The March 1st Movement is a nonviolent civil disobedience movement that declared Korea's independence and exercised the right to resist the strength of the Japanese Empire on the Korean Peninsula, and the largest independence movement of the Korean people for months from March 1, 1919. It is also called the March 1st Declaration of Independence, the March 1 Revolution, the March 1st Independence Movement, and the Kimi Independence Movement.
Under the slogans 'Long Live Korean Independence' and 'Long Live Korean Independence', the participants rejected the Japanese empire's unauthorized rule and declared Korea's independence, which resonated with the private sector and intellectuals and developed into a massive nationwide demonstration.
Even after the demonstration, various support groups and civic groups were formed, including women's independence activist groups such as ethnic educational institutions, Joseon Women's Association and Geunwoo Association, armed Resistance such as Uiyeoldan, and Independence Army, which were formerly the mother of modern Korea, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
It is no exaggeration to say that the legitimacy of the Republic of Korea lies in the March 1st Movement, and that the Korean era used by the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea and the Government of the Republic of Korea is the first year of the March 1st Movement in 1919.
Not only is it considered one of the most important events in the modern history of Korea (precisely, the modern history that develops after the annexation of Korea) but it is also considered important in the history of the 20th century.