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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1972.10.17
    a historic day
    On October 17, 1972, a constitutional amendment was declared to dissolve the National Assembly and suspend political party activities under the emergency martial law.
    The president elected by indirect election and removed the presidential term limit.
    The president was given the right to appoint one-third of lawmakers, to take emergency measures and to dissolve the National Assembly. It was the most undemocratic constitution in history with the Yushin Constitution, which guarantees the president's permanent power and super-constitutional authority.
  • 1920.10.20
    a historic day
    The Korean Independence Army unit, led by General Kim Jwa-jin's Northern Route Army and the Korean Independence Army led by Hong Beom-do, destroyed the Japanese military's godfather in Manchuria.

    The ambush was the main cause of the battle, in which only thousands of independence fighters and tens of thousands of Japanese troops fought, leaving more than 90 people dead, but more than 3,500 Japanese soldiers lost their lives.

    The Battle of Cheongsan-ri was recorded as the most brilliant battle in the history of the Korean armed independence movement.
  • 1979.10.26
    President Park Chung-hee's Death Day
    On October 26, 1979, President Park Chung-hee had a banquet with Kim Jae-gyu (金~, 1926~1980), chief of staff Kim Gye-won ( 19, 1923~2016), and chief of security Cha Ji-cheol (7, 1934~1979), who were at odds with Cha Ji-cheol, at the reception hall in Gungjeong-dong after the opening ceremony of the Dangjin radio station and the completion ceremony of the Sapgyocheon seawall. As a result of the October 26 incident, the 18-year-old Park Chung-hee administration ended.
  • 1909.10.26
    a historic day
    On October 26, 1909, Ahn Jung-geun killed Hirobumi Ito of Japan who visited Harbin to discuss the right to construct the Manchurian railway and the annexation of the Korean Peninsula.

    Ahn Jung-geun was executed on March 26, 1910 after being arrested by a Russian military police for shouting "Hurrah for the Republic of Korea" at the scene.

    Ahn Jung-geun (from September 2, 1879 to March 26, 1910) is a soldier of the Korean Empire, commander of the anti-Japanese righteous army and political thinker.
  • 1905.10.27
    date of establishment
    The Korean Red Cross is a non-profit special corporation in South Korea.

    Since the establishment of the Korean Empire Red Cross in 1905 under the Imperial Emperor Gojong's edict, we have been sharing the moment of Korea's historic transition.

    On September 28, 1955, he joined the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Cross as the 74th member.

    By the side of the independent forces that struggled to regain their homeland, by the young men who cried out for democracy, by our neighbors struggling with disasters and accidents, and by the countless people who had to bear the weight of life, together have sought hope and overcome hardships and adversity.
  • 1978.11.7
    Date of creation
    On November 7, 1978, the founding ceremony of the ROK-US Combined Forces Command was held at the U.S. military base in Yongsan, Seoul.

    The ROK-US Combined Forces Command is a military command that integrates and directs South Korean and U.S. troops stationed in South Korea, and is tasked with suppressing aggression against South Korea and jointly responding to the outbreak of war.

    With the establishment of the ROK-US Combined Forces Command, South Korea's operational control, which had been exercised by the United Nations Command since the Korean War, was transferred to this command, and Korea officially regained its peacetime operational control in December 1994.
  • 1977.11.11
    Occurrence date
    On November 11, 1977, about 30 tons of gunpowder exploded at Iri Station in Jeollabuk-do.

    The main cause of the accident was the "safety insensitivity" of the truck convoy and the neglect of various regulations and principles.

    The accident destroyed most of the houses and buildings less than 500 meters around Iri Station, killing 59 people and causing 6.1 billion won in property damage.

    The largest explosion in Korea has shocked the entire Korean society, making it one of the top 10 news stories in Korea that year.
  • 1970.11.13
    self-destructing day
    Since 1965, Jeon Tae-il has been working as a tailor at the Seoul Peace Market, experiencing poor working conditions and human rights violations by Sida and other female workers.
    In 1969, the Peace Market Foundation organized a group called 'Babohoe' and conducted a survey on poor working conditions and violations of the Labor Standards Act to petition the Labor Office, but the appeals of the workers were not accepted.

    After working as a construction worker from September 1969 to April 1970, he returned to Pyeonghwa Market in September 1970 and organized the Samdong Friendship Society.
    He and his colleagues asked the government, the media, etc. to improve the working conditions of the peace market, but the working conditions did not improve.

    On November 13, 1970, when members of Samdonghoe, including Jeon Tae-il, were forcibly disbanded by the police while trying to stage a picket demonstration at Pyeonghwa Market, Jeon Tae-il soaked himself with gasoline and burned himself to death.

    Jeon Tae-il's resistance to self-defense was an opportunity for the lives of workers who were sacrificed in the government's industrialization process to be highlighted as social problems, and later greatly influenced the Korean labor movement, democratic movement, and student movement.
  • 1996.11.13
    Demolition date
    On November 13, 1996, the Government-General of Korea building was completely demolished.

