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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 2020.2.10
    Award day for four awards at the Parasite Academy
    ☆Director Bong Joon-ho's film "Parasite" has made a new world film history.

    At the 92nd Academy Awards held at the Hollywood Dolby Theater in Los Angeles on February 10, 2020, "Parasite" became the first foreign language film to win a prize.

    "Parasite" is the first Korean film to be nominated for the U.S. Academy, and the first to win an Academy Award.

    "Parasite" has won a total of Four awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best International Film, and Best Screenplay.

    This is the most wins at the Academy Awards.
  • 1978.2.22
    Samulnori's Birthday
    ☆Samulnori means four types of musical instruments: kkwaenggwari, janggu, buk, and gong.

    Samulnori is an adaptation of a large-scale outdoor Pungmul Nori as a stage art in 1978.

    While pungmul nori emphasized the activity of outdoor performances along with large-scale plays, samulnori is a form of performance that emphasizes the emotion that can be felt in the instrumental sound itself.

    It plays various rhythms and proceeds as a method of development of eccentricity (start, progress, climax, finish) in the periodic flow of tension and relaxation.
  • 1968.4.1
    Organization day
    The Reserve Day was established by the Ministry of National Defense in order to renew its commitment to protect the homeland with all the Republic of Korea's reserve forces are organized by the Ministry of National Defense.

    When the January 21st incident occurred in 1968, the founding ceremony of the Local Reserve Army was held at Daejeon Public Stadium on April 1 of that year, and the 'Local Reserve Army Day' ceremony was held every year on the first Saturday of April from 1970.
  • 1896.4.7
    Publication date
    The Independent Newspaper was a private newspaper published for about three years and eight months until its opening on April 7, 1896, and closed on December 4, 1899.

    Seo Jae-pil was the center and published as the organization of the Independent Association.

    On April 7, 1957, the Korean Association of Newspaper Editors designated the independent newspaper as Newspaper Day.
  • 1973.4.10
    The day of victory
    In April 1973, at the 32nd World Table Tennis Championships in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (now Bosnia and Herzegovina), women's table tennis, led by Lee Erisa and Jung Hyun-sook, won the title and established a brilliant gold medal tower in Korean table tennis.
  • 1919.4.11
    statutory anniversary
    The anniversary of the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was designated as an opportunity to succeed the spirit of the March 1st Movement and regain the sovereignty lost to Japan, and to inherit and develop the spirit of independence of the Korean Provisional Government established in Shanghai, Republic of China, in order to achieve the independence of the country.

    The ceremony, which was organized by the Korea Independent Merit Association until 1989, was established as a national anniversary on December 30, 1989 by the Korean government to commemorate April 11, the date of the establishment of the provisional government in Shanghai, and has been held as a government-sponsored event since the 71st anniversary ceremony on April 13, 1990.

    Data held on April 13, but history until 2018 Moon Jae-in government to find an additional historians and 2019, April 11, will accept the opinions of the ceremony.I was.
  • 1983.4.14
    The day of the competition
    Ssireum is a folk game of our own with the 5,000-year history of the Korean people and is valued as a Korean cultural heritage.

    Throughout its long history, ssireum, which has always been with the Korean people, was an equal movement that anyone can enjoy regardless of status.

    Ssireum is our traditional technique that does not require tools and has a healthy vitality to jump over the walls between people while being barefoot.

    Among the 450 players, Lee Joon-hee, Lee Bong-gul, Hong Hyun-wook, Lee Seung-sam, and Choi Wook-jin, who dominated the wrestling at the time, participated in the final of the 1st Cheonhajangsa Ssireum Competition.

    Surprisingly, however, Lee Man-ki, who was 20 years old, became a man of great strength.
  • 1960.4.19
    Statutory anniversary
    The April 19 Revolution or the April Revolution is an anti-dictatorship struggle and revolution that expanded to large-scale citizens across the country, including student protests calling for the invalidity of the election and re-election in protest of the ruling Liberal Party of the Republic of Korea's vote-counting scheme on April 19, 1960, to elect Lee Ki-bung as vice president.

    The Busan Ilbo reported that Kim Joo-yeol, a student who recently entered Masan Commercial High School after graduating from Namwon Middle School in North Jeolla Province in 1960 after he participated in the March 15 Masan uprising, was missing 27 days after the March 15 election was invalid, and the protests intensified nationwide when a tear gas shot by a police officer in his left eye was embedded in the sea off the central pier in Masan.

    On April 19, police opened fire on protesters who flocked to the presidential residence, the Gyeongmudae, and after the shooting, the protesters armed with guns and fought back. President Rhee Syng-man, who faced national resistance and the military command's refusal to mobilize force, announced the resignation on April 26, leading to the collapse of Rhee Syng-man's Liberal Party regime, and as a result of this revolution, the Second Republic was launched on June 15 (the June 15 constitutional amendment).

