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K-Cultural Heritage (13)

  • 2008.12.10
    designated date
    The current Seo-gu area of Incheon, which passed through the Three Kingdoms and the Goryeo Period and reached the Joseon Dynasty, is recorded as Seogot-myeon, the 13th year of King Jeongjo's reign (1789).

    Since then, the name of the administrative district has been changed to Seogot, and it has continued its long history and preserved its precious agricultural culture. The exact date is unknown, but the development of agricultural culture in the western part of Incheon can be inferred from the Joseon Dynasty or earlier.

    "Seogot Deul Song" is a song that farmers in Seogot, Incheon used to sing for planting and gimaegi from a long time ago. The sound of mochi and rice planting is soft with the sound of a diagonal.

    Maggie's sound is divided into a bee, two bees, and three bees, and consists of a short rhythm with a cheerful rhythm that empowers farmers and a long chorus.
  • 1967.12.21
    designated date
    Yaryu is a custom of Ogwangdae (mask dance drama) that was first performed in the inland areas of Gyeongsangnam-do but spread to Suyeong, Dongnae, and Busanjin. Yaryu literally means playing in an open field. This mask play was performed by non-professionals like villagers. Dongnae Yaryu was performed on the evening of the full moon of January 15 on the lunar calendar, supposedly to pray for a good year for crops. Dongnae Yaryu was said to have been started about 100 years ago after its cousin performed in nearby Suyeong. Now performed as an entertainment, it is composed of four acts: leper dance, gag exchanged between a yangban (nobleman) and Malttugi (servant), Yeongno (therianthropic character)’s dance, and old couple’s dance. Members of the troupe march to the site of performance while playing music. The main subject of the performance is a satire about nobles. The masks are made of gourds. The chin part of the masks is made movable, moving upward and downward while its wearer delivers a gag. The play is performed to the accompaniment of percussion instruments, which play exorcist music. Malttugi’s dance and nobleman’s dance are the leading performances. Obangsin (Deities of the Five Directions)’s dance, satire about deprave monks, and lion dance -- which are usually included in Ogwangdae mask dance drama -- are not performed in Dongnae Yaryu.
  • 1996.12.31
    designated date
    A folk painting refers to a practical painting drawn according to daily life and customs, focusing on the decoration of living space, and the person who paints such folk painting is called a folk painting. Folk paintings were especially popular in the late Joseon Dynasty, as paintings by ordinary people and the working class. Most of them were painted by unknown or wandering artists who did not study painting properly, so there is no optimism (painting a name or an arc) of the painter.

    Folk paintings have been continuously painted over the years, deeply rooted in the lives of ordinary people from the upper court to the lower court. The material is also diverse, so there is no limit to the material. From landscape, flower, and genre paintings simply for decorative purposes to folklore, Buddhism, and Confucian folk paintings, the subject matter is endless. As a characteristic of technique, it was painted by an unprofessional artist, so the spatial composition is diverse and free. It also has few dark and dull colors, bright and clear, primary and colorful.

    Folk paintings have long been preserved as the most intimate joy of life by portraying materials related to Korean thought, faith and life. Minhwajang was designated as an intangible cultural asset as a folk craft technique that reflects and expresses the thoughts of ordinary people. On December 31, 1996, Kim Man-hee was recognized as the holder of the civil cremation function of intangible cultural heritage and passed down our unique folk painting techniques, and was recognized as an honorary holder on April 13, 2017.

    bbb※※ For detailed information on the above cultural assets, please refer to the Seoul Metropolitan Government Department of Historical and Cultural Heritage (202-2133-2616). </bb

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