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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1991.1.25
    designated date of national treasure
    Joseon Baekja is the most widely known pottery in Korea, along with Goryeo Cheongja(celadon porcelain).

    Baekja(White porcelain) and Buncheongsagi(powdered blueware) are representative ceramics of Korea. Baekja was continuously produced and used throughout the Joseon Dynasty, while Buncheongsagi were produced for 150 years.

    The white porcelain, which shows the beauty of purity and moderation, was used by new Dynasty and the noblity who pursued Confucian philosophy, so it contains their thoughts and preferences.

    The Baekja of National Treasure No. 258 is considered one of the most representative white porcelain bottles of the time in a state in which the bold and tasteful pictures of bamboo show the spirit of the Sunbi people at that time.
  • 1958.1.30
    Specified date
    On January 30, 1958, Gimpo Airport was designated as an international airport, and a system of jurisdiction from the Minister of Transportation was promulgated.

    Gimpo Airport opened in 1942 at Gimpo Airfield and was used as an airfield for the United Nations Military Command during the Korean War.

    Management was transferred to Korea in 1961 and served as Korea's first gate until Incheon Airport opened in 2001.
  • 1953.1.30
    Fire occurrence date
    On the night of January 30, 1953, a big fire broke out in the international market, which was the economic center of the temporary capital Busan.

    The fire was extinguished at dawn on January 31, but caused great damage, with more than 30,000 people displaced and 4,000 shops burned down.
  • 877.1.31
    Taejo Wang Geon's Birthday
    Taejo (r. 918-943 CE), previously known as Wang Geon or Wang Kon, was the founder and first king of the Goryeo (Koryo) kingdom which unified and ruled ancient Korea from 918 CE to 1392 CE. Wang Geon was given the posthumous title of Taejo meaning 'Great Founder.' His dynasty would oversee an unprecedented flourishing of Korean culture, and its name is the origin of modern Korea's English name.

    The Fall of Silla
    The Unified Silla Kingdom (668- 935 CE) had held sway over the Korean peninsula for three centuries, but the state was in a slow decline. Rebellions from the peasantry and the aristocracy were rife, and there followed a period of political turmoil referred to as the Later Three Kingdoms period (889-935). Gyeon Hwon, a peasant leader, took advantage of the political unrest in 892 CE and formed a revival of the old Baekje kingdom in the south-west portion of the peninsula. Meanwhile, an aristocratic Buddhist monk leader, Gung Ye declared a new Goguryeo state in the north in 901 CE, known as Later Goguryeo. Gung Ye was assisted by his first minister and general Wang Geon, the son of a wealthy merchant and local headman at Gaeseong in the Silla kingdom.
  • 1989.2.1
    historical event day
    ☆Korea signed an agreement on the establishment of the Korean-Hungarian Resident Representative on August 26, 1988, placed the Korean Permanent Mission to Hungary in Budapest on October 25, the same year, and established the Hungarian Permanent Mission to Korea in Seoul on December 7.

    The following year Korea and Hungary officially established ambassador-level diplomatic relations on February 1, 1989, and on the same day, the resident representative was promoted to the embassy.

    Hungary became the first communist country in Eastern Europe to establish formal diplomatic relations with Korea, and in November 1989, President Roh Tae-woo visited Hungary for the first time as a Korean president to sign an aviation agreement and tourism agreement.
  • 1963.2.1
    Opening Day
    Jangchung Gymnasium was Korea's largest indoor stadium with 8,000 seats and is a circular stadium.

    Originally used as an army gymnasium, it was changed to a sports stadium and opened on February 1, 1963.

    In the 1960s and 1970s, Jangchung Gymnasium was a regular venue for various control events as well as sports.

    It is where various national celebrations such as the $10 billion export ceremony, the Liberation Day, and the inauguration ceremony of the president were held.
  • 2020.2.10
    Award day for four awards at the Parasite Academy
    ☆Director Bong Joon-ho's film "Parasite" has made a new world film history.

    At the 92nd Academy Awards held at the Hollywood Dolby Theater in Los Angeles on February 10, 2020, "Parasite" became the first foreign language film to win a prize.

