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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1985.7.19
    Opening Date
    Busan Subway Line 1 was opened on 19 July 1985.

    The route opened was the first stage of the Busan Subway Line 1, connecting the Beomnaegol from Nopo-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan.

    It is the first urban railway line in Busan Metropolitan City, which opened on April 20, 2017, at the end of the section of Dadaepo Beach Station.

    It is the first urban railway to be opened in non-capital cities across the country.
  • 1978.7.20
    completion date
    On July 20, 1978, a nuclear power plant was constructed for the first time in Korean history, and the completion ceremony and groundbreaking ceremony for Units 5 and 6 were held.

    Over the years, the Gori-1 reactor has supported Korea's economic growth.

    In 1978, the first year of operation, the company accounted for 9 percent of the nation's total power generation capacity, and with the increased nuclear power plants, we were able to respond to the greatly increased demand for electricity in the course of economic development.

    On June 19, 2017, the country's first Gori Nuclear Power Plant was permanently shut down 40 years after its completion in 1977.
  • 1979.7.20
    the day of the championship
    Kim Jin-ho (born December 1, 1961) is a native of Yecheon-gun, North Gyeongsang Province who started archery while attending Yecheon Middle School.

    Kim Jin-ho (December 1, 1961) is from Yecheon-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and started archery while attending Yecheon Girls' Middle School.

    He was selected as a national representative while attending Yecheon Girls' High School and won the world archery championship by winning the 30m, 50m, 60m, individual and group competitions at the World Archery Championships held in Berlin in 1979.

    He also raised high expectations at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, but he was unable to participate as a boycott of the Republic of Korea.

    Kim Jin-ho, who again won five crowns at the World Championships held in Los Angeles in 1983, is the first player to show the potential of Korean archery to the world stage.
  • 1948.7.24
    the date of inauguration
    On July 20, 1948, the first presidential and vice-presidential elections were held at the National Assembly.
    It was an indirect election method in which more than two-thirds of the members of the National Assembly attended and more than two-thirds of the members present were required to win the election.

    The three candidates were Rhee Syng-man of the Korean National Congress for Independence and Kim Gu and Ahn Jae-hong of the independents.
    As a result of the election, 197 out of 198 lawmakers in the National Assembly attended, with Rhee winning 92.3 percent of the vote, while Kim Gu won 13 votes and Ahn Jae-hong won two.
    In the vice-presidential election, Lee Si-young was elected with 133 votes.
  • 1970.7.25
    Opening Day
    On July 25, 1970, the largest children's center in the East opened in Namsan, Seoul.

    The building has one basement floor and 18 floors above the ground, with a total construction cost of 600 million won at that time.

    Inside the building is a gymnasium, a swimming pool, a dance room, and a library with 11,000 books.

    Namsan Children's Center was transferred to the National Library of Korea in 1974 and moved to a new center in Neung-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul in 1975.

    Even now, the Namsan branch of the Seoul Science Exhibition Center is continuing its reputation.
  • 1965.7.27
    burial day
    Rhee served as the first president of the Republic of Korea from 1948 to 1960. After becoming the National Assembly speaker in May 1948, he took office as the first president in July and carried out a thorough anti-communist policy.

    During the Korean War, he opposed a cease-fire, and in 1952, the Constitution was revised to a direct presidential election system and re-elected as the second president.

    In 1954, he pushed ahead with a constitutional amendment to abolish the restriction on the second term of the president, and was elected the third president in 1956. During the presidential election on March 15, 1960, the ruling party (Liberty Party) and the government organized a rigged election and were elected for the fourth term, but the April 19 Revolution broke out nationwide.

    On April 26, 1960, Syngman Rhee finally issued a resignation statement and defected to Hawaii. He died in exile in 1965 and was buried in the National Cemetery.
  • 1953.7.27
    date of signing an armistice
    The agreement on Korean military cease-fire refers to the armistice agreement that stopped war activities in the Korean War.

    The armistice agreement, signed on July 27, 1953 between U.N. Commander Clarke and Communist Party commander Kim Il-sung and Paengdeokhoe, took effect from 22 p.m.

    As a mandatory clause in the armistice agreement, the peace agreement had to be discussed between the parties to the armistice within three months.

