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K-Traditional Music (5)

  • 2020.11.26
    Recommended music
    ♡ Band Gwangchil was formed in 2015 to mark the 70th anniversary of Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule.

    The old Yellow Sea also uses music as its source, and it is agonizing over how to communicate with the public before speaking about the popularization of Gugak.

    Not only are they active in various fields at home and abroad, but they are also continuing their musical experiments, including the combination of Hwanghae-do Gut and Electronic.
  • 2020.12.9
    Recommended music
    To mark the 100th anniversary of the March 1 Independence Movement and the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, the National Traditional Arts High School prepared the stage.

    It is an art play that carries the life of a martyr to pansori, and is based on Yoo Gwan-soon, a renowned singer of Park Dong-sil, who tries to inspire patriotism by creating a creative pansori of the 'Passion' system after Korea's liberation from Japanese colonial rule.
  • 2021.6.20
    Release date
    It is a song about the resistance of independence activists who aspired to liberate their homeland during the 1910 Japanese colonial era period.

    This song combines Korean traditional music with rock, and the guitarist Jung Ki-song of the rock group "Next" created by the late Shin Hae-chul participated to enhance the perfection of the song.

    In particular, the music video of "Heroic Empire" was filmed inside Seodaemun Prison, which contains the hardships of the Korean people, including the imprisonment of independence activists and key figures of the pro-democracy movement, adding to its historical value and meaning.

K-Cultural Heritage (20)

  • 1995.11.10
    designated date
    The musical instrument, commonly known as the instrument used to play music, has been used in traditional music since the Three Kingdoms Period, and about 60 types of musical instruments have been introduced, including unique instruments from Korea, and foreign instruments imported from China, the West, and other regions. As Korea was adjacent to the northern continent, Chinese and Western music was already introduced during the Three Kingdoms Period. Especially after Silla unified the three kingdoms, Tang Dynasty music was imported.

    By the Goryeo Dynasty, Song Dynasty folk music and aak were imported, and by the time of King Yejong's reign, Ahak was introduced, and it still came in large quantities. These instruments were classified according to the main ingredients needed to make musical instruments in "Jeungbo Munheongo," and in particular, the musical instruments used for the unique traditional music, as well as the instruments used for Ahak and Dangak.

    By the Japanese invasion, national sovereignty was lost and court musicians became free men. Of course, unlike the heads of government-affiliated musical instruments who made Jeongak-centered instruments, Sanjo-centered instruments were being produced in the private sector. This sanjo instrument can be said to be for individual performance, making it more cheerful and easier to transport than a group-oriented Jeongak instrument. During the Japanese colonial Period, Kim Myeong-chil was named in Jeonju, and Kim Boong-gi (Kim Hak-gi) was named in Jeongeup.

    After Korea's liberation from Japan's colonial rule, Kim Myeong-chil's technique was followed by his son Kim Gwang-ju, who became the No. 42 instrument master in 1971. He moved to Seoul to teach Choi Tae-gwi, Go Heung-gon, and Lee Young-soo before passing away in April 1984. Originally, Yi Yeongsu was designated as a cultural asset of Jeollabuk-do with the functions of Kim Bungi in Jeongeup, but he also received the functions of Kim Gwang-ju.

    The musical instrument director originally thought he would make all instruments, but now he is divided into a drum, a jango, a gong, a gong, a jing, a salted fish, a flute, a gayageum, a geomungo, and a haegeum.
  • 2016.11.11
    designated date
    "Woljeongsa Top Doll" was handed down through Japanese colonial era and 6.25, and Monk Manhwa, who was appointed as the host in 1969, restored and systematized the traditional top Dori.

    Since then, the "Woljeongsa pagoda" has been in service every year since its demonstration at the Odaesan Buddhist Culture Festival in 2004 after going through a period of stagnation in the 1980s and 1990s. Since 2013, the tower has been held every month on the fifteenth and the first day of the month.

    In addition to Woljeongsa Temple, Tapdol is performed by Beopjusa Palsangjeon Tower Stone, Chungju Central Tower Stone, Tongdosa Pagoda, and Manboksa Pagoda, but it is the only one designated as an intangible cultural asset.

    Tapdoli is a ritual that has a long history that was mentioned in the history of the Three Kingdoms.

    Source: Hyundai Buddhist Newspaper (
  • 1971.11.16
    designated date
    Jeongseon Arirang is also known as "Arari," a folk song unique to Jeongseon, which contains the living feelings of the residents of Jeongseon Mountain Village.

    It is said that Jeongseon Arirang was the first time that the scholars who served the Goryeo Dynasty began to sing poems about loyalty and longing for their hometowns while hiding in Jeongseon when Goryeo collapsed.

    The lyrics are mainly composed of love between men and women, separation, sinse-tan, poetry, or satire, but the lyrics and lyrics vary from one song to another, such as the sorrow and sorrow of a nation without a country during Japanese colonial era. Jeongseon Arirang has an appeal that the contents of the editorial are sad and sad, the woven parts clearly convey the editorial, and the drooping parts scream.

