking people, and Tower Hotel, a hotel for foreigners, were established here.

    It is the first government-run building and represents Korea in the 1960s.