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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1965.5.15
    statutory anniversary
    Teacher's Day is a day made to thank teachers for their hard work and is enacted and implemented in various countries, and every year October 5th is celebrated as World Teachers'' Day.

    In Korea, Teacher's Day was established on May 15 in time for King Sejong's Gregorian birthday from 1965.

    The government will reward education contributors at the ceremony on Teacher's Day, and the winners will be given opportunities to inspect domestic and foreign industries.

    In addition, various school alumni associations, women's organizations, and social organizations voluntarily offer private banking services, especially by launching a "Finding Old Teachers" campaign to thank their teachers for their grace and deepen their priestly relations, while finding and comforting those who are suffering from illness and living difficulties among retired teachers.

    The seniors and juniors and students hold a "Night of Grace" with their old teacher and teacher to thank their teacher for his grace, and attach carnations to his teacher. In addition, special lectures, sit-ins, and tea parties on the role of teachers will be held.
  • 1994.5.15
    statutory anniversary
    It aims to promote the importance of family and to create an atmosphere of active participation in individuals, families and society for healthy families.

    In 1989, the 44th United Nations General Assembly set 1994 as the 'World Family Year' and designated May 15 as 'World Family Day' with the aim of raising awareness among the government and the private sector about the role and importance of family responsibilities.

    In February 2004, May 15 was designated as Family Day by the Framework Act on Healthy Families.
  • 1967.5.15
    Date of discovery
    On May 15, 1967, the Silla Oak investigation team announced that they had discovered the tomb of King Munmu in Silla.

    According to the Samgungnyusa (The Heritage of the Three States), King Munmu left a will that if he cremated after he died and buried it in the East Sea, he would become a dragon and prevent the Japanese invasion of the East Sea.

    It is located off the coast of Bonggil-ri, Munmudaewang-myeon, Gyeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do.

    This rock, called Daewangam, is a natural rock in the sea close to the beach, and was designated as Historic Site No. 158 in 1967.
  • 2001.5.18
    Registration date
    The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and Its Music is also known as 'Jongmyomusic' as the general name for instrumental music, song and dance performed at the memorial service for the kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty.

    It is also called Jongmyo Daeje because it was a large and important ritual held in Jongmyo during the Joseon Dynasty
  • 1980.5.18
    Statutory anniversary
    It is a democratization movement held by citizens of Gwangju Metropolitan City and Jeollanam-do region from May 18th to 27th, 1980.

    They demanded the abolition of martial law, the resignation of new military personnel, including security commander Chun Doo-hwan, and the release of Kim Dae-jung.

    It was the political tragedy that caused the most casualties after the Korean War in 1950, and was one of the biggest events in the process of democratization in Korea.

    At the time of the outbreak in 1980, it was defined as a riot (Gwangju Incident) by very few impurities and mobs, but on April 1, 1988, after the inauguration of the 6th Republic, it was formally defined as the'Gwangju Democratization Movement' by the Democratization Promotion Committee.

    "May 18 Democratic Movement Anniversary" was established as a court anniversary in May 1997, and in May 2011, a documentary related to the May 18 Democratic Movement was officially registered as a UNESCO World Record Heritage Site.
  • 1957.5.19
    opening date
    On May 19, 1957, the 1st Miss Korea Contest was held at the Seoul Metropolitan Theater in Jung-gu, Seoul.

    Seven people who passed the preliminaries participated in the finals, and Park Hyun-ok, the winner of the first competition, participated in Miss Universe.
  • 1442.5.19
    day of invention
    'Invention Day' is a day defined to promote the progress of technology by promoting invention ideas, and is May 19 every year.

    This was established in 1957 to commemorate the day King Sejong officially began using the rain gauge on May 19, 1442, after Jang Yeong-sil invented the world's first rain gauge in 1441, 23 (the year of King Sejong's reign).

