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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1991.1.25
    designated date of national treasure
    Joseon Baekja is the most widely known pottery in Korea, along with Goryeo Cheongja(celadon porcelain).

    Baekja(White porcelain) and Buncheongsagi(powdered blueware) are representative ceramics of Korea. Baekja was continuously produced and used throughout the Joseon Dynasty, while Buncheongsagi were produced for 150 years.

    The white porcelain, which shows the beauty of purity and moderation, was used by new Dynasty and the noblity who pursued Confucian philosophy, so it contains their thoughts and preferences.

    The Baekja of National Treasure No. 258 is considered one of the most representative white porcelain bottles of the time in a state in which the bold and tasteful pictures of bamboo show the spirit of the Sunbi people at that time.
  • 1967.3.18
    Specified date
    This is where Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin lived until he passed the state examination for the military service, and is now Hyeonchungsa Shrine.

    Major facilities include Hyeonchungsa, where Yi Sun-sin's portrait was enshrined, an old house where Yi Sun-sin grew up, a hwalter where he practiced martial arts while shooting arrows, a main gate, Hongsalmun, and a tomb behind his third son.

    Various artifacts related to Admiral Yi Sun-shin and the Japanese Invasion of Korea in the exhibition hall are on display, and lectures and seminars are being held at the education hall to promote Admiral Yi Sun-shin's spirit and feat.
  • 1970.5.1
    Death Day
    King Yeongchin lived a fresh life like the fate of a slanted country.

    He became the last crown prince of the Korean Empire and succeeded the 28th royal throne of Joseon, but when his brother and predecessor King Sunjong ascended, the country had already disappeared and the throne to succeed was missing.

    He was taken to Japan at the young age of eleven, married a Japanese royal, Yi Bang-ja, and stayed in Japan for more than 50 years until he returned home in 1963.

    He returned to Korea in November 1963 for the first time in 56 years, but lived in a hospital for seven years after returning to Korea.

    Yi Bang-ja, the widow, died on April 30, 1989 while managing Myeonghwiwon while protecting Nakseonjae of Changdeokgung Palace.
  • 1397.5.15
    King Sejong's Birthday
    King Sejong was born on May 15, 1397 in Hansungbu Junsubang (now located in Tongin-dong, Seoul) as the third son of King Taejong, the third king of the Joseon Dynasty, and became the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty in 1418, when he was 22 years old.

    King Sejong made many achievements during his reign of 31 years and six months until his death at the age of 54. In 1420 (the 2nd year of King Sejong's reign), Jiphyeonjeon Hall was established to cultivate promising talents and to promote learning to maintain the rituals and systems underlying Confucian politics.

    The creation of Hunminjeongeum, the greatest achievement of the time, was also a result of King Sejong's desire to communicate with the people.

    Through the fusion of Confucian politics and independent culture, it brought great prosperity to politics, economy, society and culture during the Joseon Dynasty.
  • 2001.5.18
    Registration date
    The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and Its Music is also known as 'Jongmyomusic' as the general name for instrumental music, song and dance performed at the memorial service for the kings and queens of the Joseon Dynasty.

    It is also called Jongmyo Daeje because it was a large and important ritual held in Jongmyo during the Joseon Dynasty
  • 1442.5.19
    day of invention
    'Invention Day' is a day defined to promote the progress of technology by promoting invention ideas, and is May 19 every year.

    This was established in 1957 to commemorate the day King Sejong officially began using the rain gauge on May 19, 1442, after Jang Yeong-sil invented the world's first rain gauge in 1441, 23 (the year of King Sejong's reign).

    In March 1973, the day of invention was merged into the day of the sky under the regulations on various anniversaries, etc., but was revived in 1982 when the Korean Patent Association expanded and reorganized into the Korea Invention Patent Association.

    Meanwhile, the rain gauge invented during the Joseon Dynasty was made with the need for a more scientific method to prepare for drought and flooding for agriculture.

    It consists of a steel cylinder with a depth of 241 cm and a diameter of 16 cm, and a rain basin made of stone. The water collected in the barrel was measured with casts.

    In particular, the rain gauge of Joseon was about 200 years ahead of the one invented by Italy's B. Gattelli in 1639.
  • 1592.5.23
    the date of the outbreak
    The Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, from May 23, 1592 to December 16, 1598, was a war between Joseon and Ming China versus Japan.

    It was an international war that shook the history of East Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries, with tremendous influence not only on Joseon but also Ming and Japan, which were the main stages of the war.

    From the Japanese perspective, although the original purpose of 'conquering Joseon and entering the continent' was not achieved, it also gained cultural benefits such as pottery manufacturing techniques, looting metal types, and inflow of Neo-Confucianism by looting various human and material resources from Joseon.

    It also re-emerged as a major player in the international situation in East Asia a thousand years after the Battle of the Baekgang River in the 7th century. The beginning of the fall of the Ming Dynasty, which had reigned as an absolute hegemonic power in East Asia, was also foreign exchange, including the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592.

    It is no exaggeration to say that the Korean peninsula was devastated by the war.

    There are many legends about Yi Sun-sin, who is revered as a sacred hero, as well as about various righteous army generals throughout the country, and it is still being handed down to this day.
  • 1762.8.5
    Jeong Yak-yong's Birthday
    Jeong Yak-yong (丁若鏞, August 5, 1762 (June 16, 1762) to April 7, 1836, 1836 (February 22, 1836) was a civil servant, writer, poet, philosopher, scientist, and engineer of the late Joseon Dynasty.

