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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1442.5.19
    day of invention
    'Invention Day' is a day defined to promote the progress of technology by promoting invention ideas, and is May 19 every year.

    This was established in 1957 to commemorate the day King Sejong officially began using the rain gauge on May 19, 1442, after Jang Yeong-sil invented the world's first rain gauge in 1441, 23 (the year of King Sejong's reign).

    In March 1973, the day of invention was merged into the day of the sky under the regulations on various anniversaries, etc., but was revived in 1982 when the Korean Patent Association expanded and reorganized into the Korea Invention Patent Association.

    Meanwhile, the rain gauge invented during the Joseon Dynasty was made with the need for a more scientific method to prepare for drought and flooding for agriculture.

    It consists of a steel cylinder with a depth of 241 cm and a diameter of 16 cm, and a rain basin made of stone. The water collected in the barrel was measured with casts.

    In particular, the rain gauge of Joseon was about 200 years ahead of the one invented by Italy's B. Gattelli in 1639.
  • 2021.5.19
    It was established to commemorate the birth of Sakyamuni.

    It is one of Korea's legal holidays, which falls on the 8th of April in the lunar calendar.

    The date of the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year, usually in early to mid-May.
  • 1984.5.22
    Opening Date
    On May 22, 1984, the light bulb section of Seoul Subway Line 2 was opened.

    With the complete opening of Line No. 2 connecting the two Koreas of the Han River, Seoul is in full swing in the subway era of subway trains.
  • 1592.5.23
    the date of the outbreak
    The Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, from May 23, 1592 to December 16, 1598, was a war between Joseon and Ming China versus Japan.

    It was an international war that shook the history of East Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries, with tremendous influence not only on Joseon but also Ming and Japan, which were the main stages of the war.

    From the Japanese perspective, although the original purpose of 'conquering Joseon and entering the continent' was not achieved, it also gained cultural benefits such as pottery manufacturing techniques, looting metal types, and inflow of Neo-Confucianism by looting various human and material resources from Joseon.

    It also re-emerged as a major player in the international situation in East Asia a thousand years after the Battle of the Baekgang River in the 7th century. The beginning of the fall of the Ming Dynasty, which had reigned as an absolute hegemonic power in East Asia, was also foreign exchange, including the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592.

    It is no exaggeration to say that the Korean peninsula was devastated by the war.

    There are many legends about Yi Sun-sin, who is revered as a sacred hero, as well as about various righteous army generals throughout the country, and it is still being handed down to this day.
  • 1973.5.25
    Hosting date
    On May 25, 1973, 200 male athletes and executives from 19 countries participated in the first World Taekwondo Championships.

    On May 28, 1973, 35 representatives from 19 countries gathered to form the World Taekwondo Federation.

    Until the 7th competition in 1985, only men's competitions were held, and the 1st World Women's Taekwondo Championships were held together with women's athletes participating in the 8th competition in 1987.
  • 1961.6.1
    Date of creation
    From June 1, 1961, recruitment for the first year of ROTC (student military training group) at 16 universities nationwide began.

    The ROTC system is for the efficient recruitment of beginner officers and is modeled after the US school district system.

    The 1st semester broke through the 3-on-1 competition, and 2,642 people passed, of whom 1,768 were appointed in 1963.
  • 2010.6.1
    Statutory anniversary
    Righteous army Day is the anniversary of the Republic of Korea, which is organized by the Ministry of Public Administration and Security to hold an event to honor the noble spirit of sacrifice and inspire the people's love for the country.

    It was established as a legal anniversary in May 2010. It has been celebrated since 2011.
  • 1986.6.2
    game day
    The Mexico World Cup soccer tournament was held with the interest of billions of people around the world.

    The Korean national team, which reached the World Cup final for the first time in 32 years, had a bloody confrontation with world-class players.

    At first, Argentina scored three goals, but the Korean players did their best without giving up until the end.

    Finally, Captain Park Chang-seon scored one goal and scored the first goal in the history of World Cup soccer.
  • 1990.6.4
    the date of the meeting
    President Roh Tae-woo and President Gorbachev of the Soviet Union held their first summit in San Francisco on June 4, 1990.

    During the talks, the two leaders agreed to develop bilateral ties into diplomatic relations.

    Since then, additional summits have been held in Moscow (December 1990) and Jeju Island (April 1991).
  • 1956.6.6
    statutory holiday
    Memorial Day was established in 1956 to honor the patriotic and patriotic spirit of patriotic martyrs for the country and to pray for the restoration of national sovereignty.

    They pray for the souls of the fallen patriots and hold an event to commemorate the noble spirit and exploits of patriotic martyrs and fallen soldiers, and raise them early.
  • 1975.6.7
    Victory Day
    On June 7, 1975, Yu Jedu competed in the WBA Junior Middleweight Championship in Japan.

    On that day, Yu Jedu became the new world champion by defeating Japan's Wajima Koichi with a KO win in the 7th round.
  • 1973.6.8
    On June 8, 1973, a ceremony was held to light the furnace of Pohang Iron and Steel (the first ceremony to light the furnace).

    This furnace was the first in Korea, and Pohang Steel became a full-fledged steel mill.
  • 1994.6.10
    Opening Day
    On June 10, 1994, the opening ceremony of the War Memorial Hall was held to commemorate the achievement of martyrdom.

    The War Memorial Hall, located in the former headquarters of the Army in Yongsan-gu, Seoul, has six exhibition rooms with two basement floors and four ground floors.

    It is Asia's largest war weapons museum and has many rare military artifacts, and many foreign visitors visit it.
  • 1987.6.10
    Start Date
    On June 10, 1987, protests against the death of Park Jong-chul took place in 22 cities across the country.

    The protests, which continued for several days after the government's announcement of a favorable constitution on April 13, 1987, escalated nationwide, culminating in the day.

    As a result, the then ruling Democratic Party of Korea announced the 6.29 Declaration, which promised to revise the direct election system and take measures for democratization.
  • 2000.6.13
    the date of the first inter-Korean summit
    This is the first meeting between the two Koreas since the division of the Korean Peninsula.