    In March 1973, the day of invention was merged into the day of the sky under the regulations on various anniversaries, etc., but was revived in 1982 when the Korean Patent Association expanded and reorganized into the Korea Invention Patent Association.

    Meanwhile, the rain gauge invented during the Joseon Dynasty was made with the need for a more scientific method to prepare for drought and flooding for agriculture.

    It consists of a steel cylinder with a depth of 241 cm and a diameter of 16 cm, and a rain basin made of stone. The water collected in the barrel was measured with casts.

    In particular, the rain gauge of Joseon was about 200 years ahead of the one invented by Italy's B. Gattelli in 1639.
  • 2021.5.19
    It was established to commemorate the birth of Sakyamuni.

    It is one of Korea's legal holidays, which falls on the 8th of April in the lunar calendar.

    The date of the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year, usually in early to mid-May.
  • 1984.5.22
    Opening Date
    On May 22, 1984, the light bulb section of Seoul Subway Line 2 was opened.

    With the complete opening of Line No. 2 connecting the two Koreas of the Han River, Seoul is in full swing in the subway era of subway trains.
  • 1592.5.23
    the date of the outbreak
    The Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, from May 23, 1592 to December 16, 1598, was a war between Joseon and Ming China versus Japan.

    It was an international war that shook the history of East Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries, with tremendous influence not only on Joseon but also Ming and Japan, which were the main stages of the war.

    From the Japanese perspective, although the original purpose of 'conquering Joseon and entering the continent' was not achieved, it also gained cultural benefits such as pottery manufacturing techniques, looting metal types, and inflow of Neo-Confucianism by looting various human and material resources from Joseon.

    It also re-emerged as a major player in the international situation in East Asia a thousand years after the Battle of the Baekgang River in the 7th century. The beginning of the fall of the Ming Dynasty, which had reigned as an absolute hegemonic power in East Asia, was also foreign exchange, including the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592.

    It is no exaggeration to say that the Korean peninsula was devastated by the war.

    There are many legends about Yi Sun-sin, who is revered as a sacred hero, as well as about various righteous army generals throughout the country, and it is still being handed down to this day.
  • 1973.5.25
    Hosting date
    On May 25, 1973, 200 male athletes and executives from 19 countries participated in the first World Taekwondo Championships.

    On May 28, 1973, 35 representatives from 19 countries gathered to form the World Taekwondo Federation.

    Until the 7th competition in 1985, only men's competitions were held, and the 1st World Women's Taekwondo Championships were held together with women's athletes participating in the 8th competition in 1987.
  • 1961.6.1
    Date of creation
    From June 1, 1961, recruitment for the first year of ROTC (student military training group) at 16 universities nationwide began.

    The ROTC system is for the efficient recruitment of beginner officers and is modeled after the US school district system.

    The 1st semester broke through the 3-on-1 competition, and 2,642 people passed, of whom 1,768 were appointed in 1963.
  • 2010.6.1
    Statutory anniversary
    Righteous army Day is the anniversary of the Republic of Korea, which is organized by the Ministry of Public Administration and Security to hold an event to honor the noble spirit of sacrifice and inspire the people's love for the country.

    It was established as a legal anniversary in May 2010. It has been celebrated since 2011.
  • 1986.6.2
    game day
    The Mexico World Cup soccer tournament was held with the interest of billions of people around the world.

    The Korean national team, which reached the World Cup final for the first time in 32 years, had a bloody confrontation with world-class players.

    At first, Argentina scored three goals, but the Korean players did their best without giving up until the end.

    Finally, Captain Park Chang-seon scored one goal and scored the first goal in the history of World Cup soccer.
  • 1990.6.4
    the date of the meeting
    President Roh Tae-woo and President Gorbachev of the Soviet Union held their first summit in San Francisco on June 4, 1990.

    During the talks, the two leaders agreed to develop bilateral ties into diplomatic relations.

    Since then, additional summits have been held in Moscow (December 1990) and Jeju Island (April 1991).