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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1948.7.17
    a national holiday
    Constitution Day is a national holiday established under the National Day Act 1949 to celebrate the enactment and promulgation of the Constitution on July 17, 1948, pledge to protect its ideology, and promote the spirit of compliance.
  • 1953.7.27
    date of signing an armistice
    The agreement on Korean military cease-fire refers to the armistice agreement that stopped war activities in the Korean War.

    The armistice agreement, signed on July 27, 1953 between U.N. Commander Clarke and Communist Party commander Kim Il-sung and Paengdeokhoe, took effect from 22 p.m.

    As a mandatory clause in the armistice agreement, the peace agreement had to be discussed between the parties to the armistice within three months.

    And the Geneva talks in 1954 had to be discussed in detail, but the U.S. side's avoidance of negotiations did not actually lead to a deep discussion.
  • 2020.8.7
    Holiday
    The traditional events of each country are held on the 7th day of the 7th lunar month (July 7th in the Gregorian calendar) in Korea, China, and Japan.

    On the evening of the seventh stone day, Gyeon Woo-sung and Jing Nyeo-seong on both banks of the Milky Way meet once a year.

    There is a legend that two stars, Gyun-woo and Jing-nyuh, whispered their love and met across the Milky Way once a year on the eve of the Chilseok festival.

    At this time, magpies and crows spread their wings and set up bridges, which are called Ojakgyo Bridge.

    During the Chilseok period, the heat decreases slightly and the rainy season is usually rough, but the rain is called Chilseok Water.

    During this period, pumpkins were well opened, and cucumbers and melons were served a lot, so the private sector made pumpkin pancakes and prayed to Chilsung.
  • 1945.8.15
    a national holiday
    Liberation Day was established under the National Day Act enacted on October 1, 1949 as a day to commemorate Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945 and to celebrate the establishment of the Republic of Korea government in 1948.

    Every year on August 15th, the celebration is held and the Liberation Day is celebrated.
  • 1963.9.15
    Release Date
    Ramen is a convenient food that Koreans find as a substitute for snacks or meals.

    The first ramen to be introduced to Korea was Samyang Ramen, which was released on September 15, 1963.

    Jeon Joong-yoon, who sampled ramen in Japan at a time when the food shortage was severe, pushed for ramen production with confidence that it would help solve the food problem.

    The government borrowed money from the government to import two ramen-producing machines from Japan's Myojo Foods to start producing Samyang Ramen.

    As of 2020, Nongshim Shin Ramyun ranked first in sales in the domestic ramen market last year.

    According to the Korea Agro-Fishery Food Distribution Corporation, the total sales of the Korean ramen market in 2019 were 2.83 trillion won.
  • 1940.9.17
    date of creation date
    The Korean Liberation Army is a regular military officer of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, which was organized in Chongqing, Republic of China on September 17, 1940.

    Founded in January 1939, it was formed on September 17, 1940, in conjunction with the Party Army of the Korean Independence Party and other independence forces, as well as the Manchurian Independence Army led by Ji Cheong-cheon and Lee Beom-seok.

    In 1942, Kim Won-bong's Joseon Medical Corps was absorbed, and the scale was expanded and reorganized. It was Ji Cheong-cheon and Lee Beom-seok, his chief of staff, who effectively led the Liberation Army.

    The Liberation Army was controlled by the Chinese People's Party until 1944 and took over the command from the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in August 1944.

    Later, he prepared for a domestic vacuum operation with OSS, the predecessor of the U.S. CIA, before returning to Korea in 1946 on August 15, 1945.
  • 1983.9.27
    Korean Catholic saints Approval Day
    In September 1983, the Vatican approved 103 martyrs of Korean Catholicism, including Father Kim Dae-gun (1821-1846), as saints, and Pope John Paul II visited Korea to hold a ceremony in May 1984.
  • 1970.9.27
    Anniversary
    Tourism Day is an anniversary established by the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) to promote the development of the tourism industry and to promote the importance of tourism. On this day, various countries around the world will hold commemorative events.

