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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1987.12.16
    election day
    The election was held on December 16, 1987 to elect the 13th president of Korea.

    As a result of the June 1987 uprising, it was the first direct presidential election held in 16 years, and the participation rate was very high, with 89.2 percent, the highest since the third presidential election in 1956.

    As a result of the election, Roh Tae-woo of the Democratic Justice Party beat Kim Young-sam of the second-largest United Democratic Party by 8.6 percent of the vote and 1,945,157 votes.

    For the military government, it was a roller coaster election that came to life, but for those who fought hard for democracy, it was a complete election.

    As a result, the Yeongnam-Honam conflict has become more intense, especially between PK and Honam.
  • 1598.12.16
    Die in a war
    Yi Sun-sin (李舜臣, April 28, 1545 to December 16, 1598 (November 19, 1598) was a military official of the mid-Joseon Period who served as the governor of Jindo County and the commander of Jwa-do County in Jeolla Province.

    During the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, he became the commander of the three provinces of Joseon and won consecutive naval battles with the Japanese naval forces due to his leadership, outstanding tactics, outstanding strategies and skillful tactics.

    On November 19, 1598 (Dec. 16, 1598), he took the lead in the Battle of Noryang and Gwaneumpo and was sadly hit by the enemy's stray bullet.

    Until the moment of his death, he quietly closed his eyes, saying, "The fight is urgent, so refrain from saying that I am dead."

    Admiral Yi Sun-sin is revered as a saint who saved Joseon from a crisis.
  • 1997.12.18
    the date of the election of the 15th President
    The 15th presidential election is to elect the 15th president of the Republic of Korea. Thursday, 18 December 1997 took place on saejeongchi a candidate for the National Conference of the Kim Dae-jung was elected.

    Saejeongchi the National Conference of the president candidate Kim Dae-jung and president of the United Liberal Democrats on November 3, the Free Democratic Party in 1997, a presidential candidate to sign the agreement and presidential election to Kim Dae-jung.If Kim Dae-jung was elected president after unifying the candidate agreed to form a government.

    It is of historical significance that it is the first peaceful democratic regime change in 36 years for a DPP party to come to power for the first time since the Cabinet of Scenes was lost in the May 16 military coup in 1961.
  • 877.1.31
    Taejo Wang Geon's Birthday
    Taejo (r. 918-943 CE), previously known as Wang Geon or Wang Kon, was the founder and first king of the Goryeo (Koryo) kingdom which unified and ruled ancient Korea from 918 CE to 1392 CE. Wang Geon was given the posthumous title of Taejo meaning 'Great Founder.' His dynasty would oversee an unprecedented flourishing of Korean culture, and its name is the origin of modern Korea's English name.

    The Fall of Silla
    The Unified Silla Kingdom (668- 935 CE) had held sway over the Korean peninsula for three centuries, but the state was in a slow decline. Rebellions from the peasantry and the aristocracy were rife, and there followed a period of political turmoil referred to as the Later Three Kingdoms period (889-935). Gyeon Hwon, a peasant leader, took advantage of the political unrest in 892 CE and formed a revival of the old Baekje kingdom in the south-west portion of the peninsula. Meanwhile, an aristocratic Buddhist monk leader, Gung Ye declared a new Goguryeo state in the north in 901 CE, known as Later Goguryeo. Gung Ye was assisted by his first minister and general Wang Geon, the son of a wealthy merchant and local headman at Gaeseong in the Silla kingdom.
  • 2020.3.26
    Ahn Jung-geun's patriotic martyrdom
    He was an independence activist at the end of the Korean Peninsula and worked hard to foster human resources by establishing Samheung School. On October 26, 1909, he disguised himself as a Japanese and infiltrated Harbin Station and killed Ito Hirobumi, the main culprit of Korean invasion, on the station platform.
    On March 26, 1910, he died in Lushun Prison and was posthumously awarded the Order of Merit for National Foundation in 1962.
  • 1994.4.8
    Debut date
    Born in Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do in 1973, Park Chan-ho, who attended Middle East Elementary School, Gongju Middle School, and Gongju High School, signed with the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1994 when he was a sophomore at Hanyang University, becoming the first Korean to advance to the Major League.

    He has a career record of 476 games in 17 years in Major League Baseball, 124 wins and 98 losses in 1993 innings with an ERA of 4.36.

    In particular, 124 wins are the most wins by an Asian pitcher. It's a milestone that no one will ever encounter.
  • 1999.4.19
    Date of visit to Korea
    Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and the first lady Kim Dae-jung as president and first lady of three nights and four days from 22 to April 19 at the invitation of the state visit our country.

    The visit is the first of its kind for a British head of state since the two countries established diplomatic ties in 1883.

    On April 21, the queen, who visited Andong Hahoe Village and Bongjeongsa Temple, the home of Confucianism, was delighted to receive the Korean traditional birthday prize carefully prepared by Hahoe Village on the occasion of her 73rd birthday and taste Korean food with chopsticks.
  • 1545.4.28
    statutory anniversary
    "Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin's Birthday" is an anniversary established to promote the patriotism and loyalty of Admiral Yi Sun-sin, who was born on April 28, 1545, and to promote the spirit of national independence.

    The events in honor of Admiral Yi Sun-sin began shortly after his death and have continued to this day.

    Since 1945, the festival has been held annually under the auspices of the Chungmugong Memorial Foundation. Since the 1960s, Yi Sun-sin was regarded as a hero of the old country and a symbol of patriotic soldiers.
  • 1970.5.1
    Death Day
    King Yeongchin lived a fresh life like the fate of a slanted country.

