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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1972.7.4
    Historic event date
    The July 4 South-North Joint Statement (July 4, 1972) is the first joint statement reached and announced by the authorities of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in relation to unification since the division of the country.

    In 1972, at the instruction of Park Chung-hee, Lee Hu-rak, the head of the Central Intelligence Agency, was dispatched to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to meet with Kim Il-sung to establish the three principles of reunification: self-reliance, peace and national unity.

    It was established to reduce the international detente, the withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea, and the arms race, but it was later used by both sides to strengthen their power base through unification discussions.
  • 1937.7.12
    Visit date
    Helen Adams Kelle r. (June 27, 1880 to June 1, 1968)

    american social activist He is a holy figure who overcame obstacles and worked in various fields, including human rights activists and socialists.

    He visited Korea in 1937 when he was in Japanese colonial era, and when a train bound for Pyongyang stopped briefly in Kaesong after a lecture in Seoul (then Gyeongseong), he did not miss the time. 
    He also visited Daegu. After that, I visited Korea during the Korean War.
  • 2003.7.14
    Start date
    In 2002, the world's first double data rate (DDR) 2 DRAM was developed and mass-produced in 2003, opening the era of high-speed DRAM.

    After 80-nano 1Gb DDR2, 70-nano DDR2 DRAM in 2005, 50-nano 1Gb DDR2 DRAM in 2006, it continued its world's first title in 2010 to 30-nano DDR3 DRAM.
  • 1989.7.18
    award day
    Actress Kang Soo-yeon won the best actress award at the 16th Moscow International Film Festival, which ended on July 18, 1989, for director Lim Kwon-taek's "Ajeje Varaise."

    The Moscow Film Festival, which won the best actress award for the first time in Korean film history, is one of the world's four biggest film festivals along with the Cannes, Berlin and Venice film festivals.

    Aje Aje Baraise is a movie about how a bhikkhuni gets Buddhist enlightenment through his departure, wandering and anguish.
  • 1985.7.19
    Opening Date
    Busan Subway Line 1 was opened on 19 July 1985.

    The route opened was the first stage of the Busan Subway Line 1, connecting the Beomnaegol from Nopo-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan.

    It is the first urban railway line in Busan Metropolitan City, which opened on April 20, 2017, at the end of the section of Dadaepo Beach Station.

    It is the first urban railway to be opened in non-capital cities across the country.
  • 1978.7.20
    completion date
    On July 20, 1978, a nuclear power plant was constructed for the first time in Korean history, and the completion ceremony and groundbreaking ceremony for Units 5 and 6 were held.

    Over the years, the Gori-1 reactor has supported Korea's economic growth.

    In 1978, the first year of operation, the company accounted for 9 percent of the nation's total power generation capacity, and with the increased nuclear power plants, we were able to respond to the greatly increased demand for electricity in the course of economic development.

    On June 19, 2017, the country's first Gori Nuclear Power Plant was permanently shut down 40 years after its completion in 1977.
  • 1948.7.24
    the date of inauguration
    On July 20, 1948, the first presidential and vice-presidential elections were held at the National Assembly.
    It was an indirect election method in which more than two-thirds of the members of the National Assembly attended and more than two-thirds of the members present were required to win the election.

    The three candidates were Rhee Syng-man of the Korean National Congress for Independence and Kim Gu and Ahn Jae-hong of the independents.
    As a result of the election, 197 out of 198 lawmakers in the National Assembly attended, with Rhee winning 92.3 percent of the vote, while Kim Gu won 13 votes and Ahn Jae-hong won two.
    In the vice-presidential election, Lee Si-young was elected with 133 votes.
  • 1993.7.30
    Departure Date
    On July 30, 1993, 192 South Korean military construction support engineers departed from Seongnam Seoul Airport to participate in Somalia's United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) for the first time in the Korean military.

    The Sangnoksu unit was sent to Somalia from July 1993 to February 1995 to carry out road repairs and community support activities, mostly destroyed by civil war.
  • 1981.8.1
    Effective Date
    From August 1, 1981, the Enforcement Decree of the Passport Act, which aims to liberalize overseas travel, was implemented.

    The revised enforcement ordinance of the Passport Act, which was revised in line with the expansion of national power and international exchanges, calls for expanding the scope of permission for overseas travel and simplifying the passport application process.

    Single and multiple passports have been removed, and married couples travel abroad and age restrictions have been abolished.

    The full liberalization of overseas travel took place in 1989, when the confidence of successfully hosting the 1988 Seoul Olympics and the internationalization through the Olympics increased demand for overseas travel.
  • 1953.8.5
    Exchange day
    On August 5, 1953, the exchange of prisoners of war began.

    The exchange of prisoners was the first exchange of prisoners under the extradition agreement signed in June of the same year.
  • 1993.8.6
    Date of hosting
    On August 6, 1993, the opening ceremony of the Daejeon Expo was held. The fair was held for 93 days with 108 countries from around the world participating under the theme of “The Road to a New Leap Forward”.

    In 1993, the Daejeon Expo was held as the first World Expo Organization accredited expo held in developing countries.

    It was a commemorative expo where Korea, which participated in the Chicago Expo in 1893 for the first time as an 8-room tiled house, became the host country after 100 years.
  • 1973.8.8
    Kidnapping Day
    In the case of Kim Dae Jung's abduction, Kim Dae Jung, a politician of the Republic of Korea who was in exile in Japan, was in the vicinity of Grand Palace Hotel Room 2210 in Tokyo, Japan, around 1:00 pm on August 8, 1973, in opposition to the Park Chung-hee Restoration System. It was discovered in front of his home in Seoul on August 13 after being abducted by Korean Central Intelligence Agency personnel.
  • 1976.8.18
    Accident date
    On August 18, 1976, a U.S. soldier was killed by a North Korean soldier while pruning a tree in the Panmunjom Joint Security Area.

    The incident closed the "Non-return Bridge," which was the North's driveway, in September, and separated the security of the North Korean and UN forces within the Panmunjom Joint Security Area.
  • 1974.8.19
    a funeral ceremony
    On August 19, 1974, the funeral ceremony for First Lady Yuk Young-soo was held at the Central Office Square.

    Yuk Young-soo was shot and killed by a pistol shot by Moon Se-kwang of the Korean Federation of Korean Industries at the National Theater of Korea on August 15.

    The funeral was held as a national burial ground, and the remains were buried in the National Cemetery.

    ⊙ Yuk Young-soo (November 29, 1925 – August 15, 1974) was the spouse of Park Chung-hee, who served as the fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth president of South Korea.

    The late president's second wife and the 18th president of Park Geun-hye, a businessman, Park Geun Ryung bakjjiman mother.
  • 1992.8.24
    Diplomatic day
    On August 24, 1992, Korea and China officially established diplomatic relations.

    South Korea approved China as the only legitimate government, agreeing on China's position that Taiwan is part of China, and China said it supports peaceful reunification of the Korean Peninsula.

    Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between South Korea and China, exchanges between South Korea and China have developed rapidly in various fields.

    In addition to increasing trade volume, social and cultural exchanges increased rapidly.