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K-Cultural Heritage (10)

  • 1996.12.31
    designated date
    A bedline refers to a stitch in a needle, which is the whole of the doubles. Clothing is a generic term for clothing and decorations, so the scope includes everything that can be made of sewing by threading a needle. The person who has this technique and its function is called a bedclothes.

    It is said that it was before history that people started sewing. The Silla-era metalwork, similar to the current needle, was excavated, and a significant level of bedding during the Three Kingdoms Period is well illustrated by the murals of Goguryeo and the "Samguk sagi." The Goryeo and Joseon Periods were further developed and passed down to this day.

    The necessary tools for the bedding include cloth, needle, thread, failure, thimble, scissors, ruler, iron, iron, nail needle, etc. As for fabrics, silk, cotton, ramie, and linen are mainly used. In fact, we use a lot of cotton yarn, but silk sewing always uses silk thread. The choice of yarn depends on the material, color, thickness, etc. of the fabric.

    The stitching method is basic persimmon and groove, stitching, topsoil, whipping, and balling, etc., and the necessary stitching method is used depending on the area of the garment. According to seasonal changes, seams are sewn thinly in summer, and cotton is added in spring and fall to make warm clothes. In particular, our clothes have features that highlight the beauty of the detailed plane and curve.

    In the past, all women had to know how to do the needlework, so the needle method continued to be practiced in the house and learned how to do it. There were times when the technique was passed down in the royal court due to bedrooms, but it was generally inherited by the family and is now impossible.

    On December 31, 1996, Park Gwang-hoon was recognized as the holder of the function of the intangible cultural asset burial Site and passed down our unique burial technique. On August 10, 2017, he was recognized as an honorary holder.

    bbb※※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616). </bb
  • 2017.1.6
    designated date
    The Jinan Plateau, called the roof of Honam, is a treasure house of the Kiln Site. Jinan County, North Jeolla Province, also had the highest concentration of pottery on the Jinan Plateau, where onggi production was brisk due to the large amount of clay and abundant firewood. The geopolitical advantage or dynamism as a cultural contact area is inherent in the Onggi culture of the Jinan Plateau area, which is revealed specifically in the Onggi Point custom and the formation of Onggi.

    Sonnae Onggi, Pyeongjang-ri, Baegun-myeon, Jinan-gun, Jeonbuk, is also in line with the tradition of the Jinan Plateau ceramic culture, and the Historical and sustainability of the local Onggi related to the village's geographical name is still valid to this day, making it a representative Onggi point that has been producing the Jinan Plateau-type Onggi.
  • 2006.1.12
    designated date
    The entrance is a technique used in many places to decorate the metal surface with gold or silver thread, and the entrance is our unique name. The term inlaid, which is commonly used together, refers to the technique of making patterns with different materials regardless of the material, and is called yanggam in China. Sanggam is a term that came from Japan. The traditional patterns used for the entrance are plant doors, animal doors, geometries, and letters, and the combination of them is harmoniously shaped, with a painted pattern in the background and a pictorial pattern in the center. The job Site is an art that requires a high level of precision workmanship and a high eye for objects and patterns.

    On January 12, 2006 been recognition of activity as holder of the choegyojun.

    ※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616)

K-History (15)

  • 1977.11.22
    a date designated as a historical site
    Tongqing Myeong-dong Cathedral is a cathedral of the Catholic Archdiocese of Seoul located in Myeong-dong 2-ga, Jung-gu, Seoul, and is both a symbol and heart of the Korean Catholic Church.

    This is the first place where the Korean church community was born and the remains of many martyrs were enshrined.

    It is the first large-scale Gothic Catholic church built on the Korean Peninsula and the first main hall in Korea (a cathedral where priests reside and minister).

    On November 22, 1977, it was designated as Historic Site No. 258.

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  • 1979.12.14
    designated date
    The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated Gyeongju as one of the world's top 10 Historic Sites on Dec. 14, 1979.

    The Gyeongju Historical and Cultural Area is well preserved with Buddhist relics and royal tombs containing the history and culture of Gyeongju, the capital of the Silla millennium (57 AD 935).

    Depending on the nature of the Site, it was divided into five districts and there are 52 designated cultural properties.
  • 1962.12.20
    designated date of national treasure
    The construction of Seokguram Grotto was begun in 751 under the leadership of Prime Minister Kim Dae-seong during the reign of King Gyeongdeok of the Silla Dynasty, and was completed in 774 (the 10th year of King Hyegong’s reign), whereupon it was given its original name of Seokbulsa Temple.
    Buddhist art reached its peak during King Gyeongdeok’s reign, which spanned the middle period of the Silla Period, Besides Seokguram Grotto, many other cultural treasures were built during this period, including Bulguksa Temple, Dabotap Pagoda, the Three-story Stone Pagoda of Bulguksa Temple, and the Bell of Hwangnyongsa Temple.
    The artificial stone grotto was built halfway down Tohamsan Mountain with pieces of white granite. The principal statue of Sakyamuni Buddha was placed at the center of the grotto, and forty statues of various bodhisattvas, Buddha’s disciples, and guardian kings were carved on the surrounding walls, though only thirty-eight of them remain. The rectangular front chamber of the grotto is connected to the round main chamber by a corridor. The exquiSite ceiling of the main chamber was made with more than 360 flat stones. The architectural technique used to build this grotto is unprecedented in its excellence. There are statues of four guardian deities on both the left and right sides of the front chamber, which functions as the entrance to the main chamber. Carved on both sides of the entrance to the corridor is a statue of the Vajra Guardians, while the narrow corridor is decorated with the Four Guardian Kings carved in pairs. There is an octagonal stone column on both sides of the entrance to the round main chamber. The Principal Buddha is placed slightly off center toward the back of the main chamber. From the entrance, the walls of the chamber are filled with the images of two devas, two bodhisattvas, and ten arhats. Standing behind the Principal Buddha is a statue of the Eleven-faced Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva, perhaps the most exquiSitely carved statue found inside this grotto.
    Every single sculpture contained in the grotto may be considered a masterpiece of East Asian Buddhist art. The list of masterpieces includes the principal image of Buddha, which was created with mature carving skills; the Eleven-faced Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva with its magnificently carved face and body; statues of valiant warriors and the majestic Four Guardian Kings; and the supple graceful statues of various bodhisattvas and arhats, each of which displays a distinctive individuality. In particular, the serene appearance of the Principal Buddha enshrined in the main chamber deepens the mystical atmosphere. The extremely natural appearance of the Principal Buddha seems to present to all living people the ideal model of a man harboring a profound and sublime mind deep within him and easily pass to them his everlasting mercy. Seokguram Grotto is a masterpiece of the golden age of Buddhist art in Silla. What makes it stand out all the more is its perfect combination of architecture, mathematics, geometry, religion, and art. Seokguram Grotto has long been preserved as National Treasure No. 24, and was jointly registered as a UNESCO World Heritage in December 1995 along with Bulguksa Temple.

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