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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1919.3.1
    3.1Start Date of Exercise
    The March 1st Movement is a nonviolent civil disobedience movement that declared Korea's independence and exercised the right to resist the strength of the Japanese Empire on the Korean Peninsula, and the largest independence movement of the Korean people for months from March 1, 1919. It is also called the March 1st Declaration of Independence, the March 1 Revolution, the March 1st Independence Movement, and the Kimi Independence Movement.

    Under the slogans 'Long Live Korean Independence' and 'Long Live Korean Independence', the participants rejected the Japanese empire's unauthorized rule and declared Korea's independence, which resonated with the private sector and intellectuals and developed into a massive nationwide demonstration.

    Even after the demonstration, various support groups and civic groups were formed, including women's independence activist groups such as ethnic educational institutions, Joseon Women's Association and Geunwoo Association, armed Resistance such as Uiyeoldan, and Independence Army, which were formerly the mother of modern Korea, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.

    It is no exaggeration to say that the legitimacy of the Republic of Korea lies in the March 1st Movement, and that the Korean era used by the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea and the Government of the Republic of Korea is the first year of the March 1st Movement in 1919.

    Not only is it considered one of the most important events in the modern history of Korea (precisely, the modern history that develops after the annexation of Korea) but it is also considered important in the history of the 20th century.
  • 1954.3.1
    Construction commencement date
    According to the Ministry of National Defense, the current location of Dongjak-dong was selected as the candidate site for the military cemetery and was approved by President Syngman Rhee on September 29, 1953.

    Since the construction of the construction site began on March 1, 1954, 238,017 square meters of graveyard were constructed over three years, and 99,174 square meters of forest land, 912,400 square meters of forest land, and 178,513 square meters of park administration area were constructed annually until the end of 1968.
  • 1967.3.18
    Specified date
    This is where Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin lived until he passed the state examination for the military service, and is now Hyeonchungsa Shrine.

    Major facilities include Hyeonchungsa, where Yi Sun-sin's portrait was enshrined, an old house where Yi Sun-sin grew up, a hwalter where he practiced martial arts while shooting arrows, a main gate, Hongsalmun, and a tomb behind his third son.

    Various artifacts related to Admiral Yi Sun-shin and the Japanese Invasion of Korea in the exhibition hall are on display, and lectures and seminars are being held at the education hall to promote Admiral Yi Sun-shin's spirit and feat.
  • 2020.3.26
    Ahn Jung-geun's patriotic martyrdom
    He was an independence activist at the end of the Korean Peninsula and worked hard to foster human resources by establishing Samheung School. On October 26, 1909, he disguised himself as a Japanese and infiltrated Harbin Station and killed Ito Hirobumi, the main culprit of Korean invasion, on the station platform.
    On March 26, 1910, he died in Lushun Prison and was posthumously awarded the Order of Merit for National Foundation in 1962.
  • 1982.3.27
    Professional Baseball Opening Day
    The first professional baseball records at the opening ceremony of the professional baseball league in 1982.
  • 2001.3.29
    Opening day
    At the same time as the opening of Incheon International Airport on March 29, 2001, the international line at that time was transferred to Gimpo International Airport in Gangseo-gu, Seoul.

    Since it is a maritime airport created by compensating for the sea between Yeongjongdo and Yongyu-do, it operates 24 hours a day, unlike the inland airport Gimpo International Airport.

    Incheon International Airport Corporation (IIAC), which was established on February 1, 1999, is in charge of airport operations, and has maintained the number one position in the world airport ranking for 12 consecutive years since 2005 in the World Airport Service Evaluation (ASQ). ..
  • 1971.3.31
    open unification
    In order to meet the growing demand for long-distance calls, long-distance calls have been converted to direct distance dialing.

    With the opening of the long-distance automatic telephone service between Seoul and Busan in 1971, the nationwide telephone automation project was launched in earnest.