    He became the last crown prince of the Korean Empire and succeeded the 28th royal throne of Joseon, but when his brother and predecessor King Sunjong ascended, the country had already disappeared and the throne to succeed was missing.

    He was taken to Japan at the young age of eleven, married a Japanese royal, Yi Bang-ja, and stayed in Japan for more than 50 years until he returned home in 1963.

    He returned to Korea in November 1963 for the first time in 56 years, but lived in a hospital for seven years after returning to Korea.

    Yi Bang-ja, the widow, died on April 30, 1989 while managing Myeonghwiwon while protecting Nakseonjae of Changdeokgung Palace.
  • 1397.5.15
    King Sejong's Birthday
    King Sejong was born on May 15, 1397 in Hansungbu Junsubang (now located in Tongin-dong, Seoul) as the third son of King Taejong, the third king of the Joseon Dynasty, and became the fourth king of the Joseon Dynasty in 1418, when he was 22 years old.

    King Sejong made many achievements during his reign of 31 years and six months until his death at the age of 54. In 1420 (the 2nd year of King Sejong's reign), Jiphyeonjeon Hall was established to cultivate promising talents and to promote learning to maintain the rituals and systems underlying Confucian politics.

    The creation of Hunminjeongeum, the greatest achievement of the time, was also a result of King Sejong's desire to communicate with the people.

    Through the fusion of Confucian politics and independent culture, it brought great prosperity to politics, economy, society and culture during the Joseon Dynasty.
  • 1966.6.25
    Victory Day
    Kim Ki-soo (20 September 1941 – 10 June 1997) was the first Korean boxing champion to win the WBA/WBC World Super welterweight title at Jangchung Gymnasium in Seoul on 25 June 1966.
  • 1998.7.7
    the day of the championship
    Born in Yuseong, Daejeon on September 28, 1977, Se-ri Park started playing golf in 1989 at the recommendation of her father, Park Joon-cheol.

    He is known to have undergone rigorous training without any days off in order to become the best on his own, such as staying alone until 2 am at the training ground at a young age in elementary school.

    He turned pro in 1996 and took part on the LPGA tour in 1998.

    In the first year of his tour, he won the LPGA Championship and the US Women's Open, winning the Rookie of the Year award.

    She emerged as a national hero, especially as she was broadcast live to the people who were depressed in the financial era of the IMF after struggling to win a bad battle.
  • 1947.7.19
    Yeo Un-hyung's Assassination Day
    Yeo Un-hyung joined the independence movement in 1918, forming the New Korea Youth Party in Shanghai. In 1919, he sent representatives to the Paris Peace Conference to promote Joseon's independence and served as deputy foreign minister for the Shanghai Provisional Government.

    In November 1919, Yeo Un-hyeong was invited by the Japanese cabinet. In a speech to hundreds of Japanese journalists, he insists on the independence of Joseon and criticizes the Japanese government. The Japanese cabinet, which tried to appease Yeo Un-hyeong, is facing a backlash and is facing the dissolution of the House of Representatives. In 1929, Yeo Un-hyung was arrested by Japanese police and jailed for three years. After being released from prison, he became the president of the Chosun Ilbo and posted a photo of Sohn Ki-jung deleting the Japanese flag when he won the marathon at the Berlin Olympics.

    In August 1944, Yeo Un-hyeong gathered patriotic forces from left to right to form a national foundation alliance. This will be the foundation of the National Foundation Preparation Committee, which has a system two days after its liberation. However, the path to establishing a unified government was not easy. The left-right confrontation has become intense within the trusteeship of the Moscow Tripartite Conference. The first joint committee of the U.S. and Japan, which was trying to discuss the formation of a unified provisional government, collapsed.

    In June 1946, Rhee Syng-man proposed the establishment of a single government in Jeongeup, and Yeo Un-hyeong opposed it. Yeo Un-hyung, who pushed for a left-right joint effort to establish a unified government, is bombarded with criticism and attacks from both camps, and constant terror attacks occur against him. Eventually, Yeo Un-hyung was assassinated on July 19, 1947. His death stops his dream of establishing a unified government.
  • 1979.7.20
    the day of the championship
    Kim Jin-ho (born December 1, 1961) is a native of Yecheon-gun, North Gyeongsang Province who started archery while attending Yecheon Middle School.

    Kim Jin-ho (December 1, 1961) is from Yecheon-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and started archery while attending Yecheon Girls' Middle School.

    He was selected as a national representative while attending Yecheon Girls' High School and won the world archery championship by winning the 30m, 50m, 60m, individual and group competitions at the World Archery Championships held in Berlin in 1979.

    He also raised high expectations at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, but he was unable to participate as a boycott of the Republic of Korea.

    Kim Jin-ho, who again won five crowns at the World Championships held in Los Angeles in 1983, is the first player to show the potential of Korean archery to the world stage.
  • 1965.7.27
    burial day
    Rhee served as the first president of the Republic of Korea from 1948 to 1960. After becoming the National Assembly speaker in May 1948, he took office as the first president in July and carried out a thorough anti-communist policy.

    During the Korean War, he opposed a cease-fire, and in 1952, the Constitution was revised to a direct presidential election system and re-elected as the second president.

    In 1954, he pushed ahead with a constitutional amendment to abolish the restriction on the second term of the president, and was elected the third president in 1956. During the presidential election on March 15, 1960, the ruling party (Liberty Party) and the government organized a rigged election and were elected for the fourth term, but the April 19 Revolution broke out nationwide.

    On April 26, 1960, Syngman Rhee finally issued a resignation statement and defected to Hawaii. He died in exile in 1965 and was buried in the National Cemetery.