    It was designated as the 1974 statutory anniversary in order to honor the spirit of the April 19 Revolution, inherit and develop the 4/19 Democratic Philosophy, realize a defined society, and mourn the spirits of the victims.
  • 1970.4.22
    statutory anniversary
    The Saemaeul Movement began on April 22, 1970 with the direction of President Park Chung-hee at the National Local Ministers' Meeting.

    Specific plans were established on May 6, 1970, and have spread to nationwide movements since 1973.

    In the early days, the government-led development projects for rural areas were carried out, and from the 1980s, they were changed to private-led and expanded to urban areas.

    The movement was carried out with the aim of accelerating national development by promoting the basic spirit and practice of hard work, self-help and cooperation nationwide.
  • 1994.5.1
    statutory anniversary
    It is a legal anniversary for workers from each country to strengthen solidarity in order to improve poor working conditions and improve their status.

    South Korea will set May 1 as Labor Day according to the 'Act on the Establishment of Labor Day', and this day will be paid holidays under the 'Work Standards Act'.
  • 1965.5.15
    statutory anniversary
    Teacher's Day is a day made to thank teachers for their hard work and is enacted and implemented in various countries, and every year October 5th is celebrated as World Teachers'' Day.

    In Korea, Teacher's Day was established on May 15 in time for King Sejong's Gregorian birthday from 1965.

    The government will reward education contributors at the ceremony on Teacher's Day, and the winners will be given opportunities to inspect domestic and foreign industries.

    In addition, various school alumni associations, women's organizations, and social organizations voluntarily offer private banking services, especially by launching a "Finding Old Teachers" campaign to thank their teachers for their grace and deepen their priestly relations, while finding and comforting those who are suffering from illness and living difficulties among retired teachers.

    The seniors and juniors and students hold a "Night of Grace" with their old teacher and teacher to thank their teacher for his grace, and attach carnations to his teacher. In addition, special lectures, sit-ins, and tea parties on the role of teachers will be held.
  • 1994.5.15
    statutory anniversary
    It aims to promote the importance of family and to create an atmosphere of active participation in individuals, families and society for healthy families.

    In 1989, the 44th United Nations General Assembly set 1994 as the 'World Family Year' and designated May 15 as 'World Family Day' with the aim of raising awareness among the government and the private sector about the role and importance of family responsibilities.

    In February 2004, May 15 was designated as Family Day by the Framework Act on Healthy Families.
  • 1980.5.18
    Statutory anniversary
    It is a democratization movement held by citizens of Gwangju Metropolitan City and Jeollanam-do region from May 18th to 27th, 1980.

    They demanded the abolition of martial law, the resignation of new military personnel, including security commander Chun Doo-hwan, and the release of Kim Dae-jung.

    It was the political tragedy that caused the most casualties after the Korean War in 1950, and was one of the biggest events in the process of democratization in Korea.

    At the time of the outbreak in 1980, it was defined as a riot (Gwangju Incident) by very few impurities and mobs, but on April 1, 1988, after the inauguration of the 6th Republic, it was formally defined as the'Gwangju Democratization Movement' by the Democratization Promotion Committee.

    "May 18 Democratic Movement Anniversary" was established as a court anniversary in May 1997, and in May 2011, a documentary related to the May 18 Democratic Movement was officially registered as a UNESCO World Record Heritage Site.
  • 1442.5.19
    day of invention
    'Invention Day' is a day defined to promote the progress of technology by promoting invention ideas, and is May 19 every year.

    This was established in 1957 to commemorate the day King Sejong officially began using the rain gauge on May 19, 1442, after Jang Yeong-sil invented the world's first rain gauge in 1441, 23 (the year of King Sejong's reign).

    In March 1973, the day of invention was merged into the day of the sky under the regulations on various anniversaries, etc., but was revived in 1982 when the Korean Patent Association expanded and reorganized into the Korea Invention Patent Association.

    Meanwhile, the rain gauge invented during the Joseon Dynasty was made with the need for a more scientific method to prepare for drought and flooding for agriculture.

    It consists of a steel cylinder with a depth of 241 cm and a diameter of 16 cm, and a rain basin made of stone. The water collected in the barrel was measured with casts.

    In particular, the rain gauge of Joseon was about 200 years ahead of the one invented by Italy's B. Gattelli in 1639.
  • 2021.5.19
    Birthday
    It was established to commemorate the birth of Sakyamuni.

    It is one of Korea's legal holidays, which falls on the 8th of April in the lunar calendar.

    The date of the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year, usually in early to mid-May.