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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1990.9.25
    award day
    It was established in 1988 to commemorate the successful hosting of the 24th Seoul Olympics, to sublimate and develop the spirit of human harmony and world peace, and to realize the peace of the divided Korean people.

    The Seoul Peace Prize Foundation, which was established with 10 billion won out of the surplus for the Seoul Olympics, is in charge of hosting and awarding the event.

    The award is given every two years to individuals or organizations that have greatly contributed to human harmony and world peace in all areas of the world, transcending the nation, race, religion, and ideology.

    The first winner of the 1990 Seoul Peace Prize was IOC President J. A. Samaranch, who was awarded a certificate of merit and $300,000 in prize money.
  • 1963.9.26
    Patient Occurrence Date
    Since the first cholera case was reported in Busan in September 1963, the number of patients has been increasing by an average of 30 per day.

    By October, more than 1,000 patients were reported across the country, of which more than 70 died. In response, the government set up a quarantine headquarters for cholera and conducted public disinfection and vaccinations.

    In addition, measures were taken to block ports, close schools at various levels, ban rallies, and prohibit access to areas where patients occurred. Cholera is an infectious disease of the digestive system caused by vibrio cholera, and the main symptoms are severe vomiting and diarrhea.

    According to the article at the time, not eating raw food and not drinking cold water were the first measures to prevent cholera.
  • 1992.9.27
    Historic event date
    On August 24, 1992, China and South Korea established formal diplomatic relations.

    From September 27 to 30, 1992, South Korean President Roh Tae-woo was the first Korean head of state to visit China at the invitation of Chinese President Yang Sang-gon.

    Through the summit, the two countries discussed ways to promote Sino-Korean relations and cooperate for peace and prosperity in Northeast Asia.
  • 1983.9.28
    the date of commencement
    On September 28, 1982, a groundbreaking ceremony for the Han River Comprehensive Development Project was held at the Yeouido High Water Park.

    The project has refurbished a 36km-long stream from Amsa-dong in Gangdong-gu to Haengju Bridge, and created leisure facilities and civic parks.

    The construction was completed in 1986, with a total construction cost of 956 billion won.
  • 1999.10.6
    Opening Date
    On October 6, 1999, Incheon Subway Line 1 opened, connecting Gyulhyeon-dong (Gyulhyeon Station) in Yeonsu-gu and Dongchun-dong (Dongmak Station) by 24.6km.

    As a result, Incheon was operated for the fourth time in the country after Seoul, Busan, and Daegu.
  • 1993.10.10
    Accident date
    On October 10, 1993, a ferry-ho in the West Sea sank in Wido, Buan-gun, Jeollabuk-do.

    The ship flying between Buan and Gupo carried 362 passengers, more than 221 passengers at the time of the accident, and weighed 110 tons.

    The accident caused a gust of wind in the sea, turning the head of the ship and returning to the port, killing 292 people.
  • 1973.10.15
    Completion date
    On October 15, 1973, the completion ceremony of the Soyang River Multipurpose Dam was held in Chuncheon, Gangwon-do.

    The Soyang River Dam is Korea's largest multi-purpose dam with a length of 530 meters, a height of 123 meters, and a reservoir of 2.9 billion tons, and is a four-purpose dam made of sand and gravel.

    It can prevent floods and droughts in the Han River basin, supply various water, and supply power to power generation facilities built together next to the dam.

    At that time, the power generation of the Soyang River Dam was about one-third of the nation's total hydroelectric power.

    The construction was called the three major civil engineering works along with Gyeongbu Expressway and Seoul Subway Line 1. The construction began in 1967 and was completed in about six years.
  • 1972.10.17
    a historic day
    On October 17, 1972, a constitutional amendment was declared to dissolve the National Assembly and suspend political party activities under the emergency martial law.
    The president elected by indirect election and removed the presidential term limit.
    The president was given the right to appoint one-third of lawmakers, to take emergency measures and to dissolve the National Assembly. It was the most undemocratic constitution in history with the Yushin Constitution, which guarantees the president's permanent power and super-constitutional authority.
  • 1920.10.20
    a historic day
    The Korean Independence Army unit, led by General Kim Jwa-jin's Northern Route Army and the Korean Independence Army led by Hong Beom-do, destroyed the Japanese military's godfather in Manchuria.

