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K-Cultural Heritage (3)

  • 2017.11.21
    designated date
    •Hwando is a name derived from the fact that it has a cut and wears a ring, a string on the hook, and wears it on the waist. Also called urethra, gangdo.

    The name "Hwando" has been used since the late Goryeo Dynasty. Most of the knives of the Joseon Dynasty were called 'Hwando'. Short and light to carry and use in an emergency. After the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, the length of the hwando was relatively long. The production of Hwan-do is directly managed by the State. Made by the hwan-do-jang belonging to the military discipline.

    • The functions of the exchange center can be divided into four different types of functions: iron smelting function (filling function), blacksmith craft function (folding function), axillary reinforcement function (unfolding function, tempering function, heating function), and molding and polishing function (fracturing function, grinding function, polishing function), and polishing function. Hong Seok-hyun has mastered all of these functions and has excellent skills.

    • Hong Seok-hyun smelts the sand iron (selected from Yeosu, Hongseong, where the sea meets the river) and makes sand iron steel bars, which are grafted and forged in a traditional manner. The traditional pottery is very strong and has little impurities, so it does not rust easily.

    • Passage decorations are not carried around with a sword, but are worn with a sword, and Hong Seok-hyun expresses his artistic beauty by reproducing the pass decorations seen in Hwan-do.

    • Hong Seok-hyun moved to Seoul in 1968 and acquired woodworking and metalworking until 1982. At this time, the craftsmanship acquisition enabled the expression of artistic beauty as a place of exchange that required a variety of techniques.

    • Hong Seok-hyun was the chief prosecutor Jeon Yong-ha (Dogam Production Workshop/Operation of Daehan Kendo), who was the first prosecutor's license in 1983 by the National Police Agency in 1983.Yi Sun-sin's work on the repair and repair of the general Yi Sun-sin) has received knowledge and functions on the pottery, blade grinding process, and traditional pottery.

    • For seven years from 1992-1998, the late Im Myeong-gil (Dogam Production) has been studYing traditional pottery techniques such as blade smoke, charcoal smoke, folding, tempering, loosening, and knitting functions.

    • In 1992, the late Im Myeong-gil was enshrined in a workshop and studied important techniques in traditional pottery techniques for seven years. The late Chung Eung-jo and the late Yu Jeok-seon (metal crafts) were also taught various functions of traditional crafts.

    • It reproduces artifacts, excavated and excavated daggers through the research of ancient documents and functions handed down from various craftsmen to the present since 1989.
  • 1968.12.21
    designated date
    As a drum dance handed down in Tongyeong (Chungmu), Gyeongsangnam-do, it was performed by barmaids and boys. During the Japanese Invasion of Korea (1592-1598), Admiral Yi Sun-sin had this dance played to boost the morale of his troops or celebrate the victory of battles. Many dances performed in Tongyeong, a naval town, were called Seungjeonmu (Victory Dance). Only the Mugo (Drum Dance) was designated as important intangible cultural heritage under the name Seungjeonmu in 1968. Nine years later, Geommu (Sword Dance) was included in said designation. Looking at how a victory dance is performed, four dancing women in ceremonial dress with long white cuffs make movements, gathering in the direction of the drum placed at the center and then scattering in four directions with soft steps after beating the drum; thus creating a grand, joyous atmosphere. Samhyeon dodeuri (dodeuri rhythm music by three strings) and taryeong (Korean folk song) were used as accompaniment in music. The overall dance movements are simple and antiquated, carrYing unique local characteristics. Dancers performing a sword dance wear white jacket, red skirt, black sleeveless coat, military official’s hat, red belt, and jacket with long, multicolor-striped undershirts while holding a sword in each hand. The tools used and dancers’ movements in Seungjeonmu are similar to the Mugo performed at the Royal Palace. The elegant dance movements, melodies of music, and overall exquisite arrangement make it a dance with high artistic and traditional value.
  • 1966.2.15
    designated date
    ☆A traditional performance of song and dance by women, Ganggangsullae was first performed by local women around the coastal areas of Jeollanam-do on moonlit nights around the Chuseok (Harvest Moon Festival) on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month.

    Some believe that the dance was first danced as part of a military tactic designed by Korea’s great naval hero, Admiral Yi Sun-sin (1545-1598), to surprise the Japanese naval forces invading the southwestern coast of the Korean Peninsula during the late 16th century and mislead them into believing that he had strong enough forces to repel them.

    Meanwhile, some argue that it can be traced as far back as prehistoric times when early settlers on the Korean Peninsula had already established a tradition of singing and dancing on moonlit nights.

    Whichever version is the more correct explanation, the dance continued to develop and become more sophisticated, and eventually became associated with other folk games such as “bracken picking,” “herring tYing,” “tile treading,” “tail picking,” “straw mat rolling,” “gatekeeping”, and “needle threading,” as well as “tortoise play,” in which one dancer moves to the center of a circle with others following her.

    The dance consists of a range of exciting movements and formations and is preserved in Haenam and Jindo on the southwestern coast of Korea.

K-History (4)

  • 1598.12.16
    Die in a war
    Yi Sun-sin (李舜臣, April 28, 1545 to December 16, 1598 (November 19, 1598) was a military official of the mid-Joseon Period who served as the governor of Jindo County and the commander of Jwa-do County in Jeolla Province.

    During the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, he became the commander of the three provinces of Joseon and won consecutive naval battles with the Japanese naval forces due to his leadership, outstanding tactics, outstanding strategies and skillful tactics.

    On November 19, 1598 (Dec. 16, 1598), he took the lead in the Battle of Noryang and Gwaneumpo and was sadly hit by the enemy's stray bullet.

    Until the moment of his death, he quietly closed his eyes, saYing, "The fight is urgent, so refrain from saYing that I am dead."

    Admiral Yi Sun-sin is revered as a saint who saved Joseon from a crisis.
  • 1967.3.18
    Specified date
    This is where Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin lived until he passed the state examination for the military service, and is now Hyeonchungsa Shrine.

    Major facilities include Hyeonchungsa, where Yi Sun-sin's portrait was enshrined, an old house where Yi Sun-sin grew up, a hwalter where he practiced martial arts while shooting arrows, a main gate, Hongsalmun, and a tomb behind his third son.

    Various artifacts related to Admiral Yi Sun-shin and the Japanese Invasion of Korea in the exhibition hall are on display, and lectures and seminars are being held at the education hall to promote Admiral Yi Sun-shin's spirit and feat.
  • 1545.4.28
    statutory anniversary
    "Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin's Birthday" is an anniversary established to promote the patriotism and loyalty of Admiral Yi Sun-sin, who was born on April 28, 1545, and to promote the spirit of national independence.

    The events in honor of Admiral Yi Sun-sin began shortly after his death and have continued to this day.

    Since 1945, the festival has been held annually under the auspices of the Chungmugong Memorial Foundation. Since the 1960s, Yi Sun-sin was regarded as a hero of the old country and a symbol of patriotic soldiers.

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