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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1973.10.15
    Completion date
    On October 15, 1973, the completion ceremony of the Soyang River Multipurpose Dam was held in Chuncheon, Gangwon-do.

    The Soyang River Dam is Korea's largest multi-purpose dam with a length of 530 meters, a height of 123 meters, and a reservoir of 2.9 billion tons, and is a four-purpose dam made of sand and gravel.

    It can prevent floods and droughts in the Han River basin, supply various water, and supply power to power generation facilities built together next to the dam.

    At that time, the power generation of the Soyang River Dam was about one-third of the nation's total hydroelectric power.

    The construction was called the three major civil engineering works along with Gyeongbu Expressway and Seoul Subway Line 1. The construction began in 1967 and was completed in about six years.
  • 1972.10.17
    a historic day
    On October 17, 1972, a constitutional amendment was declared to dissolve the National Assembly and suspend political party activities under the emergency martial law.
    The president elected by indirect election and removed the presidential term limit.
    The president was given the right to appoint one-third of lawmakers, to take emergency measures and to dissolve the National Assembly. It was the most undemocratic constitution in history with the Yushin Constitution, which guarantees the president's permanent power and super-constitutional authority.
  • 1973.10.17
    Opening Day
    On October 17, 1973, the National Theater of Korea (currently the National Theater of Korea) was opened in Jangchung-dong, Seoul.

    The Grand Theater of the new National Theater, which was built at the foot of Namsan Mountain, was a state-of-the-art art theater with facilities such as revolving stage and moving stage.

    As the first performance to commemorate its opening, 'Sungwoong Yi Sun-shin' was performed.

    The National Theater of Korea is the first national theater in Asia, founded in 1950.

    It is operated for the purpose of creative development of national art and improving the cultural welfare of the people, and has the National Changgeuk Company, the National Dance Company, and the National Gugak Orchestra.
  • 1920.10.20
    a historic day
    The Korean Independence Army unit, led by General Kim Jwa-jin's Northern Route Army and the Korean Independence Army led by Hong Beom-do, destroyed the Japanese military's godfather in Manchuria.

    The ambush was the main cause of the battle, in which only thousands of independence fighters and tens of thousands of Japanese troops fought, leaving more than 90 people dead, but more than 3,500 Japanese soldiers lost their lives.

    The Battle of Cheongsan-ri was recorded as the most brilliant battle in the history of the Korean armed independence movement.
  • 1945.10.21
    statutory anniversary
    On October 21, 1945, the U.S. Military Police Agency established a legal anniversary to reflect on police officers who overcame adversity and trials as founding, saving, and protecting police officers since the establishment of the U.S. Military Government Office, and to strengthen new resolutions as a force to create an advanced homeland.

    It is October 21 every year, and since the first commemorative event was held in 1948, the day was designated as 'Police Day' in accordance with the order of the Ministry of the Interior, and it was confirmed as a government-sponsored anniversary in 1973 under the regulations on various anniversaries.
  • 1996.10.21
    Hanbok Day was designated in 1996 to arouse interest in hanbok and to promote its excellence and industrial and cultural value.

    Since 2014, the event has been hosted and supervised by the Hanbok Promotion Center under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the Korea Craft Design and Culture Promotion Agency.

    Gyeongbokgung Palace, the center of Seoul and the symbol of the founding of the Joseon Dynasty, was used as a venue to promote the beauty of hanbok to the world and explore the possibility of hanbok as a tourist content.
  • 1945.10.24
    statutory anniversary
    October 24, 1945 is the day to commemorate the establishment of the United Nations in San Francisco, USA.

    Also called 'U.N. Day'. Korea also commemorates the participation of the United Nations forces in the Korean War.

    On March 30, 1973, the Presidential Decree (regulations on various anniversaries, etc.) designated the day as the United Nations Day.
  • 1991.10.25
    a date designated as a historical site
    It is a historic park located in Jongno, Seoul. It was renamed Tapgol Park from Pagoda Park in 1991 and is designated as Historic Site No. 354.

    The reason Tapgol Park is important in Korea's modern and contemporary history is because it is the birthplace of the March 1 Independence Movement, which first read the Declaration of Independence during the March 1 Independence Movement in 1919.

    On March 1, 1919, people gathered here to listen to the Declaration of Independence and started the March 1 Independence Movement. Therefore, Japanese colonial era Pagoda Park was also a popular place for people to soothe their country's lost sorrow.

