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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1970.7.7
    open unification
    The Seoul-Busan Expressway is a national prosperity road that symbolizes the modernization of our country.

    The construction of the Gyeongbu Expressway began on February 1, 1968 and was completed and opened on July 7, 1970, two years and five months later.

    At that time, the highway was completed at 428 kilometers with 8.92 million people, 1.65 million units of extension fee, and 42.9 billion won of construction cost.

    The birth of the Gyeongbu Expressway linking Seoul and Busan gave rise to the development of our economy and the spread of social culture. The structure of transportation changed from railway to road, and the rapid and large volume of freight transport was achieved.

    In addition, the number of industrial complexes increased along the Gyeongbu axis, and the influx of productive population allowed cities to grow. With daily living rights across the country, it has become the driving force behind modernization, urbanization and promoting balanced national development.
  • 1970.7.25
    Opening Day
    On July 25, 1970, the largest children's center in the East opened in Namsan, Seoul.

    The building has one basement floor and 18 floors above the ground, with a total construction cost of 600 million won at that time.

    Inside the building is a gymnasium, a swimming pool, a dance room, and a library with 11,000 books.

    Namsan Children's Center was transferred to the National Library of Korea in 1974 and moved to a new center in Neung-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul in 1975.

    Even now, the Namsan branch of the Seoul Science Exhibition Center is continuing its reputation.
  • 1974.8.15
    the opening of the subway system.
    August 15th, 1974, 11 a.m. The opening ceremony of the subway was held in Cheongnyangni, a subway station, and the newspaper published editorials and articles congratulating the opening of the subway.

    On April 12, 1971, three years and four months after the groundbreaking ceremony for Subway Line 1, the 108th train ran between Cheongnyangni and Seoul Station.

    It is the first time in about 110 years since the world's first subway train opened in London, England.

    The emergence of the Seoul subway system, which was described as the "revolution of public transportation," was a symbol of Korea's modernization in the 1970s.

    The subway, which made its first start on the day, ran 15 meters underground and traveled 7.8 kilometers from Cheongnyangni to Seoul Station in 18 minutes. It was a breakthrough in technology at the time, and with the opening of subway line 1, Korea became the third country in Asia to own the subway after Japan and China.
  • 1975.8.15
    the date of completion of the National Assembly building
    With the opening of the 6th National Assembly, the issue of building the National Assembly building was re-discussed in earnest, and the plan was to secure 100,000 pyeong of land in Yeouido and build the National Assembly building gradually according to the demand for the unification of the two Koreas.

    Construction began on the meaningful Constitution Day on July 17, 1969, and completed the main building of the National Assembly building (24,636 pyeong) on August 15, 1975, six years later, and moved from the National Assembly building in Taepyeong-ro on September 2, that year.

    The Capitol covers one-eighth of Yeouido's total area. And the National Assembly building, a reinforced concrete building in the center, is one basement floor and seven ground floors, 122 meters long and 81 meters wide, making it the largest of its kind in the East.

    At the top of the Capitol is a huge dome with a base of 64 meters and a weight of 1,000 tons. The dome is dedicated to twenty-four octagonal pillars, with twenty-four footnotes representing the twenty-four solar terms and eight pillars at the front representing eight degrees nationwide.
  • 1987.8.15
    opening day
    The Independence Hall of Korea is a quasi-government institution and history museum under the Ministry of Patriots and Veterans Affairs of the Republic of Korea, located at the Independence Hall 1 (Namhwa-ri 230) in Mokcheon-eup, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do.

    In response to Japan's distortion of history textbooks in 1982, it was opened in 1987 through the National Fund.

    It is a comprehensive academic exhibition hall that collects, preserves, manages, and displays relics and materials related to the independence movement and studies the history of the independence movement.
  • 1969.8.23
    Unveiling day
    On August 23, 1969, the unveiling ceremony of the statue of Baekbeom Kim Koo, the president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, was held at Namsan Outdoor Concert Hall Square in Seoul.

    It was Kim Gu's lunar birthday (August 29, 1876 – June 26, 1949) .

    The statue was erected to commemorate Kim Koo's righteousness in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the memorial service, and was made with donations from all walks of life, including overseas Koreans.
  • 1988.9.3
    an opening day
    On September 3, 1988, the opening ceremony of the Seoul Olympic Athletes' Village was held.

    About 14,000 Olympic athletes and executives stayed in the athletes' village, which closed on October 5 after opening for 33 days from this day.

    The 24th Seoul Olympic Games were held from September 17 to October 2, 1988, with the slogan "World is Seoul, Seoul is World" and 160 countries, the largest ever participated in the Olympics.
  • 1971.9.29
    completion date
    On September 29, 1971, the completion ceremony of 5.16 Square was held in Yeouido.

    The plaza was completed seven months after its construction began, and was able to accommodate 550,000 people at the same time with a 120,000-pyeong scale.