    If Jindo Arirang is upbeat, exciting, and its craftiness stands out, Miryang Arirang is stiff and masculine. In comparison, Jeongseon Arirang has a simple but female sigh in its calm flow.

    Currently, Yoo Young-ran, Kim Nam-gi, Kim Hyung-jo, and Kim Gil-ja are active as holders of Jeongseon Arirang, and Choi Bong-chul is recognized as honorary holders.

K-History (22)

  • 1878.11.9
    Patriot of the Korean Empire (on March 10, 1938, on November 9, to 1878 and 安昌浩) An education reform activist and social activist who enlightened farmers and independent activists, educators, politicians of the Japanese occupation.

    During his lifetime, he organized and organized Korean-American organizations such as Heungsadan and the Korean National Association, and participated in and led the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea from April 1919.

    On March 21, 1988, after his death, an honorary diploma was awarded to him at the Salvation School, where Ahn Chang-ho studied, namely, Shinjang Middle School and Gyeongshin High School (a school of Presbyterian Church belonging to the integration of the Presbyterian Church of Korea).
  • 1905.11.17
    compulsory treaty date
    The treaty was signed on Nov. 17, 1905 (the 42nd year of King Gojong's reign), between Park Je-soon, the outside minister of the Korean Empire, and Hayashi Konsuke Hayashi, the Japanese legation in Korea, under the siege of the Japanese military, which calls for delegating the diplomatic rights of the Korean Empire to the Japanese government and dispatching Japanese officials named Tonggam and Director.

    Ito Hirobumi was sent to South Korea's invitation so strongly when he took over to the foundation of Japanese colonial rule and carried out the work. Typically, it took control of Korea's central and provincial governments through the Tonggambu and the board of directors, which meant the early formation of the colonial governing body.

    The official name does not exist because the original title of the treaty does not exist. Therefore, Korean and Japanese academia in a variety of views with ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’, the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1907, the second.Convention between Korea and Japan ’, named as ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’ and ‘foster a treaty draft of the Korea-Japan diplomatic’.

    The main plot of ‘Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905’ the Korean Empire's diplomatic sovereignty to delegate to the Japanese government and install the Japanese Resident-General of Korea and isacheong Korea of Protection Agency and Korean Empire's work.The deprivation of diplomatic rights.
  • 1962.12.20
    designated date of national treasure
    Dabotap Pagoda and Seokgatap Pagoda (the Three-story Stone Pagoda of Bulguksa Temple, National Treasure No. 21) are the two most renowned pagodas in Korea. They are similar in height (10.29m and 10.75m), and stand facing each other, Dabotap Pagoda in the east, Seokgatap Pagoda in the west, between Daeungjeon Hall and Jahamun Gate of Bulguksa Temple . Dabotap is a unique type of pagoda, while Seokgatap Pagoda (also known as “Sakyamuni Buddha Pagoda”) is representative of the more general type of stone pagoda. The two pagodas were built at the same site to reflect the content of the Saddharmapundarika Sutra (The Lotus Sutra), in which the Dabo Buddha (“Buddha of the past”) stands beside Sakyamuni (“Buddha of the present”) to prove that his Buddhist sermon is right. Bulguksa Temple was founded by Kim Dae-seong’s offer in 751 (the 10th year of the reign of King Gyeongdeok of Silla).
    Samguk yusa (Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms) states that Kim Dae-seong built Seokguram Grotto for his parents in his former life, and Bulguksa Temple for his present parents. However, the temple was not completed at the time of his death, so it was finished afterwards by the kingdom, and in the end, the temple was run not for the private individual Kim Dae-seong but for the benefit of the kingdom as a whole.
    Bulguksa Temple can be said to be the realization of the Buddhist paradise in which Buddhist monks of past, present, and future live together. It clearly reveals aspects of the spiritual world of the people of Silla. While it is perfectly clear that Seokgatap Pagoda is a three-story pagoda standing on a two-story platform, it is difficult to count the number of stories of Dabotap Pagoda. In fact, even experts have diverging opinions, with some saying it is has four stories and others that it has only three. However, the uniqueness of Dabotap Pagoda can be seen in the structure of each part. Stone staircases are attached to each side of the cross-shaped platform, with an octagonal pagoda body surrounded by square railings placed upon it. It is presumed that the pagoda was built in 751 during the construction of Bulguksa Temple.
    This work is a masterpiece that beautifully expresses the complicated structure of wooden construction without any distraction by the use of through novel ideas. The work exhibits the artistic sensibility of Unified Silla through its well-organized structure consisting of squares, octagons, and circles, and in its length, width and thickness, which are standardized in every part. During the Japanese colonial Period, the Japanese dismantled and repaired the pagoda around 1925, but they left behind no records of this work. In the process, Artifact, reliquaries, and other artifacts that must have been placed inside the pagoda all disappeared. In addition, of the four lions originally placed on the stone staircases of the pagoda, the Japanese took away three, all of which must have been in good condition. Though there have been continuous efforts to retrieve these precious cultural heritages, no trace has been found of them as yet.

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