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K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1997.12.3
    Conclusion Date
    Korea's request for IMF bailout (December 3, 1997 to August 23, 2001) is a case in which Korea, which is on the verge of bankruptcy, signed a memorandum of understanding to receive funding from the IMF.

    It took place on December 3, 1997. A series of corporate bankruptcies caused foreign exchange reserves to plunge and asked the IMF for $2 billion in emergency loans. Amid the foreign exchange crisis, South Korea's foreign exchange reserves plunged to $3.9 billion at one point.

    Thus, after receiving a $19.5 billion bailout from the IMF, the Korean economy has since embraced the economic system demanded by the IMF and began massive national economic restructuring in response to the demand.

    On August 23, 2001, he repaid $19.5 billion in IMF bailout funds early and graduated from the IMF management system.
  • 1991.12.9
    the opening day
    On December 9, 1991, the opening ceremony of SBS-TV, a private broadcaster, was held at the Seoul Broadcasting Office in Yeouido, Seoul.

    At the time of its opening, SBS-TV broadcasted channel 6, Seoul and Gyeonggi-do.

    It can be seen as the center of the nation's network of private broadcasting stations, but officially, it is a local private broadcasting station with Seoul, Gyeonggi Province, and Incheon as broadcasting areas.
  • 2000.12.10
    Nobel Peace Prize Day
    Kim Dae-jung (January 6, 1924-August 18, 2009), the 15th President of the Republic of Korea, attended the 2000 Nobel Peace Awards Ceremony held at Oslo City Hall, Norway on December 10, 2000 and received a Nobel Peace Prize certificate and medal. And gave the award speech. . It is the 81st Nobel Prize in the world and the first Korean to win.

    About 1,300 distinguished guests, including King Harle V, King of Norway and Gunna Berger, chairman of the Nobel Committee, attended and congratulated President Kim Dae-jung's Nobel Peace Prize. .

    Through the progress report, Chairman Gunna Berg explained that President Kim Dae-jung has consistently committed his life for democracy, human rights, and reconciliation and cooperation between North and South Korea. He emphasized that it is comparable to Nelson Mandela and Billy Brandt.

    President Kim Dae-jung introduced the process of the inter-Korean summit in detail through his Prime Minister's speech, and human rights are universal and valid values ​​that should be protected and respected regardless of East and West, and for human rights and peace in Korea and the world, and for the reconciliation and cooperation of the Korean people in the future. I pledged to do my best.
  • 1948.12.12
    UN Approval Date
    In the history of the founding of the Republic of Korea, along with August 15, 1948 (Foundation Day), December 12, 1948 is another special day.

    This is because the United Nations approved the Republic of Korea as the only legitimate government on the Korean Peninsula.

    On December 12, 1948, the 3rd United Nations General Assembly declared that it was the only government in Korea with 48 affirmatives, 6 disagreements, and 1 abstention, and finally passed Resolution 195.
  • 1979.12.14
    designated date
    The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated Gyeongju as one of the world's top 10 historic sites on Dec. 14, 1979.

    The Gyeongju Historical and Cultural Area is well preserved with Buddhist relics and royal tombs containing the history and culture of Gyeongju, the capital of the Silla millennium (57 AD 935).

    Depending on the nature of the site, it was divided into five districts and there are 52 designated cultural properties.
  • 1972.12.14
    completion date
    On December 14, 1972, Namsan Foreign Apartment, the first high-rise apartment (17 stories) in Korea, was completed.

    The apartment, which blocked Namsan Mountain, was destroyed and destroyed in November 1994 as part of a project to commemorate the 600th anniversary of the Seoul Metropolitan Government.
  • 1963.12.17
    election day
    On October 15, 1963, Park Chung-hee was elected as the fifth presidential election by direct election.

    The gap between Park Chung-hee and Yoon Bo-sun was at least 156,026 votes, the smallest margin ever between the first and second presidential candidates, while the gap between the two candidates was 1.55 percent, the second smallest since the 15th presidential election.
  • 1962.12.18
    Departure Date
    On December 18, 1962, a total of 91 Brazilian immigrants from 17 households left Busan Port.

    After the promulgation of the Overseas Migration Law in 1962, he was the first immigrant to go through formal immigration procedures between the two governments.

    The migrants arrived at the port of Santos in Brazil after a 55-day voyage.

    Starting with this, in the 1960s, planned immigrants to Brazilian farms were carried out five times.
  • 1600230268
    Japanese brutality
    Japanese military sexual slavery (日本軍性奴隸制度) (日本軍慰安婦) or Japanese military sexual slavery system is one of Japan's war crimes, to connivance and involvement of the Japanese government.Committed, and wartime sexual crimes such as rape targeting women in the occupied territories.

    During World War II, the Japanese government needed to solve the problem of relieving the sexual desire of Japanese soldiers. However, in order to maintain the confidentiality of the military, military brothels were created and women from colonies and occupied areas were recruited and managed.

    This is their 'Japanese military sexual slavery ' -- in other words. Japanese military sexual slavery of the problem, and as the classic case for employment there was fraud. In mainland Japan, on the Korean Peninsula and on Taiwan, pimps introduce " jobs.," " I'm going to work at the factory.Small girls like said, " is to arrive and when and for comfort drawing.

    Until recently, this historical error and problem have been ongoing.
  • 1963.1.1
    Promotion Date
    On January 1, 1963, Busan, the second largest city in South Korea, was promoted to a municipality (currently a metropolitan city).

    Busan's population rapidly increased when evacuees gathered during the Korean War and became a temporary capital, and then the size of the city gradually expanded for sustainable economic development.

    It was a municipality for 18 years until Daegu and Incheon were promoted to municipalities in 1981.
  • 1982.1.2
    Presentation date
    In 1982, students' autonomy in school uniforms and hairstyles was announced.

    It states that school uniforms are autonomous from the first half of 1982 and school uniforms from 1983.
  • 1951.1.4
    Event day
    On January 4, 1951, during the Korean War, the Korean and UN forces recaptured the capital Seoul due to the success of the landing operation in Incheon, and gave up Seoul again and retreated extensively due to the Chinese military's coming down from China.

    The population of Busan will exceed 1.2 million in March 1951, as refugees created by the 1.4 retreat continue to flock to Busan, the safest temporary capital of the country.

    Two months later, the Korean and U.N. forces recovered Seoul in mid-March.
  • 1987.1.14
    Date of death
    Park Jong-chul, a student at Seoul National University, died of police torture while being investigated in the anti-aircraft division in Namyeong-dong, the security headquarters.

    On January 14, 1987, at the end of the Chun Doo-hwan administration, police arrested and tortured Park Jong-chul, a linguistic student at Seoul National University.

    The incident was a major trigger for the June 1987 uprising, as the truth was revealed despite the public security authorities' systematic attempts to cover up the incident.
  • 1962.1.15
    the opening day
    On January 15, 1962, the Gwanghwamun Telephone Office opened.

    With the U.S. development loan, the state-of-the-art equipment from Siemens and Halske, Germany, will be able to accommodate 30,000 telephone lines.

    For the first time in Korea, it was a telephone station with automatic exchange facilities in Korea.
  • 1986.1.20
    Export date
    1,000 Korean cars departed Ulsan Port on January 20, 1986 to export to the United States.

    It has already exported Korean cars to the world for more than a decade, but it was the first time to export them to the United States, the world's largest market and the owner of the automobile industry.

    The car model, which was exported to the U.S., was Pony excel, and Presto continued to step on U.S. soil.