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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1971.9.29
    completion date
    On September 29, 1971, the completion ceremony of 5.16 Square was held in Yeouido.

    The plaza was completed seven months after its construction began, and was able to accommodate 550,000 people at the same time with a 120,000-pyeong scale.

    The name was changed to 'Yeouido Plaza' and the park was established in 1997.

    In 1999, it was opened as a "Yeouido Park" with ecological forests and lawns.
  • 2005.10.1
    completion date
    The Seoul Metropolitan Government spent 380 billion won to complete the 5.84km section on September 30, 2005, starting with the demolition of the Cheonggyecheon High School on July 1, 2003, in front of the Dong-A Ilbo building in Gwanghwamun, to the Sindap Railroad Bridge in Seongdong-gu.

    The Cheonggyecheon restoration project has a positive aspect in that it has torn down the old Cheonggye Pass, which used to be a nuisance, provided citizens with rest areas in the city center, and created new tourist attractions.

    In fact, about 190 million Koreans and foreigners visited the stream for 10 years from 2005 to 2015.
  • 1956.10.1
    Event day
    Armed Forces Day was established in 1956 to commemorate October 1, 1950, when the Armed Forces first crossed the 38th parallel.

    After the establishment of the Defense Security Guard, the commemorative events held by each army, air force, and navy were integrated into October 1st and designated as anniversaries.

    Since 1976, Armed Forces Day has been established as a public holiday and celebrated the day by holding various events, but it has been excluded from legal holidays due to the fact that it is less efficient in economic activities due to too many holidays in October.

    Currently, Armed Forces Day is only holding commemorative events.
  • 1997.10.2
    statutory anniversary
    In 1997, the Ministry of Health and Welfare first established the Elderly's Day as a legal anniversary. Originally, Senior Citizens' Day was supposed to coincide with October 1, 1991 designated by the United Nations, but the following day, October 2, was designated as an anniversary day as 'International Senior Citizens' Day' overlapped.

    It is a day to celebrate the efforts of senior citizens who have promoted the traditional customs of Korea, inherited and developed traditional culture, and to reflect on the problems of senior citizens that have emerged as a major social problem in recent years.

    The Senior Citizens' Day event will be awarded medals, packages, and commendations from the president, prime minister of state, and the minister of health and welfare to people or organizations that have worked hard on the welfare of senior citizens.

    In addition, Cheongnyeojang, a traditional cane made of silkworms, will be presented to senior citizens who turn 100 that year. Cheongnyeojang refers to a long-lived cane, which is made of grass called Myeongaju, which is light and hard.
  • 1974.10.3
    opening day
    On October 3, 1974, the Korean Folk Village opened in Yongin, Gyeonggi-do.

    Located at 90 Folk Village Road, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, the Korean Folk Village is a comprehensive tourist destination with the theme of traditional culture built to preserve and transfer our folk culture and to use it as a tourist resource and field-training educational facility.

    The Korean Folk Village reproduces the customs and lifestyle of the late Joseon Dynasty by combining houses of 99 kan yangban houses, intangible cultural assets such as pungmul nori, tightrope walking, and folk crafts such as bamboo work, embroidery, and knots.
  • 1949.10.3
    a national holiday
    Gaecheonjeol, which means "Gaecheon" that opened the sky, is a day to commemorate Hwanung's descent from the sky below the new Dansu of Baekdusan Mountain, or Dangun Wanggeom's establishment of Gojoseon on October 3 of the lunar calendar in 2333 B.C. (the first year of Dangun's reign.

    It was established to inherit the founding ideology of the Hongik people, to promote pride as a cultural nation with a long history and tradition, and to pray for the eternal prosperity of the descendants.

    The National Foundation Day celebration was held on October 3, 1948 in the lunar calendar. With the enactment of the "National Day Act" in 1949, the National Foundation Day celebration was held on October 3, the Gregorian calendar.

    On this day, the national flag of the Republic of Korea will be hoisted.
  • 1965.10.4
    Kang Jae-gu's death date
    Major Kang Jae-gu (姜在求, July 26, 1937 to October 4, 1965) was born in Incheon in 1937 and graduated from Seoul High School before being commissioned as the 16th major of the Korea Military Academy in March 1960.

    One soldier practices throwing grenades at the training ground of the Maengho unit. When the grenade fell where the troops were, Lieutenant Kang Jae-gu, the company commander, threw himself and sacrificed himself.

    After his death, the army general was posthumously appointed as a major, and a statue of him was erected at the Korea Military Academy.
  • 1398.10.6
    Jeong Do-jeon's death date
    Jeong Do-jeon (1342~1398) was a civil official, politician, Confucian scholar, and revolutionary during the late Goryeo and early Joseon Periods.

