K-HISTORY 1 Page > Little Korea


Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1953.1.30
    Fire occurrence date
    On the night of January 30, 1953, a big fire broke out in the international market, which was the economic center of the temporary capital Busan.

    The fire was extinguished at dawn on January 31, but caused great damage, with more than 30,000 people displaced and 4,000 shops burned down.
  • 1989.2.1
    historical event day
    ☆Korea signed an agreement on the establishment of the Korean-Hungarian Resident Representative on August 26, 1988, placed the Korean Permanent Mission to Hungary in Budapest on October 25, the same year, and established the Hungarian Permanent Mission to Korea in Seoul on December 7.

    The following year Korea and Hungary officially established ambassador-level diplomatic relations on February 1, 1989, and on the same day, the resident representative was promoted to the embassy.

    Hungary became the first communist country in Eastern Europe to establish formal diplomatic relations with Korea, and in November 1989, President Roh Tae-woo visited Hungary for the first time as a Korean president to sign an aviation agreement and tourism agreement.
  • 1919.3.1
    a national holiday
    It is a national holiday in Korea on March 1, 1919, when the Korean people protested against Japanese colonial rule and announced the Declaration of Independence to the world.

    Song: Busan Edunet Children's Choir
  • 1919.3.1
    a national holiday
    For a nation that has forgotten history, there is no future! Let's remember! Hooray Exercise Performance!
  • 1982.3.27
    Professional Baseball Opening Day
    The first professional baseball records at the opening ceremony of the professional baseball league in 1982.
  • 1971.3.31
    open unification
    In order to meet the growing demand for long-distance calls, long-distance calls have been converted to direct distance dialing.

    With the opening of the long-distance automatic telephone service between Seoul and Busan in 1971, the nationwide telephone automation project was launched in earnest.

    It is the first project of the automatic plan of inter-city telephony during the metropolitan time, and it is now possible to dial directly without going through a city-diplomatic exchange.
  • 1955.4.18
    Date of hosting
    The Baekje Cultural Festival originated in 1955 when Buyeo-gun residents established an altar in Buyeo Mountain Fortress and offered a memorial service to the Three loyalist of Baekje.

    It has been held simultaneously in Daejeon, Gongju, and Buyeo since the 20th anniversary of 1974, and has been held in Gongju for one year after the decision of the Baekje Cultural Festival Improvement Committee in 1979.

    This local festival is organized by Buyeo-gun or Gongju-si and organized by the Baekje Cultural Promotion Committee to have the characteristics of traditional cultural festivals.​

    More than 60 events will be held as major events, including the National Sijo Gyeongchang Contest, the Palace Contest, the Fireworks Festival, traditional folk performances, Baekje history and culture experiences, and academic seminars.

    In particular, King Munju's Ungjinseong's Cheondo Ceremony and the disguise parade of Baekje Culture, where more than 5,000 people participate, is a central event that reproduces and inherits Baekje culture.​
  • 1962.4.21
    Date of hosting
    On April 21, 1962, the 1st Silla Cultural Festival was held in Gyeongju.

    It aims to introduce and introduce a splendid cultural heritage at home and abroad by passing on and developing the culture and arts of the millennium of Silla.

    It is included for the purpose of honoring the gift of the name that inherited and saved the spirit of Hwarang (Private training group for youth in the Silla era) and contributed to the cultural and arts of Silla.
  • 2018.4.27
    historical event day
    The first inter-Korean summit in 2018 marks the third summit between the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

    On April 27, 2018, it was held at the House of Peace within the southern section of the Joint Security Area of Panmunjeom.

    President of Moon Jae-in and the Democratic People's Republic of the Secretary of State Kim Jong-Un, and both sides of the delegation attended the talks. The slogan is peace, a new beginning.
  • 1932.4.29
    Bomb throwing day
    The Hongkou Park incident occurred on April 29, 1932, when independence activist Yun Bong-gil threw a bomb at Hongkou Park in Shanghai, China, killing or injuring key figures in the Japanese Empire.

    This began to be reported around the world, and major newspapers around the world surprised the world by reporting it extensively on the front page.

    At the time of the first report, it was mostly recognized as an anti-Japanese struggle or Japanese revolutionary activity caused by Chinese, but the following day, it was revealed that it was an anti-Japanese movement by Korean youth Yoon Bong-gil.

    Patriot Yoon Bong-gil (21 June 1908 – 19 December 1932) who had already entered the rural enlightenment movement at the age of 19 opened a night school to fight illiteracy and promote national consciousness, including Hangeul education.

    However, recognizing the limitations that the Enlightenment Movement alone cannot achieve independence, he is seeking asylum in China.

    Patriot Yoon, who met Baekbeom Kim Gu there, agreed to join the Korean Patriotic Corps and plan to live in Honggu Park with Kim Gu.
  • 1980.5.8
    effective date
    The preferential treatment for senior citizens was implemented by the then Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in 1980 to promote welfare for senior citizens as part of its social welfare policy.

    On May 8, 1980, the Ministry of Health and Welfare enacted and promulgated the preferential treatment for senior citizens, and the following year, the Welfare of the Elderly Act was enacted in 1981.

    A typical preferential treatment system for senior citizens that has been in place so far is the free subway system. Older people living in urban areas benefit greatly from the free subway system.
  • 1948.5.10
    Voting day
    The May 10 general election was the first democratic election in the Republic of Korea to elect a member of the National Assembly to form the Constitutional Assembly on May 10, 1948.

    With 35 observers dispatched by the U.N. Korean Committee monitoring the election, South Korea secured 91.7% of voter registration as the first ordinary and equal election in South Korea and conducted alone.

    On May 31, the Constitutional Assembly was opened for the first time in the history of Korean constitutional government, and Rhee Syng-man was elected as the National Assembly Speaker and Shin Ik-hee as the Vice Chairman.
  • 1957.5.19
    opening date
    On May 19, 1957, the 1st Miss Korea Contest was held at the Seoul Metropolitan Theater in Jung-gu, Seoul.

    Seven people who passed the preliminaries participated in the finals, and Park Hyun-ok, the winner of the first competition, participated in Miss Universe.
  • 1592.5.23
    the date of the outbreak
    The Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, from May 23, 1592 to December 16, 1598, was a war between Joseon and Ming China versus Japan.

    It was an international war that shook the history of East Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries, with tremendous influence not only on Joseon but also Ming and Japan, which were the main stages of the war.

    From the Japanese perspective, although the original purpose of 'conquering Joseon and entering the continent' was not achieved, it also gained cultural benefits such as pottery manufacturing techniques, looting metal types, and inflow of Neo-Confucianism by looting various human and material resources from Joseon.

    It also re-emerged as a major player in the international situation in East Asia a thousand years after the Battle of the Baekgang River in the 7th century. The beginning of the fall of the Ming Dynasty, which had reigned as an absolute hegemonic power in East Asia, was also foreign exchange, including the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592.

    It is no exaggeration to say that the Korean peninsula was devastated by the war.

    There are many legends about Yi Sun-sin, who is revered as a sacred hero, as well as about various righteous army generals throughout the country, and it is still being handed down to this day.
  • 1961.6.1
    Date of creation
    From June 1, 1961, recruitment for the first year of ROTC (student military training group) at 16 universities nationwide began.

    The ROTC system is for the efficient recruitment of beginner officers and is modeled after the US school district system.

    The 1st semester broke through the 3-on-1 competition, and 2,642 people passed, of whom 1,768 were appointed in 1963.