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  • 1963.1.18
    designated date
    Changdeokgung Palace was the second royal villa built following the construction of Gyeongbokgung Palace in 1405. It was the principal Palace for many kings of the Joseon dynasty, and is the most well-preserved of the five remaining royal Joseon Palaces. The Palace grounds are comprised of a public Palace area, a royal family residence building, and the rear garden. Known as a place of rest for the kings, the rear garden boasts a gigantic tree that is over 300 years old, a small pond and a pavilion.

    The Palace gained importance starting from the time of Seongjong, the 9th king of Joseon, when a number of kings began using it as a place of residence. Unfortunately, the Palace was burned down by angry citizens in 1592 when the royal family fled their abode during the Japanese invasion of Korea. Thanks to Gwanghaegun, the Palace was restored in 1611. Even today, it houses a number of cultural treasures, such as Injeongjeon Hall, Daejojeon Hall, Seonjeongjeon Hall, and Nakseonjae Hall.

    Changdeokgung Palace’s garden behind the inner hall, called the Secret Garden, was constructed during the reign of King Taejong and served as a resting place for the royal family members. The garden had formerly been called Bugwon and Geumwon, but was renamed Biwon Garden after King Gojong came into power. The garden was kept as natural as possible and was touched by human hands only when absolutely necessary. Buyongjeong Pavilion, Buyongji Pond, Juhamnu Pavilion, Eosumun Gate, Yeonghwadang Hall, Bullomun Gate, Aeryeonjeong Pavilion, and Yeongyeongdang Hall are some of the many attractions that occupy the garden. The most beautiful time to see the garden is during the fall when the autumn foliage is at its peak and the leaves have just started to fall.

    Though it has been treasured by Koreans for centuries, Changdeokgung Palace was recognized as a World Cultural Heritage site by the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Committee in December of 1997 during the committee meeting in Naples, Italy.
  • 1963.1.21
    a date designated as a historical site
    Built in 1395, Gyeongbokgung Palace is also commonly referred to as the Northern Palace because its location is furthest north when compared to the neighboring Palaces of Changdeokgung (Eastern Palace) and Gyeonghuigung (Western Palace) Palace. Gyeongbokgung Palace is arguably the most beautiful, and remains the largest of all five Palaces.

    The premises were once destroyed by fire during the Imjin War (1592-1598). However, all of the Palace buildings were later restored under the leadership of Heungseondaewongun during the reign of King Gojong (1852-1919).

    Remarkably, the most representative edifices of the Joseon dynasty, Gyeonghoeru Pavilion and the pond around Hyangwonjeong Pavillion have remained relatively intact. The raised dias and stone markers of Geunjeongjeon showcase the representative art style of their time.

    The National Palace Museum of Korea is located south of Heungnyemun Gate, and the National Folk Museum is located on the eastern side of Hyangwonjeong Pavillion.
  • 1970.5.1
    Death Day
    King Yeongchin lived a fresh life like the fate of a slanted country.

    He became the last crown prince of the Korean Empire and succeeded the 28th royal throne of Joseon, but when his brother and predecessor King Sunjong ascended, the country had already disappeared and the throne to succeed was missing.

    He was taken to Japan at the young age of eleven, married a Japanese royal, Yi Bang-ja, and stayed in Japan for more than 50 years until he returned home in 1963.

    He returned to Korea in November 1963 for the first time in 56 years, but lived in a hospital for seven years after returning to Korea.

    Yi Bang-ja, the widow, died on April 30, 1989 while managing Myeonghwiwon while protecting Nakseonjae of Changdeokgung Palace.