    "Parasite" is the first Korean film to be nominated for the U.S. Academy, and the first to win an Academy Award.

    "Parasite" has won a total of Four awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best International Film, and Best Screenplay.

    This is the most wins at the Academy Awards.
  • 1978.2.22
    Samulnori's Birthday
    ☆Samulnori means four types of musical instruments: kkwaenggwari, janggu, buk, and gong.

    Samulnori is an adaptation of a large-scale outdoor Pungmul Nori as a stage art in 1978.

    While pungmul nori emphasized the activity of outdoor performances along with large-scale plays, samulnori is a form of performance that emphasizes the emotion that can be felt in the instrumental sound itself.

    It plays various rhythms and proceeds as a method of development of eccentricity (start, progress, climax, finish) in the periodic flow of tension and relaxation.
  • 1919.3.1
    a national holiday
    It is a national holiday in Korea on March 1, 1919, when the Korean people protested against Japanese colonial rule and announced the Declaration of Independence to the world.

    Song: Busan Edunet Children's Choir
  • 1919.3.1
    a national holiday
    For a nation that has forgotten history, there is no future! Let's remember! Hooray Exercise Performance!
  • 1919.3.1
    3.1Start Date of Exercise
    The March 1st Movement is a nonviolent civil disobedience movement that declared Korea's independence and exercised the right to resist the strength of the Japanese Empire on the Korean Peninsula, and the largest independence movement of the Korean people for months from March 1, 1919. It is also called the March 1st Declaration of Independence, the March 1 Revolution, the March 1st Independence Movement, and the Kimi Independence Movement.

    Under the slogans 'Long Live Korean Independence' and 'Long Live Korean Independence', the participants rejected the Japanese empire's unauthorized rule and declared Korea's independence, which resonated with the private sector and intellectuals and developed into a massive nationwide demonstration.

    Even after the demonstration, various support groups and civic groups were formed, including women's independence activist groups such as ethnic educational institutions, Joseon Women's Association and Geunwoo Association, armed Resistance such as Uiyeoldan, and Independence Army, which were formerly the mother of modern Korea, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.

    It is no exaggeration to say that the legitimacy of the Republic of Korea lies in the March 1st Movement, and that the Korean era used by the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea and the Government of the Republic of Korea is the first year of the March 1st Movement in 1919.

    Not only is it considered one of the most important events in the modern history of Korea (precisely, the modern history that develops after the annexation of Korea) but it is also considered important in the history of the 20th century.
  • 1954.3.1
    Construction commencement date
    According to the Ministry of National Defense, the current location of Dongjak-dong was selected as the candidate site for the military cemetery and was approved by President Syngman Rhee on September 29, 1953.

    Since the construction of the construction site began on March 1, 1954, 238,017 square meters of graveyard were constructed over three years, and 99,174 square meters of forest land, 912,400 square meters of forest land, and 178,513 square meters of park administration area were constructed annually until the end of 1968.
  • 1967.3.18
    Specified date
    This is where Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin lived until he passed the state examination for the military service, and is now Hyeonchungsa Shrine.

    Major facilities include Hyeonchungsa, where Yi Sun-sin's portrait was enshrined, an old house where Yi Sun-sin grew up, a hwalter where he practiced martial arts while shooting arrows, a main gate, Hongsalmun, and a tomb behind his third son.

    Various artifacts related to Admiral Yi Sun-shin and the Japanese Invasion of Korea in the exhibition hall are on display, and lectures and seminars are being held at the education hall to promote Admiral Yi Sun-shin's spirit and feat.
  • 2020.3.26
    Ahn Jung-geun's patriotic martyrdom
    He was an independence activist at the end of the Korean Peninsula and worked hard to foster human resources by establishing Samheung School. On October 26, 1909, he disguised himself as a Japanese and infiltrated Harbin Station and killed Ito Hirobumi, the main culprit of Korean invasion, on the station platform.
    On March 26, 1910, he died in Lushun Prison and was posthumously awarded the Order of Merit for National Foundation in 1962.
  • 1982.3.27
    Professional Baseball Opening Day
    The first professional baseball records at the opening ceremony of the professional baseball league in 1982.