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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 2018.4.27
    historical event day
    The first inter-Korean summit in 2018 marks the third summit between the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

    On April 27, 2018, it was held at the House of Peace within the southern section of the Joint Security Area of Panmunjeom.

    President of Moon Jae-in and the Democratic People's Republic of the Secretary of State Kim Jong-Un, and both sides of the delegation attended the talks. The slogan is peace, a new beginning.
  • 1932.4.29
    Bomb throwing day
    The Hongkou Park incident occurred on April 29, 1932, when independence activist Yun Bong-gil threw a bomb at Hongkou Park in Shanghai, China, killing or injuring key figures in the Japanese Empire.

    This began to be reported around the world, and major newspapers around the world surprised the world by reporting it extensively on the front page.

    At the time of the first report, it was mostly recognized as an anti-Japanese struggle or Japanese revolutionary activity caused by Chinese, but the following day, it was revealed that it was an anti-Japanese movement by Korean youth Yoon Bong-gil.

    Patriot Yoon Bong-gil (21 June 1908 – 19 December 1932) who had already entered the rural enlightenment movement at the age of 19 opened a night school to fight illiteracy and promote national consciousness, including Hangeul education.

    However, recognizing the limitations that the Enlightenment Movement alone cannot achieve independence, he is seeking asylum in China.

    Patriot Yoon, who met Baekbeom Kim Gu there, agreed to join the Korean Patriotic Corps and plan to live in Honggu Park with Kim Gu.
  • 1980.5.8
    effective date
    The preferential treatment for senior citizens was implemented by the then Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in 1980 to promote welfare for senior citizens as part of its social welfare policy.

    On May 8, 1980, the Ministry of Health and Welfare enacted and promulgated the preferential treatment for senior citizens, and the following year, the Welfare of the Elderly Act was enacted in 1981.

    A typical preferential treatment system for senior citizens that has been in place so far is the free subway system. Older people living in urban areas benefit greatly from the free subway system.
  • 1948.5.10
    Voting day
    The May 10 general election was the first democratic election in the Republic of Korea to elect a member of the National Assembly to form the Constitutional Assembly on May 10, 1948.

    With 35 observers dispatched by the U.N. Korean Committee monitoring the election, South Korea secured 91.7% of voter registration as the first ordinary and equal election in South Korea and conducted alone.

    On May 31, the Constitutional Assembly was opened for the first time in the history of Korean constitutional government, and Rhee Syng-man was elected as the National Assembly Speaker and Shin Ik-hee as the Vice Chairman.
  • 1957.5.19
    opening date
    On May 19, 1957, the 1st Miss Korea Contest was held at the Seoul Metropolitan Theater in Jung-gu, Seoul.

    Seven people who passed the preliminaries participated in the finals, and Park Hyun-ok, the winner of the first competition, participated in Miss Universe.
  • 1592.5.23
    the date of the outbreak
    The Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, from May 23, 1592 to December 16, 1598, was a war between Joseon and Ming China versus Japan.

    It was an international war that shook the history of East Asia in the 16th and 17th centuries, with tremendous influence not only on Joseon but also Ming and Japan, which were the main stages of the war.

    From the Japanese perspective, although the original purpose of 'conquering Joseon and entering the continent' was not achieved, it also gained cultural benefits such as pottery manufacturing techniques, looting metal types, and inflow of Neo-Confucianism by looting various human and material resources from Joseon.

    It also re-emerged as a major player in the international situation in East Asia a thousand years after the Battle of the Baekgang River in the 7th century. The beginning of the fall of the Ming Dynasty, which had reigned as an absolute hegemonic power in East Asia, was also foreign exchange, including the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592.

    It is no exaggeration to say that the Korean peninsula was devastated by the war.

    There are many legends about Yi Sun-sin, who is revered as a sacred hero, as well as about various righteous army generals throughout the country, and it is still being handed down to this day.
  • 1961.6.1
    Date of creation
    From June 1, 1961, recruitment for the first year of ROTC (student military training group) at 16 universities nationwide began.

    The ROTC system is for the efficient recruitment of beginner officers and is modeled after the US school district system.

    The 1st semester broke through the 3-on-1 competition, and 2,642 people passed, of whom 1,768 were appointed in 1963.
  • 1986.6.2
    game day
    The Mexico World Cup soccer tournament was held with the interest of billions of people around the world.

    The Korean national team, which reached the World Cup final for the first time in 32 years, had a bloody confrontation with world-class players.

    At first, Argentina scored three goals, but the Korean players did their best without giving up until the end.

    Finally, Captain Park Chang-seon scored one goal and scored the first goal in the history of World Cup soccer.
  • 1990.6.4
    the date of the meeting
    President Roh Tae-woo and President Gorbachev of the Soviet Union held their first summit in San Francisco on June 4, 1990.

    During the talks, the two leaders agreed to develop bilateral ties into diplomatic relations.

    Since then, additional summits have been held in Moscow (December 1990) and Jeju Island (April 1991).
  • 1975.6.7
    Victory Day
    On June 7, 1975, Yu Jedu competed in the WBA Junior Middleweight Championship in Japan.

    On that day, Yu Jedu became the new world champion by defeating Japan's Wajima Koichi with a KO win in the 7th round.
  • 1973.6.8
    On June 8, 1973, a ceremony was held to light the furnace of Pohang Iron and Steel (the first ceremony to light the furnace).

    This furnace was the first in Korea, and Pohang Steel became a full-fledged steel mill.
  • 1987.6.10
    Start Date
    On June 10, 1987, protests against the death of Park Jong-chul took place in 22 cities across the country.

    The protests, which continued for several days after the government's announcement of a favorable constitution on April 13, 1987, escalated nationwide, culminating in the day.

    As a result, the then ruling Democratic Party of Korea announced the 6.29 Declaration, which promised to revise the direct election system and take measures for democratization.
  • 2000.6.13
    the date of the first inter-Korean summit
    This is the first meeting between the two Koreas since the division of the Korean Peninsula.
  • 1976.6.14
    Date of enforcement
    On June 14, 1976, the Security Headquarters ordered the National Police Agency to crack down on long hair.

    The targets for the crackdown were hair with side hair covering ears and back hair covering collar, hair long enough to distinguish men and women, and hair with perm or short hair of women.

    The Jangbal people who were caught notified the heads of their agencies (government offices, schools, and workplaces), and those who did not belong were handed over to the immediate examination.
  • 1998.6.16
    Date of visit to North Korea
    Hyundai Group Honorary Chairman Chung Ju-young's first visit to North Korea took place on June 16, 1998, when he carried 500 cows on 50 trucks.

    Chung stayed in North Korea to discuss inter-Korean economic cooperation and the development of Mount Kumgang.

    On October 27, 1998, he returned to North Korea through Panmunjom with 501 "unification cows" and 20 Hyundai Motor vehicles.

    The Chung Ju-young cattle visit to North Korea was the first case in which a civilian entered North Korea through Panmunjom, a military zone, after a civilian-level agreement since the division.

    Chairman Chung Ju-young's visit to North Korea was a monumental event that paved the way for civilian exchanges between the two Koreas, which will grow rapidly over the next decade.