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K-Traditional Music (1)

  • 2020.8.1
    Recommended music
    Julpungnyu in the styles of Kim Juk-pa

    Hyeonak Yeongsanhoesang, kNown as "Yeongsanhoesang" or "Julpungryu," was developed from the scholars' pungryubang of the late Joseon Dynasty and passed down to this day. Depending on the region and type of transmission, it is divided into the national Gugak Center's, local's, and Sanjo master's pungryu. Traditional Korean traditional music was passed down around Seoul, using the legal capital, while other local customs and master's customs were performed in various provinces using the Sanjo Gayageum.

    From the gayageum masters Kim Chang-jo, Han Sook-gu, Han Soo-dong, Han Seong-gi, Choi Mak-dong, Sim Sang-gun, Kim Yun-deok, and Seong Geum-yeon, the Sanjo masters were also well versed in the arts, and Jukpa was also a master of the Sanjo, and played bonpungnyu(Dasureum-gunak) and the duitpungryu (Cheonnyeonmanse, Gutgeori).

    Jukpa said, "In principle, the technique of playing pungnyu is the same as Sanjo, but the Nonghyeon is not deep or heavy, so you should ride it without being messy and also ride it refreshingly." Among the customs handed down to Kim Chang-jo, Kim Juk-pa and Moon Jae-sook, styles of Kim Juk-pas is consisted of "Dasureum-Hahyun-Yeombul-Gunak" and "Gye-myeon, Glgeyangcheong-Ujo-Gutgeori." You can see the spirit of the old masters who wanted to look at "pungryu" with an artificial and restrained gaze, not focusing on the feelings of human joy and anger.

    ○ Gayageum/Lee Seul-gi, Daegeum/Kim Jung-seung, Janggu/Kim Cheong-man
    ○ Hosted and filmed/National Gugak Center

K-Cultural Heritage (4)

  • 1989.12.28
    designated date
    Jeongak refers to music played in a court, government office, or a windmill where local windmills gathered to enjoy music.

    Daepungryu means a performance of wind instruments focused on appreciation for fun, and it refers to music centered on wind instruments such as incense flute and Jeongak daegeum for court music.

    The basic pungmul is composed of Hyangpiri 2, Daegeum, Haegeum, Janggu, and Buk. The main musical pieces include eight songs including Yeongyeongsan, Jungyeongsan, Seyeongsan, Seyeongsan, Garaktori, Samhyeondodry, Yeombuldodry, Taryeong, and Gunak, but Samhyeondodry, Yeombuldodry, and Taryeong are used as dance music.

    Although Daepungryu is valuable as traditional music with a strong and lively feel, such small-scale performances are Now disappearing because music is produced on a wide stage. Jin Cheol-ho, the art holder, has learned from the late Kim Jung-sik about the economy of Seoul and the traditional Korean music of Incheon, which is different from the economy of Incheon.
  • 2008.5.30
    designated date
    Gayageum is also kNown as Gayageum, a traditional Korean musical instrument produced and distributed since the Three Kingdoms Period. Twelve strings of silk twisted together with a gilt-bronze resonator board are tied vertically for each line.

    It is used throughout Korean music, including julpungryu, Gagok accompaniment, Gayageum Sanjo, and Gayageum Byeongchang. Fortunately, there is a master craftsman who has only been working on the production of Gayageum in our city's jurisdiction, so Gayageum production is designated as an intangible cultural asset of our city in order to preserve and transfer traditional culture.
  • 1995.9.20
    designated date
    The term "instrument head" means a person who has the skills or functions of making instruments used in traditional music, such as Janggu, Buk, Danso, Gayageum, Geomungo, etc. North Jeolla Province, the birthplace of Honam Nongak, has a regional characteristic of smooth production and distribution of high-quality pungmul instruments.

    Janggu is a representative rhythm instrument imported from the Song Dynasty of China during the Goryeo Dynasty and is widely used in various fields to this day. Also called jango or seyogo, it is used as a material for horse skin and cowhide.

    A drum is a musical instrument that is played with leather on a wooden container and knocks it together, often collecting various pieces of pine trees to squeeze the drum and putting cowhide on both sides. Most of the pieces used in court music were nailed down, but in the private sector, more were tied with leather straps.

    The Danso is a wind instrument that is made of a pole. There are five holes, one at the top and four at the front, but the fourth hole at the front is not used. The range reaches two octaves, and the tone is clear and clear. It is also used as a solo instrument, but is mainly used for ensemble with other instruments in chamber music.

    Gayageum is one of the most representative stringed instruments of its kind, and the Korean alphabet in the ancient literature is called Gayageum, and it is kNown as Beopgeum or pungryu Yageum, which are used in Aak or Jeongak. The gayageum has 12 strings tied to silk thread on a narrow, long rectangular wooden board, and a small column of wood that can be easily moved by supporting the rope. The tone is clear and elegant, and has a wide range of performing techniques, so it is used in both aak and folk music.

    Geomungo, also kNown as cash, was first produced by Wang Sanak in the third to fifth centuries by improving Chinese instruments. The oldest document on how to make it is written in "The Evil Trapezius," which states that the front panel of Geomungo is made of paulownia, chestnut wood, and walnut wood. Geomungo was produced by order, the method of making was handed down to the oral tradition, and it is assumed that the level of production skill was also high because it had to satisfy the demanding needs of the scholars compared to other instruments.

    As a traditional craftsmanship, Go Yi-gon is recognized as the master of the Danso, Seo Nam-gyu as the master of the drum and janggu production, Kang Shin-ha as the master of janggu production, Choi Dong-sik as the master of geomungo production, and Ko Su-hwan as the master of the gayageum production.

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