    The ambush was the main cause of the battle, in which only thousands of independence fighters and tens of thousands of Japanese troops fought, leaving more than 90 people dead, but more than 3,500 Japanese soldiers lost their lives.

    The Battle of Cheongsan-ri was recorded as the most brilliant battle in the history of the Korean armed independence movement.
  • 1979.10.26
    President Park Chung-hee's Death Day
    On October 26, 1979, President Park Chung-hee had a banquet with Kim Jae-gyu (金~, 1926~1980), chief of staff Kim Gye-won ( 19, 1923~2016), and chief of security Cha Ji-cheol (7, 1934~1979), who were at odds with Cha Ji-cheol, at the reception hall in Gungjeong-dong after the opening ceremony of the Dangjin radio station and the completion ceremony of the Sapgyocheon seawall. As a result of the October 26 incident, the 18-year-old Park Chung-hee administration ended.
  • 1909.10.26
    a historic day
    On October 26, 1909, Ahn Jung-geun killed Hirobumi Ito of Japan who visited Harbin to discuss the right to construct the Manchurian railway and the annexation of the Korean Peninsula.

    Ahn Jung-geun was executed on March 26, 1910 after being arrested by a Russian military police for shouting "Hurrah for the Republic of Korea" at the scene.

    Ahn Jung-geun (from September 2, 1879 to March 26, 1910) is a soldier of the Korean Empire, commander of the anti-Japanese righteous army and political thinker.
  • 1905.10.27
    date of establishment
    The Korean Red Cross is a non-profit special corporation in South Korea.

    Since the establishment of the Korean Empire Red Cross in 1905 under the Imperial Emperor Gojong's edict, we have been sharing the moment of Korea's historic transition.

    On September 28, 1955, he joined the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Cross as the 74th member.

    By the side of the independent forces that struggled to regain their homeland, by the young men who cried out for democracy, by our neighbors struggling with disasters and accidents, and by the countless people who had to bear the weight of life, together have sought hope and overcome hardships and adversity.
  • 1978.11.7
    Date of creation
    On November 7, 1978, the founding ceremony of the ROK-US Combined Forces Command was held at the U.S. military base in Yongsan, Seoul.

    The ROK-US Combined Forces Command is a military command that integrates and directs South Korean and U.S. troops stationed in South Korea, and is tasked with suppressing aggression against South Korea and jointly responding to the outbreak of war.

    With the establishment of the ROK-US Combined Forces Command, South Korea's operational control, which had been exercised by the United Nations Command since the Korean War, was transferred to this command, and Korea officially regained its peacetime operational control in December 1994.
  • 1977.11.11
    Occurrence date
    On November 11, 1977, about 30 tons of gunpowder exploded at Iri Station in Jeollabuk-do.

    The main cause of the accident was the "safety insensitivity" of the truck convoy and the neglect of various regulations and principles.

    The accident destroyed most of the houses and buildings less than 500 meters around Iri Station, killing 59 people and causing 6.1 billion won in property damage.

    The largest explosion in Korea has shocked the entire Korean society, making it one of the top 10 news stories in Korea that year.
  • 1970.11.13
    self-destructing day
    Since 1965, Jeon Tae-il has been working as a tailor at the Seoul Peace Market, experiencing poor working conditions and human rights violations by Sida and other female workers.
    In 1969, the Peace Market Foundation organized a group called 'Babohoe' and conducted a survey on poor working conditions and violations of the Labor Standards Act to petition the Labor Office, but the appeals of the workers were not accepted.

    After working as a construction worker from September 1969 to April 1970, he returned to Pyeonghwa Market in September 1970 and organized the Samdong Friendship Society.
    He and his colleagues asked the government, the media, etc. to improve the working conditions of the peace market, but the working conditions did not improve.

    On November 13, 1970, when members of Samdonghoe, including Jeon Tae-il, were forcibly disbanded by the police while trying to stage a picket demonstration at Pyeonghwa Market, Jeon Tae-il soaked himself with gasoline and burned himself to death.

    Jeon Tae-il's resistance to self-defense was an opportunity for the lives of workers who were sacrificed in the government's industrialization process to be highlighted as social problems, and later greatly influenced the Korean labor movement, democratic movement, and student movement.