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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1932.4.29
    Bomb throwing day
    The Hongkou Park incident occurred on April 29, 1932, when independence activist Yun Bong-gil threw a bomb at Hongkou Park in Shanghai, China, killing or injuring key figures in the Japanese Empire.

    This began to be reported around the world, and major newspapers around the world surprised the world by reporting it extensively on the front page.

    At the time of the first report, it was mostly recognized as an anti-Japanese struggle or Japanese revolutionary activity caused by Chinese, but the following day, it was revealed that it was an anti-Japanese movement by Korean youth Yoon Bong-gil.

    Patriot Yoon Bong-gil (21 June 1908 – 19 December 1932) who had already entered the rural enlightenment movement at the age of 19 opened a night school to fight illiteracy and promote national consciousness, including Hangeul education.

    However, recognizing the limitations that the Enlightenment Movement alone cannot achieve independence, he is seeking asylum in China.

    Patriot Yoon, who met Baekbeom Kim Gu there, agreed to join the Korean Patriotic Corps and plan to live in Honggu Park with Kim Gu.
  • 1994.5.1
    statutory anniversary
    It is a legal anniversary for workers from each country to strengthen solidarity in order to improve poor working conditions and improve their status.

    South Korea will set May 1 as Labor Day according to the 'Act on the Establishment of Labor Day', and this day will be paid holidays under the 'Work Standards Act'.
  • 1970.5.1
    Death Day
    King Yeongchin lived a fresh life like the fate of a slanted country.

    He became the last crown prince of the Korean Empire and succeeded the 28th royal throne of Joseon, but when his brother and predecessor King Sunjong ascended, the country had already disappeared and the throne to succeed was missing.

    He was taken to Japan at the young age of eleven, married a Japanese royal, Yi Bang-ja, and stayed in Japan for more than 50 years until he returned home in 1963.

    He returned to Korea in November 1963 for the first time in 56 years, but lived in a hospital for seven years after returning to Korea.

    Yi Bang-ja, the widow, died on April 30, 1989 while managing Myeonghwiwon while protecting Nakseonjae of Changdeokgung Palace.
  • 1984.5.1
    Opening Day
    Seoul Grand Park is a public park in Gwacheon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.

    Seoul Grand Park, which was opened in 1984, was opened when the zoo and amusement facilities of Changgyeongwon were relocated to Gwacheon-si, Gyeonggi-do as part of the restoration project of Changgyeonggung Palace in Seoul

    At that time, the construction cost was 98.5 billion won, which was completed five years after the construction began.

    There are the largest zoos and botanical gardens in Korea, and Seoul Land, an amusement park.
  • 1986.5.2
    Opening Date
    The Olympic Boulevard, which began construction in 1982, was one of the 5th Republic's comprehensive development projects.

    It was constructed to deal with the demand for transportation south of the Han River by establishing or improving a 37km-long motorway along the Han River.

    The road was also aimed at connecting Gimpo Airport to Jamsil Sports Complex (Olympic Main Stadium), located in Jamsil, along the Han River, to transport foreigners at the 1986 Asian Games and the 1988 Summer Olympics.

    As a result, unlike Gangbyeon Expressway, the road south of the Han River was named Olympic Boulevard.
  • 1980.5.8
    effective date
    The preferential treatment for senior citizens was implemented by the then Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in 1980 to promote welfare for senior citizens as part of its social welfare policy.

    On May 8, 1980, the Ministry of Health and Welfare enacted and promulgated the preferential treatment for senior citizens, and the following year, the Welfare of the Elderly Act was enacted in 1981.

    A typical preferential treatment system for senior citizens that has been in place so far is the free subway system. Older people living in urban areas benefit greatly from the free subway system.
  • 1948.5.10
    Voting day
    The May 10 general election was the first democratic election in the Republic of Korea to elect a member of the National Assembly to form the Constitutional Assembly on May 10, 1948.

    With 35 observers dispatched by the U.N. Korean Committee monitoring the election, South Korea secured 91.7% of voter registration as the first ordinary and equal election in South Korea and conducted alone.

    On May 31, the Constitutional Assembly was opened for the first time in the history of Korean constitutional government, and Rhee Syng-man was elected as the National Assembly Speaker and Shin Ik-hee as the Vice Chairman.
  • 1962.5.12
    Opening Date
    Namsan Cable Car is a cable car section that runs between the platform in Hoehyeon-dong, Jung-gu, Seoul and the platform near the top of Namsan Mountain in Yejang-dong, Seoul.