    It is the first project of the automatic plan of inter-city telephony during the metropolitan time, and it is now possible to dial directly without going through a city-diplomatic exchange.
  • 1968.4.1
    Organization day
    The Reserve Day was established by the Ministry of National Defense in order to renew its commitment to protect the homeland with all the Republic of Korea's reserve forces are organized by the Ministry of National Defense.

    When the January 21st incident occurred in 1968, the founding ceremony of the Local Reserve Army was held at Daejeon Public Stadium on April 1 of that year, and the 'Local Reserve Army Day' ceremony was held every year on the first Saturday of April from 1970.
  • 2020.4.5
    Arbor Day Anniversary
    It is a day established to encourage the people's love for trees through tree planting and to make mountain areas a resource.
  • 1979.4.6
    opening date
    Bomun Tourist Complex is an international tourist resort located in Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do.

    The Gyeongju Tourism Development Plan was finalized in August 1971, and construction began in 1974 and was designated as Bomun Tourist Complex in 1975.

    In April 1979, the first stage of construction was completed and the first site was opened as a tourist complex.

    The complex, built around Bomunho Lake, a route to the eastern Bulguksa Temple and Tohamsan Mountain district, is equipped with a tourist resort and various cultural and leisure facilities.

    The Bomun Tourist Complex was designated as a hot spring zone in 1991 and a special tourist zone in 1994.

    At Gyeongju Expo Park, where the comprehensive cultural fair will be held, there is an 82-meter-high Gyeongju Tower, which is designed with the nine-story wooden pagoda of Hwangnyongsa Temple, where you can see the Bomun Complex at a glance.

    Shilla Millennium Park, where state-of-the-art outdoor epic plays will be performed as a complex history theme park, and Tejium Gyeongju, a teddy bear exhibition space, are also popular attractions for visitors.
  • 1896.4.7
    Publication date
    The Independent Newspaper was a private newspaper published for about three years and eight months until its opening on April 7, 1896, and closed on December 4, 1899.

    Seo Jae-pil was the center and published as the organization of the Independent Association.

    On April 7, 1957, the Korean Association of Newspaper Editors designated the independent newspaper as Newspaper Day.
  • 1994.4.8
    Debut date
    Born in Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do in 1973, Park Chan-ho, who attended Middle East Elementary School, Gongju Middle School, and Gongju High School, signed with the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1994 when he was a sophomore at Hanyang University, becoming the first Korean to advance to the Major League.

    He has a career record of 476 games in 17 years in Major League Baseball, 124 wins and 98 losses in 1993 innings with an ERA of 4.36.

    In particular, 124 wins are the most wins by an Asian pitcher. It's a milestone that no one will ever encounter.
  • 1973.4.10
    The day of victory
    In April 1973, at the 32nd World Table Tennis Championships in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (now Bosnia and Herzegovina), women's table tennis, led by Lee Erisa and Jung Hyun-sook, won the title and established a brilliant gold medal tower in Korean table tennis.
  • 1919.4.11
    statutory anniversary
    The anniversary of the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was designated as an opportunity to succeed the spirit of the March 1st Movement and regain the sovereignty lost to Japan, and to inherit and develop the spirit of independence of the Korean Provisional Government established in Shanghai, Republic of China, in order to achieve the independence of the country.

    The ceremony, which was organized by the Korea Independent Merit Association until 1989, was established as a national anniversary on December 30, 1989 by the Korean government to commemorate April 11, the date of the establishment of the provisional government in Shanghai, and has been held as a government-sponsored event since the 71st anniversary ceremony on April 13, 1990.

    Data held on April 13, but history until 2018 Moon Jae-in government to find an additional historians and 2019, April 11, will accept the opinions of the ceremony.I was.
  • 1978.4.14
    Opening Day
    Sejong Center for the Performing Arts, located in Sejong-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, was established by the Seoul Metropolitan Government and is one of Seoul's leading cultural and artistic institutions

    The Sejong Center for the Performing Arts, which has held many cultural events since its opening in 1978, is also a living witness of Korea's modern cultural and artistic history.