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Meaningful Days of Korean History

  • 1945.8.15
    a national holiday
    Liberation Day was established under the National Day Act enacted on October 1, 1949 as a day to commemorate Korea's liberation from Japan in 1945 and to celebrate the establishment of the Republic of Korea government in 1948.

    Every year on August 15th, the celebration is held and the Liberation Day is celebrated.
  • 1940.9.17
    date of creation date
    The Korean Liberation Army is a regular military officer of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, which was organized in Chongqing, Republic of China on September 17, 1940.

    Founded in January 1939, it was formed on September 17, 1940, in conjunction with the Party Army of the Korean Independence Party and other independence forces, as well as the Manchurian Independence Army led by Ji Cheong-cheon and Lee Beom-seok.

    In 1942, Kim Won-bong's Joseon Medical Corps was absorbed, and the scale was expanded and reorganized. It was Ji Cheong-cheon and Lee Beom-seok, his chief of staff, who effectively led the Liberation Army.

    The Liberation Army was controlled by the Chinese People's Party until 1944 and took over the command from the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in August 1944.

    Later, he prepared for a domestic vacuum operation with OSS, the predecessor of the U.S. CIA, before returning to Korea in 1946 on August 15, 1945.
  • 1945.9.20
    Installation Date
    On September 20, 1945, the U.S. Military Government Office was established in Seoul to take charge of security and administration in areas south of the 3.8-line.

    The first commander was Lt. Gen. J. R. Hodge, commander of the 24th U.S. Army.

    The U.S. military government transferred administrative power to the South Korean government established on August 15, 1948, after implemented legislative and administrative functions.
  • 1946.10.15
    the opening day
    After Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule in 1945, the U.S. military government planned to create a national Seoul National University by integrating other universities specializing in industry and agriculture with Kyungsung Imperial University at the center.

    On July 13, 1946, the U.S. Military Government officially announced the "National Seoul National University Plan" and the "Act on the Establishment of National Seoul National University" was promulgated on August 22, the same year, and Seoul National University was officially established.

    At the time of its opening on October 15, 1946, nine colleges (Munri University, Engineering University, Agricultural College, Law School, College of Education, College of Education, College of Law, College of Education, College of Commerce, College of Medicine, College of Arts, Dental College) and one graduate school were started. Since then, the size of departments and graduate schools has gradually increased.
  • 1945.10.21
    statutory anniversary
    On October 21, 1945, the U.S. Military Police Agency established a legal anniversary to reflect on police officers who overcame adversity and trials as founding, saving, and protecting police officers since the establishment of the U.S. Military Government Office, and to strengthen new resolutions as a force to create an advanced homeland.

    It is October 21 every year, and since the first commemorative event was held in 1948, the day was designated as 'Police Day' in accordance with the order of the Ministry of the Interior, and it was confirmed as a government-sponsored anniversary in 1973 under the regulations on various anniversaries.
  • 1945.10.24
    statutory anniversary
    October 24, 1945 is the day to commemorate the establishment of the United Nations in San Francisco, USA.

    Also called 'U.N. Day'. Korea also commemorates the participation of the United Nations forces in the Korean War.

    On March 30, 1973, the Presidential Decree (regulations on various anniversaries, etc.) designated the day as the United Nations Day.
  • 1982.1.5
    The date of cancellation of the night curfew
    The curfew, which began on September 8, 1945 under the U.S. Military Government's decree No. 1 and was enforced for 36 years and four months until its abolition on January 5, 1982, was called a total ban on people's passage from midnight every night until 4 a.m. the following day, and was also called curfew and night labor.

    At first, it was only implemented in Seoul and Incheon, but after the Korean War, it expanded nationwide from April 1954 and was banned from night traffic from 10 p.m. to 4 a.m.

    In 1961, curfews were reduced from 12 p.m. to 4 a.m., Jeju in 1964 and Chungbuk in 1965 were excluded from the curfew, but the curfew was maintained until 1982.
  • 1545.4.28
    statutory anniversary
    "Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin's Birthday" is an anniversary established to promote the patriotism and loyalty of Admiral Yi Sun-sin, who was born on April 28, 1545, and to promote the spirit of national independence.

    The events in honor of Admiral Yi Sun-sin began shortly after his death and have continued to this day.

    Since 1945, the festival has been held annually under the auspices of the Chungmugong Memorial Foundation. Since the 1960s, Yi Sun-sin was regarded as a hero of the old country and a symbol of patriotic soldiers.
  • 1950.6.25
    the date of the outbreak of the Korean War
    It was a war on the Korean Peninsula at dawn on June 25, 1950, when North Korean communist forces illegally Invasion from North Korea across the 38th parallel, which was the inter-Korean military demarcation line.

    It is considered one of the cases in which the Cold War structure developed with the end of World War II exploded into a heated war, and it was a war that took place when Kim Il-sung invaded South Korea with the help of the Soviet Union and China.

    The South Korean military withdrew Seoul in three days, but regained Seoul on September 15 due to the "Incheon Landing Operation."

    The war took place for a total of 1,129 days over the three years from 1950.6.25 to 1953.7.27.
  • 1983.6.30
    broadcast day
    KBS's special live broadcast, "Finding the Separated Family," was broadcast live for 138 days and 453 hours and 45 minutes from 10:15 p.m. on June 30, 1983 to 4 a.m. on November 14, 1983.

    The Korean Peninsula is the longest-running Cold War zone in the world. The number of separated families in the Republic of Korea reached about 10 million due to the division of South and North Korea caused by Japanese colonial era (1910-1945) and the Korean War (1950.6.25).

    KBS is visiting separated families on KBS special live broadcasting around the 33rd anniversary of the Korean War and the 30th anniversary of the armistice agreement (1953.7.27).Plan >. It contains the tragic Cold War situation in Korea and the horrors of war.

    The scene in which the blood relatives were reunited and hugged and wailed healed the pain of separated families, and served as a catalyst for the first reunions of families separated by the two Koreas (1985.9), contributing to the easing of tensions on the Korean Peninsula. It also sent a message of peace to the world that such tragedies should no longer occur.

    The broadcast is also a monumental legacy for broadcasters around the world. It is the world's largest family-finding program using television. A total of 100,952 separated family members applied and 53,536 were introduced on the air, with 10,189 separated family members reunited. 1,641 personnel in charge of broadcasting were deployed and broadcast for 138 days.