    Currently, there are cultural assets such as the 10-story stone pagoda of Wongaksa Temple Site, the second national treasure, and the third treasure, Wongaksa Monument, the March 1 Independence Movement Memorial Tower, the March 1 Movement Wall Painting, the statue of Uiam Son Byung-hee, and the monument of Han Yong-un.
  • 2000.10.25
    designated date
    Dokdo Day was established by a private organization, the Dokdo Guard, to commemorate the establishment of Dokdo as a subsidiary of Ulleungdo Island on October 25, 1900 by Imperial Gojong in 2000.

    Japanese textbooks claim that Dokdo is Japan's land, but Dokdo is truly Korean land, and Japan aims at Dokdo's resources and various benefits and makes a one-sided argument that is not true at all.

    The fact that Dokdo is Korean territory can be found in a number of key documents related to Dokdo's sovereignty, such as Scarpin No. 677, and Dokdo can be seen from Ulleungdo, but Dokdo cannot be seen from any Japanese island. .

    In addition to this, there is a lot of evidence that Dokdo is Korean territory. Japanese people are not aware of this because the Japanese government has educated students with textbooks containing false information about Dokdo.
  • 1979.10.26
    President Park Chung-hee's Death Day
    On October 26, 1979, President Park Chung-hee had a banquet with Kim Jae-gyu (金~, 1926~1980), chief of staff Kim Gye-won ( 19, 1923~2016), and chief of security Cha Ji-cheol (7, 1934~1979), who were at odds with Cha Ji-cheol, at the reception hall in Gungjeong-dong after the opening ceremony of the Dangjin radio station and the completion ceremony of the Sapgyocheon seawall. As a result of the October 26 incident, the 18-year-old Park Chung-hee administration ended.
  • 1909.10.26
    a historic day
    On October 26, 1909, Ahn Jung-geun killed Hirobumi Ito of Japan who visited Harbin to discuss the right to construct the Manchurian railway and the annexation of the Korean Peninsula.

    Ahn Jung-geun was executed on March 26, 1910 after being arrested by a Russian military police for shouting "Hurrah for the Republic of Korea" at the scene.

    Ahn Jung-geun (from September 2, 1879 to March 26, 1910) is a soldier of the Korean Empire, commander of the anti-Japanese righteous army and political thinker.
  • 1335.10.27
    Taejo Lee Seong-gye's Birth Day
    Lee Seong-gye (October 27, 1335 (October 11, 1335) to June 18, 1408 (May 24, 1408) was the first king to be a shaman, politician, and founder of Joseon.

    Lee Seong-gye became famous for his distinguished military service in the war against Japanese pirates and the Red Turban Invasion of Korea at the end of the Goryeo Dynasty. The Yuihwado Rebellion eliminated King Wu and Choe Yeong and took political and military power in one hand.

    In conjunction with emerging political forces, the new dynasty 'Joseon' was founded to replace Goryeo. He was reigned for seven years from 1392 to 1398, and was succeeded by King Jeongjong, the second king, in the wake of the prince's rebellion.
  • 1905.10.27
    date of establishment
    The Korean Red Cross is a non-profit special corporation in South Korea.

    Since the establishment of the Korean Empire Red Cross in 1905 under the Imperial Emperor Gojong's edict, we have been sharing the moment of Korea's historic transition.

    On September 28, 1955, he joined the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Cross as the 74th member.

    By the side of the independent forces that struggled to regain their homeland, by the young men who cried out for democracy, by our neighbors struggling with disasters and accidents, and by the countless people who had to bear the weight of life, together have sought hope and overcome hardships and adversity.
  • 1909.10.29
    Bank of Korea Establishment Date
    The Bank of Korea is the nation's central bank and was founded on June 12, 1950. He took over the work and staff of the Bank of Korea, which served as the central bank in the Japanese colonial era.

    The Chosun Bank only changed its name in 1911, shortly after the annexation of Korea, the former 'Korea Bank' which was established by the Japanese government in 1909 at the end of the Korean Empire. The Bank of Korea began issuing the bank notes in 1914, and it also carried out deposit and loan work for the general public until it was changed to the Bank of Korea after liberation.

    The Bank of Korea (BOK) did a great job as a central bank during the Korean War, which broke out just two weeks after its foundation. In July, a month after the outbreak of the war, the Bank of Korea issued the Bank of Korea (BOK) instead of the Chosun Bank, which had been used since Korea's liberation from Japan's colonial rule, to revive the economic and financial functions of the recovery area as well as to raise wartime funds.
  • 2010.10.30
    the day of the game
    On July 8, 1992, he was born in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province.

    He received considerable attention abroad as he went through the U-17 national team in 2009 and received lip service as the highest-ever super-special prospect with a four-year contract with Hamburg SV in 2010.

    On 30 October 2010, he scored his debut goal for the Bundesliga at the age of 18, signaling the birth of a new star.