    It contributed greatly to laying the foundation for modern engineering in the Joseon Dynasty. In addition, Jeong Yak-yong integrated the ideas of Silhak, which came down through the interests of Hyungwon and Seongho, into one body.

    Books related to Neo-Confucianism, astronomy, geography, history, industry, and clothing, as well as "Gyeongse Youpyo," "Mokminsimseo," and "Humheum Sinseo" are all examples of social, economic, and ideological affairs, which can be said to be the result of "multi-academics."

    In 2012, Jeong was selected as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage along with Russo and Hesse.
  • 2010.8.15
    Restoration date
    Gwanghwamun is the main gate to the south of Gyeongbokgung Palace. It means "the great virtue of wages reflects the whole country."

    Built in 1395, a pair of hatch sculptures are located on both sides of Gwanghwamun, a two-story pavilion. There are three Hongyemun (Archimun) on the stone pillars of Gwanghwamun. The middle door was the king's, and the other left and right doors were the servants' doors.

    On the ceiling of the gate in the middle of Gwanghwamun, there is an abacus. Gwanghwamun was destroyed twice by the Korean War, and on August 15, 2010, some restoration works were completed except for Woldae and Haitai.

    In modern times, the name "Gwanghwamun" itself is not only used as a castle gate, but also as a common name for Sejong-ro in Beopjeong-dong, including Sejong-daero and Gwanghwamun Square.

    In fact, the Sejong-daero intersection, where Sejong-daero, Jongno-gu and Saemunan-ro intersect, is about 600 to 700 meters away from Gwanghwamun, but it is often called "Gwanghwamun intersection (intersection)".

    The Uijeongbu and Yukjo government offices were established to perform key administrative functions since the Joseon Dynasty, and this area is one of the places where Seoul's history is implied along with Sungnyemun Gate.

    In other words, it is one of the landmarks in Seoul.
  • 1610.9.22
    a historic day
    Donguibogam is an encyclopedia that brings together Chinese and Korean medical books under the orders of Heo Jun (1539-1615).

    It was compiled in 1596 (the 29th year of King Seonjo's reign) and completed in 1610 (the 2nd year of King Gwanghae's reign), and is considered to have integrated medicine at that time.

    It is the "Donguibogam," which is still considered a global agenda.

    In July 2009, it was the first Oriental medical book to be listed as a UNESCO Memory of the World and was promoted from the National Treasure to the National Treasure in 2015, 402 years after its publication.
  • 1974.10.3
    opening day
    On October 3, 1974, the Korean Folk Village opened in Yongin, Gyeonggi-do.

    Located at 90 Folk Village Road, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, the Korean Folk Village is a comprehensive tourist destination with the theme of traditional culture built to preserve and transfer our folk culture and to use it as a tourist resource and field-training educational facility.

    The Korean Folk Village reproduces the customs and lifestyle of the late Joseon Dynasty by combining houses of 99 kan yangban houses, intangible cultural assets such as pungmul nori, tightrope walking, and folk crafts such as bamboo work, embroidery, and knots.
  • 1398.10.6
    Jeong Do-jeon's death date
    Jeong Do-jeon (1342~1398) was a civil official, politician, Confucian scholar, and revolutionary during the late Goryeo and early Joseon Periods.

    At the end of the Goryeo Dynasty, he criticized the corrupt politics of the Gwon Mun-se people and the Buddhism that was parasitic on them, and made a key contribution to the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty, a centralized bureaucracy based on Neo-Confucianism.

    As the first meritorious retainer and supreme power of the Joseon Dynasty, he laid the foundation for the 500th anniversary of the Joseon Dynasty by laying the foundation for the ideological foundation of the Joseon Dynasty, and named the buildings and streets of downtown Hanyang by himself.

    Jeong Do-jeon, a revolutionary comrade of Yi Seong-gye, was killed by Bang Won (the third king of Joseon), the fifth son of Yi Seong-gye.
  • 1996.10.21
    Anniversary
    Hanbok Day was designated in 1996 to arouse interest in hanbok and to promote its excellence and industrial and cultural value.

    Since 2014, the event has been hosted and supervised by the Hanbok Promotion Center under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the Korea Craft Design and Culture Promotion Agency.

    Gyeongbokgung Palace, the center of Seoul and the symbol of the founding of the Joseon Dynasty, was used as a venue to promote the beauty of hanbok to the world and explore the possibility of hanbok as a tourist content.
  • 1335.10.27
    Taejo Lee Seong-gye's Birth Day
    Lee Seong-gye (October 27, 1335 (October 11, 1335) to June 18, 1408 (May 24, 1408) was the first king to be a shaman, politician, and founder of Joseon.

    Lee Seong-gye became famous for his distinguished military service in the war against Japanese pirates and the Red Turban Invasion of Korea at the end of the Goryeo Dynasty. The Yuihwado Rebellion eliminated King Wu and Choe Yeong and took political and military power in one hand.

    In conjunction with emerging political forces, the new Dynasty 'Joseon' was founded to replace Goryeo. He was reigned for seven years from 1392 to 1398, and was succeeded by King Jeongjong, the second king, in the wake of the prince's rebellion.
  • 1996.11.13
    Demolition date
    On November 13, 1996, the Government-General of Korea building was completely demolished.

    The Japanese Government-General's Office was completed in 1926 and was used as the U.S. Military Government Office and the Central Office after the liberation of Korea.

    It was used as the National Museum of Korea in the 1980s, but was demolished in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Korea in 1995.