    It is Korea's first passenger cable car, which started operation on May 12, 1962, and is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Seoul.
  • 1397.5.15
    King Sejong's Birthday
    King Sejong was born on May 15, 1397 in Hansungbu Junsubang (now located in Tongin-dong, Seoul) as the third son of King Taejong, the third king of the Joseon Dynasty, and became the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty in 1418, when he was 22 years old.

    King Sejong made many achievements during his reign of 31 years and six months until his death at the age of 54. In 1420 (the 2nd year of King Sejong's reign), Jiphyeonjeon Hall was established to cultivate promising talents and to promote learning to maintain the rituals and systems underlying Confucian politics.

    The creation of Hunminjeongeum, the greatest achievement of the time, was also a result of King Sejong's desire to communicate with the people.

    Through the fusion of Confucian politics and independent culture, it brought great prosperity to politics, economy, society and culture during the Joseon Dynasty.
  • 1965.5.15
    statutory anniversary
    Teacher's Day is a day made to thank teachers for their hard work and is enacted and implemented in various countries, and every year October 5th is celebrated as World Teachers'' Day.

    In Korea, Teacher's Day was established on May 15 in time for King Sejong's Gregorian birthday from 1965.

    The government will reward education contributors at the ceremony on Teacher's Day, and the winners will be given opportunities to inspect domestic and foreign industries.

    In addition, various school alumni associations, women's organizations, and social organizations voluntarily offer private banking services, especially by launching a "Finding Old Teachers" campaign to thank their teachers for their grace and deepen their priestly relations, while finding and comforting those who are suffering from illness and living difficulties among retired teachers.

    The seniors and juniors and students hold a "Night of Grace" with their old teacher and teacher to thank their teacher for his grace, and attach carnations to his teacher. In addition, special lectures, sit-ins, and tea parties on the role of teachers will be held.
  • 1994.5.15
    statutory anniversary
    It aims to promote the importance of family and to create an atmosphere of active participation in individuals, families and society for healthy families.

    In 1989, the 44th United Nations General Assembly set 1994 as the 'World Family Year' and designated May 15 as 'World Family Day' with the aim of raising awareness among the government and the private sector about the role and importance of family responsibilities.

    In February 2004, May 15 was designated as Family Day by the Framework Act on Healthy Families.
  • 1967.5.15
    Date of discovery
    On May 15, 1967, the Silla Oak investigation team announced that they had discovered the tomb of King Munmu in Silla.

    According to the Samgungnyusa (The Heritage of the Three States), King Munmu left a will that if he cremated after he died and buried it in the East Sea, he would become a dragon and prevent the Japanese invasion of the East Sea.

    It is located off the coast of Bonggil-ri, Munmudaewang-myeon, Gyeongju-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do.

    This rock, called Daewangam, is a natural rock in the sea close to the beach, and was designated as Historic Site No. 158 in 1967.
  • 2001.5.18
    Registration date
    The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and Its Music is also known as 'Jongmyomusic' as the general name for instrumental music, song and dance performed at the memorial service for the kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty.

    It is also called Jongmyo Daeje because it was a large and important ritual held in Jongmyo during the Joseon Dynasty
  • 1980.5.18
    Statutory anniversary
    It is a democratization movement held by citizens of Gwangju Metropolitan City and Jeollanam-do region from May 18th to 27th, 1980.

    They demanded the abolition of martial law, the resignation of new military personnel, including security commander Chun Doo-hwan, and the release of Kim Dae-jung.

    It was the political tragedy that caused the most casualties after the Korean War in 1950, and was one of the biggest events in the process of democratization in Korea.

    At the time of the outbreak in 1980, it was defined as a riot (Gwangju Incident) by very few impurities and mobs, but on April 1, 1988, after the inauguration of the 6th Republic, it was formally defined as the'Gwangju Democratization Movement' by the Democratization Promotion Committee.

    "May 18 Democratic Movement Anniversary" was established as a court anniversary in May 1997, and in May 2011, a documentary related to the May 18 Democratic Movement was officially registered as a UNESCO World Record Heritage Site.
  • 1957.5.19
    opening date
    On May 19, 1957, the 1st Miss Korea Contest was held at the Seoul Metropolitan Theater in Jung-gu, Seoul.

    Seven people who passed the preliminaries participated in the finals, and Park Hyun-ok, the winner of the first competition, participated in Miss Universe.