    The Japanese Government-General's Office was completed in 1926 and was used as the U.S. Military Government Office and the Central Office after the liberation of Korea.

    It was used as the National Museum of Korea in the 1980s, but was demolished in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the liberation of Korea in 1995.
  • 1980.11.14
    press suppression day
    The consolidation of the press was a measure of the consolidation of the press, which was promoted under the direction of Chun Doo-hwan in November 1980.

    On November 14, 1980, the Korean Association of Newspapers and Broadcasters held an extraordinary general meeting under pressure from the new military, and decided to merge the press, which included the consolidation of newspapers, broadcasting and telecommunications, the establishment of a public system for broadcasting, and the creation of the only large private telecommunications company.

    The resolution included "autonomous reorganization of newspapers, broadcasting and telecommunications," but in fact it was the result of coercion by the Chun Doo-hwan administration, which dragged the publishers and managers subject to the merger to the security company and forced them to stamp a memorandum that they had no objection to the merger.

    According to the memorandum, 64 media outlets across the country, including 28 newspapers, 29 broadcasts and seven communications, were merged into 18 media outlets, including 14 newspapers, three broadcasts and one communication, and 172 types of periodicals were closed.
  • 1905.11.17
    compulsory treaty date
    The treaty was signed on Nov. 17, 1905 (the 42nd year of King Gojong's reign), between Park Je-soon, the outside minister of the Korean Empire, and Hayashi Konsuke Hayashi, the Japanese legation in Korea, under the siege of the Japanese military, which calls for delegating the diplomatic rights of the Korean Empire to the Japanese government and dispatching Japanese officials named Tonggam and Director.

    Ito Hirobumi was sent to South Korea's invitation so strongly when he took over to the foundation of Japanese colonial rule and carried out the work. Typically, it took control of Korea's central and provincial governments through the Tonggambu and the board of directors, which meant the early formation of the colonial governing body.

    The official name does not exist because the original title of the treaty does not exist. Therefore, Korean and Japanese academia in a variety of views with ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1907, the second.Convention between Korea and Japan ’, named as ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’ and ‘foster a treaty draft of the Korea-Japan diplomatic’.

    The main plot of ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’ the Korean Empire's diplomatic sovereignty to delegate to the Japanese government and install the Japanese Resident-General of Korea and isacheong Korea of Protection Agency and Korean Empire's work.The deprivation of diplomatic rights.
  • 1968.11.21
    issue date
    The issuance of resident registration cards began on November 21, 1968.

    Resident registration cards were replaced by city and provincial certificates issued after the Korean War and have been used for various purposes such as identification of oneself, identification for public administration affairs, criminal investigation, and finding separated families.
  • 1983.11.30
    award day
    Founded in 1972 by Chairman Chung Ju-yung, Hyundai Shipbuilding changed its name to Hyundai Heavy Industries in 1978 and continued to grow.
    In 1983, the company not only won the $1 billion export tower for the first time among Korean companies, but also became the world's No. 1 shipbuilding company in terms of ship building volume, beating Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of Japan.
    In June 2019, Hyundai Heavy Industries Group launched Korea Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., an integrated shipbuilding corporation.
  • 1963.11.30
    First Awards Day
    On November 30, 1963, a film awards ceremony was held to improve the quality of Korean films and to develop the film industry.

    It was first hosted by the Chosun Ilbo. Among the domestic film awards ceremonies, the Grand Bell Awards and the Baeksang Arts Awards are considered one of the top three film awards, and are recognized as the highest authority among them. Currently, it is hosted by Sports Chosun and broadcast live by SBS.

    On November 30, 1963, the first Blue Dragon Film Awards ceremony was held at the Civic Center.

    Lee Man-hee, director of "The Marine Who Never Returns," won the director's award at the film festival for 17 theatrical films, while actors Um Aeng-ran and Shin Sung-il won the popularity award by voting.

    The 40th Blue Dragon Film Awards in 2019 was won by director Bong Joon-ho's film "Parasite," which won five awards, including the director's award.
  • 1980.12.1
    broadcast start date
    Starting with the live broadcast of the 17th Export Day ceremony at 10:30 a.m. on December 1, 1980, the curtain of the color TV era was opened in Korea.

    Prior to the broadcast, as the color-adjusting test radio was shown in color, spectators gathered in front of the television store and looked at it with curiosity.

    On the first day of color broadcasting, KBS 1TV has been broadcasting full-time from 5:20 p.m., and satellite broadcasting of semi-finals with children's programs such as 'Program Guide', 'Baby Charge', 'Children's Relay Car Launching', and 'Lee Joo-il's Children's Children's Children's World, and Kings Cup Soccer Korea vs. Thailand B team.

    From December 22, KBS 2TV and MBC-TV also started color test broadcasts, and all TV stations in Korea will be color broadcasting.