    Korea also holds various events to revitalize the tourism industry with the annual ceremony.
  • 1956.10.1
    Event day
    Armed Forces Day was established in 1956 to commemorate October 1, 1950, when the Armed Forces first crossed the 38th parallel.

    After the establishment of the Defense Security Guard, the commemorative events held by each army, air force, and navy were integrated into October 1st and designated as anniversaries.

    Since 1976, Armed Forces Day has been established as a public holiday and celebrated the day by holding various events, but it has been excluded from legal holidays due to the fact that it is less efficient in economic activities due to too many holidays in October.

    Currently, Armed Forces Day is only holding commemorative events.
  • 1997.10.2
    statutory anniversary
    In 1997, the Ministry of Health and Welfare first established the Elderly's Day as a legal anniversary. Originally, Senior Citizens' Day was supposed to coincide with October 1, 1991 designated by the United Nations, but the following day, October 2, was designated as an anniversary day as 'International Senior Citizens' Day' overlapped.

    It is a day to celebrate the efforts of senior citizens who have promoted the traditional customs of Korea, inherited and developed traditional culture, and to reflect on the problems of senior citizens that have emerged as a major social problem in recent years.

    The Senior Citizens' Day event will be awarded medals, packages, and commendations from the president, prime minister of state, and the minister of health and welfare to people or organizations that have worked hard on the welfare of senior citizens.

    In addition, Cheongnyeojang, a traditional cane made of silkworms, will be presented to senior citizens who turn 100 that year. Cheongnyeojang refers to a long-lived cane, which is made of grass called Myeongaju, which is light and hard.
  • 1949.10.3
    a national holiday
    Gaecheonjeol, which means "Gaecheon" that opened the sky, is a day to commemorate Hwanung's descent from the sky below the new Dansu of Baekdusan Mountain, or Dangun Wanggeom's establishment of Gojoseon on October 3 of the lunar calendar in 2333 B.C. (the first year of Dangun's reign.

    It was established to inherit the founding ideology of the Hongik people, to promote pride as a cultural nation with a long history and tradition, and to pray for the eternal prosperity of the descendants.

    The National Foundation Day celebration was held on October 3, 1948 in the lunar calendar. With the enactment of the "National Day Act" in 1949, the National Foundation Day celebration was held on October 3, the Gregorian calendar.

    On this day, the national flag of the Republic of Korea will be hoisted.
  • 1446.10.9
    National holiday
    In Korea, the day King Sejong proclaimed Hunminjeongeum as Hangeul Day on October 9, and the national flag was raised as a national holiday.

    On October 9 every year, Hangeul Day celebrations are held and various events are held throughout the country to renew the awareness of Hangeul and to honor the high meaning of King Sejong who spread it.
  • 1963.10.15
    statutory anniversary
    Every October 15th is Physical Education Day. It is the anniversary of the Republic of Korea, which was designated to raise people's awareness of sports, improve physical strength, and realize the ideals of the Olympics.

    On this day, sports events, sports competitions, and other sports events are held at each school, and various sports activities are conducted to suit the situation at work.

    The government also rewards those who have contributed to the development of sports.
  • 1996.10.21
    Anniversary
    Hanbok Day was designated in 1996 to arouse interest in hanbok and to promote its excellence and industrial and cultural value.

    Since 2014, the event has been hosted and supervised by the Hanbok Promotion Center under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the Korea Craft Design and Culture Promotion Agency.

    Gyeongbokgung Palace, the center of Seoul and the symbol of the founding of the Joseon Dynasty, was used as a venue to promote the beauty of hanbok to the world and explore the possibility of hanbok as a tourist content.
  • 1953.11.3
    statutory anniversary
    It was established to foster students' self-regulation and patriotism by inheriting and developing the spirit of the Gwangju Student Anti-Japanese Movement in 1929.

    November 3, 1953 was designated as 'Student Day' and November 23, 1956 was designated as 'Anti-Communist Students' Day.'

    According to the Regulations on Various Anniversary, etc. in September 1984, "Student Day" became a legal anniversary on November 3, and was renamed "Student Independence Movement Day" in 2006.