    At the end of the Goryeo Dynasty, he criticized the corrupt politics of the Gwon Mun-se people and the Buddhism that was parasitic on them, and made a key contribution to the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty, a centralized bureaucracy based on Neo-Confucianism.

    As the first meritorious retainer and supreme power of the Joseon Dynasty, he laid the foundation for the 500th anniversary of the Joseon Dynasty by laying the foundation for the ideological foundation of the Joseon Dynasty, and named the buildings and streets of downtown Hanyang by himself.

    Jeong Do-jeon, a revolutionary comrade of Yi Seong-gye, was killed by Bang Won (the third king of Joseon), the fifth son of Yi Seong-gye.
  • 1999.10.6
    Opening Date
    On October 6, 1999, Incheon Subway Line 1 opened, connecting Gyulhyeon-dong (Gyulhyeon Station) in Yeonsu-gu and Dongchun-dong (Dongmak Station) by 24.6km.

    As a result, Incheon was operated for the fourth time in the country after Seoul, Busan, and Daegu.
  • 1969.10.7
    Completion date
    On October 7, 1969, the completion ceremony of the Namgang Dam across the Namgang River, a tributary of the Nakdonggang River, was held in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do.

    It is a multi-purpose dam that will also serve as a hydroelectric power plant while preventing flooding of the Nakdong River and supplying drinking water and agricultural and industrial water, and is 975 meters long and 21 meters high.

    Under the first five-year economic development plan, it was completed in seven years with the help of Korean engineers after the groundbreaking in 1962.

    Jinyang Lake, an artificial lake formed by the construction of a dam, is used as a tourist resource in Jinju along with Jinju Castle and Chokseongnu Pavilion
  • 1446.10.9
    National holiday
    In Korea, the day King Sejong proclaimed Hunminjeongeum as Hangeul Day on October 9, and the national flag was raised as a national holiday.

    On October 9 every year, Hangeul Day celebrations are held and various events are held throughout the country to renew the awareness of Hangeul and to honor the high meaning of King Sejong who spread it.
  • 1993.10.10
    Accident date
    On October 10, 1993, a ferry-ho in the West Sea sank in Wido, Buan-gun, Jeollabuk-do.

    The ship flying between Buan and Gupo carried 362 passengers, more than 221 passengers at the time of the accident, and weighed 110 tons.

    The accident caused a gust of wind in the sea, turning the head of the ship and returning to the port, killing 292 people.
  • 2006.10.14
    election day
    Ban Ki-moon (June 13, 1944 -) is a diplomat and the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations who served as the 7th Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of South Korea.

    After graduating from Seoul National University in 1970, he passed the Foreign Service Examination as the second-highest grade and worked at the Foreign Ministry. Of foreign policy, became the director-general of the Foreign Office secretary for diplomacy and security, the former president, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade through and from November 2006 to January 2004, Roh Moo-hyun.Former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade from the government.

    He was elected the 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations at the General Assembly on October 13, 2006 and began his term as Secretary-General of the United Nations on January 1, 2007, succeeding Kofi Annan.

    In June 2011, a resolution recommending Ban Ki-moon to serve a second term was passed by a round of applause from 192 member countries at the General Assembly, with the unanimous vote of the Security Council and signed by all local groups, and succeeded in his second term as U.N. secretary-General.

    With Ban Ki-moon retiring on Dec. 31, 2016, after completing his 10-year term as U.N. secretary-general, Antonio Guterres, who was elected as the incoming U.N. secretary-general, began his term on Jan. 1, 2017.

    He was elected president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Ethics Committee in 2017.
  • 1946.10.15
    the opening day
    After Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule in 1945, the U.S. military government planned to create a national Seoul National University by integrating other universities specializing in industry and agriculture with Kyungsung Imperial University at the center.

    On July 13, 1946, the U.S. Military Government officially announced the "National Seoul National University Plan" and the "Act on the Establishment of National Seoul National University" was promulgated on August 22, the same year, and Seoul National University was officially established.

    At the time of its opening on October 15, 1946, nine colleges (Munri University, Engineering University, Agricultural College, Law School, College of Education, College of Education, College of Law, College of Education, College of Commerce, College of Medicine, College of Arts, Dental College) and one graduate school were started. Since then, the size of departments and graduate schools has gradually increased.
  • 1963.10.15
    statutory anniversary
    Every October 15th is Physical Education Day. It is the anniversary of the Republic of Korea, which was designated to raise people's awareness of sports, improve physical strength, and realize the ideals of the Olympics.

    On this day, sports events, sports competitions, and other sports events are held at each school, and various sports activities are conducted to suit the situation at work.

    The government also rewards those who have contributed to the development of sports.