May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement

K-HISTORY

Meaningful Days of Korean History

May 18 Gwangju Democratization Movement +

1980.5.18
Statutory anniversary
It is a democratization movement held by citizens of Gwangju Metropolitan City and Jeollanam-do region from May 18th to 27th, 1980.

They demanded the abolition of martial law, the resignation of new military personnel, including security commander Chun Doo-hwan, and the release of Kim Dae-jung.

It was the political tragedy that caused the most casualties after the Korean War in 1950, and was one of the biggest events in the process of democratization in Korea.

At the time of the outbreak in 1980, it was defined as a riot (Gwangju Incident) by very few impurities and mobs, but on April 1, 1988, after the inauguration of the 6th Republic, it was formally defined as the'Gwangju Democratization Movement' by the Democratization Promotion Committee.

"May 18 Democratic Movement Anniversary" was established as a court anniversary in May 1997, and in May 2011, a documentary related to the May 18 Democratic Movement was officially registered as a UNESCO World Record Heritage Site.
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