    And the Geneva talks in 1954 had to be discussed in detail, but the U.S. side's avoidance of negotiations did not actually lead to a deep discussion.
  • 1993.7.30
    Departure Date
    On July 30, 1993, 192 South Korean military construction support engineers departed from Seongnam Seoul Airport to participate in Somalia's United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) for the first time in the Korean military.

    The Sangnoksu unit was sent to Somalia from July 1993 to February 1995 to carry out road repairs and community support activities, mostly destroyed by civil war.
  • 1981.8.1
    Effective Date
    From August 1, 1981, the Enforcement Decree of the Passport Act, which aims to liberalize overseas travel, was implemented.

    The revised enforcement ordinance of the Passport Act, which was revised in line with the expansion of national power and international exchanges, calls for expanding the scope of permission for overseas travel and simplifying the passport application process.

    Single and multiple passports have been removed, and married couples travel abroad and age restrictions have been abolished.

    The full liberalization of overseas travel took place in 1989, when the confidence of successfully hosting the 1988 Seoul Olympics and the internationalization through the Olympics increased demand for overseas travel.
  • 1976.8.1
    Gold medal day
    Born in Busan on 22 January 1953, Yang Jung-mo won the gold medal in the freestyle 62 kg category at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal.

    South Korea won the gold medal for the first time in the Olympic Games since Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule.
  • 1762.8.5
    Jeong Yak-yong's Birthday
    Jeong Yak-yong (丁若鏞, August 5, 1762 (June 16, 1762) to April 7, 1836, 1836 (February 22, 1836) was a civil servant, writer, poet, philosopher, scientist, and engineer of the late Joseon Dynasty.

    It contributed greatly to laying the foundation for modern engineering in the Joseon Dynasty. In addition, Jeong Yak-yong integrated the ideas of Silhak, which came down through the interests of Hyungwon and Seongho, into one body.

    Books related to Neo-Confucianism, astronomy, geography, history, industry, and clothing, as well as "Gyeongse Youpyo," "Mokminsimseo," and "Humheum Sinseo" are all examples of social, economic, and ideological affairs, which can be said to be the result of "multi-academics."

    In 2012, Jeong was selected as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage along with Russo and Hesse.
  • 1953.8.5
    Exchange day
    On August 5, 1953, the exchange of prisoners of war began.

    The exchange of prisoners was the first exchange of prisoners under the extradition agreement signed in June of the same year.
  • 1993.8.6
    Date of hosting
    On August 6, 1993, the opening ceremony of the Daejeon Expo was held. The fair was held for 93 days with 108 countries from around the world participating under the theme of “The Road to a New Leap Forward”.

    In 1993, the Daejeon Expo was held as the first World Expo Organization accredited expo held in developing countries.

    It was a commemorative expo where Korea, which participated in the Chicago Expo in 1893 for the first time as an 8-room tiled house, became the host country after 100 years.
  • 2020.8.7
    Holiday
    The traditional events of each country are held on the 7th day of the 7th lunar month (July 7th in the Gregorian calendar) in Korea, China, and Japan.

    On the evening of the seventh stone day, Gyeon Woo-sung and Jing Nyeo-seong on both banks of the Milky Way meet once a year.

    There is a legend that two stars, Gyun-woo and Jing-nyuh, whispered their love and met across the Milky Way once a year on the eve of the Chilseok festival.

    At this time, magpies and crows spread their wings and set up bridges, which are called Ojakgyo Bridge.

    During the Chilseok period, the heat decreases slightly and the rainy season is usually rough, but the rain is called Chilseok Water.

    During this period, pumpkins were well opened, and cucumbers and melons were served a lot, so the private sector made pumpkin pancakes and prayed to Chilsung.
  • 1973.8.8
    Kidnapping Day
    In the case of Kim Dae Jung's abduction, Kim Dae Jung, a politician of the Republic of Korea who was in exile in Japan, was in the vicinity of Grand Palace Hotel Room 2210 in Tokyo, Japan, around 1:00 pm on August 8, 1973, in opposition to the Park Chung-hee Restoration System. It was discovered in front of his home in Seoul on August 13 after being abducted by Korean Central Intelligence Agency personnel.