    The name was changed to 'Yeouido Plaza' and the park was established in 1997.

    In 1999, it was opened as a "Yeouido Park" with ecological forests and lawns.
  • 2005.10.1
    completion date
    The Seoul Metropolitan Government spent 380 billion won to complete the 5.84km section on September 30, 2005, starting with the demolition of the Cheonggyecheon High School on July 1, 2003, in front of the Dong-A Ilbo building in Gwanghwamun, to the Sindap Railroad Bridge in Seongdong-gu.

    The Cheonggyecheon restoration project has a positive aspect in that it has torn down the old Cheonggye Pass, which used to be a nuisance, provided citizens with rest areas in the city center, and created new tourist attractions.

    In fact, about 190 million Koreans and foreigners visited the stream for 10 years from 2005 to 2015.
  • 1974.10.3
    opening day
    On October 3, 1974, the Korean Folk Village opened in Yongin, Gyeonggi-do.

    Located at 90 Folk Village Road, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, the Korean Folk Village is a comprehensive tourist destination with the theme of traditional culture built to preserve and transfer our folk culture and to use it as a tourist resource and field-training educational facility.

    The Korean Folk Village reproduces the customs and lifestyle of the late Joseon Dynasty by combining houses of 99 kan yangban houses, intangible cultural assets such as pungmul nori, tightrope walking, and folk crafts such as bamboo work, embroidery, and knots.
  • 1969.10.7
    Completion date
    On October 7, 1969, the completion ceremony of the Namgang Dam across the Namgang River, a tributary of the Nakdonggang River, was held in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do.

    It is a multi-purpose dam that will also serve as a hydroelectric power plant while preventing flooding of the Nakdong River and supplying drinking water and agricultural and industrial water, and is 975 meters long and 21 meters high.

    Under the first five-year economic development plan, it was completed in seven years with the help of Korean engineers after the groundbreaking in 1962.

    Jinyang Lake, an artificial lake formed by the construction of a dam, is used as a tourist resource in Jinju along with Jinju Castle and Chokseongnu Pavilion
  • 1946.10.15
    the opening day
    After Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule in 1945, the U.S. military government planned to create a national Seoul National University by integrating other universities specializing in industry and agriculture with Kyungsung Imperial University at the center.

    On July 13, 1946, the U.S. Military Government officially announced the "National Seoul National University Plan" and the "Act on the Establishment of National Seoul National University" was promulgated on August 22, the same year, and Seoul National University was officially established.

    At the time of its opening on October 15, 1946, nine colleges (Munri University, Engineering University, Agricultural College, Law School, College of Education, College of Education, College of Law, College of Education, College of Commerce, College of Medicine, College of Arts, Dental College) and one graduate school were started. Since then, the size of departments and graduate schools has gradually increased.
  • 1973.10.17
    Opening Day
    On October 17, 1973, the National Theater of Korea (currently the National Theater of Korea) was opened in Jangchung-dong, Seoul.

    The Grand Theater of the new National Theater, which was built at the foot of Namsan Mountain, was a state-of-the-art art theater with facilities such as revolving stage and moving stage.

    As the first performance to commemorate its opening, 'Sungwoong Yi Sun-shin' was performed.

    The National Theater of Korea is the first national theater in Asia, founded in 1950.

    It is operated for the purpose of creative development of national art and improving the cultural welfare of the people, and has the National Changgeuk Company, the National Dance Company, and the National Gugak Orchestra.
  • 2000.10.25
    designated date
    Dokdo Day was established by a private organization, the Dokdo Guard, to commemorate the establishment of Dokdo as a subsidiary of Ulleungdo Island on October 25, 1900 by Imperial Gojong in 2000.

    Japanese textbooks claim that Dokdo is Japan's land, but Dokdo is truly Korean land, and Japan aims at Dokdo's resources and various benefits and makes a one-sided argument that is not true at all.

    The fact that Dokdo is Korean territory can be found in a number of key documents related to Dokdo's sovereignty, such as Scarpin No. 677, and Dokdo can be seen from Ulleungdo, but Dokdo cannot be seen from any Japanese island. .

    In addition to this, there is a lot of evidence that Dokdo is Korean territory. Japanese people are not aware of this because the Japanese government has educated students with textbooks containing false information about Dokdo.
  • 1971.10.30
    Completion date
    On October 30, 1971, the Yeouido Sibeom Apartment, built by the Seoul Metropolitan Government, was completed.

    Yeouido Sibeom Apartment was Korea's first complex-type high-rise apartment built for the development of Yeouido, and was about 1,500 households in 24 buildings with 12 stories high.

    Cold hot water, heating, electricity, and telephones were first underground piping, and 24 elevators and two escalators were installed inside, which were called state-of-the-art apartments at the time of construction.

    It was also the first apartment to build a model house.