Since 1965, Jeon Tae-il has been working as a tailor at the Seoul Peace Market, experiencing poor working conditions and human rights violations by Sida and other female workers.
In 1969, the Peace Market Foundation organized a group called 'Babohoe' and conducted a survey on poor working conditions and violations of the Labor Standards Act to petition the Labor Office, but the appeals of the workers were not accepted.
After working as a construction worker from September 1969 to April 1970, he returned to Pyeonghwa Market in September 1970 and organized the Samdong Friendship Society.
He and his colleagues asked the government, the media, etc. to improve the working conditions of the peace market, but the working conditions did not improve.
On November 13, 1970, when members of Samdonghoe, including Jeon Tae-il, were forcibly disbanded by the police while trying to stage a picket demonstration at Pyeonghwa Market, Jeon Tae-il soaked himself with gasoline and burned himself to death.
Jeon Tae-il's resistance to self-defense was an opportunity for the lives of workers who were sacrificed in the government's industrialization process to be highlighted as social problems, and later greatly influenced the Korean labor movement, democratic movement, and student movement.