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  • 1960.4.19
    Statutory anniversary
    The April 19 Revolution or the April Revolution is an anti-dictatorship struggle and Revolution that expanded to large-scale citizens across the country, including student protests calling for the invalidity of the election and re-election in protest of the ruling Liberal Party of the Republic of Korea's vote-counting scheme on April 19, 1960, to elect Lee Ki-bung as vice president.

    The Busan Ilbo reported that Kim Joo-yeol, a student who recently entered Masan Commercial High School after graduating from Namwon Middle School in North Jeolla Province in 1960 after he participated in the March 15 Masan uprising, was missing 27 days after the March 15 election was invalid, and the protests intensified nationwide when a tear gas shot by a police officer in his left eye was embedded in the sea off the central pier in Masan.

    On April 19, police opened fire on protesters who flocked to the presidential residence, the Gyeongmudae, and after the shooting, the protesters armed with guns and fought back. President Rhee Syng-man, who faced national resistance and the military command's refusal to mobilize force, announced the resignation on April 26, leading to the collapse of Rhee Syng-man's Liberal Party regime, and as a result of this Revolution, the Second Republic was launched on June 15 (the June 15 constitutional amendment).

    It was designated as the 1974 statutory anniversary in order to honor the spirit of the April 19 Revolution, inherit and develop the 4/19 Democratic Philosophy, realize a defined society, and mourn the spirits of the victims.
  • 1932.4.29
    Bomb throwing day
    The Hongkou Park incident occurred on April 29, 1932, when independence activist Yun Bong-gil threw a bomb at Hongkou Park in Shanghai, China, killing or injuring key figures in the Japanese Empire.

    This began to be reported around the world, and major newspapers around the world surprised the world by reporting it extensively on the front page.

    At the time of the first report, it was mostly recognized as an anti-Japanese struggle or Japanese Revolutionary activity caused by Chinese, but the following day, it was revealed that it was an anti-Japanese movement by Korean youth Yoon Bong-gil.

    Patriot Yoon Bong-gil (21 June 1908 – 19 December 1932) who had already entered the rural enlightenment movement at the age of 19 opened a night school to fight illiteracy and promote national consciousness, including Hangeul education.

    However, recognizing the limitations that the Enlightenment Movement alone cannot achieve independence, he is seeking asylum in China.

    Patriot Yoon, who met Baekbeom Kim Gu there, agreed to join the Korean Patriotic Corps and plan to live in Honggu Park with Kim Gu.
  • 1965.7.27
    burial day
    Rhee served as the first president of the Republic of Korea from 1948 to 1960. After becoming the National Assembly speaker in May 1948, he took office as the first president in July and carried out a thorough anti-communist policy.

    During the Korean War, he opposed a cease-fire, and in 1952, the Constitution was revised to a direct presidential election system and re-elected as the second president.

    In 1954, he pushed ahead with a constitutional amendment to abolish the restriction on the second term of the president, and was elected the third president in 1956. During the presidential election on March 15, 1960, the ruling party (Liberty Party) and the government organized a rigged election and were elected for the fourth term, but the April 19 Revolution broke out nationwide.

    On April 26, 1960, Syngman Rhee finally issued a resignation statement and defected to Hawaii. He died in exile in 1965 and was buried in the National Cemetery.

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