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K-Cultural Heritage (2)

  • 2005.3.11
    designated date
    ☆Yoo Bae-geun was born in 1953 and was studied by his father Yu Yang-su. He won a number of prizes, including the Jeonbuk Craft Competition.

    Hanjibal is the most essential tool for making hanji(traditional paper). The production items are hanji oebal(a Bal), hanji ssangbal(a pair of Bal), and pattern Bal.

    Hanjibal is the most important things to activate our hanji, especially in order to revive our traditional Korean oebal, which are now disappearing due to the Japanese style of ssangbal.

    Yu Bae-geun is well versed in the complex and detailed process of processing bamboo and horse tails, so the level of Hanji-bal manufacturing technology is excellent.
  • 2006.3.13
    designated date
    ☆Jumul refers to a mold made by melting metal and injecting it into a mold. The Gyeonggi-do designated jumuljang is a craftsman with the technique of melting iron and weaving molds to make cauldrons. Anseong Jumul is run by Kim Jong-hoon, a foundry owner. It began in 1910 when his grandfather Kim Dae-sun filled the cauldron, and in 1924, his grandfather Kim Soon-sung established a factory in Mulmun Street, Bongsan-dong, Anseong. When his grandfather became ill in 1953 and unable to operate the factory, Kim Jong-hoon, the current owner of the foundry, took over the family business; and now his son and successor Kim Sung-tae has been in charge of the operation for four generations.

    The process of making a cauldron is largely divided into making an egg frame and an outer frame, and pouring iron.

    Put in the finest castings first for the inner shape of the cauldron. Then, when separated from the frame, a round-shaped frame is completed. The made egg frame is dried to one side and then finely trimmed to prevent air from entering between rough surfaces, and graphite powder are applied continuously for about an hour on top of it to polish the egg frame.

    The outer frame, which is responsible for the appearance of the cauldron, is made by applying soil water and using a traditional tool called "Dore." The finished frame goes through a process of heating it up to get rid of moisture. If there is any moisture left in the frame, it can explode in contact with the iron water, and the soot on the frame during the heating process is effective in making the solids hot.

    Jumuljang uses iron with a carbon content of 1.7 percent or more, and a solid fuel coke is used as a fuel to melt iron. Fuel and iron work is carried out in traditional waterways, with holes for iron ingress on the first floor and a fireball putting materials on the second floor. If you put in 25 kilograms of coke, 80 kilograms of iron, and the remaining 20 kilograms (4:1 ratio), the iron will pool on the first floor. Separate impurities by adding limestone, which is the main ingredient of calcium carbonate, during seasonal work.

    Put an egg frame on the finished outer frame, cover it with a lid, and prepare to inject iron. When the iron from the furnace is poured into the mold, the metal enters the gap between the frame and the inner frame and becomes a cauldron. When pouring iron, the metal stream is used to fill the inlet.

    The density increases and the thickness becomes constant only when it is filled. Three minutes after pouring the iron, if the temperature of the iron drops below 800°C, separate the molds and remove the iron and casting yarn from the cast iron pot. After taming with sesame oil, the surface becomes spicy and smooth. The method of making cauldron caps is no different from the method of making cauldrons, but regardless of the size of cauldrons, cauldron lids are made at a quarter of the weight of cauldrons.

    If you look at the thickness of the cauldron cross-section made like this, the thickness of the sides is about 4 to 5mm thinner than the thickness of the floor is about 9mm. Regardless of the size of the cauldron, the thickness difference between the floor and the sides is made in half. The first part that the fire touches is thick, and the last part that touches it is thin so that it is evenly delivered inside when heat is transferred. Recently, using this traditional casting technology, modern products such as frying pans and takoyaki pans have been introduced as well as cauldrons.

K-History (12)

  • 1987.11.19
    the date of death
    Lee Byung-chul (Lee Byung-chul, Feb. 12, 1910 to Nov. 19, 1987) is a South Korean businessman who founded Samsung Group, CJ Group and Hansol Group JoongAng Ilbo.

    In 1938, he founded Samsung Corporation and later engaged in trade. It established Samsung C&T in 1951, Cheil Jedang and Cheil Industries in 1953, and expanded its manufacturing business through exports to pave the way for Samsung Group, including Samsung Heavy Industries Co., Samsung C&T Corp. and Samsung Petrochemical Co.

    He also entered broadcasting and media by establishing TBC in May 1964 and JoongAng Ilbo in September of the following year. However, the JoongAng Ilbo handed it over to the Hong Jin-ki family.

    Since then, devoted to business activities, Samsung Electronics and Samsung Electro-Mechanics have been successful in exporting electronics products by establishing them in 1969.
  • 2019.11.22
    award day
    Cha Bum-keun (born May 22, 1953) is a South Korean retired footballer who plays as a football coach, commentator and critic.

    Cha Bum-keun, who started his career in Germany at the German Bundesliga SV Darmstadt in 1978, has a record of 121 goals.

    When he played in the Bundesliga, it was difficult for Germans to call Cha Bum-keun's Romanization, so he called him Tscha Bum.

    It was nicknamed the Brown Bomber because of its rapid penetration into space and its strong appearance in aerial warfare.

    Cha Beom-geun was awarded the Cross Merit Medal for his decades of efforts to develop relations between South Korea and Germany.

    As Koreans, the late Cardinal Kim Soo-hwan and the late President Kim Dae-jung were awarded.
  • 1953.1.30
    Fire occurrence date
    On the night of January 30, 1953, a big fire broke out in the international market, which was the economic center of the temporary capital Busan.

    The fire was extinguished at dawn on January 31, but caused great damage, with more than 30,000 people displaced and 4,000 shops burned down.

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